Joyce Carol Oates
Oates' first novel was published in 1963. Since then she has published more than 40 novels as well as a number of plays , short stories and several collections of short stories, poetry , essays and biographies . Her work includes both realistic and socially critical themes ( Jene , Foxfire ) and the fantastic ( Bellefleur , The Sisters of Bloodsmoor ). Her books for young people such as Unter Verdacht und Sexy mostly deal with growing up and the difficulties of finding one's own identity and defending it against the environment. Oates is considered one of the most versatile and important authors of contemporary American literature and has been counted among the contenders for the Nobel Prize in Literature for years.
Among the awards she has received in her life so far is the National Book Award for the novel them (English title: Jene, 1970), twice the O. Henry Award and the National Humanities Medal . She was nominated several times for the Pulitzer Prize : 1992 for Blackwater (German title: Black Water), 1994 for What I lived For (German title: What I lived for) and 2000 for Blonde (German title: Blond).
life and work
Joyce Carol Oates is the oldest of three siblings. Her mother, Carolina Bush, was of Hungarian descent and her father, Frederic James Oates, was a toolmaker. She was raised a Catholic, but today classifies herself as an atheist . Her brother Fred Jr. was born in 1943 and her sister, Lynn Ann, who is autistic , was born in 1956. She grew up in Millersport , a workers and farmers community in the US state of New York. She herself said about her childhood that, given the time, the place and the economic circumstances, she was lucky enough to have grown up in a happy, close-knit and otherwise very ordinary family.
A great influence in her childhood was her paternal grandmother, Blanche Woodside, who lived with the family. Oates began to read a lot very early on, and Blanche gave him Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland as a gift. Oates himself describes this story as the greatest treasure of my childhood and the literary work with the greatest influence on me. It was love at first sight! . As a young teenager, she began reading works by William Faulkner , Fyodor Dostoyevsky , Henry David Thoreau , Ernest Hemingway , Charlotte Brontë and Emily Brontë , which she claims are still influential today. Oates began writing at the age of fourteen - the typewriter she used was a gift from Grandmother Blanche. Only after Blanche's death did Oates learn that Blanche's father had committed suicide and that Blanche thereafter denied her Jewish ancestry. Oates has processed details from her grandmother's life in the novel The Gravedigger's Daughter, which was first published in 2007 . Oates graduated from high school in 1956 and was the first of her family to graduate from high school.
In 1956 Oates received a scholarship and studied English and philosophy in Syracuse and at the University of Wisconsin . She earned a Bachelor of Arts in 1960 and a Master of Arts in 1961 . During her studies at Syracuse University, she began to devote herself intensively to writing, writing novel after novel and throwing them away as soon as they were finished. She began to broaden her own horizons by reading stories by DH Lawrence , Flannery O'Connor , Thomas Mann and Franz Kafka . She still grants these authors an influence on their own work. At the age of nineteen, she won the College Short Story competition sponsored by American women's magazine Mademoiselle . Evelyn Shrifte, director of Vanguard Press , met Oates shortly after completing her Masters. In 1963 Oates' first collection of short stories was published by this publisher.
From 1961 to 1967 Oates was a lecturer in English at the University of Detroit , from 1967 to 1978 she worked at the University of Windsor, Canada . After working as Writer in Residence at Princeton University ( New Jersey ) from 1978 to 1981 , she became Professor of Creative Writing there in 1987 .
From 1961 Joyce Carol Oates was married to Raymond J. Smith (1930-2008), who taught as a professor of literary history at Princeton . The couple had no children. Together they published the "Ontario Review of Books". In March 2009, Oates married the neuroscientist Charles G. Gross (1936-2019).
