National Institutes of Health

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United StatesUnited States National Institutes of Health
- NIH -
NIH logo
State level United States
Supervisory authority (s) United States Department of Health and Human Services
Headquarters Bethesda, Maryland , United StatesUnited StatesUnited States 
household $ 32.3 billion (FY 2016)
Director Francis S. Collins
Employee approx.20,262 (with all institutes; as of 2012)

The National Institutes of Health ( NIH , German  National Health Institutes ) based in Bethesda (Maryland) are an authority of the US Department of Health . In the United States , they are the most important authority for biomedical research . Francis Collins has been in charge since July 2009 .

With an annual budget of around US $ 30.3 billion (financial year 2015), the NIH is the largest research funding organization in the world. It accounts for 28% of total US biomedical research spending. The NIH employs around 20,262 people (including all institutes), of which around 6,000 are in their Intramural Research Program . 80% of the budget is distributed to over 300,000 researchers each year.

The history of the NIH began in 1887 with the establishment of the "Laboratory of Hygiene" (Hygiene Laboratory) at the Marine Hospital in Staten Iceland , New York City . The NIH are located on a campus- like area with more than 75 buildings. It has 27 institutes, including the world's largest medical library , the National Library of Medicine (NLM).


The following table shows the institutes of the NIH, sorted chronologically by year of foundation.

logo Surname abbreviation description founding year
US-NIH-NCI-Logo.svg National Cancer Institute NCI Research and training aimed at combating cancer 1937
US-NIH-NIAID-Logo.svg National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases NIAID The aim of the research is to gain an understanding of the causes and to improve the treatment and prevention options for infectious , autoimmune and allergic diseases. 1948
US-NIH-NIDCR-Logo.svg National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research NIDCR Research on infectious and congenital diseases of the teeth, jaw and facial skull 1948
US-NIH-NIDDK-Logo.svg National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases NIDDK Research in the fields of diabetes mellitus , endocrinology and metabolic diseases , diseases of the digestive tract , nutrition , kidney and urological and haematological diseases [0]1948
US-NIH-NHLBI-Logo.svg National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute NHLBI

Research in the field of diseases of the heart , blood vessels , lungs and blood and sleep disorders ; administratively responsible for the NIH Woman's Health Initiative

US-NIH-NIMH-Logo.svg National Institute of Mental Health NIMH Research in the field of mental illness 1949
US-NIH-NINDS-Logo.svg National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke NINDS Research in the field of diseases of the nervous system 1950
US-NationalLibraryOfMedicine-Logo.svg National Library of Medicine NLM NLM collects and organizes the available information on biomedical topics and makes it available in an orderly form to the scientific and non-scientific public. The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) was established by the NLM , which is a very important information database for biological-medical information and maintains the PubMed literature database , the GenBank sequence database and, the world's largest clinical study database . 1956
US-NIH-NICHD-Logo.svg National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NOTHING Research in the fields of fertility , pregnancy , child and adolescent development and medical rehabilitation in the field of pediatrics 1962
US-NIH-NIGMS-Logo.svg National Institute of General Medical Sciences NIGMS The NIGMS promotes basic biomedical medicine without restriction to certain diseases and supports research into the functions of certain genes and proteins as well as cell biology . 1962
US-NIH-NEI-Logo.svg National Eye Institute NEI Research in the field of ophthalmology 1968
US-NIH-NIEHS-Logo.svg National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NEVER Research in the field of environmental medicine (influence of environmental factors on health) 1969
US-NIH-NIAAA-Logo.svg National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism NIAAA Research in the field of alcoholism and alcohol-related diseases 1970
US-NIH-NIDA-Logo.svg National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA Research in the field of substance abuse and addiction , prevention, treatment and health issues 1973
US-NIH-NIA-Logo.svg National Institute on Aging NIA Research in the field of aging processes , prevention of diseases of old age 1974
US-NIH-NIAMS-Logo.svg National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases NIAMS Research in the field of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases 1986
US-NIH-NINR-Logo.svg National Institute of Nursing Research NINR NINR supports clinical and basic research to establish a scientific basis for the care of individuals across the life span. 1986
US-NIH-NIDCD-Logo.svg National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders NIDCD Research in the field of disorders of hearing , balance , smell , taste , voice and speech 1988
US-NIH-NHGRI-Logo.svg National Human Genome Research Institute NHGRI Support for the Human Genome Project and research in the field of genetic diseases 1989
US-NIH-NIBIB-Logo.svg National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering NIBIB Development of technologies in the field of medical imaging and bioengineering and information technology with regard to their application in medicine 2000

Web links

Commons : National Institutes of Health  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files

Individual references, footnotes

  2. Rachel Baye: NIH plans to move 3,000 employees to Bethesda campus , December 17, 2012
  4. ^ NIH budget
  5. a b About NIH
  6. emerged from the National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases (NIAMD, until 1972) or National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism, and Digestive Diseases (until 1986)

Coordinates: 39 ° 0 ′ 1 ″  N , 77 ° 6 ′ 10.4 ″  W.