University of Wisconsin – Madison
|University of Wisconsin – Madison|
|Annual budget||2,701,300,000 US dollars|
|University sports||Badgers ( Big Ten ); WCHA (women's ice hockey)|
|Networks||Association of American Universities|
The University of Wisconsin – Madison (short UW , UW – Madison or simply Madison ) is a state university in Madison in the US state of Wisconsin . With over 42,000 students (as of 2012) it is the largest university in the state.
The University of Wisconsin-Madison is the principal location of the University of Wisconsin system . It is a member of the Association of American Universities , an association of leading research-intensive North American universities that has existed since 1900, and is known as Public Ivy .
It was founded in 1848 after Wisconsin became the 30th state to join the United States of America. The first 17 students began teaching on February 5, 1849. It has been one of the leading universities in the United States since the beginning of the 20th century. The Daily Cardinal was founded on April 4, 1892, as today's oldest student newspaper . In 1913, the best-known honorary society for graduates in economics, Beta Gamma Sigma, was founded here. In August 1970, assassins set off a car bomb because they wanted to protest against the university's cooperation with the US military. One researcher, Robert Fassnacht, was killed. Three employees were injured.
The university is located in Madison , near the Capitol on the south shore of Lake Mendota . The main campus covers an area of 3.8 km². The entire university campus including all research facilities is 43 km² in size. The university has its own police force and hospital.
As the most significant entity in the Wisconsin university system, it is ranked 13th for the best public education institutions in the United States and 45th for the best American universities. In the 2012 Shanghai ranking , it was in 19th place globally.
Research and facilities
- The university is currently an internationally recognized center for stem cell research . James Thomson was the first researcher to isolate human embryonic stem cells.
- The grid computing software Condor has been developed at the University of Wisconsin-Madison since 1988 and has been called HTCondor since 2012 .
- The University's “Max Kade Institute” (MKI) is part of the “College of Letters and Science” (humanities, social and natural sciences) and has its own administration made up of a board of directors, librarians, office staff and volunteers. This facility was named after the German-American entrepreneur Max Kade , who left Germany in 1905 and emigrated to New York City. There he made a name for himself in the pharmaceutical industry and set up a foundation to promote scientific and technical progress as well as peaceful coexistence between peoples. In this way, Kade also promoted German-American relations. The initiative to found the “Max Kade Institute” goes back to the linguist Jürgen Eichhoff , who in 1983 successfully applied for start-up funding from Erich Markel , President of the “Max Kade Foundation of New York”. The institute has made it its business to conduct scientific research and its documentation and to make it accessible to a wide audience. Part of the research deals with the German immigrants and their descendants, as well as their influence on their environment. Since 2014, the MKI has been on the fourth floor of the venerable University Club, which was founded in 1907 as a place to promote community within the campus. It was previously located in the "Keystone House", a historic residential building from 1853.
- The university's business faculty, also known as the “Wisconsin School of Business” since November 2007, was the first business school to receive a large amount of donation from alumni, without being bound by the faculty being renamed. A group of 13 donors donated USD 85 million, each with a minimum contribution of USD 5 million. Among them are big business figures like Paul J. Collins , former Vice Chairman of Citigroup Inc. and Wade Fetzer a former Goldman Sachs partner. Most of the donation will go towards the MBA program and the expansion of teaching at the business school.
- "Wind power plant with nuclear drive": Student opponents of nuclear energy at the University of Wisconsin originally planned the first solar concert in the world in 1980: electricity from photocells was to supply the amplifiers and loudspeakers during the event. The project could not be carried out because it turned out that it would have required 8,000 square meters of solar cell space. The students therefore installed three wind power plants to replace them. During the concert, however, there was no wind, the rotors of the wind turbines still rotated, one even backwards. As a precaution, the wind power stations had been connected to the power grid, so that the generators, in the absence of wind power, acted as motors and the propellers turned with energy from the power grid. A generator was connected to the mains with the wrong polarity and thus turned the propeller in the wrong direction. In 1980, a good third of the electricity in the city of Madison was generated in nuclear power plants, so at least one of the gensets can be regarded as the first nuclear-powered wind power plant in the world.
The UW – Madison sports teams are known as the Wisconsin Badgers . The college is a member of the Big Ten Conference , in the NCAA . The sports that are practiced include American football , ice hockey , wrestling, volleyball and soccer , in which the Badgers are also very successful. The Badgers own several sports venues such as Camp Randall Stadium , built in 1917 , which can hold more than 80,000 spectators. The ice hockey men and the basketball women and men are based in the Kohl Center .
The UW-Madison claims patent rights for the sweetener Brazzein as its own invention, although in Central Africa the fruits of the Pentadiplandra brazzeana , from which Pentadin was isolated, have been known for a long time . The university denies any connection with the natural occurrences in Gabon . It holds three patents on compounds that are isolated from Pentadiplandra brazzeana and on its industrial production (US Pat. No. 5,326,580, US Pat. No. 5,346,998, US Pat. No. 5,527,555). In this context, the patenting of Brazzein is classified as biopiracy by GRAIN and Greenpeace .
