|JU is the abbreviation for the canton of Jura in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Lugnez .|
|Canton :||Law (JU)|
|BFS no. :||6793|
|Postal code :||2933|
|Height range :||402-548 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||5.10 km²|
|Residents:||186 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||36 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
The area of the 5.1 km² municipal area includes the open, slightly undulating table Jura plateau of the Ajoie, which is traversed by the lowland of the Coeuvatte. In the west the area extends over the height of Les Voirandes ( ) and over a dry valley to the height of Les Genavrires ; to the east as far as the La Vouevre forest . The northern boundary is the border mountain Le Mont , which is figured as the highest point of Lugnez. The municipality is drained from the Coeuvatte to the Allaine . In 1997, 6% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 35% for forests and woodlands and 59% for agriculture.
With 186 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Lugnez is one of the small communities in the canton of Jura. Of the residents, 85.5% are French-speaking, 11.5% German-speaking and 1.8% Portuguese-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Lugnez was 292 in 1850 and 273 in 1900. There was an overall downward trend over the course of the 20th century.
Thanks to the fertile soils in the area, Lugnez is still predominantly agricultural . Besides the local small businesses there are no jobs in the village outside of agriculture. Many workers are therefore commuters and work in the Porrentruy region or in Boncourt .
The municipality is located on a regional road that leads from Porrentruy through Coeuve and Lugnez to France . Lugnez is connected to public transport through a postbus course that runs from Porrentruy to Beurnevésin .
The remains of a Roman villa testify to the early settlement of the Lugnez municipality. According to tradition, Lugnez is the birthplace of Saint Himerius , who worked in the 6th century and gave the name of Saint-Imier . The village is first mentioned in 1181 as Lunigie , derived from the Latin Lugduniacum . In 1386 the name Lugney appears . Lugnez shared the checkered history of Ajoie, which came to the Principality of Basel for the first time in 1271 . From the 16th to the 18th century, the village was under the Meieramt Coeuve . From 1793 to 1815 Lugnez belonged to France and was initially part of the Département du Mont-Terrible , from 1800 connected to the Département Haut-Rhin . By decision of the Congress of Vienna , the place came to the canton of Bern in 1815 and on January 1, 1979 to the newly founded canton of Jura.
Outside the village at the southern foot of the Mont, under the protection of a 700 year old linden tree, stands the Saint-Imier chapel, which commemorates St. Imier. The current building dates from 1698. Lugnez forms a parish together with the neighboring town of Damphreux. The parish church is in Damphreux .
- Michèle Matile (born May 15, 1921 in Lugnez; † May 26, 1951 in Como ), painter, graphic artist
- Official website of the municipality of Lugnez (French)
- Dominique Prongué: Lugnez (JU). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Portrait of Lugnez (French)
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Michèle Matile. In: Sikart , accessed January 21, 2016.