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Haguenau coat of arms
Haguenau (France)
region Grand Est
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Haguenau-Wissembourg
Canton Haguenau
Community association Haguenau
Coordinates 48 ° 49 '  N , 7 ° 47'  E Coordinates: 48 ° 49 '  N , 7 ° 47'  E
height 115-203 m
surface 182.59 km 2
Residents 34,504 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 189 inhabitants / km 2
Post Code 67500
INSEE code
Website www.ville-haguenau.fr

Hagenau before 1903

Hagenau ( French : Haguenau [ agˈno ], Alsatian : Hàwenàu ) is a French municipality in the northeast of the Grand Est region (until 2015 Alsace ).

With 34,504 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017), the former imperial city is the second largest municipality in the Bas-Rhin department , the historic Lower Alsace , after Strasbourg . The Hagenau population grew between 1968 and 2006 from 22,644 to 34,891 inhabitants; however, since 2006 the population has been slowly declining again (2009: 34,648). The greater Haguenau area (aire urbaine) grew in the same period from 43,904 inhabitants (1968) to 64,562 inhabitants (2006).

The Emperor Frederick Barbarossa to the imperial city of Hagenau raised fell by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 to France and shares since then the fortunes of Alsace.


The municipality of Hagenau is located around 25 kilometers north of the regional capital Strasbourg , around 40 kilometers west of Baden-Baden , around 50 kilometers southwest of Karlsruhe and around 75 kilometers southeast of the Saarland capital Saarbrücken at 145 m above sea level. NHN. The municipality located on the Moder is the capital of the Haguenau-Wissembourg arrondissement .

The Holy Forest (Forêt de Haguenau) surrounding the municipality is the largest closed forest area in the Alsatian plain.


The Heilige or Hageneuer Forest was the hunting ground of the Dukes of Swabia . At the beginning of the 12th century, Duke Friedrich the One-Eyed had a moated castle built in the river Moder , which his son, Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa , expanded into a palace (see Kaiserpfalz Hagenau ). Friedrich the One-Eyed (1090–1147) founded the Cistercian convent Koenigsbruck (Königsbrück) in the Hagenauer Forest around 1140 . In 1164 Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa elevated the place, which he valued as a residence, to a city. For decades, the Palatinate was the seat of the Hohenstaufen government , where the Reichstag was held. The imperial insignia were kept in the Palatine Chapel .

Around 1260 Rudolf von Habsburg rearranged his territories and made Hagenau the seat of the Oberlandvogtei ; In 1354 the city became the capital of the Alsatian League of Ten Cities and flourished until the outbreak of the Thirty Years War . During this phase of the economic boom, princes and theologians met in the Hagenau Religious Discussion in 1540 to negotiate conditions for the coexistence of Protestants and Catholics.

As a result of the Peace of Westphalia , Hagenau fell to France in 1648. The ten-city federation did not want to give up the privileges of a free imperial city and resisted. As part of the so-called reunion policy , Louis XIV had the ten cities conquered in 1673 and 1674, their fortifications razed and placed under the French provincial administration. So Hagenau was burned down by the troops of the French general Joseph de Montclar . The imperial palace was razed to the ground (the rubble was built into the Vauban border fortress Fort-Louis ). On the site of the completely destroyed palace complex, a Jesuit college was built from 1730 to 1738 , which was converted into a barracks in 1767 and has served as a retirement home since 1961. In the courtyard of this Maison de Retraite there has been a Staufer stele since 2012 , reminding of the Staufer's former favorite seat .

In the years of peace between the Dutch War (1672–1679) and the Palatinate War of Succession (1688–1697), Montclar developed a nursery for fruit trees on the land of the Marquis of Uxelles, Nicolas Chalon du Blé , in Kintzheim and Hagenau. The church of the Königsbrück monastery that no longer exists today was built by Peter Thumb in 1728 ; the monastery existed until the French Revolution . The Hôtel de Koenigsbruck (Grande-Rue 142) still exists in Haguenau today . In 1846 Hageneu had 11,352 inhabitants.

From 1871 to 1919 the city belonged to the German Reichsland Alsace-Lorraine . This was incorporated into the German Empire in the Peace of Frankfurt after the Franco-German War in 1870/71 . From 1876 to 1882 it was the garrison town of the Lauenburg Jäger Battalion No. 9 , who had been transferred from Ratzeburg . Around 1900 Hagenau had two Protestant and two Catholic churches, a synagogue , a grammar school with a secondary school , a museum and a city library and was the seat of a local court .

Towards the end of the First World War , the Reichsland was occupied by French troops without a fight after the Armistice of Compiègne in 1918 and later came back to France through the provisions of the Versailles Treaty .

