Country of Lebus

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Today's German part of Lebus in the east of Brandenburg

Land Lebus (Latin terra lubucensis , also Lubusz Land , Polish Ziemia Lubuska ) is the name for a dominant and administrative area on the middle Oder since the 13th century. The western part today belongs to the state of Brandenburg and the eastern part to the Polish Lebus voivodeship .

It also referred to a Polish region east of the Oder ( Ziemia Lubuska ) from 1945 to 1975.


The country of Lebus under the Polish Piasts (around 950-1249)

Land of Lebus (Ziemia Lubuska) at the time of Polish rule approx. 950 ~ 1250

The Slavic tribe of the Leubuzzi probably settled in the area on the central Oder around the Lebus castle since the 7th century.

Since the middle of the 10th century, the area around Lubusz Castle belonged to the rule of the Polish ruler Bolesław Chrobry (the brave) and his successors. Around 1125, Duke Bolesław Schiefmund of Greater Poland founded his own small diocese of Lebus , which was probably the same size as the country of Lebus.

Since 1138 the area belonged to the domain of the Dukes of Silesia . From 1209 to 1211 it briefly belonged to Wettin Lower Lusatia, then again to Silesia. In 1241/42 even a Mieszko was mentioned by Lebus , probably as the formal ruler of Lebus.

The state of Lebus in the Mark Brandenburg (1249/87-around 1656)

In 1248 his brother Bolesław II handed over the land of Lebus ( terra lubucensis ) to the Archbishop of Magdeburg . In 1249 part of this land came to the Brandenburg Ascanians , in 1287 the entire territory. The designation Land Lebus was first mentioned in the relevant documents .

In the following centuries the area west of the Oder belonged to the Mittelmark , the area east of the Oder to the Neumark ( marchia transoderana ). In the 16th century the offices of Lebus, Fürstenwalde and others were formed.

The districts of Lebus (around 1656–1945) and Sternberg (1818–1945)

The Lebusian Circle was formed in the 17th century . Since 1818 there was the district of Lebus west of the Oder and the district of Sternberg (from 1873 districts Oststernberg and Weststernberg ) east of the Oder in the new administrative district of Frankfurt.

After 1945 these circles were dissolved.

After 1945 in Germany and Poland

In 1945, the Ziemia Lubuska ( Land Lebus ) was formed in Poland instead . This was dissolved again in 1975.

The areas west of the Oder came to the districts of Frankfurt, Fürstenwalde and Seelow in the Frankfurt / Oder district.

Since 1995 the district of Märkisch-Oderland and small areas in the district of Oder-Spree have included the area of ​​the former state of Lebus.

In 1999, a large Lubusz voivodeship was formed in Poland , which included the entire area of ​​the former eastern Neumark, but was conceptually based on the old castle and city of Lebus and sees itself in a historical tradition with the medieval country of Lebus.

The country of Lebus was chosen as the cross-border landscape of the year for 2003/2004 .

Lebuser Platte

The Ice Age Lebuser Platte is bounded in the north and northeast by the Eberswalder and in the south by the Berlin glacial valley . In the east, the Oder valley closes the plateau. The western boundary to Barnim is formed by the Buckow -Rinne or Löcknitz - Stobber -Rinne, which, in addition to these two rivers , is shaped by the Roten Luch , the Stobberbach and chain of lakes with lakes such as the Liebenberger See or Maxsee .


  • Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Mark Brandenburg and the Margraviate Nieder-Lausitz in the middle of the 19th century . Volume 3, 1st edition, Brandenburg 1856, pp. 154-183 ( online ).
  • Matthias Antkowiak, Michaela Aufleger: Frankfurt (Oder) and the state of Lebus. Theiss, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-8062-1952-4 ( Guide to archaeological monuments in Germany. 45).
  • Oskar Breitenbach: The country of Lebus under the Piasts. Geelhaar, Fürstenwalde / Spree 1890.
  • Lutz Partenheimer : The emergence of the Mark Brandenburg. With a Latin-German source attachment. 1st (or 2nd) edition. Böhlau, Cologne et al. 2007, ISBN 978-3-412-17106-3 .
  • Cornelia Willich: The place names of the country Lebus. With a contribution to the history of the settlement by Rolf Barthel. Böhlau, Weimar 1994, ISBN 3-7400-0918-7 ( Brandenburgisches Namenbuch. 8 = Berlin contributions to name research 9).
  • Siegismund Wilhelm Wohlbrück: History of the former diocese of Lebus and the country of this name. Self-published, Berlin 1829 ( full text ).

Web links


  1. Summary according to Kerstin Hinrichsen: The invention of Ziemia Lubuska. Construction and invention of a Polish region 1945–1975. Vandenhoeck & Rupprecht, Göttingen 2017. pp. 27–30
  2. ^ Siegmund Wilhelm Wohlbrück : History of the former Diocese of Lebus and the country of this taking . Volume 3. Berlin 1832. pp. 133ff.
  3. Kerstin Hinrichsen: The invention of Ziemia Lubuska. Construction and invention of a Polish region 1945–1975. Vandenhoeck & Rupprecht, Göttingen 2017. online
  4. cf. also Bernd Vogenbeck, Juliane Tomann, Ziemia Lubuska: Almanach Terra Transoderana. Between Neumark and Ziemia Lubuska. Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-937233-50-5 .