Prizes and awards
- 1959: Mademoiselle College Fiction Award for In the Old World
- 1967: O. Henry Prize for the short story In the Region of Ice
- 1968: Rosenthal Award, National Institute of Arts and Letters for A Garden of Earthly Delights
- 1970: National Book Award for them
- 1973: O. Henry Prize for The Dead
- 1978: Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters
- 1990: Heidemann Award for One-act Plays for Tone Clusters (shared prize)
- 1992: Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 1994: Bram Stoker Award for Lifetime Achievement
- 1996: Bram Stoker Award for Superior Achievement in a Novel for Zombie
- 1996: Boston Book Review's Fisk Fiction Prize for Zombie
- 2001: Oprah's Book Club for We Were the Mulvaneys
- 2005: Prix Femina Etranger for The Falls
- 2006: Chicago Tribune Literary Prize
- 2010: National Humanities Medal
- 2011: World Fantasy Award for the Fossil Figures Collection
- 2011: Shirley Jackson Award (special prize)
- 2012: Norman Mailer Prize for Lifetime Achievement
- 2012: Bram Stoker Award for Best Fiction Collection for The Corn Maiden and Other Nightmares
- 2012: Shirley Jackson Award for The Corn Maiden and Other Nightmares collection
- 2013: Bram Stoker Award for Best Fiction Collection for Black Dahlia and White Rose
- 2016: Member of the American Philosophical Society
- 2017: Bram Stoker Award for the collection The Doll-Master and Other Tales of Terror and for the short story The Crawl Space
- 2017: Los Angeles Times Book Prize (category "Mystery / Thriller") for A Book of American Martyrs
- 2019: Jerusalem Prize
- 2020: Prix mondial Cino Del Duca for life's work
- 1993: Pulitzer Prize for Black Water
- 1995: Pulitzer Prize for What I Lived For
- 2001: Pulitzer Prize for Blondes
- 2009: Man Booker International Prize
- 2011: Bram Stoker Award for Superior Achievement in a Fiction Collection for The Corn Maiden and Other Nightmares
- With Shuddering Fall (1964)
- A Garden of Earthly Delights (1967)
- Expensive People (1968)
- German: those. Translated by Isabella Nadolny. DVA, Stuttgart 1975, ISBN 3-421-01732-8 .
- Wonderland (1971)
- Do with Me What You Will (1973)
- The Assassins: A Book of Hours (1975)
- German: In the thicket of childhood. Translated by Eva Bornemann. DVA; Stuttgart 1983, ISBN 3-421-06126-2 .
- Son of the Morning (1978)
- Cybele (1979)
Unholy Loves (1979)
- German: Unholy love. Translated by Helga Huisgen. DVA, Stuttgart 1984, ISBN 3-421-06173-4 .
- Bellefleur (1980)
Angel of Light (1981)
- German: Angel of Light. Translated by Elisabeth Schnack. DVA, Stuttgart 1984, ISBN 3-421-06205-6 .
A Bloodsmoor Romance (1982)
- English: The Sisters of Bloodsmoor. Translated by Elisabeth Schnack. DVA, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-421-06362-1 .
- Mysteries of Winterthurn (1984)
- Solstice (1985)
Marya: A Life (1986)
- German: Marya: A life. Translated by Barbara Henninges. DVA, Stuttgart 1990, ISBN 3-421-06610-8 .
You Must Remember This (1987)
- German: The Invisible Scars. Translated by Rüdiger Hipp. DVA; Stuttgart 1992, ISBN 3-421-06546-2 .
- American Appetites (1989)
Because It Is Bitter, and Because It Is My Heart (1990)
- German: bitterness of the heart. Translated by Rüdiger Hipp. DVA; Stuttgart 1994, ISBN 3-421-06687-6 .
I Lock My Door Upon Myself (1990)
- German: I lock myself in. Translated by Renate Orth-Guttmann. Goldmann, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-442-72376-0 .
- Black Water (1992)
Foxfire: Confessions of a Girl Gang (1993)
- English: Foxfire: The Story of a Gang of Girls. Translated by Rüdiger Hipp; DVA; Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-421-05006-6 .
What I Lived For (1994)
- German: What I Lived For. Translated by Renate Orth-Guttmann. DVA, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-421-05072-4 .