In 2012, the animal rights organization PETA published allegations that the biological faculty carried out experiments on the hearing of cats that were cruel to animals. To obtain information about the localization of sound perception in the animals' brains , these probes were implanted in the auditory cortex , the ears and parts of the brain were surgically processed, and feeding was suspended for a few days to increase stimulus perception.
- Nobel Prize Winner
- Joseph Erlanger - Nobel Prize Physiology / Medicine 1944
- Har Gobind Khorana - Nobel Prize Physiology / Medicine 1968
- Joshua Lederberg - Nobel Prize in Physiology / Medicine 1958
- Howard M. Temin - Nobel Prize Physiology / Medicine 1975
- Eugene Paul Wigner - Nobel Prize in Physics 1963
- More professors
- Florence Eliza Allen - mathematician
- Pat Hanrahan , biophysicist, computer scientist, electrical engineer and Turin Award winner
- Erwin Heinz Ackerknecht - medical historian
- James Andreoni - economist
- Christoph Badelt - economist
- Peter Barrett - Professor of Finance and Business Law, Olympic Champion in Sailing
- Anatole Beck - mathematician
- Charles Bentley geologist and polar explorer
- Klaus L. Berghahn - Germanist
- Peter Boerner - literary scholar and Goethe researcher
- David Bordwell - film scholar
- George Box - statistician
- Germaine Brée - Romance philologist
- Paul P. Carbone - oncologist
- John Rogers Commons - co-creator of the US Social Security System
- William Cronon - historian
- James F. Crow - geneticist
- Richard Davis - jazz musician
- Carl de Boor - mathematician
- John Fiske - Communication Scientist
- David E. Green - biochemist
- Harry Harlow - psychologist
- Jost Hermand - Germanist
- Malcolm Robert Irwin - agronomist and immunogeneticist
- Laura L. Kiessling - biochemist
- Stephen Cole Kleene - Computer Science
- Rudolf Kolisch - violinist
- Robert Kozinets - economist
- William Ellery Leonard - philologist and writer
- Aldo Leopold - ecologist, environmentalist, writer
- Gerda Lerner - historian
- Abraham Maslow - psychologist
- Edward F. Moore - Mathematics and Computer Science, co-founder of automata theory
- Lorrie Moore - English Studies
- George L. Mosse - historian
- Ronald Numbers - historian of science
- Harry Partch - composer
- Hans Reese - neurologist
- Arthur H. Robinson - cartographer
- Carl Rogers - psychologist
- Bassam Shakhashiri - chemist
- Karl Ulrich Smith behavior cyberneticist
- Cecil Taylor - jazz musician
- Charles R. Van Hise - geologist
- Werner Vordtriede - Germanist
- Joan Wildman - pianist
- André Wink , historian
- Efim Zelmanov - mathematician
- Nobel Prize Winner
- John Bardeen (1908–1991), Nobel Prize in Physics 1956 and 1972
- Paul Delos Boyer (1918–2018), Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1997
- Günter Blobel (1936–2018), Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1999
- William C. Campbell (* 1930), Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015
- Har Gobind Khorana (1922–2011), Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1968
- Jack Kilby (1923–2005), Nobel Prize in Physics 2000
- Joshua Lederberg (1925–2008), Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1958
- Alan G. MacDiarmid (1927–2007), Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2000
- Edward Lawrie Tatum (1909–1975), Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1958
- Howard M. Temin (1934–1994), Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1975
- Art, entertainment, media
- Lynsey Addario , photojournalist, 2009 Pulitzer Prize winner
- Gene Brewer , writer
- Charlotte Armstrong , writer
- Deborah Blum , journalist and author ( Pulitzer Prize )
- Jane Brody , columnist for the New York Times
- Joan Cusack , actress
- Richard Davis, jazz bassist
- Robert Greene , writer
- Jane Kaczmarek , actress (" Malcolm in the middle ")
- Steve Miller (born 1943), rock musician
- Leslie Fiedler (1917–2003), literary scholar
- Joyce Carol Oates (* 1938), writer
- Ben Sidran , jazz pianist
- Cecil Taylor , jazz pianist
- Daniel J. Travanti , actor ( Emmy Award )
- Neal Ulevich , photographer ( Pulitzer Prize )
- Butch Vig , drummer for the rock band Garbage
- Stanley G. Weinbaum , science fiction writer
- Eudora Welty , writer ( Pulitzer Prize )
- Frank Lloyd Wright , architect
- Howard Zimmerman , Organic Chemistry
- Politics economy
- Shirley Abrahamson , Wisconsin Supreme Court Justice
- Iajuddin Ahmed , President of Bangladesh (from 2002 to 2009)
- Tammy Baldwin , Member of the United States House of Representatives from 1999 to 2013
- Dick Cheney , U.S. Vice President (non-degree)
- Lynne Cheney , wife of Vice President Dick Cheney
- Glenn Robert Davis , Member of the House of Representatives
- Jim Doyle , Wisconsin Governor
- Lawrence Eagleburger , former US Secretary of State
- Russ Feingold , US Senator
- Alberto Fujimori , former President of Peru (1990–2000)
