Bethesda, Maryland

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Downtown Bethesda
Downtown Bethesda
Location in Maryland
Montgomery County Maryland Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Bethesda Highlighted.svg
Basic data
Foundation : 1776
State : United States
State : Maryland
County : Montgomery County
Coordinates : 38 ° 59 ′  N , 77 ° 6 ′  W Coordinates: 38 ° 59 ′  N , 77 ° 6 ′  W
Time zone : Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )
Residents : 60,858 (as of 2010)
Population density : 47.4 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 1,313 km 2  (approx. 507 mi 2 ) of
which 1,283 km 2  (approx. 495 mi 2 ) are land
Height : 97 m
Postcodes : 20800-20899
Area code : +1 301
FIPS : 24-07125
GNIS ID : 583184

Bethesda is a census-designated place in Montgomery County in the US state of Maryland . The settlement is located immediately northwest of Washington, DC and is a preferred residential suburb of the federal capital. The name comes from a church, the Bethesda Meeting House (1820), which was named after the Bethesda Cistern in Jerusalem . Bethesda is home to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) campus with the National Library of Medicine and the National Naval Medical Center, as well as other government institutions.

Bethesda is one of the wealthiest and most educated communities in the country. Forbes business magazine listed the community as one of the Best Little American Places for Education in 2009.

As an unincorporated area, Bethesda has no official limits. At the 2010 census, Bethesda had 60,858 people.


Between 1805 and 1821, a toll road developed in what is now the settlement area, the Washington and Rockville Turnpike . Tobacco and other goods were transported on this road between Georgetown , Rockville and Frederick . A small settlement was built on this street, which was formed around a shop and a toll booth. In 1862 the settlement was named "Darcy's Store" after the shop owner William E. Darcy. In 1871 the then postmaster Robert Franck renamed the place Bethesda. The name comes from the Presbyterian Church Bethesda Meeting House , which was built in 1820.

Bethesda was a transit point during the 19th century. A post office, a forge, a church and a school were built. There were also small housing estates and small shops.

After the construction of a streetcar line to Washington in 1890, the place began to grow from around 1900. In the decades that followed, government institutions were added, such as the National Institutes of Health and the National Naval Medical Center , the flagship medical care and research of the United States Navy , in the 1940s . Numerous companies, especially from the health sector, settled here. Defense companies such as Lockheed Martin and the Ritz-Carlton hotel group also chose Bethesda as their headquarters.

Geography and population

According to the United States Census Bureau , the census-designated place has an area of ​​34.42 km². Of this, 0.26 km² are in the water. Maryland Route 355, also known as Wisconsin Avenue, runs through Bethesda. This route connects Washington, DC with Frederick, Maryland.

At the 2010 census , there were 60,858 people in 27,470 households in Bethesda. The residents are above average well educated, with more than 98% of the residents over 25 years of age have a high school degree , 83% have a bachelor's degree .

In 2010, Bethesda had 10,713 businesses.


Interstate 495 runs north of Bethesda and runs around Washington, DC as a ring road. The nearest airports are Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport in Arlington County , Virginia , Dulles International Airport in Fairfax County , Virginia, and Baltimore-Washington International Airport in Baltimore , Maryland.

Local public transport

The Washington Metro's Red Line has two stops in Bethesda. There is also a bus service on the Montgomery County's local transport network.

Long-distance public transport

There is a daily bus service to New York City via the bus companies Vamoose Bus and Tripper Bus .


sons and daughters of the town


  • The book series The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants by Ann Brashares plays in Bethesda.
  • In the computer role-playing game Fallout 3 from Bethesda Softworks , several episodes take place in Bethesda.

Web links

Commons : Bethesda (Maryland)  - Collection of images, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Jacqueline Detwiler: America's most educated small towns . In: Forbes . 
  2. 2010 Census Interactive Population Map. (No longer available online.) In: United States Census Bureau , archived from the original on February 4, 2017 ; accessed on May 17, 2017 (English). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. a b Quick Facts - Bethesda. United States Census Bureau , accessed May 17, 2017 .