Annweiler am Trifels

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Annweiler am Trifels
Annweiler am Trifels
Map of Germany, position of the city of Annweiler am Trifels highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 12 '  N , 7 ° 58'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Southern Wine Route
Association municipality : Annweiler am Trifels
Height : 179 m above sea level NHN
Area : 39.88 km 2
Residents: 7077 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 177 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 76855
Area code : 06346
License plate : SOUTH
Community key : 07 3 37 501
Association administration address: Messplatz 1
76855 Annweiler am Trifels
Website :
City Mayor : Benjamin Seyfried (Independent)
Location of the town of Annweiler am Trifels in the southern Weinstrasse district
Kirrweiler (Pfalz) Kirrweiler (Pfalz) Kirrweiler (Pfalz) Maikammer Sankt Martin (Pfalz) Herxheim bei Landau/Pfalz Herxheimweyher Rohrbach (Pfalz) Insheim Bornheim (Pfalz) Essingen (Pfalz) Hochstadt (Pfalz) Offenbach an der Queich Billigheim-Ingenheim Birkweiler Birkweiler Böchingen Böchingen Böchingen Eschbach (Pfalz) Frankweiler Frankweiler Göcklingen Heuchelheim-Klingen Ilbesheim bei Landau in der Pfalz Ilbesheim bei Landau in der Pfalz Impflingen Knöringen Leinsweiler Ranschbach Siebeldingen Siebeldingen Walsheim Walsheim Walsheim Bad Bergzabern Barbelroth Birkenhördt Böllenborn Dierbach Dörrenbach Gleiszellen-Gleishorbach Hergersweiler Kapellen-Drusweiler Kapsweyer Klingenmünster Niederhorbach Niederotterbach Oberhausen (bei Bad Bergzabern) Oberotterbach Oberschlettenbach Pleisweiler-Oberhofen Schweigen-Rechtenbach Schweighofen Steinfeld (Pfalz) Vorderweidenthal Albersweiler Albersweiler Annweiler am Trifels Annweiler am Trifels Dernbach (Pfalz) Eußerthal Gossersweiler-Stein Münchweiler am Klingbach Ramberg (Pfalz) Rinnthal Silz (Pfalz) Völkersweiler Waldhambach (Pfalz) Waldrohrbach Wernersberg Altdorf (Pfalz) Altdorf (Pfalz) Altdorf (Pfalz) Böbingen (Pfalz) Böbingen (Pfalz) Böbingen (Pfalz) Burrweiler Burrweiler Edenkoben Edenkoben Edesheim Edesheim Edesheim Edesheim Flemlingen Flemlingen Flemlingen Freimersheim (Pfalz) Gleisweiler Gleisweiler Gommersheim Gommersheim Gommersheim Großfischlingen Hainfeld (Pfalz) Hainfeld (Pfalz) Hainfeld (Pfalz) Kleinfischlingen Rhodt unter Rietburg Rhodt unter Rietburg Roschbach Roschbach Venningen Venningen Venningen Weyher in der Pfalz Weyher in der Pfalz Landau in der Pfalz Landau in der Pfalz Landau in der Pfalz Landkreis Germersheim Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis Landkreis Bad Dürkheim Neustadt an der Weinstraße Landkreis Bad Dürkheim Landkreis Kaiserslautern Landkreis Südwestpfalz Frankreichmap
About this picture

Annweiler am Trifels ( pronunciation ? / I ) is a town and, in terms of population, the third largest municipality in the southern Weinstrasse district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It is also the administrative seat of the association of the same name . Annweiler is a state-approved climatic health resort and designated as a middle center according to state planning . Audio file / audio sample



Annweiler is located in the southern Palatinate Forest , the German part of the Wasgau , in its sub-area Dahn-Annweiler Felsenland , near its eastern edge in the north-west of the Südliche Weinstrasse district. Most of the district is located within the Annweiler Felsenland , which extends to the south of the district. The east belongs to the Annweiler-Albersweiler-Ausraum , which is alternatively referred to as Trifelsland . The urban area also includes a 14.71 km² forest exclave in the Frankenweide northwest of the rest of the urban area; due to the exclave it is the most western lying local community within the district of Südliche Weinstrasse.

Neighboring communities are clockwise - including exclaves - Eusserthal , Albersweiler , Birkweiler , Ranschbach , Leinsweiler , Ilbesheim near Landau in the Palatinate , Waldrohrbach , Wernersberg and Rinnthal . The forest exclave borders in a clockwise direction on Landau in der Pfalz , Albersweiler , Siebeldingen , Birkweiler , Rinnthal, Wilgartswiesen , Merzalben and Wilgartswiesen .

