Statistical District 53
City of Nuremberg
|Height :||308 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||3.2 km²|
|Residents :||8682 (December 31, 2015)|
|Population density :||2,714 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||June 15, 1922|
|Postal code :||90451|
|Area code :||0911|
Location of the statistical district 53 Eibach in Nuremberg
Eibacher main street
Eibach is located in the southwest of Nuremberg and is bordered in the north by Fürreuthweg and the residential area on Schussleitenweg, in the east by the Treuchtlingen – Nuremberg railway line , in the south by Entengraben, a small tributary of the Rednitz, and in the west by the Rednitz . Neighboring communities are (following clockwise and starting in the north) the districts of Röthenbach bei Schweinau , Maiach , Reichelsdorf , Koppenhof and Gerasmühle and the town of Stein .
|Neighboring statistical districts|
In 1264 the village was first mentioned by name in an inheritance waiver declaration as "Ybach"; Whether that meant today's Eibach is very controversial.
In the 11th / 12th In the 19th century, a number of forest hatches were built in the Reichswald around Nuremberg , including that of Eibach. From 1285 there is an entry in a book of eight and banishment of the imperial city of Nuremberg , which calls "Ybach". Around 1300 there was the spelling "Eywach"; a Seitz von Eywach was named as the forester of the Forsthube. In 1308 a Konrad von Eibach acquired Nuremberg citizenship . Before 1344 a little boy from Eibach and his wife Kathrein had sold their right to half the Forsthube to the Nuremberg patrician Konrad Waldstromer ; In the same year, Emperor Ludwig confirmed his new acquisition and ownership of the entire Forsthube von Reichelsdorf . The other half of the Eibacher Forsthube belonged to the von Motter family, who in addition to the hereditary forestry also held the patronage right over the small church they founded in 1343 together with an early mass. This was dedicated to the two holy virgins Barbara and Katharina . In 1373 a "Conrad Motter" was officially confirmed as hereditary forester.
Eibach belonged to the parish of Katzwang in the diocese of Eichstätt and only became its own parish in 1447. Soon after 1528 the Reformation was introduced and John the Baptist was elected as the church patron . 1600 raged in Eibach the plague . In 1661 Eibach , which had been pretty much destroyed in the Thirty Years' War , was rebuilt, and in 1659 Leonhard Rölck, an Eibach schoolmaster, appeared for the first time. Evangelical religious refugees from Habsburg Upper Austria came to Eibach later . Around 1760 the village consisted of around 25 farm properties.
In 1806 Eibach became a free Bavarian rural community, subordinate to the Schwabach Rent and Justice Office. Eibach grew rapidly: in 1840 there were still 482 inhabitants, in 1880 there were already 741. In 1900 the number had risen to 1,030, in 1919 to 2,739. The influx of Catholics from the Upper Palatinate - mostly service staff - made the first Catholic pastoral care in the south of Nuremberg (belonging to the diocese of Eichstätt) necessary since the Reformation. In 1908 a Catholic emergency church was built , which was followed in 1910 by the construction of the Church of St. Willibald with a rectory. The Catholic district belonged to the Schwabach parish district until 1921, the first expositus was Georg Meier (* 1881; † 1937) from 1910 to 1916. In 1920 the women's order of the Dillingen Franciscan Sisters settled down to support the Catholic pastoral care. This year the parish village of Eibach had 210 house owners with 3000 inhabitants, the associated village Hinterhof 23 and the village Maiach had 17 house owners. At the time, there was a “small children's custody facility” at Hauptstrasse 91.
On June 15, 1922, Eibach was incorporated into Nuremberg ; the last First Mayor was Hans Hauenstein. In 1923 the Catholic parish received a chaplaincy . 1946-48 this was held by the later important canon lawyer and Steyler missionary Paul Zepp . From 1933 a church dispute between the Confessing Congregation and the German Christians marked the Protestant life of Eibach, which ended in 1945 in favor of the Confessing Christians. In 1953 the Catholic parish church of St. Walburga was built. Between 1948 and 1962, a trolleybus line running on Bundesstraße 2 connected Eibach with the tram terminus in Schweinau . In the 1960s to 1990s, Eibach became increasingly urbanized. In 1972 the place became a "port city" with the opening of the Nuremberg (inland) port on the Main-Danube Canal .
In 1985 the suburban club commemorated the 700th anniversary of Eibach.
