Jean Firges

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Jean Firges (born April 25, 1934 in Sankt Vith , Belgium; † June 13, 2014 ), also Johann Firges or Hannes Anderer ( pseudonym ), was a literary scholar and writer who grew up in Ostbelgien and later became a German (and writing in German) .


Jean Firges studied German , Romance and Italian studies at the Universities of Leuven , Heidelberg , Freiburg , Genoa and Cologne . In Cologne he received his doctorate in 1959 under Wilhelm Emrich on the poetry of Paul Celan . After completing his doctorate and the subsequent legal clerkship , he worked for five years as a teacher at a high school in Cologne, after which he became an assistant at the Rhineland University of Education in Aachen . In 1970 he took up the position of professor for French language and literature at the Ludwigsburg University of Education . Firges had been retired since 1999.

Jean Firges completed training in systemic therapy in 1997/98 . In 1997 he founded the literary and scientific Sonnenberg Verlag , which was initially based in Annweiler am Trifels and has since moved to Landshut .

Research focus Celan

From 1957 Firges dealt with Celan's work. At that time the first two volumes of the poet had just appeared, "Mohn und Gedächtnis" and "Von Schwelle zu Schwelle". That year Firges also met Celan personally on a visit to Paris. In 1959 he wrote his dissertation with Wilhelm Emrich , the first in Germany on Celan. He continued researching Celan's poems and secondary literature; since 1989 he has been publishing about him again. Most recently, in 2011, as part of a detailed biography of the poet, he published Black Sun Melancholy, a book about Celan's progressive mental illness. Firges examined Celan's schizoid melancholy on the one hand from the perspective of systemic therapy and on the other hand from the perspective of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis .


To Paul Celan

  • The layers of design in Celan's poetry, based on the word material . Dissertation, Cologne 1959.
  • Language and Being in P. Celan's Poetry. In: mother tongue. 72nd volume, No. 9, 1969, pp. 261-269
  • Citation et date dans la Poésie de PC In Christian Klein (Ed.): Réécritures. Heine , Kafka , Celan, Müller . Essais sur l'intertextualité dans la littérature allemande du XXème siècle. Series: Ludwigsburger Hochschulschriften, n ° 11, Presses Universitaires de Grenoble 1989, pp. 52–109
  • En quete d'identité. Le cheminement de P. C. entre deux mythes. In: Mythes et Mythologies en Histoire de la Langue et de la Littérature. Actes du Huitième Colloque de l'Université de Nantes. Direction Daniel Briolet, Nantes 1991, pp. 117-137
  • "I cross the Acheron". Introduction to P. Celan's Poetry. Four motifs: the journey, death, dream, melancholy. Ludwigsburg University Writings, 18th Stauffenburg, Tübingen 1998/1999 , ISBN 3-86057-067-6
    • Review by Theo Buck in: "Krautgarten - Forum for Young Literature," 34 April 1999, magazine, St. Vith
  • Scattered from the east, to be brought in to the west. Jewish mysticism in Paul Celan's poetry. Sonnenberg, Annweiler 1999
  • Paul Celan: The Two Doors of the World . Poetry interpretations. Sonnenberg, Annweiler 2001
  • The allegory in Paul Celan's poetry. In: Symbolon. Symbol Research Yearbook. New series Volume 15. Ed. Society for Scientific Symbol Research, Peter Lang, Frankfurt 2002, ISBN 978-3-631-38959-1 , ISSN  0082-0660 , pp. 47-74
  • A satyr game? Commentary on Celan's reading in Bonn, November 17, 1958. In: Hans Michael Speier (Hrsg.): Celan-Jahrbuch. Volume 8, 2001/02, Heidelberg, pp. 330-333
  • PC: Identité juive dans les poèmes de la 'No Man's Rose'. In: Marie-Hélène Quéval (ed.): Lectures d'une œuvre: Paul Celan, "Die Niemandsrose" Ed. du Temps, Nantes 2002, ISBN 2842742052 , pp. 89-112
  • Did the death fugue of Paul Celan doom? In: Bruno Kartheuser (Ed.): Kraut und Pflaster. For the 25th birthday of the literary magazine Krautgarten. Edition Krautgarten, St. Vith 2007, ISBN 2873160268 book (PDF; 77 kB), pp. 31–37
  • PC, Georg Büchner , Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz : The walk through the mountains. The corridor in the mountains. Sonnenberg, Annweiler 2010, ISBN 978-3-933264-58-9
  • Black sun melancholy . The melancholy as creative and destructive force in life and poetry of Paul Celan. Sonnenberg, Annweiler 2011, ISBN 9783933264671

About French-language literature

About German-language literature

Literary works as "Hannes Anderer"

as well as articles in the Zs. Krautgarten and in anthologies on the literature of East Belgium in the publishing house of the magazine.

Work on didactics of regional studies and language teaching

  • with Manfred Pelz (Ed.): Innovations in audiovisual language teaching. Frankfurt 1976
  • with Hartmut Melenk: Ludwigsburg . The way from the residential city to the medium-sized industrial and commercial city . A contribution to the French-speaking program of the town twinning. Ludwigsburg 1980
    • this: Montbéliard . From the royal residence to the modern industrial city. A regional contribution to the partnership between Ludwigsburg and Montbéliard. Ludwigsburg 1983
  • Ed. With Hartmut Melenk, Günter Strauch, Reinhard Zeh, Dieter Nold: Eleventh Foreign Language Didactic Congress: Region - Drama - Politics - Language Acquisition. Series Ludwigsburger Hochschulschriften, 7. Gunter Narr, Tübingen 1987 (additional 11th working conference of foreign language didactics at universities and training seminars, University of Education Ludwigsburg October 7–9, 1985)
  • The city of Paris . History of their development and urbanization. Kulturgeschichtliche Reihe Volume 3, Annweiler 1998, 2002 ISBN 3-933264-00-6

Web links


  1. the first German Diss. Generally on Celan
  2. After Celan's reading, a student (who presented himself anonymously) had an anti-Semitic caricature about C. with front cover, which indicated his Jewish origins, at the Univ. published. Celan, informed by Firges, put great pressure first on him and then on the university administration to find out the name. C. went so far, (unsuccessfully) refusing the dissertation F. ' to demand if he does not give the name. After James K. Lyon: Paul Celan and Martin Heidegger . An unresolved conversation 1951-1970. Johns Hopkins University Press , Baltimore 2006, ISBN 978-0-8018-8302-6 , pp. 88 f., Readable online. The process shows the high sensitivity Cs at that time. See also: Paul Celan - Briefwechsel mit die Rheinischen Freunde , Berlin 2011, pp. 137–139 and 529 f.
  3. to In Search of Lost Time
  4. ^ Poems from the Alcools cycle
  5. on the Hyperion novel
  6. ↑ A novel with autobiographical features: first meeting with a previously unknown daughter from Italy after 50 years. Memories of life in Genoa back then
  7. Firges wrote about 30 articles on the didactics of regional studies and modern language teaching in specialist journals and published corresponding books or was co-author