Radboud University Nijmegen
|Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen|
In Dei Nomine Feliciter
(Eng. Happy in God's name )
|Sponsorship||Stichting Katholieke Universiteit|
|Voor tremor||DHJ (Daniël) Wigboldus|
|Annual budget||approx. € 541 million|
|Networks||EUA , FIUC IAU , IRUN|
The Radboud University Nijmegen ( Dutch Radboud University Nijmegen , shortly RU ) is a research-oriented university in the Netherlands . The university was founded in Nijmegen in 1923 and was called Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen (KUN) until September 1, 2004 . Around 22,000 students study at seven faculties. The University Hospital Radboudumc is connected to the university .
In 1655 an earlier university was founded in Nijmegen under the name Kwartierlijke Academie Nijmegen , but its existence was limited to a short period of time due to unfavorable events. In 1665 the city and with it the university were ravaged by the plague , and in 1672 Nijmegen was occupied by French troops. The university was finally closed in 1679 for lack of money after losing its last professor, Gerhard Noodt .
On October 17, 1923, the re-establishment took place under the name Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen . The founding rector was the classical philologist , linguist and cultural anthropologist Joseph Charles François Hubert Schrijnen (1869–1938).
During the Second World War, the university suffered badly: on February 22, 1944, almost the entire city center of Nijmegen was almost completely destroyed by mistaken Allied bombing, including many university buildings. Since the then rector Bernardus Hubertus Dominicus Hermesdorf (as the only rector of a Dutch university) refused to have all students sign a declaration of loyalty to the German occupation forces, the closure was forced in April 1943.
After the war, the former Heyendaal estate in the south of the city was purchased to build a new campus. The Medical Faculty was the first to move to the new site in 1951. In 2004 the name was changed to the current name. (named after the former bishop Radbod of Utrecht ). Years of growth and the construction of many new faculty and research facilities follow. In 2013 the university celebrated its 90th anniversary. In the course of the celebrations, u. a. Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel was awarded the honorary doctorate “because of her international social merits, her commitment to Europe and her commitment to science”.
Withdrawal of ecclesiastical recognition of the Catholic Theological Faculty
The Congregation for Catholic Education withdrew the Catholic Theological Faculty in 2006 the right canonical (ie: from the Roman Curia recognized) title to lend. This decision is justified by the fact that the Catholic Faculty has not complied with the request of the Roman Curia to adapt its statutes to church guidelines since 1980. In canon law it is stated that every appointment of a theology professor requires the approval of the church authority. The university had viewed this duty as a restriction on its academic freedom. The withdrawal of ecclesiastical recognition meant that theologians trained at the university could no longer become Catholic priests or pastoral officers . The Faculty of Theology and Religion - Tilburg University remained the only recognized academic priestly training in the Netherlands .
coat of arms
The coat of arms was designed by the goldsmith's workshop of the Brom family from Utrecht when it was founded. The lower part shows the coat of arms of the Catholic Church in the Netherlands; the dove above is the symbol of the Holy Spirit. The shield is crowned by the crown of Charlemagne . The coat of arms is surrounded by the motto In Dei Nomine Feliciter , which is attributed to St. Willibrord .
Infrastructure and organization
The university campus is located in the Heyendaal district. The university and the university hospital (" Radboudumc ") have around 10,000 employees and around 19,000 students.
107 courses (40 Bachelor's and 67 Master's courses) are taught at seven faculties:
- Faculty of Philosophy , Theology and Religious Studies
- Faculty of Humanities
- Faculty of Management Science
- Faculty of Science , Mathematics and Computer Science
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Social Sciences
- Faculty of Medicine (with University Clinic)
The following research institutes are subordinate to the faculties:
- Research Institute for Philosophy, Theology and Religious Studies
- Institute for Historical, Literary and Cultural Studies
- Research Centers of the Faculty of Law
- Institute for Management Research
- Radboud Social Cultural Research
- Center for Language Studies
- Behavioral Science Institute
- Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior
- Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Science
- Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
- Institute for Water and Wetland Research
- Institute for Molecules and Materials
- Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics
- Institute for Computing and Information Sciences
The Benedictine Center for Liturgical Studies (BCL), which is operated jointly with the Sint-Willibrordsabdij in Doetinchem , is affiliated with Radboud Universiteit .
According to the CHE university ranking published by the newspaper The time , the RU Nijmegen in the "overall study situation", "care" and " citations per publication ," in some programs, including, for example, biology , chemistry , human medicine and psychology , the Assigned to the top group of the examined European universities. In the worldwide QS World University Ranking, the RU Nijmegen is in 138th place (2011). The Nijmegen scientists Anne Cutler (1999), Henk Barendregt (2002), Peter Hagoort (2005), Theo Rasing (2008), Heino Falcke (2011), Mike Jetten (2012) and Mikhail Katsnelson (2013) were awarded the Spinoza Prize excellent. Professor Sir Andre Geim and former PhD student Sir Konstantin Novoselov won the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics .
Well-known professors and graduates
- Dries van Agt (* 1931), Prime Minister 1977 to 1982
- Louis Beel (1902–1977), Prime Minister 1946–1948 and 1958–1959
- Titus Brandsma (1881–1942), Carmelite, priest, philosophy professor and martyr (beatification 1985)
- Jo Cals (1914–1971), Prime Minister 1965–1966
- Marijn Dekkers (* 1957), former CEO of Bayer AG
- Nick Enfield (born 1966), ethnolinguist
- Heino Falcke (* 1966) astrophysicist
- Andre Geim (* 1958), physicist and Nobel Prize winner (2010)
- Thom de Graaf (* 1957), Deputy Prime Minister 2003 to 2005
- Agnes Kant (* 1969), epidemiologist and health politician
- Gerd Leers (* 1951), politician
- Victor Marijnen (1917–1975), Prime Minister 1963–1965
- Hans van Mierlo (1931-2010), co-founder of the left-liberal party Democrats 66 (D66)
- Konstantin Novoselov (* 1974), physicist and Nobel Prize winner (2010)
- Mark Retera (* 1964), author and artist
- Edward Schillebeeckx OP, (1914–2009), theologian (dogmatist)
- Adrianus Cardinal Simonis (* 1931), Archbishop of Utrecht
- Rita Verdonk (* 1955), Minister for Integration and Immigration 2003 to 2006
- Radboudumc , Nijmegen University Hospital
- List of modern universities in Europe (1801–1945)
- List of universities in the Netherlands
- Members. In: www.fiuc.org. International Federation of Catholic Universities, accessed September 29, 2019 .
- List of IAU Members. In: iau-aiu.net. International Association of Universities, accessed August 8, 2019 .
- International Research Universities Network , last accessed on July 13, 2014
- http://www.ru.nl/studiereninnimwegen/@885427/pagina/ ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Press release, last accessed on July 13, 2014
- Netherlands: Vatican sanctions Catholic faculty at the university in Nijmegen. orf.at, December 11, 2006, accessed on March 14, 2017 .
- Judith van Beukering (Red.): 80 years KU Nijmegen - 80 objects. Tachtig jaar Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen in voorwerpen van wetenschap, divorced art . Nijmegen 2003, p. 15.
- Benedictine Center for Litirgische studies at the University of Nijmegen . In: Erbe und Einsatz , Vol. 94 (2018), pp. 344–345.
- Center for University , last accessed on February 22, 2010