City structure

Annweiler includes the districts of Bindersbach in the south, Sarnstall in the west, Graefenhausen in the northeast and Queichhambach in the east. The Rehberg settlement extends to the south of the city center . The hamlets of Rothenhof and Neumühle are part of Queichhambach .


Great Adelsberg with Annweiler in the foreground

To the south of the city lies the 497.1  m high Sonnenberg . Immediately to the north of the city center rise the large ( 567.4  m ) and the small Adelsberg and northwest of Graefenhausen the eastern flank of the 529.7  m high Kehrenkopf . The northern flank of the Rehberg is part of the urban area on which the Bindersbach district extends.

The north-eastern flank of the 462.1  m high Ebersberg belongs to the south-western part of the city . In the east of the district is the 551.9  m high Hohenberg . The Almersberg ( 564.1  m ), the Eiterberg , the Große Fischberg and the eastern flank of the Weißenberg ( 609.9  m ) are located in the forest enclave in the Frankenweide


Queich within the Annweiler core city

The city is traversed from west to east by the Queich , a left tributary of the Rhine into which several tributaries flow in the urban area, including the Rimbach and the Ebersbach . The Hahnenbach and the one-and-a-half kilometer-long Eisbach , which is created by the confluence of the Dernbach and Eusserbach , are completely within the boundaries of the city . The Hahnenbach takes the Upper and Lower Hasenbach one after the other from the right .

The Wellbach with several tributaries such as the Eiderbach , the Kleiner Fischbach and the Kaltenbach runs through the delimitation of the forest enclave in a north-south direction .


Geologically, the Annweilerer and Rehberg layers dominate the site , each consisting of fine-grain sandstones.


The annual precipitation is 910 mm. The rainfall is high. They are in the upper quarter of the values ​​recorded in Germany ; lower values ​​are registered at 79% of the measuring stations of the German Weather Service . The driest month is April, with the most rainfall in December, 1.5 times more than in April. Precipitation varies only slightly and is fairly evenly distributed over the year. Lower seasonal fluctuations are recorded at only 4% of the measuring stations .


The first mention of Annweiler goes back to 1086. As with other settlements with the ending -weiler, it was founded in the 7th or 8th century. Annweiler was probably named after a Franconian named Anno or Arno.

From 1125 to 1298 the imperial regalia , including the imperial crown , were kept at the Trifels imperial castle . In 1193, possibly until 1194, the English King Richard the Lionheart was a prisoner on the Trifels.

On September 14, 1219, King Friedrich II granted Annweiler city ​​rights . In the 18th century Annweiler was the smallest of all imperial cities . Until the end of the 18th century the city belonged to Pfalz-Zweibrücken . From 1798 to 1814, when the Palatinate was part of the French Republic (until 1804) and then part of the Napoleonic Empire , Annweiler was the seat of the canton of the same name , to which 30 other communities belonged, as well as the Mairie of the same name , which also included Bindersbach, Graefenhausen, Queichhambach and Wernersberg included. In 1815 the city had 1,758 inhabitants. In the same year Austria was added and in 1816 changed to the Kingdom of Bavaria . From 1818 to 1862 the city was part of the Bergzabern Land Commissioner , which was then converted into a district office.

In 1939 the city was incorporated into the Bergzabern district. After the Second World War , it became part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate within the French occupation zone . On October 1, 1956, Bindersbach was incorporated as a district. During the first Rhineland-Palatinate administrative reform moved Annweiler in the newly created on June 7, 1969 the district Landau-Bad Bergzabern, in 1978 in South County Wine Trail is renamed . The neighboring town of Queichhambach was incorporated on April 22, 1972. In the same year the city became the seat of the newly created association of the same name . On June 10, 1979 the incorporation of Graefenhausen followed, with which the urban area reached its present size.

On July 4, 2017, the state government of Rhineland-Palatinate decided to award the 35th Rhineland-Palatinate Day planned for 2019  to the city of Annweiler, which wanted to celebrate 800 years of city rights at the same time. The date for the state festival was set between June 28 and 30, 2019.



The so-called royal chapel once existed at Trifels Castle . There was also a French church in the city during the 17th century. At the end of 2013, 37.5% of the population were Protestant and 37.0% Catholic. The rest belonged to another religion or were non-denominational.


