United States National Library of Medicine
The United States National Library of Medicine ( NLM ; German: National Library of Medicine ) is the world's largest medical library . Its holdings comprise more than seven million volumes and include books , magazines , technical reports, manuscripts , microfilms , photographs and images .
The library was in 1836 as Library of the Surgeon General's Office of the General Staff physician founded (Surgeon General of the United States Army). It has been on the campus of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland , since 1962 . The medical doctor Donald AB Lindberg (1933–2019) was the director from 1984 to 2015. Patricia Flatley Brennan has been his successor since August 2016 .
Content and services
Since 1879 the NLM has published the Medicus Index , which was published for the last time in print in December 2004. Since 1966 there has been an electronic version of the Index Medicus - the medical bibliographical database MEDLINE . It is freely accessible via PubMed .
In 1967 the Toxicology and Environmental Health Program (TEHIP) was founded as part of the NLM. It is involved in the development of databases and software systems for electronic archiving and searching in medical literature and the files of government and non-government organizations. TEHIP has developed various information systems that can be used free of charge on the Internet . These include the “Toxicology Data Network” (TOXNET), “TOXMAP”, “Tox Town”, “Wireless Information System for Emergency Responders” (WISER), “Toxmystery” and the product database “Household Products Database”.
The NLM houses the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), whose biology database is freely accessible via the Entrez Gene and “PubMed”. The NLM also operates the world's largest clinical study database, ClinicalTrials.gov.
Another service is DailyMed , which provides application information on finished pharmaceuticals (human and veterinary drugs) marketed in the USA free of advertising. The data are based on the legal product information texts (“labeling”) approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA ) and are presented in versions for each health care professional and patient. The service was established in 2005. A product identification tool is also included.
- Official website of the National Library of Medicine (Engl.)
- ClinicalTrials.gov Clinical Study Database (Engl.)
- Donald AB Lindberg, MD , NLM
- Isaac Kohane, Jeremy M. Berg: Donald AB Lindberg (1933-2019) . In: Science . tape 366 , no. 6461 , October 4, 2019, ISSN 0036-8075 , p. 37–37 , doi : 10.1126 / science.aaz3644 ( sciencemag.org [accessed October 4, 2019]).
- NIH appoints Patricia Flatley Brennan, RN, Ph.D., to lead the National Library of Medicine . May 9, 2016. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
- NLM Organization Chart. In: nlm.nih.gov. September 21, 2017. Retrieved December 18, 2017 .
- Toxicology and Environmental Health Program
- DailyMed website , accessed July 18, 2020.
- DailyMed® Logs 500th Label , NLM Technical Bulletin, August 4, 2006.
- NLM® introduced a new product identification system on the DailyMed Web page , NLM Technical Bulletin, May 11, 2009.