Uchtenhagen (noble family)

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Coat of arms of those of Uchtenhagen

The Uchtenhagen were a noble family from Brandenburg who played an important role in the Neumark and eastern Mittelmark in the late Middle Ages.

coat of arms

Description : An eight-spoke red wagon wheel in silver ; Above the helmet a boar jumping up on the left with an oak branch in its mouth. The helmet cover is red and white.


The Uchtenhagen family came from the Altmark. Its name goes back to the village of Uchtenhagen, east of Osterburg an der Uchte . The Uchtenhagen transferred their name to the Mittelmark town of Uchtenhagen west of the city of Bad Freienwalde (Oder) and to the village of Uchtenhagen west of the city of Freienwalde in Pomerania . Gahlbeck (2015) emphasizes the parallelism of the processes and assumes that the Uchtenhagen were at least a preparatory part in the founding of both cities.

The Uchtenhagen are mentioned for the first time in Pomeranian sources. In 1243 a Gerhard von Uchtenhagen testifies that Duke Barnim I granted Magdeburg city rights to Stettin. Uchtenhagen, who can be considered as the founder of Freienwalde in Pomerania and Uchtenhagen , apparently belonged to the ducal court and, together with representatives of the von Jagow family , owned the Jagow castle in Uckermark . With the Jagow, who - next to von Gloeden , von Stülpnagel , von Wreech . - carry the same coat of arms as the Uchtenhagen and had essentially the same first names in the Askanierzeit, according to the assumption of Gahlbeck (2015) it is a branch of the Uchtenhagen.

The Uchtenhagen must have shifted their focus to the south around the middle of the 13th century either in the entourage of the Bishop of Kammin or together with the Ascanians, where they appear as Burgmanns of Bad Freienwalde and were wealthy on the Barnim since around 1300. They had given up their property in Western Pomerania. Since the end of the 13th century , their ancestral home has been in Fürstenfelde in Neumark , where they can be considered as locators. Fürstenfelde still carries the Uchtenhagensche coat of arms. Since Arnold von Uchtenhagen was appointed castle captain of Meseritz in 1316, the Uchtenhagen emerged in the service of the Ascanians and Wittelsbachers as Brandenburg castle men, captains and governors. The brothers Arnold (II) von Uchtenhagen and Henning von Uchtenhagen, for example, were owned by Zehden , Schildberg and Zantoch around 1334 , apparently together with the Jagow. In 1341 they were allowed to build a castle in Sternberg . In 1349 they were enfeoffed with the town of Berneuchen together with the Mörner . The castle and town of Oderberg were pledged to them, and in 1353 they were allowed to build a new castle on Werder in the Oder. Later they owned Gabow , Glitzen and Wutzow, among others .

The geographical focus of the Uchtenhagen, however, after they had lost Berneuchen and Oderberg in the middle of the 14th and Sonnenburg at the beginning of the 15th century, was in Freienwalde in the Central Markets . There, the Vorwerk Sonnenburg, built in the 16th century south of Freienwalde, testifies to the Uchtenhagen's attachment to their old property in Land Sternberg. Malchow Castle, located a few kilometers west of the city on the site of today's Freienwalder Bismarck Tower and built by the Wettins around 1200, of which remains of the wall still exist, came into the possession of the Uchtenhagen before 1354 and remained so until 1618. In the immediate vicinity of the castle ruins Between 1910 and 2015 the mission house Uchtenhagen operated by the "Aid Association for Christian Love in the Orient" was located. Uchtenhagenstrasse is located in Bad Freienwalde and there is the noble Freihaus or Uchtenhagenhaus built around 1774, which today houses the Oderland Museum with exhibits on prehistory and early history and the cultural history of the Oderbruch.

The family died out with Hans von Uchtenhagen in 1618 and their goods passed into the possession of the Brandenburg electors.



  • Johann Christian von Hellbach: Adels-Lexikon: or manual about the historical, genealogical and diplomatic, partly also heraldic news from the high and low nobility, especially in the German federal states, as well as from the Austrian, Bohemian, Moravian, Prussian, Silesian and lausitz nobility. Volume 2, Bernhard Friedrich Voigt, Ilmenau 1826, p. 619.
  • Thomas Philipp von der Hagen: Historical-genealogical description of the family of Uchtenhagen. Paulische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1784, p. 2.
  • Ilona Rohowski: Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany. Monuments in Brandenburg. District of Märkisch-Oderland 9.1 = towns of Bad Freienwalde and Wriezen, villages in Niederoderbruch. Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, Worms 2006.
  • Uchtenhagen closes its doors forever, in: MOZ.de (2015). https://www.moz.de/landkreise/maerkisch-oderland/bad-freiwalde/artikel1/dg/0/1/1419745/
  • Christian Gahlbeck : On the origin and composition of the Neumark nobility up to the middle of the 14th century. In: Klaus Neitmann (Hrsg.) Landlord, nobility and cities in the medieval and early modern Neumark. , Berlin 2015, 115–181.

Individual evidence

  1. Thomas Philipp von der Hagen: Historical-genealogical description of the sex of Uchtenhagen. Paulische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1784, p. 5.
  2. Homepage family association of Stülpnagel, coat of arms (accessed on October 17, 2015)
  3. ^ Theodor Fontane: Complete works by Theodor Fontane. Delphi Classics, ISBN 978-1-908909-97-8 , 2013, p. Without no.
  4. cf. Thomas Philipp von der Hagen: Historical-genealogical description of the family of Uchtenhagen. Paulische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1784, p. 27.