There was a Jewish cemetery on site since the 16th century . The Jews living in Annweiler belonged to the Jewish community of Albersweiler . Since 2015 there have been several stumbling blocks in the city that remember those local Jewish residents who were victims of the Holocaust.


City council

Old Town Hall

The city ​​council in Annweiler consists of 22 council members, who were elected in the local elections on May 26, 2019 in a personalized proportional representation, and the honorary city ​​mayor as chairman.

The distribution of seats in the city council:

choice SPD CDU GREEN FDP FWG AfD total
2019 5 4th 4th 3 5 1 22 seats
2014 7th 6th 3 2 4th - 22 seats
2009 9 7th 2 2 2 - 22 seats
2004 9 7th 2 2 2 - 22 seats
  • FWG = Free Voting Group of the City of Annweiler e. V.


Benjamin Seyfried (* 1983) has been city mayor of Annweiler since August 14, 2019. In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was elected for five years with 55.04% of the vote. His predecessor was Thomas Wollenweber from the SPD, who held office for 15 years and no longer stood as a candidate.

coat of arms

DEU Annweiler am Trifels COA.svg
Blazon : "Split by gold and black, on the left a growing red castle in the shape of the trifle with black windows, on the right a blue-covered golden church in Romanesque shapes with blue windows and golden crosses."

It was approved by the Mainz Ministry of the Interior in 1950 and goes back to the large city seal from 1230.

Town twinning

A partnership with the French town of Ambert in the Puy-de-Dôme department ( Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region ) was concluded in 1988, with Gorgonzola in the Italian region of Lombardy in 2008.

Since the late 1980s, there has been a partnership between the Annweiler volunteer fire brigade and the Sapeurs-Pompiers Jargeau in the Loiret department .



Are designated as monument zones

  • the Reichsburg Trifels above the city , which has been partially restored, is managed and includes a museum
  • the historic old town with the town mill and tanner's quarter including the passage known as the “Schipkapass”
  • the Jewish cemetery
  • the Pirmasenser Straße in the Sarnstall district

In addition, there are several dozen individual objects that are listed . Among them are

The East Prussia Fountain is a memorial to the fate of those who were expelled from their homeland.

Nature and parks

Natural burial site and biotope Trifelsruhe

The city is located in the Palatinate Forest Nature Park , which in turn belongs to the Palatinate Forest-Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve . With the Asselstein and the park of the Kurhaus Trifels there are two natural monuments on site . A little further to the east are other rock formations such as the Jungturm , the Fensterfels and the Münzfels .

The Kurpark and the Ambertpark are used for recreation . To the south of the village is the Trifelsruhe natural burial site , which can be reached via the road to Rehberg . The Haardtrand nature reserve - Auf dem Kirchberg is partly within the city limits.

Knight stones

There are also several knight stones within the city limits : Ritterstein 47 Grimmeisenpfad is a reminder of Albert Grimmeisen, who was born in Annweiler and who had a fatal accident on a climbing tour in 1908. 51 Am Zwiesel is located within the exclave in the Frankenweide at the municipal valuable wood storage area. 221 Am Windhof indicates the desolation of a courtyard. 228 Holderquelle is the name of the spring named in honor of Heinrich Holder, who had an accident with Grimmeisen in 1908.

Regular events

In 2005 the Richard the Lionheart Festival was held for the first time in the historic city center . This medieval market, a “medieval spectacle with knights, jugglers, nobles and minstrels”, has immediately developed into the city's largest event with well over 10,000 visitors.

Other regular events in the city of Annweiler include the cultural summer , which offers concerts on the town hall square and in the city's park, the keschdefescht around the sweet chestnut in October of each year, as well as markets such as the annual artisans' or Christmas market .

The Trifels Serenades are offered as concerts in the Kaisersaal of Trifels Castle .

Art award

Since 2008, the city has awarded an annual art prize from the city of Annweiler. The prize consists of prize money and the purchase of a representative work by the art prize winner. The winners are selected from the participants in the Art Mile of the Art and Culture Association Annweiler e. V. selected by an expert jury. The jury also regularly awards a jury prize.

Economy and Infrastructure


Mill wheel in the Queich

In the 16th and 17th centuries, tanners shaped the city's economy. For centuries there was a watermill in the old town that served as a town mill. Annweiler was also the seat of the Sonnenberg Verlag , founded by Jean Firges (1934-2014) , which is now based in Landshut with its focus on the literature of authors who write French. During the Third Reich, the city was the seat of the daily newspaper Pfälzer Anzeiger .


