The Marienstiftsgymnasium was a grammar school on Domstrasse in Stettin . The Princely Pedagogy of Stettin from the 16th century, from which the Marienstiftsgymnasium emerged, temporarily achieved the rank of second state university after Greifswald . A long-lasting crisis caused by the wars in the 17th century was followed by the rise of the leading school in the province of Pomerania in the 19th century . The 400-year history of the educational institution ended with the evacuation of the Marienstiftsgymnasium during the Second World War .
After the introduction of the Reformation in Pomerania , the need arose to establish an evangelical school system. This was to train the clergy and officials the country needed. It was also considered to set up a second university in Pomerania alongside the University of Greifswald , which at that time only a few students attended. In 1543 the dukes Barnim IX donated. (XI.) From Pomerania-Stettin and Philip I. von Pommern-Wolgast in Stettin an educational system as an interim solution .
In the deed of foundation signed in Jasenitz on October 25, 1543 , it was specified that 24 boys should be taught in this school. You should be older than twelve years. The duration of schooling was given as eight years. The financing came from the income of the previous Marienstift and the previous Otten Chapter , which were between 8,000 and 12,000 thalers a year. In addition there were donations and the school fees that the students had to pay. The first statute of the school was drafted by Paul vom Rode .
The main subject was the Latin language , which was also the language of instruction. There were also Greek and Hebrew . Rhetoric and dialectics were studied on the basis of classical literature and the Bible . Equally important was the theology , which was taught according to the textbooks of Martin Luther and especially Philipp Melanchthon . In practice, the students learned the Christian liturgy and religious ceremonies, including singing and organ playing. In addition to the philosophy dealt with in theology lessons, and later also biology and geography, mathematics, astronomy and law formed smaller parts of the average of 30 hours per week.
The school soon found recognition for its academic level. The majority of the students came from Pomerania, the others from Brandenburg, Mecklenburg, Sweden, Hungary and Poland. From the opening in 1544 until the Swedes took over Szczecin in the Thirty Years War , the school had around 5,500 graduates.
During the war the pedagogy got into a crisis. The poor financial situation and the sharp decline in the number of students caused the Swedish government in Pomerania to close the pedagogy in 1667. In its place, the Regnum Gymnasium Carolinum was founded, which was named after King Charles XI. was named by Sweden. When the Great Elector of Brandenburg besieged Stettin in 1676 and 1677, the high school building burned down. After it was rebuilt in 1687, only 27 students attended.
After the capture of Stettin by Brandenburg troops in 1715, the new Prussian sovereign Friedrich Wilhelm I let the school continue under the name "Academic Gymnasium" and reorganized the board of trustees. The number of pupils remained low in the further course of the 18th century, in 1768 there were only six pupils. In 1777 17 students enrolled. A speaker and poet society in Stettin founded by Professors Nikolaus Maaß and Heinrich Moritz Titius with a few students in 1751 was re-established in 1753.
Finally, Friedrich Wilhelm III. From Prussia in 1805 a cabinet order , with which the high school was merged with the Ratslyzeum to the "United Royal and City High School". Influenced by Wilhelm von Humboldt's educational reforms , the grammar school developed into the leading school in the Prussian province of Pomerania. As an educational institution that was committed to the program of neo-humanism , one of the preferred areas of education at the school was , in addition to language lessons (Greek, Hebrew, Latin, English, French), history and geography, as well as drawing and calligraphy . Elementary school teachers have been trained at a teacher training college since 1804. The number of pupils at the school, which is highly valued by the bourgeoisie, increased sharply again and reached around 750 in 1863. In 1869 there was a division into the city high school and the Marienstiftsgymnasium, to which the Jageteufel Collegium was attached. Despite the division, the number of students remained high. In 1879 655 and in 1905 725 pupils attended the Marienstiftsgymnasium.
With its humanistic background, the Marienstiftsgymnasium became the school of the Confessing Church in the Third Reich . In the Second World War it was rededicated as a field hospital.
Because of the danger of air raids, both grammar schools in Szczecin were relocated to Stargard in 1943 , and then to the interior of Germany in 1944, which ended the history of the Marienstifts grammar school .
A sponsorship was established between the former students of the Marienstiftsgymnasium and the Katharineum in Lübeck in the 1950s , which continues to this day.
On the site of the St. Mary's Church, which was destroyed by fire in 1789, the “Old Marienstiftsgymnasium” was built in the classical style from 1830–1832 . The building, which was destroyed in the Second World War, was rebuilt true to the original and now houses a high school again.
In 1915 the new Marienstiftsgymnasium was inaugurated on Schlutowstrasse (ul. Henryka Pobożnego). The 2nd general education secondary school " Mieszko I. " Stettin (II Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Mieszka I w Szczecinie) is located in this building .
Well-known students and teachers
- Oscar Achenbach (1868–1935), German portrait and landscape painter and graphic artist
- Walther Amelung (1865–1927), German classical archaeologist, director of the German Archaeological Institute in Rome
- Georg Wilhelm Bartholdy (1765–1815), German educator, magazine editor and writer
- Ernst-Dieter Bernhard (1924–2017), German officer, most recently German military representative in the NATO military committee
- Max Büttner (1859-1927), German opera singer (baritone)
- Lothar Collatz (1910–1990) mathematician
- Daniel Cramer (also: Candidus; 1568–1637), German Lutheran theologian, chronicler and author
- Otto Dammer (1839–1916), German chemist, writer and publicist
- Jakob Fabricius (theologian) (1593–1654), Lutheran theologian and hymn poet
- Samuel Franck (1633–1679), cantor
- Wilhelm Gaede (1875–1944), District Administrator in the Stallupönen District, member of the Provincial Council of the Province of East Prussia
- Carl Eduard Geppert (1811–1881), German classical philologist and historian of the history of Berlin
- Fritz Gerlich (1883–1934), German journalist and archivist
- Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Held (1830–1870), German Protestant theologian and university professor
- August Gottlieb Ludwig Hering (1736–1770), German lawyer, court judge in Köslin and poet of evangelical sacred songs
- Ewald Friedrich von Hertzberg (1725–1795), Count von Hertzberg since 1786, Prussian statesman
- Hellmuth Heyden (1893–1972), German theologian and church historian
- Philipp Horst (1584–1664), German rhetorician and moral philosopher
- Christian Kortholt the Elder (1633–1694), professor of theology at the Christian Albrechts University in Kiel
- Wolfgang Krawietz (1920–2001), General Staff Doctor in the Bundeswehr
- Franz Kugler (historian) (Franz Theodor Kugler; 1808–1858), German historian, art historian and writer
- Wilhelm von Kuhlmann (1879–1937), German consular officer and as envoy diplomatic representative of the German Empire in Central America and in the Free State of Ireland
- Ernst Josef Lesser (1879–1928), German physiologist and one of the discoverers of insulin
- Julius Lessing (1843–1908), art historian and museum director
- Carl Loewe (1796–1869), German composer
- Germanus Luidtke (1592–1672), German lawyer and mayor in Stendal, canon in Havelberg
- Arthur Lutze (1813-1870), alternative practitioner
- Johannes Micraelius (actually: Johannes Lütkeschwager; 1597–1658), German poet, philosopher and historian
- Ernst-Georg Pantel (1922–2003), German economist and manager of the aircraft industry
- Gustav Adolf Pompe (1831–1889), German Protestant theologian and poet
- Robert Eduard Prutz (1816–1872), German writer, playwright and publicist from Vormärz
- Christoph Redecker (1652–1704), German legal scholar, university professor and mayor of Rostock
- Trutz Rendtorff (1931–2016), