John Frederick Clute (born September 12, 1940 in Toronto ) is a literary critic, publicist and lexicographer in the field of science fiction and fantasy . He is the editor of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction .
He published a number of short stories from the mid-1960s, beginning with A Man Must Die (1966), which were also translated into German. He also published two novels, namely The Disinheriting Party (1979), which can only be attributed to the fantastic genre to a limited extent, and Appleseed (2001), according to Paul Di Filippo a " space opera for the 21st century".
For science fiction and fantasy literature, however, he is primarily important as the author of reviews, reviews and essays, as the editor of the Foundation and Interzone magazines, and above all as a lexicographer. Together with Peter Nicholls , who died in 2018 , he founded the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (ESF) in 1979 and has been its editor ever since. He wrote 6,400 of the approx. 17,000 entries in the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and worked on 1,200 others. Together with John Grant, he was editor of The Encyclopedia of Fantasy in 1997 . Both lexicons are now available in an online version, with only the ESF being continuously updated and expanded.
He wrote his first reviews for New Worlds magazine in the late 1960s . Thanks to his literary and pointed style, his reviews and essays soon drew attention to him and he published hundreds of articles in the following decades, including in Interzone , the Los Angeles Times , The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction , The New York Review of Science Fiction , The Observer , Omni , The Times Literary Supplement, and the Washington Post . He was also the author of two critical columns , namely Excessive Candour (translated "Excessive Honesty", published in Science Fiction Weekly from 1997 to 2009) and Scores (translated "scores" or "evaluations", first appeared irregularly in The Infinite Matrix 2001-2003 , then regularly in Interzone from 2005 to 2008 and in Strange Horizons since 2010). His collected reviews and essays, especially the contributions from Scores , appeared in a number of anthologies. Clute is considered to be one of the most influential critics and editors in The Fantastic Today.
- 1989: Readercon Small Press Award ( nonfiction / criticism ) for Strokes: Essays and Reviews 1966–1986
- 1994: Pilgrim Award ( lifetime contribution to SF and fantasy scholarship )
- 1994: Hugo Award ( nonfiction book , with Peter Nicholls) for The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction
- 1994: Locus Award ( nonfiction , with Peter Nicholls) for The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction
- 1994: British Science Fiction Association Award ( special award , with Peter Nicholls) for The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction
- 1995: Eaton Award ( lifetime achievement / best critical book , with Peter Nicholls)
- 1995: World Fantasy Award in the Special - Pro category
- 1996: Hugo Award ( nonfiction book ) for Science Fiction: The Illustrated Encyclopedia
- 1996: Locus Award ( nonfiction ) for Science Fiction: The Illustrated Encyclopedia
- 1997: Locus Award ( nonfiction ) for Look at the Evidence
- 1998: World Fantasy Award ( special award, professional , with John Grant ) for The Encyclopedia of Fantasy
- 1998: Locus Award ( nonfiction , with John Grant) for The Encyclopedia of Fantasy
- 1998: Hugo Award ( related book , with John Grant) for The Encyclopedia of Fantasy
- 1998: Mythopoeic Award ( scholarship / myth , with John Grant) for The Encyclopedia of Fantasy
- 1999: IAFA Award ( distinguished scholarship )
- 1999: Eaton Award ( nonfiction , with John Grant) for The Encyclopedia of Fantasy
- 2012: Hugo Award ( related work , with David Langford , Peter Nicholls & Graham Sleight) for The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Third Edition
- 2012: British Science Fiction Association Award ( nonfiction , with Peter Nicholls and David Langford) for The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Third Edition
- 2012: Solstice Award
- 2014: First Fandom Hall of Fame Award
- Strokes. [1966-1986] Serconia Press, Seattle 1988, ISBN 0-934933-03-0 .
- Look at the Evidence: Essays and Reviews. [1987-1993] Serconia Press, Seattle 1996, ISBN 0-934933-05-7 .
- Scores. [1993-2003] Beccon Publications, Harold Wood 2003, ISBN 1-870824-47-4 .
- The Darkening Garden: A Short Lexicon of Horror. Payseur & Schmidt, Seattle 2006, ISBN 0-9789114-0-7 .
- Canary Fever. Beccon Publications, Harold Wood 2009, ISBN 978-1-870824-56-9 .
- Pardon This Intrusion: Fantastika in the World Storm. Beccon Publications, Harold Wood 2011, ISBN 978-1-870824-60-6 .
- Stay. Beccon Publications, Harold Wood 2014, ISBN 9781-870824-63-7 .
- The Disinheriting Party. A novel. Allison and Busby, London 1977, ISBN 0-85031-134-9 .
- Appleseed. Orbit, London 2001, ISBN 1-85723-758-7 . German: Sternentanz. Heyne Science Fiction & Fantasy # 6448. Heyne, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-453-87533-8 .
- with Peter Nicholls: The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction . 1979 ff. (Now in the third edition as an online version)
- Science fiction: the illustrated encyclopedia . Dorling Kindersley, London 1995, ISBN 0-7513-0202-3 .
- with John Grant: The Encyclopedia of Fantasy . Orbit, London 1997, ISBN 1-85723-368-9 .
- George Mann : The Mammoth Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Robinson, London 2001, ISBN 1-84119-177-9 , pp. 111-113.
- Clute, John in The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction.
- John Clute in the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (English)
- John Clute , entry in the Science Fiction Awards + Database
- In: Werner Fuchs (Ed.): Street of the snakes. Knaur Science Fiction & Fantasy # 5761. Droemer Knaur, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-426-05761-1 .
- Appleseed: SF's premier critic stands on the shoulders of Cordwainer Smith and AE van Vogt to explore a new universe ( Memento from March 25, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- SFE: Statistics , as of March 24, 2017, accessed on October 31, 2017.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Clute, John Frederick|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Canadian literary critic and publicist in the field of science fiction and fantasy|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 12, 1940|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Toronto|