City of Werder (Havel)
|Height :||38 m|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 1929|
|Postal code :||14542|
|Area code :||03327|
The village was first mentioned in a document in 1419. At that time Petzow belonged to the dukes of Saxony-Wittenberg. In 1437 the village went to the Cistercian monastery Lehnin as a fief . As a result of the secularization in 1542, the village became an official village of the Lehnin Office , at the same time the village came into Brandenburg ownership.
The von Kaehne family, best known for Friedrich August Kaehne, had owned the castle since 1814 . The wealthiest man of the place, landowner and councilor, had a representative mansion built in 1825 according to plans by Karl Friedrich Schinkel , a picturesque building in a colorful mix of Moorish fort and English Tudor styles , which can still be seen from afar. C. F. Kaehne was raised to the nobility in 1840 .
The village church of Petzow , built on the Grelleberg in 1842, was also built according to Schinkel's plans and was inaugurated by Friedrich Wilhelm IV . Today it is the cultural center in Petzow and was opened to the public again on October 30, 1994 after extensive renovation work. Around the house lake there is a fisherman's hut, a wash house and an old blacksmith's shop. The wash house currently serves as a local history museum , the old smithy is a restaurant and the fisherman's hut is a privately used house.
The 15 hectare park was designed by Peter Joseph Lenné in 1838 . A unique total work of art of architecture and landscape was created within the framework of Lenné's "beautification plan for the environs of Potsdam".
From 1955 to 1990 the German Writers' Association , from 1973 the writers' association of the GDR, maintained the writers ' rest home "Friedrich Wolf" in the " Villa Berglas " in Petzow . During these 35 years, the majority of the GDR's writers were guests there once or several times, either to work or to relax. In 2001 the writers' home was returned to the Berglas Jewish community of heirs. In 2003 it was bought by private individuals and the property was restored by 2007.
In 2007, Petzow Castle was owned by the Petzow Castle Property and Operating Company. The castle and its park were used as an outdoor location for the first German telenovela Bianca - Ways to Happiness in 2004/2005 . The outdoor shots for Julia - Ways to Happiness , the second telenovela on ZDF , were also made here; The shooting took place at the fisherman's hut and a boathouse on the lake until August 2006. In 2011, the castle park was the setting for the German fairy tale film Jorinde and Joringel by Bodo Fürneisen and in 2017 for The Swineherd .
The village church Petzow is a former, neo-Romanesque sacral building , which was built in the years 1841 and 1842 according to a design by Karl Friedrich Schinkel . According to his designs, craftsmen also made the simple and wooden altar with a crucifix made of cast iron, the pulpit and a fifth made of oak . Dedicated in 1988 and leased to the District Office for 99 years, it has served the district as a venue for concerts, exhibitions and as a registry office since 1994.
- The Schwielow and its surroundings. In: Theodor Fontane : Walks through the Mark Brandenburg . Volume 3: Havelland . Petzow.
- Bernd Erhard Fischer: Petzow. A country estate on Schwielowsee. A search for clues. arani-Verlag, Berlin 1991, ISBN 3-7605-8633-3 .
- Karl-Heinz Friedrich: The Kaehnes in Petzow. An exception in the Prussian landed gentry. Books on Demand , Norderstedt 2019, ISBN 978-3-7357-6276-4 .
- Karl-Heinz Friedrich: Petzow. Relatively absolute. Books on Demand, Norderstedt 2017, ISBN 978-3-7431-9258-4 .
- Marie-Luise Buchinger, Marcus Cante: Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany. Monuments in Brandenburg. Volume 14.1: Northern Zauche. Part 1, Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, Worms 2009, ISBN 978-3-88462-285-8 , p. 413.
- Villa Berglas
- Curious career. Little Florida on Schwielowsee . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung . August 12, 2007.
- Making of… Jorinde and Joringel on rbb-online.de, accessed on December 10, 2011.
- The Swineherd (D 2017): The longing for the happy ending. Retrieved June 15, 2020 .