Grace Dieu Abbey
|Grace Dieu Cistercian Abbey|
View of the former location of the abbey
United Kingdom of Wales
according to Janauschek
|Year of dissolution /
|Mother monastery||Dore Abbey|
|Primary Abbey||Morimond Monastery|
Grace Dieu Abbey (Gratia Dei; not to be confused with La Grâce-Dieu (Franche-Comté) monastery in the Doubs department and La Grâce-Dieu (Aunis) monastery in the Charente-Maritime department) is a former Cistercian abbey in Wales . The monastery was about 5 km west of Monmouth in Monmouthshire (formerly Gwent ) south of road No. B 4233 to Abergavenny. The exact location could not be localized, one hypothesis assumes the agricultural estate Parker's Dew (corrupted from Parc Grace Dieu), another a location east of Troddi (Trothy) Brook, a third near the Abbey Bridge. The abbey may have been relocated to this area as well.
The abbey was founded in 1226 by John, Lord of Monmouth, after efforts that had begun as early as 1217. It was a daughter monastery of Dore Abbey in Herefordshire in England from the filiation of the Primary Abbey Morimond , and at the same time the last Cistercian founding in Wales. The abbey on the border between England and Wales, one of the poorest Cistercian monasteries in Great Britain, was destroyed in a Welsh attack in 1233 and the monks had to flee to the nearby White Castle . The abbey was rebuilt in 1236. She owned a watermill on Troddi and a grangie named Penrhos (“Atlas of Cistercian Lands in Wales” by David H. Williams). In the Valor Ecclesiasticus, the abbey was valued at 19 pounds in 1535. It came to an end in 1536 and then fell into disrepair. Nothing of the buildings has survived.
- Anthony New: A guide to the Abbeys of England and Wales. Constable & Company, London 1985, ISBN 0-09-463520-X , p. 200.