Marbach (Striegistal)

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Striegistal municipality
Coordinates: 51 ° 2 ′ 49 ″  N , 13 ° 13 ′ 51 ″  E
Height : 263  (200-330)  m
Area : 14.35 km² (1900)
Residents : 1056  (2014)
Population density : 74 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : January 1, 1994
Incorporated into: Tiefenbach
Postal code : 09661
Primaries : 037207, 034322
Marbach (Saxony)

Location of Marbach in Saxony

Marbach is a district of the Striegistal municipality in the district of central Saxony in Saxony . The place with its district Kummersheim merged on January 1, 1994 with five other places to form the municipality of Tiefenbach , which in turn has belonged to the municipality of Striegistal since July 1, 2008.


Geographical location and traffic

Marbach is located in the northeast of the Striegistal municipality, west of Nossen and south of the Freiberger Mulde . To the south-east of the elongated village lies the Zellwald , a large forest area that is cut through by the federal highway 4 and is named after the former monasteries of the old cell and the monastery of Altzella near Nossen. With a length of about 7 km, it is one of the longest Waldhufendörfer in the Free State of Saxony with the districts Rosental and Dreierhäuser . Until the cessation of passenger traffic in 2015, Marbach owned a station on the Borsdorf – Coswig railway line at the “Gleisberg – Marbach” stop . This is located on the opposite side of the Freiberger Mulde in the corridor of the Roßweiner district Gleisberg .

Neighboring places

Kummersheim , Gersdorf Gleisberg
Etzdorf Neighboring communities Zella
Schmalbach Reichenbach Augustusberg


View of the middle Marbach

Marbach was first mentioned in 1264 as Marchbach . This document certifies that the parish has been transferred to the Altzella monastery . At this point in time the village, including the parish and thus also a parish church, had certainly existed for more than 100 years. Like most of the villages in today's Striegistal community, Marbach belonged to the Altzella monastery, founded in 1162, as early as 1185. The parish apparently did not belong to the monastery until 1264. It cannot be ruled out that Marbach was created in connection with the foundation of the Benedictine monastery in Zellwald , which only existed for a short time . There may have been lordship relationships with the late medieval fortifications that formerly existed on the nearby castle hill - here only ceramic finds document the period.

After the Reformation and the associated secularization of the Altzella monastery in 1540, Marbach came into sovereign possession. Until the founding of the Nossen Office, the administration was carried out by former convent inmates for a few years. Subsequently, Marbach belonged as an administrative village to the Electoral Saxon or Royal Saxon Office of Nossen until 1856 . The popularly known structure of Oberdorf, Mitteldorf, Unterdorf and Rosenthal indicates that Marbach originally consisted of several communities, three farming communities and a gardening community that probably emerged much later. This is also evident from a tax register from 1546, in which all property owners, separated according to the individual communities, are listed with name, size of property and tax to be paid. The individual communities bordered one another and grew together. It was similar in Langhennersdorf , Rossau and Altmittweida . In Pappendorf it did not work with the growing together, here there was no formation of a community. The "upper village" is now called Mobendorf .

From the year 1800 it is known for Marbach: Obermarbach had 28 farmers, 6 gardeners and 12 cottagers on common land, Mittelmarbach consisted of 20 farmers, 5 gardeners, 13 cottagers on common land and two cottagers on former farmland. In Niedermarbach there were 14 farmers, 14 gardeners and 14 cottagers on common land. In Rosenthal, however, no farmers lived, but 32 gardeners and 9 cottagers. One of the gardeners ran a mill with a single grinder.

From 1856 Marbach belonged to the Roßwein court office and from 1875 to the Döbeln administration , which was renamed the Döbeln district in 1939. With the first district reform in the GDR in 1950, the neighboring village of Kummersheim was reclassified from Zella in the district of Meißen to Marbach in the district of Döbeln. As a result of the second district reform in the GDR, the municipality of Marbach was incorporated into the newly founded Hainichen district in the Chemnitz district (renamed the Karl-Marx-Stadt district in 1953 ), which was continued as the Saxon district of Hainichen from 1990 and in 1994 in the Mittweida and In 2008 in the district of Central Saxony.

On January 1, 1994, the municipality of Marbach including the district of Kummersheim merged with the municipalities of Dittersdorf , Arnsdorf , Naundorf , Etzdorf (with Gersdorf ) and Böhrigen to form the municipality of Tiefenbach . The municipalities of Tiefenbach and Striegistal in turn merged on July 1, 2008 to form the new municipality of Striegistal, which means that Marbach has been part of the municipality of Striegistal since then.

Place name forms

The following spelling of the place name is documented:

1264: Marchbach

1330/57: Martbach

1552: Margbach

1555: Marpach

1875: Marbach (Middle, Lower and Upper) near Roßwein

Interpretation of the place name

The stream flowing through the Marbach is called Marienbach. The popular derivation of the village name from Maria in connection with the nearby former Altzelle monastery is not tenable from a linguistic point of view. Rather, the place name, as can be seen from the Marchbach spelling from 1264, goes back to the name of the water. Marc (h) bach can be translated as Grenzbach. Marbach is therefore a settlement on the Grenzbach.


Village church

Parish church

The existence of a parish church probably goes back to the century of settlement. The oldest part is the transverse rectangular early Gothic west tower, which occurs several times in the region. The nave was built in 1770/71 as a simple baroque hall church as a replacement for the previous building, which had become too small. The oil paintings by former Marbach pastors are also worth seeing.


  • Collection of the Heimatverein: Museum in the barn with numerous exhibits from the history of the village and agriculture
  • Hexentisch: North of the village, at an old crossroads, is the legendary Hexentisch ; Presumably it is the rest of a medieval stone cross
  • Replica of a full-mile column from the Electorate of Saxony from the 18th century
  • Replica of a royal Saxon half-mile stone from the 19th century from the Nossen – Waldheim postal route

Sons and daughters of the church


  • Cornelius Gurlitt : Marbach. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 25th booklet: Office governance Döbeln . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1903, p. 154.
  • Eduard Beyer: The Cistercian monastery and monastery old cell in the diocese of Meißen. Dresden 1855.
  • Wolfgang Schwabenicky : The history of Marbach from the 12th to the 16th century. In: Chronicle and history of the community of Marbach. 1989.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas. Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 ; P. 70 f.
  2. The Döbeln administrative authority in the municipal register 1900
  3. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. doebeln.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  4. ^ Marbach on
  5. Tiefenbach on
  6. ^ Karlheinz Blaschke (ed.): Historical place directory of Saxony. New edition. Leipzig 2006, ISBN 3-937209-15-8 , p. 458.
  7. Ernst Eichler , Hans Walther (ed.): Historisches Ortnamesbuch von Sachsen , Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-05-003728-8 , Volume II, p. 11.
  8. Further examples are the churches in Pappendorf and Langhennersdorf
  9. ^ Georg Dehio : Handbook of German Art Monuments, Saxony II, administrative districts of Leipzig and Chemnitz , Munich 1998, ISBN 3-422-03048-4 , p. 673.

Web links

Commons : Marbach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files