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POL Cedynia COA 1.svg
Cedynia (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : West Pomerania
Powiat : Gryfino
Area : 1.00  km²
Geographic location : 52 ° 53 '  N , 14 ° 12'  E Coordinates: 52 ° 53 '0 "  N , 14 ° 12' 0"  E
Height : 64 m npm
Residents : 1555
(June 30, 2019)
Postal code : 74-520
Telephone code : (+48) 91
License plate : ZGR
Economy and Transport
Street : Ext. 124 Osinów DolnyChojna
Ext. 126 Osinów DolnyDębno
Next international airport : Szczecin-Goleniów
Gminatype: Urban and rural municipality
Gmina structure: 21 localities
14 school offices
Surface: 181.00 km²
Residents: 4276
(June 30, 2019)
Population density : 24 inhabitants / km²
Community number  ( GUS ): 3206023
Administration (as of 2012)
Mayor : Adam Zarzycki
Address: Pl. Wolności 1
74-520 Cedynia
Website : www.cedynia.pl

Cedynia [ t͜sɛˈdɨɲa ] ( German Zehden ) is a small town in the powiat Gryfiński ( Powiat Greifenhagen ) of the Polish West Pomeranian Voivodeship .

Geographical location

The city is located in the Neumark , three kilometers east of the Oder and 17 kilometers northeast of the city of Bad Freienwalde (Oder) , which can be reached via a bridge over the Oder.

Zehden southwest of Königsberg Nm. and north of the Oderbruch on a map from 1905


Archaeological research has shown that the Cedynia area dates back to 3500 BC. Was settled. Around the 8th century BC A castle was built, in the area of ​​which a settlement was created again. In the course of the migration of peoples that began in the 5th century , the area was depopulated, and from the 8th century onwards, Slavic tribes took possession of it.

General view of the city
Cedynia Monastery
Zehden town hall
Regional museum
Memorial for the Battle of Cedynia / Zehden (erected in 1972)

On June 24th, 972 the Battle of Zehden took place near the place , in which Czcibor , brother of the Piast Duke Mieszko I , defeated the troops of the Lusatian Margrave Hodo . At that time the place was still called Cidin. Around 1187 there was probably a Pomeranian castle near Zedin . Even before the transition of the place to the Mark Brandenburg under the Ascanians around 1250, there was a German settlement of urban character, an oppidum . Margrave Albrecht III. belehnte 1299 the of Jagow with the oppidum, which in 1356 the Cistercian monastery Zehden that in the 13th century its headquarters from leaving Schönfließ had moved into the village. In the 14th century Zehden was a media town with councilors, mayor and lay judges.

When after the death of Emperor Charles IV in 1378 the Mark Brandenburg threatened to collapse into anarchy among the only financially interested Luxembourgers , they sold the Neumark and with it Zehden to the Teutonic Knights . In 1454 the Brandenburg Elector Friedrich II bought back the poor Neumark from the House of Hohenzollern from the now weakened order.

After the Reformation , in 1555 the elector formed the Zehden office from the property of the monastery, which was closed . The last nuns left in 1611. During the Thirty Years War , the Swedish King Gustav II Adolf occupied Zehden in 1631 and established his headquarters there for some time. In 1637 the city became a battle zone and was badly damaged. The monastery had also suffered severe damage; In 1641, Elector Friedrich Wilhelm had the west wing rebuilt as a baroque hunting lodge. In 1699 a major fire broke out in the city, which also destroyed the monastery church.

In 1818 Zehden came as a result of the reclassification of the Prussian state to county Königsberg / Neumark in the administrative district of Frankfurt . It received a district court and in 1850 a post office built on the foundation walls of the destroyed monastery. In the course of the industrialization that began in the 19th century, a large brick factory and a beer brewery were built in Zehden. In 1885 the population was 1892, it fell to 1533 by 1910 and rose again to 1738 by 1939. Zehden was connected to the railway network on the other side of the Oder through the single-track small railway to Freienwalde, which opened on October 5, 1930 . In March 1940 the city suffered from a great flood of the Oder that flooded the Zehdener Bruch and the railway line.