The Evangelical Church of St. Johannes Baptist made of Franconian sandstone is located on Eibacher Hauptstrasse and was built in 1343 as a (Catholic) branch church of Katzwang. The nave dates from the 18th century. Medieval wall paintings from the 15th century were uncovered in the Gothic choir room in 1948 and partially supplemented. At the end of 2006 the new community center was inaugurated next to the St. John's Church and in 2007 the meeting center for Protestant family work was renovated and named the youth center.
The Catholic Church of St. Walburga is on the Eibenweg. It was built in 1953 by the Nuremberg architect Fritz Mayer as a stately hall building with a flat ceiling and frescoes of the time (now partially painted over). It houses some pieces of equipment from the 18th and 19th centuries. The triptych altarpiece shows scenes from the life of St. Walburga. The organ was supplied by the Jann company in 1982. The parsonage next to the church, built in 1967, was created by converting the Catholic Church of St. Willibald, built in 1910 by the Nuremberg architect Otto Schulz, with neo-baroque furnishings and a Bittner organ built in Eichstätt in 1937 ; the originally independent onion dome still protrudes from the northern roof area . Comes from the parish of Old Abbot Dominic Madlener by Benedictine - Plankstetten Abbey .
The “Black Eagle” on Eibacher Hauptstrasse is a sight, as it was built around 1650. The core was originally smaller and two-story, was extended to the rear in 1877 and two more floors upwards in 1892. The "Dendrodatum 1616" published several times on the Internet could not be confirmed by Johann Geitner, restorer, and appears as a result of a publication of a "possible dating" of sample no July 17, 1997 when the date "Winter 1649/50" was corrected by Tisje. It is currently being renovated and reopened as an office building in 2017. [outdated]
In 2018 the Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation added the historical cover ditch at the forest pond to the list of monuments. The cover ditch in Eibach is the only remaining of its kind of what used to be almost 150 of these small civil protection areas in the entire city of Nuremberg. The restoration of the accessibility and a public tour in the old shelters on the day of national mourning is organized by the local suburban association Nürnberg-Eibach.
- Sigmund-Schuckert-Gymnasium (in the south-west school center, Pommernstrasse)
- Peter-Henlein-Realschule (in the south-west school center, Pommernstrasse)
- Primary school Nürnberg-Eibach (at Fürreuthweg 95, with branch Hopfengartenweg 23)
- Special Education Center Nuremberg, Eibach-Röthenbach (Motterstraße)
- Deaf center Nuremberg-Eibach (Pommernstrasse) of the vocational training center Nuremberg
On the first weekend in Advent there is an Advent market around St. John's Church and the main street is decorated for Christmas. The campaign is called "Stars for Eibach".
Bundesstraße 2 (Eibacher Hauptstraße) runs through Eibach from north to south . From this the harbor road branches off and bind the district with the junction Nürnberg-Eibach to the Frankenschnellweg on.
- Hermann Kaussler: Eibach. The story of a Nuremberg suburb . Gunzenhausen: Schrenk-Verlag 1992, ISBN 3-924270-25-2 .
- Werner Sprung: From the history of the suburb of Nuremberg-Eibach . In: Brochure of the voluntary fire brigade Nürnberg-Eibach 1978 , pp. 17–21
- K. Kinle: Eibach - consecration of the organ . In: St. Willibalds-Bote . Eichstätt, No. 12, May 23, 1937, p. 231
- Richard Ulrich (responsible): 75 years parish St. Walburga Eibach . Nürnberg-Eibach undated (1996)
- From the emergency church to the modern community . In: Church newspaper Eichstätt 4 / (19) 96, p. 7
- City of Nuremberg, Office for Urban Research and Statistics for Nuremberg and Fürth (ed.): Statistical Yearbook of the City of Nuremberg 2016 . December 2015, ISSN 0944-1514 , 18 Statistical City Districts and Districts, p. 244–245 , p. 245 ( nuernberg.de [PDF; 6.3 MB ; accessed on November 1, 2017]).
- City of Nuremberg, Office for Urban Research and Statistics for Nuremberg and Fürth (ed.): Statistical Yearbook of the City of Nuremberg 2016 . December 2015, ISSN 0944-1514 , 18 Statistical City Districts and Districts, p. 19-20 , p. 19 ( nuernberg.de [PDF; 6.3 MB ; accessed on November 1, 2017]).
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 602 .
- Johann Geitner: Dendrochronological investigation of the black eagle. August 5, 2016. Retrieved August 5, 2016 .
- Internet site of the Black Eagle. Retrieved August 5, 2016 .
- Website of the primary school in Nürnberg-Eibach