|Canton :||Law (JU)|
|Municipal municipality :||Fontenais|
|Postal code :||2904|
|former BFS no. :||6776|
|Area :||9.49 km²|
|Residents:||426 (December 31, 2012)|
|Population density :||45 inhabitants per km²|
Bressaucourt lies at Porrentruy (air line). The former street line village extends on a hilltop on the northern slope of the Jura chain of the Lomont in the Ajoie (German Elsgau ), near the border with France ., four kilometers southwest of the district capital
The area of the 9.5 km² municipal area includes the valley low of the village stream of Bressaucourt and the gently rising slopes of Dos Chalembert and Echaux in the north . The western boundary is the dry valley of the Combe Vaillay . In the south, the area stretches up the densely forested northern slope of the Lomont chain, the northernmost chain of the Folded Jura in the Ajoie , and reaches Les Laives at the highest elevation in the community. Bressaucourt is located in the catchment area of the Allaine . In 1997, 4% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 54% for forests and woodlands and 42% for agriculture.
Several individual farms belong to Bressaucourt. Neighboring communities of Bressaucourt are Haute-Ajoie , Courtedoux , Porrentruy , Fontenais and Clos du Doubs in the canton of Jura and Montancy in neighboring France.
With 426 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2012) Bressaucourt was one of the smaller communities in the canton of Jura. 89.5% of the residents are French-speaking, 7.8% German-speaking and 0.5% Italian-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Bressaucourt was 410 inhabitants in 1850 and 506 in 1900. In the course of the 20th century a downward trend was recorded until 1980 (350 inhabitants). Since then, the population has increased slightly again.
Bressaucourt is still predominantly agricultural . There are relatively few jobs outside of the agricultural sector in the village. Many employed persons (more than 50%) are therefore commuters and work mainly in the nearby Porrentruy region.
The community is located off the main thoroughfares and can only be reached by a spur road from Porrentruy. In 2005, the Porrentruy-Ouest exit of the A16 motorway was connected to this road , which is to be connected to both the Swiss national road network and the French motorway network by 2015. Bressaucourt is connected to public transport by a bus line to Porrentruy. On July 1, 2011, the Bressaucourt regional airfield was opened with an 800 meter runway, which replaces the neighboring Porrentruy airfield .
The Bâme aux Pirotas cave was already inhabited in the La Tène period and in the late Bronze Age. The village was first mentioned in 1139 as Bersalcurt in a document from Pope Innocent II , who confirmed the property of the Saint-Ursanne monastery in Bressaucourt. Later the names Bresacorth (1177), Brusacort (1290), Brisaucourt (1312), Prisacourt (1492) and Brisalcourt appear . The origin of the name is controversial, either due to the Germanic personal name Brisolf or to the Burgundian name Bersiwald .
Bressaucourt shared the checkered history of Ajoie, which came to the Principality of Basel for the first time in 1271. From the 16th to the 18th century it was under the Chevenez Meieramt . From 1793 to 1815 Bressaucourt belonged to France and was initially part of the Département du Mont-Terrible , from 1800 connected with the Département Haut-Rhin . By decision of the Congress of Vienna , the place came to the canton of Bern in 1815 and on January 1, 1979 to the newly founded canton of Jura.
The small village is dominated by the imposing neo-Romanesque building of the parish church of Saint-Etienne, which was built in 1893–94 based on the parish church of Notre-Dame d'Auteuil .