The Buchmann cardboard factory is the largest employer in Annweiler . It produces - mainly from recycled paper - folding box board as the starting material for packaging, especially for the consumer goods industry. The Stabila company manufactures precision measuring devices. There are also suppliers to the automotive industry . The city is also the seat of Auma Kreditbank . The Trifels Kurier has existed since 1879 ; Originally a weekly and sometimes a daily newspaper, it was converted into an advertising paper after the Second World War. The city is also the location of the FM radio station SWR4 Rhineland-Palatinate (Radio Ludwigshafen)

Viticulture has largely come to a standstill; the Königsgarten site now only exists in the northeast . The only recycling company in town is Metall Service Pedack GmbH, which specializes in the recycling of metals. The Annweiler industrial power station has been located in the city since 1976 and draws its energy from fossil fuels . The city belongs to the business area of VR Bank Südliche Weinstrasse-Wasgau .


Due to the geographical conditions, Annweiler was strongly influenced by forestry. The Annweiler forester's house is located in the enclave in Frankenweide, which Albrecht von Habsburg gave the city as a gift in 1304 . In addition, the city is the seat of a forestry office.


Rail and local transport
Annweiler station

The connection to the rail network took place in 1874; the train station near the city center was initially the end point of the line beginning in Landau , which was tied through to Zweibrücken a year later and has led to Rohrbach since 1895. Hourly rail connections to Landau and Pirmasens have existed since 1994 . The Annweiler-Sarnstall stop has also been in place since 2012 . Another train stop within the city is planned with Annweiler West . The Albersweiler station was located in the far east of the city limits on the terrain of the Queichhambach district before it was abandoned in 1984 in favor of a nearby stop for the corresponding municipality.

Annweiler is the starting point of several bus routes of the Rhein-Neckar transport association , which mainly connect the other places within the municipality of the same name. The most important is line 531, which leads via Gossersweiler-Stein , Klingenmünster and Ilbesheim near Landau in the Palatinate to Landau. Line 523 serves the incorporated districts.

Bundesstraße 48, in the background the Bundesstraße 10

Annweiler can be reached via federal highway 10 , which leads to Landau in der Pfalz and Pirmasens , among other places . Originally it led through the middle of the city center before being led around to the north of the buildings. At the Landau-Nord junction, it is connected to the A 65 Ludwigshafen am Rhein - Karlsruhe . Within the Annweiler city limits, it leads in the direction of Pirmasens through three tunnels; from east to west these are the Barbarossa Tunnel, the Löwenherztunnel and the Staufer Tunnel. With its 1038 meters length, the Staufer Tunnel is one of the 70 longest road tunnels in Germany. It is designated as a motor road within the urban area. The federal highway 48 , which runs from Bingen to Bad Bergzabern , also connects Annweiler with the national road network. West of the junction Annweiler am Trifels-West runs together with the federal highway 10. The latter also has the junction Annweiler am Trifels-Ost .

State road 490 runs through the city center and leads from Niederschlettenbach and Sarnstall to Queichhambach. The county road 2 connects the city center with the castle Trifels and the county road 3 with Bindersbach. The county road 4 leads to Gräfenhausen. In addition, the city is the seat of a road maintenance department, which is subordinate to the Speyer Mobility Agency .



The town's boundaries include the Jung-Pfalz-Hütte operated by the Jung-Pfalz youth care association , the refuge at the Holderquelle and the climber 's hut , which are under the direction of the Palatinate Forest Association , and there are also several huts for hikers.

The city lies on the Queichtal cycle path . In addition, several hiking trails lead through it, including the Palatinate Almond Trail , the Pfälzer Weinsteig Prädidktswanderweg, which opened in December 2010, and the Staudernheim-Soultz-sous-Forêts long-distance hiking trail marked with a blue bar . The Höcherbergweg , which runs from Niederwürzbach to Böchingen and which is marked with a red and white bar , leads through the forest exclave .

Another hiking trail is marked with a white and blue bar and runs from Bad Münster am Stein to Sankt Germanshof . Another with the marking “yellow bar” runs from Contwig to Germersheim . Another is marked with a green-blue bar and establishes a connection with Göllheim and Eppenbrunn .

A hiking trail marked with a blue-yellow bar leads to the Annweiler Forsthaus and one with a red dot over the Almersberg.