- German: Zombie. Translated by Renate Orth-Guttmann. DVA, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 3-421-05178-X .
We Were the Mulvaneys (1996)
- German: We were the Mulvaneys. Translated by Renate Orth-Guttmann. DVA, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-421-05120-8 .
- Man Crazy (1997)
- My Heart Laid Bare (1998)
- Broke Heart Blues (1999)
- Blonde (2000)
- Middle Age: A Romance (2001)
I'll Take You There (2002)
- German: Exposed. Translated by Silvia Morawetz. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-054006-5 .
- The Tattooed Girl (2003)
The Falls (2004)
- German: Niagara. Translated by Silvia Morawetz. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-054007-2 .
Missing Mom (2005)
- German: You are missing. Translated by Silvia Morawetz. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2008, ISBN 978-3-10-054014-0 .
- Black Girl / White Girl (2006)
The Gravedigger's Daughter (2007)
- German: secrets. Translated by Silvia Morawetz. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2010, ISBN 978-3-10-054008-9 .
- The Fair Maiden (2010)
The Accursed (2013)
- German: The cursed. Translated by Silvia Morawetz. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2014, ISBN 978-3-10-054021-8 .
- Carthage (2014)
- The Sacrifice (2015)
Jack of Spades (2015)
- German: Jack of Spades. Translated by Frauke Czwikla. Droemer HC, Munich 2018, ISBN 978-3-42-628187-1 .
The Man Without a Shadow (2016)
- German: The man without a shadow. Translated by Silvia Morawetz. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2018, ISBN 978-3-10-397276-4 .
- A Book of American Martyrs (2017)
- Hazards of Time Travel (2018)
- My Life As a Rat (2019)
- German: persecution . Translated by Ilka Schlüchtermann. Osburg, Hamburg 2020, ISBN 978-3-95510-213-5 .
- Night. Sleep. Death. The Stars. (2020)
- as Rosamond Smith
Lives of the Twins (1987)
- German: The other. Translated by Maria Poelchau. Kiepenheuer and Witsch, Cologne 1987, ISBN 3-462-01969-4 .
Soul / Mate (1989)
- German: Your death, my life. Psychological thriller. Translated by Maria Poelchau. Kiepenheuer and Witsch, Cologne 1993, ISBN 3-462-02241-5 .
- German: The spring offering. Detective novel. Translated by Elfriede Peschel. dtv, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-423-11859-8 .
Snake Eyes (1992)
- German: snakeskin. Psychological thriller. Translated by Maria Poelchau. Kiepenheuer and Witsch, Cologne 1997, ISBN 3-423-15108-0 .
You Can't Catch Me (1995)
- German: Come when it gets dark. Psychological thriller. Translated by Hanna Neves. dtv, Munich 1996, ISBN 3-423-12167-X .
Double Delight (1997)
- German: Alluring Angel. Translated by Maria Poelchau. dtv, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-423-24146-2 .
- Starr Bright Will Be With You Soon (1999)
The Barrens (2001)
- English: The dead in the moor. Translated by Gerald Jung. Goldmann, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-442-05477-X .
- as Lauren Kelly
- Take Me, Take Me With You (2003)
- The Stolen Heart (2005)
- Blood Mask (2006)
- The Triumph of the Spider Monkey (1976)
The Rise of Life on Earth (1991)
- English: The wrath of the angel. Translated by Antje Althans. Goldmann, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-442-72246-2 .
- First Love: A Gothic Tale (1996)
- Beasts (2002)
Rape: A Love Story (2003)
- German: Raped. A Lovestory. Translated by Uda Strätling. Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2012, ISBN 978-3-596-16707-4 .
- The Corn Maiden: A Love Story (2005)
- A Fair Maiden (2010)
- Patricide (2012)
- The Rescuer (2012)
Short story collections
- By the North Gate (1963)
- Upon the Sweeping Flood And Other Stories (1966)
The Wheel of Love And Other Stories (1970)
- English: The wheel of love. Translated by Barbara von Bechtolsheim and Barbara Henninges. DVA, Stuttgart 1988, ISBN 3-421-06460-1 .