Towards the end of the Second World War , the Oder Bridge was destroyed in February 1945 during fighting between the German Wehrmacht and the Red Army . On February 3, 1945, Zehden was occupied by the Red Army. Zehden, which was 45 percent destroyed, came under the administration of the People's Republic of Poland . This renamed the city Cedno , later Cedynia . The immigration of Polish migrants began, some of whom came from areas east of the Curzon Line conquered by Poland after the First World War . In the following period, the local Polish administrative authorities evicted the local population .

The railway line was torn down as far as the Oder. A monument was erected on the banks of the Oder in 1972 to commemorate the thousand-year memory of the Battle of 972.

On November 4, 2012, a large fire destroyed around a third of the stalls and shops in the Hohenwutzen - Oder Center Berlin store, which opened directly on the Oder bridge in 1995 . The market was able to reopen two days later.


Number of inhabitants
year Residents Remarks
1750 640
1800 947
1840 1450
1850 1482 including 42 Jews
1858 1621 including three Catholics and 22 Jews
1885 1892
1867 1989 on December 3rd
1871 1939 on December 1st, including 1916 Protestants, seven Catholics, 16 Jews
1905 1642 including eleven Catholics and nine Jews
1910 1533 on December 1st
1933 1775
1939 1738
1957 1040


The nearest town east of the Oder is Chojna (Königsberg / Neumark), which is on the Wrocław – Szczecin railway line . Here is the state road 31 , on which the district town of Gryfino (Greifenhagen) and after 80 kilometers the city of Szczecin ( Stettin ) can be reached.

Cedynia parish

The city is the seat of the urban and rural community ( gmina miejsko-wiejska ) Cedynia, which, in addition to the main town of the same name, is divided into 14 school departments ( sołectwo ), to which in turn six settlements are assigned. The districts and their population figures in 2007 are:

District Residents
Barcie (Forester's Cutting Mill ) 1
Bielinek (Bellinchen) 225
Czachów (Zachow) 196
Golice (Grüneberg) 145
Lubiechów Dolny (Lower Lübbichow) 192
Lubiechów Górny (High Lübbichow) 245
Łukowice (Altenkirchen) 118
Markocin (Vorwerk Markentun) 9
Niesułów (New Vorwerk) 34
Orzechów (Wrechow) 128
Osinów Dolny (Niederwutzen) 199
Parchnica (Parchnitz) 19th
Piasecznik (Klein Peetzig forestry) 1
Piasek (Peetzig) 475
Radostów (Karlstein) 201
Siekierki (Zckerick) 173
Stara Rudnica (Altrüdnitz) 151
Stary Kostrzynek (Altcüstrinchen) 104
Trzypole (Dreipfuhl forestry) 0
Żelichów (Dürrenselchow) 186



Web links

Commons : Cedynia  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. a b population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
  2. ^ Richard Roepell : History of Poland . Volume 1. Hamburg 1840, p. 98.
  3. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives: Fire on Poland market Cedynia near Hohenwutzen. In: Märkische AllgemeineInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed November 5, 2012@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.maerkischeallgemeine.de  
  4. a b c d Riehl and Scheu (1861), pp. 415–416.
  5. Berghaus (1856), pp. 404-405.
  6. a b Royal Statistical Bureau: The communities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population . Part II: Province of Brandenburg , Berlin 1873, pp. 118–119, No. 18 ( online ).
  7. ^ Meyer's Large Conversational Lexicon . 6th edition, Volume 20, Leipzig / Vienna 1909, pp. 862–863 ( online ).
  8. www.gemeindeververzeichnis.de .
  9. ^ A b Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. koenigsberg_n.html # ew39kbnmezehd. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  10. Population of the municipality of Cedynia (Polish)