From 1940 to 1945 Alsace , which was occupied by the German Reich , was again under German civil administration. During the last German offensive on the western front (" Operation North Wind ") in January and February 1945, Hagenau, which had meanwhile been liberated by US troops, was the scene of heavy trench warfare and was largely destroyed.


Annual population figures while belonging to the Reichsland Alsace-Lorraine (1871–1819)
year population Remarks
1872 11,427
1890 14,752 3891 Protestants, 10,243 Catholics, 594 Jews
1900 17,993 with the garrison (an infantry regiment No. 137, a dragoon regiment No. 15, a field artillery regiment No. 31 and a division of field artillery No. 67), of which 4706 are Protestants, 561 Jews
1905 18,737
1910 18,868
Number of inhabitants since the middle of the 20th century
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2013
20,457 22,944 25,147 26,629 27,675 32.206 34,891 34,419


In the district of Marienthal is a pilgrimage church, the former monastery church of the monastery Marienthal .

Economy and Infrastructure


Entrance building of the Hagenau train station

Hagenau is on the Vendenheim – Wissembourg railway and on the Haguenau – Falck-Hargarten railway ; the latter is only used to Niederbronn, from Hagenau. Furthermore, the city runs through Departementsstraße 263 (former national road 63 ), which forms the axis Strasbourg - Wissembourg (- Weinheim via B 38 ) in a north-south direction . Departementsstraße 1062 (former national road 62 ) branches off from this in the city center and goes westwards via Bitsch to the German border in Zweibrücken . The airfield Haguenau serves the general aviation.


A branch of the University of Strasbourg has been located in Haguenau since 2006 , the Institut universitaire de technologie de Haguenau .

Town twinning

A town partnership has been maintained with Landau in der Pfalz ( Rhineland-Palatinate ) since 1963.


sons and daughters of the town

People associated with the city


  • Le Patrimoine des Communes du Bas-Rhin . Flohic Editions, Volume 1, Charenton-le-Pont 1999, ISBN 2-84234-055-8 , pp. 431-463.
  • Adam Walther Strobel and Heinrich Engelhardt: Patriotic history of Alsace from the earliest times to the revolution in 1789, continued from the revolution in 1789 to 1813 .
    • Volume 1. Second edition. Strasbourg 1851 ( e-copy ).
    • Volume 2, Strasbourg 1842 ( e-copy )
    • Volume 3, Strasbourg 1843 ( e-copy ), 2nd edition, continued from the revolution from 1789 to 1815, by L. Heinrich Engelhardt, Strasbourg 1851 ( e-copy )
    • Volume 4, Strasbourg 1844 ( e-copy ).
    • Volume 5. Second edition. Strasbourg 1851 ( e-copy ).
    • Volume 6. Second edition. Strasbourg 1851 ( e-copy ).

Web links

Commons : Haguenau  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Haguenau  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Commune: Haguenau (67180) ( Memento of the original from April 29, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , recensement.insee.fr.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.recensement.insee.fr
  2. Commune: Haguenau (67180). ( Memento of the original from April 29, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Results of the recensement of the population - 2009.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.recensement.insee.fr
  3. Aire urbaine 1999: Haguenau (121)  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , recensement insee.fr.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / www.recensement.insee.fr  
  4. Haguenau 2006 on stauferstelen.net. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
  5. a b c d M. Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006)
  6. ^ Siegfried von Ziegner: History of the Lauenburg Jäger Battalion No. 9. 1902.
  7. a b Meyer's Large Conversation Lexicon . 6th edition, Volume 8, Leipzig / Vienna 1907, p. 618 ( Zeno.org )
  8. ^ Complete geographic-topographical-statistical local lexicon of Alsace-Lorraine. Contains: the cities, towns, villages, castles, communities, hamlets, mines and steel works, farms, mills, ruins, mineral springs, etc. with details of the geographical location, factory, industrial and other commercial activity, the post, railway u. Telegraph stations and the like historical notes etc. Adapted from official sources by H. Rudolph. Louis Zander, Leipzig 1872, Sp. 21 ( online )
  9. Peter Koblank: The missing royal palace of Haguenau. On the trail of a Hohenstaufen moated castle in Alsace. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  10. ^ Alfred Döblin: "My address is: Saargemünd". Searching for traces in a border region. Gollenstein, Merzig 2010, ISBN 978-3-938823-55-2 , pp. 82-86, 306-307. Döblin also processed this period literarily in: November 1918. A German Revolution . Narrative work in three parts. Part 1. Citizens and soldiers . First published in 1949/50; current issue: S. Fischer, Frankfurt / M. 1991, ISBN 3-530-16700-2 .