- Marriages and Infidelities (1972)
- The Goddess and Other Women (1974)
- The Hungry Ghosts: Seven Allusive Comedies (1974)
- Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been ?: Stories of Young America (1974)
- The Poisoned Kiss And Other Stories from the Portuguese (1975)
- The Seduction & Other Stories (1975)
Crossing the Border: Fifteen Tales (1976)
- German: border crossing. Translated by Helga Pfetsch. DVA, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-421-01863-4 .
- Night-Side (1977)
- All the Good People I've Left Behind (1979)
- A Sentimental Education: Stories (1980)
Last Days: Stories (1984)
- German: last days. Stories. Translated by Eva Bornemann. DVA, Stuttgart 1986, ISBN 3-421-06215-3 .
- Wild Saturday (1984)
- Raven's Wing: Stories (1986)
The Assignation: Stories (1989)
- German: Das Rendezvous: Stories. Translated by Renate Orth-Guttmann. DVA, Stuttgart 1992, ISBN 3-421-06529-2 .
- Oates In Exile (1990)
- Heat And Other Stories (1991)
- Where is here? (1992)
- Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been ?: Selected Early Stories (1993)
Haunted: Tales of the Grotesque (1994)
- German: The Haunted House. Translated by Renate Orth-Guttmann. DVA, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-421-05058-9 .
- Demon and other tales (1996)
- Will you always love me? And Other Stories (1996)
- The Collector of Hearts: New Tales of the Grotesque (1998)
- Faithless: Tales of Transgression (2001)
- I Am No One You Know: Stories (2004)
- The Female of the Species: Tales of Mystery and Suspense (2006)
- High Lonesome: New & Selected Stories, 1966–2006 (2006)
- The Corn Maiden and other Nightmares (2011)
- Black Dahlia & White Rose (2012)
- Evil Eye: Four Novellas of Love Gone Wrong (2013)
- High Crime Area: Tales of Darkness and Dread (2014)
- Lovely, Dark, Deep (2014)
- The Doll-Master and Other Tales of Terror (2016)
- Dis Mem Ber and Other Stories of Mystery and Suspense (2017)
- Beautiful Days (2018)
- Night-Gaunts and Other Tales of Suspense (2018)
- The Troublesome: An American Chronicle in Tales. Selected by Gabriela Jaskulla. Eichborn ( Die Other Bibliothek series ), Frankfurt am Main 2011, ISBN 978-3-8218-6237-8 .
- Miracle Play (1974)
- Ontological Proofs of My Existence
- The Triumph of the Spider Monkey
- In Darkest America (1991)
- I Stand Before You Naked (1991)
- Twelve Plays (1991)
- The Perfectionist and Other Plays (1995)
- New Plays (1998)
- Miss Golden Dreams (2001)
- Dr. Magic: Six One Act Plays (2004)
- The Tattooed Girl (2005)
- Joyce Carol Oates: Conversations 1970-2006 (2006)
Essays and autobiographies
- The Edge of Impossibility: Tragic Forms in Literature (1972)
- The Hostile Sun: The Poetry of DH Lawrence (1974)
- New Heaven, New Earth: The Visionary Experience in Literature (1974)
- Contraries: Essays (1981)
- The Profane Art: Essays & Reviews (1983)
On Boxing (1987)
- German: About boxes. Translated by Ursula Locke-Gross. Manesse, Zurich 1987, ISBN 3-7175-8120-1 .
- (Woman) Writer: Occasions and Opportunities (1988)
- George Bellows: American Artist (1995)
- Where I've Been, And Where I'm Going: Essays, Reviews, and Prose (1999)
The Faith of A Writer: Life, Craft, Art (2003)
- German: While writing alone: craft and art. Translated by Kerstin Winter. Authors' House, Berlin 2006, ISBN 978-3-86671-002-3 .
