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Moryń Coat of Arms
Moryń (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : West Pomerania
Powiat : Gryfino
Area : 6.00  km²
Geographic location : 52 ° 51 '  N , 14 ° 24'  E Coordinates: 52 ° 51 '29 "  N , 14 ° 23' 35"  E
Residents : 1630
(June 30, 2019)
Postal code : 74-503
Telephone code : (+48) 91
License plate : ZGR
Economy and Transport
Street : Ext. 125 Bielinek ↔ Wierzchlas
Next international airport : Szczecin-Goleniów
Gminatype: Urban and rural municipality
Gmina structure: 18 villages
9 school offices
Surface: 125.00 km²
Residents: 4295
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Population density : 34 inhabitants / km²
Community number  ( GUS ): 3206063
Administration (as of 2013)
Mayor : Jan Maranda
Address: Pl. Wolności 1
74-503 Moryń
Website :

Moryń ( German Mohrin , formerly Morin ) is a city in the Polish West Pomeranian Voivodeship in the Powiat Gryfiński ( Greifenhagener Kreis ). It is also the seat of an urban and rural municipality .

Geographical location

The city is located in the Neumark , about 40 kilometers east of Eberswalde on the Jezioro Morzycko (Mohriner See) and the Słubia (Schlibbe) , a tributary of the Oder . The 3.62 km² large Mohriner See is one of the deepest lakes in the Pomeranian Lake District with a water depth of 58.5 m .


Mohrin northeast of the Oderbruch and northwest of the town of Bärwalde on a map from 1905.
City center with town hall and cancer monument
City Church (14th century, Protestant parish church until 1945)

On the western shore of the Mohriner See there was once an early castle complex on a peninsula, where Margrave Otto V had the Stolzenburg built around 1365 . The existence of this second castle was short-lived, as early as 1399 it was deserted again.

The time of origin of the city south of the peninsula is unknown. The knight Otto von Barmenstede, who handed over patronage over the church in 1265, is regarded as the founder. Mohrin has been named as a city since 1306. It had the rights of an immediate city , such as the right to mint coins and its own jurisdiction. Mohrin was surrounded by a city wall with 28 soft houses and had three gates.

Between 1402 and 1454 it was owned by the Teutonic Order . Devastated several times by city fires and destroyed by the Hussites in 1433 , Mohrin hardly developed because of its location away from all trade routes. In the course of the 15th century it lost many rights and became a noble media city , the inhabitants of which were predominantly arable citizens . The craft consisted of shoemakers and linen weavers. In 1783 the last great city fire raged.

In the 20th century tourism gained economic importance in Mohrin.

Mohrin belonged to the district of Königsberg Nm until 1945 . in the administrative district of Frankfurt in the province of Brandenburg .

At the end of the Second World War , the majority of the residents fled from the approaching front in 1945 . After the war ended, the city was placed under Polish administration. At that time, only a hundred people lived in the city, sixty of them Germans. The immigration of Polish migrants began, some of whom came from areas east of the Curzon Line conquered by Poland after the First World War . After the war, the Polish administrative authorities refused to allow Mohrin's war refugees to return to their homes in the city . The Germans who remained in the city were expelled in the period that followed .

The city with the Mohriner See is frequented by water sports enthusiasts and holidaymakers.


Number of inhabitants
year population Remarks
1750 637
1801 939 including a ten-member protective Jewish family (216 active military personnel)
1840 1,206
1850 1,427 including two Catholics and 64 Jews
1858 1,524 including a Catholic and 52 Jews
1867 1577 on December 3rd
1871 1559 on December 1, including 1499 Protestants, five Catholics, six other Christians, 49 Jews
1905 1198 mostly evangelicals
1933 1,285
1939 1,230

| Moryń population development |}



Between 1892 and 1991 the city was connected via the Butterfelde-Mohrin station (pl. Przyjezierze-Moryń) to the Wriezen – Jädickendorf railway line with direct connections to Berlin and Königsberg in Neumark . After 1945 the rail line over the Oder Bridge was interrupted, so that until 1991 there was still a shuttle service between Siekierki (formerly Gäckerick-Alt-Rüdnitz) and Godków (formerly Jädickendorf).

Town twinning


The Romanesque town church is a three-aisled field stone building with a free-standing tower from the 13th century. The oak of an old wooden window frame in the east gable was felled "around / after 1260". In it is an altar made of granite, which is sometimes considered older than the church, but this is scientifically controversial. The church is considered a valuable cultural monument in West Pomerania.

In front of the facade of the nursing home, at that time an educational institution for children, there is a monument by the sculptor Heinrich Wefing, dedicated to the founder Christian Friedrich Koch . The monument is one of the rare surviving works of this type in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship.

The city wall has been preserved, but without the soft houses and gates. The last of the three former gates, the pointed arch of the sea gate, was lost during or after the Second World War.

Due to the poor development of the city, the medieval city ​​plan was well preserved.

local community

The area of ​​the urban and rural municipality has an area of ​​125 km², on which about 4,400 inhabitants live. It comprises the nine school departments Bielin ( Bellin ), Dolsko ( Dölzig ), Gądno ( Guhden ), Klępicz ( Klemzow ), Mirowo ( Woltersdorf ), Nowe Objezierze ( Groß Wubiser ), Przyjezierze ( Butterfelde ), Stare Objezierze ( Klein Wubiser ) and Witnicaierze ( Vietnitz ).



  • Friedrich Wilhelm August Bratring : Statistical-topographical description of the entire Mark Brandenburg . Volume 3, Berlin 1809, pp. 106-108 .
  • Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Mark Brandenburg and the Margraviate Nieder-Lausitz in the middle of the 19th century . Volume 3, 1st edition, Brandenburg 1856, pp. 399–401.
  • W. Riehl and J. Scheu (eds.): Berlin and the Mark Brandenburg with the Margraviate Nieder-Lausitz in their history and in their present existence . Berlin 1861, pp. 411-412.

Web links

Commons : Moryń  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
  2. a b c W. Riehl and J. Scheu (eds.): Berlin and the Mark Brandenburg with the Margraviate Nieder-Lausitz in their history and in their current existence . Berlin 1861, pp. 411-412.
  3. ^ Friedrich Wilhelm August Bratring : Description of the entire Mark Brandenburg . Volume 3: Die Neumark Brandenburg , Berlin 1809, p. 107 ( online ).
  4. ^ Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Mark Brandenburg and the Margraviate Nieder-Lausitz in the middle of the 19th century . Volume 3, 1st edition, Brandenburg 1856, pp. 399–401.
  5. a b Royal Statistical Bureau: The communities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population . Part II: Province of Brandenburg , Berlin 1873, pp. 118–119, No. 5 ( online ).
  6. ^ Meyer's Large Conversational Lexicon . 6th edition, Volume 14, Leipzig / Vienna 1908, p. 24 ( online ).
  7. ^ A b Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. koenigsberg_n.html # ew39kbnm9mohrin. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  9. Friske, Matthias, Heussner, Karl-Uwe & Walther, Eckhart (2013): New Findings on the Churches of Mohrin (Moryn) and Dölzig (Dolsko) in Neumark , in: Yearbook for the History of Central and Eastern Germany , 59, Pp. 3-22. ISSN  0075-2614