- William S. Harley , co-founder of Harley-Davidson
- Herb Kohl , US Senator
- Robert M. La Follette Jr. , former Wisconsin Governor and Congressman
- Bethuel Pakalitha Mosisili , Prime Minister of Lesotho from 1998 to 2012
- Gaylord Nelson , former US Senator and founder of Earth Day
- Lee R. Raymond , Chairman and CEO of ExxonMobil
- Tommy Thompson , Former US Secretary of Health and Governor of Wisconsin (1986-2001)
- Jim Bakken , American football player
- Ken Bowman , American football player
- Jim Carey , ice hockey goalkeeper
- Chris Chelios , ice hockey player
- Sam Dekker , basketball player
- Brian Elliott , Canadian ice hockey goalkeeper
- Milt Gantenbein , American football player
- Jake Gardiner , ice hockey player
- Charles Goldenberg , American football player
- Cody Goloubef , Canadian ice hockey player
- Bill Gregory , American football player
- Pat Harder , American football player
- Dany Heatley , Canadian ice hockey player
- Eric Heiden , speed skater (without degree; moved to Stanford University)
- Curtis Joseph , Canadian ice hockey goalkeeper
- Frank Kaminsky , basketball player
- Luke Kunin , ice hockey player
- Rose Lavelle , soccer player
- Jake McCabe , ice hockey player
- Ryan McDonagh , ice hockey player
- Joe Pavelski , ice hockey player
- Greg Poss , ice hockey coach
- Brian Rafalski , ice hockey player
- Mike Richter , ice hockey goalkeeper
- Justin Schultz , Canadian ice hockey player
- Ralph Scott , American football player and coach
- Jack Skille , ice hockey player
- Brendan Smith , Canadian ice hockey player
- Craig Smith , ice hockey player
- Chris Solinsky , track and field athlete
- Derek Stepan , ice hockey player
- Gary Suter , ice hockey player
- Ryan Suter , ice hockey player
- Mark Tauscher , American football player
- Kyle Turris , Canadian ice hockey player
- Mike Webster , American football player
- James White , American football player
- Russell Wilson , American football player
- JJ Watt , American football player
- Florence Eliza Allen , mathematician, received her PhD from the University of Wisconsin in 1907 as the second woman in mathematics
- Stephen Ambrose , historian
- John Atanasoff (* 1930), builder of one of the first digital computers, the Atanasoff-Berry computer
- Laurel Clark , astronaut
- John Rogers Commons , one of the architects of " social security " in the USA
- Hector DeLuca , researcher on vitamin D.
- Richard Theodore Ely (1854–1943), economist
- Andrew Goodman , human rights activist
- Nellie McKay , first black professor of African-American literature
- Daniel P. Leaf , Lieutenant General of the US Air Force
- Charles Lindbergh , aviation pioneer
- Jim Lovell , astronaut ( Apollo 13 )
- Alexander Meiklejohn , philosopher
- John Muir , environmentalist
- Chuck Munson , anarchist activist
- Harry Partch , avant-garde composer
- Brewster Shaw , astronaut ( Space Shuttle Columbia); Former director of the space shuttle program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA )
- Frederick Jackson Turner , historian
- Mary Winston Newson , mathematician and college professor
- Arthur Hove, Anne Biebel: The University of Wisconsin. A pictorial history. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison 1991, ISBN 0-299-13000-2 .
- Studies of the Max Kade Institute for German-American studies. Friends of the Max Kade Institute for German-American Studies, Madison, OCLC 314170402 .
- Max Kade Institute for German American Studies (Ed.): Source editions on the history of Germans in America. (= On the history of the Germans in America.) Belser Wissenschaftlicher Dienst, Wildberg OCLC 313335419 .
- About UW – Madison , on the University of Wisconsin – Madison website, accessed June 22, 2011 (English).
- Sterling Hall bombing , Wisconsin State Journal .
- Top Public Schools-National Universities, accessed June 22, 2011.
- National University Rankings accessed June 22, 2011.
- Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2012 , accessed on August 16, 2012 (English).
- Breakthroughs in stem cell research at sueddeutsche.de, accessed on February 13, 2015.
- Computing with HTCondor on chtc.cs.wisc.edu, accessed February 13, 2015.
- About ( Memento of the original from April 20, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on csumc.wisc.edu, accessed February 13, 2015.
- Cornelius Keller: Spuk und Rock vom Windkraftwerk. In: Image of Science. Accent no. 12, p. 3, Deutsche Verlagsanstalt, Stuttgart, December 1980.
- Environmental Audit House of Commons - Second Report - APPENDIX 7 - Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) and Farmers' Rights Session 1998-99. 23 November 1999
- The European Patent Directive: License to Plunder Briefing published by Genetic Resources Action International, GRAIN, Barcelona, May 1998
- Cats Tormented and Killed in University Lab . Undated PETA report , accessed September 24, 2012.