- Uncensored: Views & (Re) views (2005)
A Widow's Story. A Memoir (2011)
- German: My time of mourning. Translated by Silvia Morawetz. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2011, ISBN 978-3-10-054009-6 .
- Soul at the White Heat: Inspiration, Obsession, and the Writing Life (2016)
- Anonymous Sins & Other Poems (1969)
- Love and Its Derangements (1970)
- Angel Fire (1973)
- The Fabulous Beasts (1975)
- Women Whose Lives Are Food, Men Whose Lives Are Money (1978)
- Invisible Woman: New and Selected Poems, 1970–1982 (1982)
- The Time Traveler (1989)
- Tenderness (1996)
- Big Mouth & Ugly Girl (2002)
Small Avalanches and Other Stories
- German: Bad Girls: Stories. Translated by Birgitt Kollmann. dtv, Munich 2004, ISBN 3-423-62187-7 .
Freaky Green Eyes (2003)
- English: With your eyes open: the story of Freaky Green Eyes. Translated by Birgitt Kollmann. Hanser, Munich / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-446-20605-1 .
- German: Sexy. Translated by Birgitt Kollmann. Hanser, Munich / Vienna 2006, ISBN 3-446-20792-9 .
After the Wreck, I Picked Myself Up, Spread My Wings, and Flew Away (2006)
- German: After the accident I swung myself up, spread my wings and flew away. Translated by Birgitt Kollmann. Hanser, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-446-20986-2 .
Two or Three Things I Forgot to Tell You (2012)
- German: Two or three things I haven't told you. Translated by Brigitte Jakobeit. Hanser, Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-446-24632-4 .
- Come Meet Muffin! (1998)
- Where is Little Reynard? (2003)
- Naughty Cherie! (2008)
Film adaptations (selection)
- 1976: In the Region of Ice
- 1985: Menacing Whispers ( Smooth Talk )
- 1991: You Only Love Twins ( Lies of the Twins )
- 1996: Foxfire
- 1999: When we first met ( Getting to know you )
- 2001: Blond ( Blonde )
- 2017: The other lover ( L'amant double )
- 2017: Vengeance - Path of Retribution ( Vengeance: A Love Story )
- Katherine Bastian: Joyce Carol Oates's Short Stories: Between Tradition and Innovation. Peter Lang, Bern 1983.
- Eileen Teper Bender: Joyce Carol Oates: Artist in Residence. Indiana University Press, Bloomington 1987.
- Harold Bloom (Ed.): Joyce Carol Oates: Modern Critical Views. Chelsea House Publishers 1987, ISBN 978-08775-4712-9 .
- John Clute : Oates, Joyce Carol. In: John Clute, Peter Nicholls : The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction . 3rd edition (online edition), version dated January 4, 2019.
- Gavin Cologne-Brookes: Dark Eyes On America: The Novels Of Joyce Carol Oates. Louisian State University Press, Baton Rouge 2005, ISBN 0-8071-2985-2 .
- Joanne V. Creighton: Joyce Carol Oates. Twayne, Boston 1979.
- Joanne V. Creighton: Joyce Carol Oates: Novels of the Middle Years. Twayne, Boston 1992.
- Brenda Daly: Lavish Self-Divisions: The Novels of Joyce Carol Oates. University Press of Mississippi, Jackson 1996.
- Ellen G. Friedman: Joyce Carol Oates. Ungar, New York 1980.
- Mary Kathryn Grant: The Tragic Vision of Joyce Carol Oates. Duke University Press, Durham, NC 1978.
- Greg Johnson: Invisible Writer: A Biography of Joyce Carol Oates. Dutton, New York 1998.
- Greg Johnson: Joyce Carol Oates: A Study of the Short Fiction. Twayne, Boston 1994.
- Greg Johnson: Understanding Joyce Carol Oates. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC 1987.
- Francine Lercangée: Joyce Carol Oates: An Annotated Bibliography. Foreword and Notes by Bruce F. Michelson. Garland, New York 1986.
