|Voivodeship :||West Pomerania|
|Area :||1.00 km²|
|Geographic location :|
|Height :||64 m npm|
(June 30, 2019)
|Postal code :||74-520|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 91|
|License plate :||ZGR|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Ext. 124 Osinów Dolny ↔ Chojna|
|Ext. 126 Osinów Dolny ↔ Dębno|
|Next international airport :||Szczecin-Goleniów|
|Gminatype:||Urban and rural municipality|
|Gmina structure:||21 localities|
|14 school offices|
(June 30, 2019)
|Population density :||24 inhabitants / km²|
|Community number ( GUS ):||3206023|
|Administration (as of 2012)|
|Mayor :||Adam Zarzycki|
|Address:||Pl. Wolności 1
Archaeological research has shown that the Cedynia area dates back to 3500 BC. Was settled. Around the 8th century BC A castle was built, in the area of which a settlement was created again. In the course of the migration of peoples that began in the 5th century , the area was depopulated, and from the 8th century onwards, Slavic tribes took possession of it.
On June 24th, 972 the Battle of Zehden took place near the place , in which Czcibor , brother of the Piast Duke Mieszko I , defeated the troops of the Lusatian Margrave Hodo . At that time the place was still called Cidin. Around 1187 there was probably a Pomeranian castle near Zedin . Even before the transition of the place to the Mark Brandenburg under the Ascanians around 1250, there was a German settlement of urban character, an oppidum . Margrave Albrecht III. belehnte 1299 the of Jagow with the oppidum, which in 1356 the Cistercian monastery Zehden that in the 13th century its headquarters from leaving Schönfließ had moved into the village. In the 14th century Zehden was a media town with councilors, mayor and lay judges.
When after the death of Emperor Charles IV in 1378 the Mark Brandenburg threatened to collapse into anarchy among the only financially interested Luxembourgers , they sold the Neumark and with it Zehden to the Teutonic Knights . In 1454 the Brandenburg Elector Friedrich II bought back the poor Neumark from the House of Hohenzollern from the now weakened order.
After the Reformation , in 1555 the elector formed the Zehden office from the property of the monastery, which was closed . The last nuns left in 1611. During the Thirty Years War , the Swedish King Gustav II Adolf occupied Zehden in 1631 and established his headquarters there for some time. In 1637 the city became a battle zone and was badly damaged. The monastery had also suffered severe damage; In 1641, Elector Friedrich Wilhelm had the west wing rebuilt as a baroque hunting lodge. In 1699 a major fire broke out in the city, which also destroyed the monastery church.
In 1818 Zehden came as a result of the reclassification of the Prussian state to county Königsberg / Neumark in the administrative district of Frankfurt . It received a district court and in 1850 a post office built on the foundation walls of the destroyed monastery. In the course of the industrialization that began in the 19th century, a large brick factory and a beer brewery were built in Zehden. In 1885 the population was 1892, it fell to 1533 by 1910 and rose again to 1738 by 1939. Zehden was connected to the railway network on the other side of the Oder through the single-track small railway to Freienwalde, which opened on October 5, 1930 . In March 1940 the city suffered from a great flood of the Oder that flooded the Zehdener Bruch and the railway line.
Towards the end of the Second World War , the Oder Bridge was destroyed in February 1945 during fighting between the German Wehrmacht and the Red Army . On February 3, 1945, Zehden was occupied by the Red Army. Zehden, which was 45 percent destroyed, came under the administration of the People's Republic of Poland . This renamed the city Cedno , later Cedynia . The immigration of Polish migrants began, some of whom came from areas east of the Curzon Line conquered by Poland after the First World War . In the following period, the local Polish administrative authorities evicted the local population .
The railway line was torn down as far as the Oder. A monument was erected on the banks of the Oder in 1972 to commemorate the thousand-year memory of the Battle of 972.
On November 4, 2012, a large fire destroyed around a third of the stalls and shops in the Hohenwutzen - Oder Center Berlin store, which opened directly on the Oder bridge in 1995 . The market was able to reopen two days later.
|1850||1482||including 42 Jews|
|1858||1621||including three Catholics and 22 Jews|
|1867||1989||on December 3rd|
|1871||1939||on December 1st, including 1916 Protestants, seven Catholics, 16 Jews|
|1905||1642||including eleven Catholics and nine Jews|
|1910||1533||on December 1st|
The nearest town east of the Oder is Chojna (Königsberg / Neumark), which is on the Wrocław – Szczecin railway line . Here is the state road 31 , on which the district town of Gryfino (Greifenhagen) and after 80 kilometers the city of Szczecin ( Stettin ) can be reached.
The city is the seat of the urban and rural community ( gmina miejsko-wiejska ) Cedynia, which, in addition to the main town of the same name, is divided into 14 school departments ( sołectwo ), to which in turn six settlements are assigned. The districts and their population figures in 2007 are:
|Barcie (Forester's Cutting Mill )||1|
|Lubiechów Dolny (Lower Lübbichow)||192|
|Lubiechów Górny (High Lübbichow)||245|
|Markocin (Vorwerk Markentun)||9|
|Niesułów (New Vorwerk)||34|
|Osinów Dolny (Niederwutzen)||199|
|Piasecznik (Klein Peetzig forestry)||1|
|Stara Rudnica (Altrüdnitz)||151|
|Stary Kostrzynek (Altcüstrinchen)||104|
|Trzypole (Dreipfuhl forestry)||0|
- Julius Krautz (1843–1921), Prussian executioner
- Alfred Peyser (1870–1955), ENT doctor in Berlin
- Fritz Schönebeck (1903–1978), German politician (NDPD)
- Gerhard Oestreich (1910–1978), German historian
- Reinhard Strecker (born September 8, 1930), German political activist who initiated the exhibition Unpunished Nazi Justice .
- Friedrich Wilhelm August Bratring : Statistical-topographical description of the entire Mark Brandenburg. Volume 3. Berlin 1809, pp. 109-110 .
- W. Riehl, J. Scheu (Hrsg.): Berlin and the Mark Brandenburg with the Margraviate Nieder-Lausitz in their history and in their present existence. Berlin 1861, pp. 415-416.
- Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Mark Brandenburg and the Markgrafthum Nieder-Lausitz , Volume 3, Brandenburg 1856, pp. 383–384 and pp. 404–405.
- Johannes Schultze : Zehden. In: Gerd Heinrich (Hrsg.): Handbook of the historical sites of Germany . Volume 10: Berlin and Brandenburg. With Neumark and Grenzmark Posen-West Prussia (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 311). 3rd, revised and expanded edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-520-31103-8 .
- Official site of the city (Polish)
- population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
- Richard Roepell : History of Poland . Volume 1. Hamburg 1840, p. 98.
- ( Page no longer available , search in web archives: Fire on Poland market Cedynia near Hohenwutzen. In: Märkische Allgemeine ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed November 5, 2012
- Riehl and Scheu (1861), pp. 415–416.
- Berghaus (1856), pp. 404-405.
- Royal Statistical Bureau: The communities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population . Part II: Province of Brandenburg , Berlin 1873, pp. 118–119, No. 18 ( online ).
- Meyer's Large Conversational Lexicon . 6th edition, Volume 20, Leipzig / Vienna 1909, pp. 862–863 ( online ).
- www.gemeindeververzeichnis.de .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. koenigsberg_n.html # ew39kbnmezehd. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Population of the municipality of Cedynia (Polish)