Gut Hohenberg

While it was part of France, the city was the seat of a peace court , which was subordinate to the Tribunal of First Instance Zweibrücken . During the time of National Socialism , a Gauführerschule of the Gaus Saarpfalz was housed in the city . Until 1966 Annweiler was the seat of a local court .

Annweiler has a primary school and a secondary school plus. There is also a school for people with learning disabilities and a vocational school. The Evangelical Trifels-Gymnasium is under church sponsorship . A Latin school also existed during the early modern period.

The Gut Hohenberg school and seminar farm of the Ecology & Agriculture Foundation is also located within the city limits . In addition, the Palatinate Gymnastics Association is based in the Turnerjugendheim Annweiler .


Nicole Fessel

The painter Adolf Kessler in 1960 and the theologian Georg Biundo in 1976 were named honorary citizens of the city .

Well-known sons of the city in the 18th century were the piano maker Matthias Christian Baumann and the architect Friedrich Gerhard Wahl . A century later, the physician Georg von Rapp , who looked after Queen Olga of Württemberg as a personal physician, was followed by the publisher and politician Eugen Jäger , the theologian August Naegle and the church musician Adolf Graf . In the 20th century, among others, the classical philologist Otto Seel , the social psychologist Norbert Schwarz , the historian Theo Schwarzmüller , the cross-country skier Nicole Fessel and the incumbent Mayor of Freiburg Martin Horn were born in Annweiler.

The people who worked in the city include the theologian David Pareus , who fled to Annweiler from the Thirty Years' War in 1621, the doctor Johann Lukas Jäger , who practiced locally from 1840, and the soldier Friedrich Kurtz , who later moved to the city settled down and died there as well as the filmmaker Rudolf Werner .


  • Alexander Thon (Ed.): 800 years of city rights for Annweiler. Studies on the history, effects and consequences of the granting of town charter by King Friedrich II on September 14, 1219 . Publishing house Pfälzer Kunst Blinn, Annweiler am Trifels 2019.
  • Georg Biundo, Hans Hess: History of an old imperial city. (1st part: Reprint by Biundo: Annweiler. History of an old imperial city ; 2nd part: The Trifelsstadt new face ) . In: Annweiler back then. Pictures from the city's history from 1870–1930 . Kraemer, Landau in the Palatinate 1968.
  • Annweiler am Trifels . In: Tourist office Annweiler am Trifels (ed.): Annweiler anno dazumal. Pictures from the city's history from 1870–1930 . Verlag Pfälzer Kunst Blinn, Landau in der Pfalz 1980, ISBN 3-922580-03-3 .
  • Annweiler am Trifels . In: Tourist office Annweiler am Trifels (ed.): Annweiler anno dazumal. Pictures from the city's history from 1930–1950 . Stock, Annweiler 1982.
  • Georg Biundo, Dennis Castens: Annweiler families. 1477-1927. Vol. 1-5 . Box, Colorado Springs Co.

Web links

Commons : Annweiler am Trifels  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Annweiler am Trifels  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data.
  3. Erich Keyser (Ed.): City book of Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland . Stuttgart 1964, p. 56.
  4. Official municipality directory 2006 ( Memento from December 22, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) (= State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 393 ). Bad Ems March 2006, p. 168 (PDF; 2.6 MB). Info: An up-to-date directory ( 2016 ) is available, but in the section "Territorial changes - Territorial administrative reform" it does not give any population figures.  
  5. Annweiler becomes the host. In: State Chancellery Rhineland-Palatinate , July 4, 2017, accessed on July 4, 2017 .
  6. 3rd talk about the day - the project team provides information on the current status of the planning. (PDF) In: State Chancellery Rhineland-Palatinate, Press and Public Relations, March 19, 2019, accessed on April 9, 2019 .
  7. KommWis, as of December 31, 2013.
  8. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal Council Election 2019 Annweiler am Trifels, City. Retrieved April 13, 2020 .
  9. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections.
  10. Mayor Benjamin Seyfried. City of Annweiler am Trifels, accessed on April 13, 2020 .
  11. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Annweiler am Trifels, Verbandsgemeinde, 14th line of results. Retrieved April 13, 2020 .
  12. ^ Benjamin Seyfried new mayor of Annweiler. May 27, 2019, accessed April 13, 2020 .
  13. ^ Karl Heinz Debus: The great book of arms of the Palatinate. Neustadt an der Weinstrasse 1988, ISBN 3-9801574-2-3 .