- Monica Loeb: Literary Marriages: A Study of Intertextuality in a Series of Short Stories by Joyce Carol Oates. Peter Lang, Bern 2002.
- Lee Milazzo (Ed.): Conversations with Joyce Carol Oates. University Press of Mississippi, Jackson 1989.
- Torborg Norman: Isolation and Contact: A Study of Character Relationships in Joyce Carol Oates's Short Stories, 1963-1980. Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, Gothenburg 1984.
- Hermann Severin: The Image of the Intellectual in the Short Stories of Joyce Carol Oates. Peter Lang, Frankfurt 1986.
- P. Sreelakshmi: Elective Affinities: A Study of the Sources and Intertexts of Joyce Carol Oates's Short Fiction. TR Publications, Madras 1996.
- Linda W. Wagner (Ed.): Critical Essays on Joyce Carol Oates. GK Hall, Boston 1979.
- GF Waller: Dreaming America: Obsession and Transcendence in the Fiction of Joyce Carol Oates. Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge 1979.
- Nancy Ann Watanabe: Love Eclipsed: Joyce Carol Oates's Faustian Moral Vision. University Press of America, Lanham, MD 1998.
- Marilyn C. Wesley: Refusal and Transgression in Joyce Carol Oates's Fiction. Greenwood Press, Westport, CT 1993.
- Celestial Timepiece (Official Website)
- The Glass Ark: A Joyce Carol Oates Bibliography
- Literature by and about Joyce Carol Oates in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Joyce Carol Oates in the German Digital Library
- Joyce Carol Oates in the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (English)
- Joyce Carol Oates in the Science Fiction Awards + Database (English)
- Joyce Carol Oates in Fantastic Fiction (English)
- Joyce Carol Oates in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Joyce Carol Oates in the nndb (English)
- Ontario Review
- Maile Chapman: Oates, Joyce Carol - Article on the life and work of Joyce Carol Oates in the Oxford Research Encyclopedias - Literature from July 2017 (English)
- Review overview of the books for young people by Joyce Carol Oates at Jugendbuchtipps.de
- Edemariam, Aida. "The new Monroe doctrine" , The Guardian , September 4, 2004. Retrieved on October 29 of 2008.
- Helen Leighton, "Hanging On Every Word - Joyce Carol Oates Receives the International Literary Grand Prix," The Rover, April 22, 2012. Roverarts.com, April 22, 2012, accessed August 6, 2013 .
- Oates, Joyce Carol - American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present. Encyclopedia.com, June 16, 1938, accessed August 6, 2013 .
- Oates, Joyce Carol. "Humanism and Its Discontents" ( Memento of November 24, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), The Humanist, November – December 2007.
- Reese, Jennifer. "Joyce Carol Oates gets personal" , Entertainment Weekly , July 13th of 2007.
- Oates (2003), The Faith of a Writer. S. 14. The original quote is: … the great treasure of my childhood, and the most profound literary influence of my life. This was love at first sight!
- Milazzo, Lee, ed. Conversations with Joyce Carol Oates . University Press of Mississippi, 1989, p. 143.
- Oates, Joyce Carol. "Lowest Ebb: Bound" , The New Yorker , April 22, 2002 called on March 12, 2014.
- Phillips, Robert. "The Art of Fiction No. 72: Joyce Carol Oates" (interview), The Paris Review 74, Fall – Winter 1978.
- Woo, Elaine, "Obituaries: Evelyn Shrifte, Longtime Head of Vanguard Press" ; Los Angeles Times , September 8, 1999.
- List of winners (English)
- Oates winner of Tribune Literary Prize chicagotribune.com, August 18, 2006
- Guillaume Musso: Joyce Carol Oates receives French literature award. In: orf.at. May 26, 2020, accessed May 26, 2020 .
- website Awards (English)
- Horror Writers Association Names 2011 Bram Stoker Award Winners
|SURNAME||Oates, Joyce Carol|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 16, 1938|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Lockport , New York|