Manado coelacanth

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Manado coelacanth
Latimeria menadoensis, specimen in Tokyo Sea Life Park

Latimeria menadoensis , specimen in Tokyo Sea Life Park

Class : Meat finisher (Sarcopterygii)
Subclass : Actinistia
Order : Quastenflosser (Coelacanthiformes)
Family : Latimeriidae
Genre : Latimeria
Type : Manado coelacanth
Scientific name
Latimeria menadoensis
Pouyaud , Wirjoatmodjo ,
Rachmatika , Tjakrawidjaja ,
Hadiaty & Hadie , 1999

The Manado coelacanth ( Latimeria menadoensis ) is a second more recent species of the coelacanth . It was discovered on September 18, 1997 by Arnaz Mehta Erdmann, wife of the American ecologist Mark V. Erdmann, in the Celebes Sea north of the Indonesian island of Sulawesi and described in 1999. Until then, the Comoros coelacanth ( Latimeria chalumnae ), discovered in 1938 off the east coast of South Africa , was considered the only living coelacanth.

Manado coelaceans grow to be 1.4 meters long. They live on rocky coasts and in caves at depths of 150 to 200 meters, probably deeper as well. The species shows no morphological differences to the Comoros coelacanth, but is not blue like the species from the Indian Ocean , but brown. The genetic difference is clear at 4.1%.

In 2009, a Japanese team of scientists succeeded for the first time in filming a young Manado coelacanth.


  • Laurent Pouyauda, ​​Soetikno Wirjoatmodjo, Ike Rachmatikac, Agus Tjakrawidjajac, Renny Hadiatyc and Wartono Hadie: Une nouvelle espèce de coelacanthe. Preuves génétiques et morphologiques. Life Sciences, 1999, 322, pp. 261-267, full PDF .
  • Kadarusman, Sugeha, HY, Pouyaud, L., Hocdé, R., Hismayasari, IB, Gunaisah, E., Widiarto, SB, Arafat, G., Widyasari, F., Mouillot, D. & Paradis, E. (2020 ): A thirteen-million-year divergence between two lineages of Indonesian coelacanths. Scientific Reports, 10: 192. DOI: 10.1038 / s41598-019-57042-1

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Hans-Peter Schultze : Sarcopterygii, Fleischflosser. In: Wilfried Westheide , Reinhard Rieger : Special Zoology Part 2: Vertebrae and Skull Animals. 1st edition, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag Heidelberg, Berlin, 2004, ISBN 3-8274-0307-3 .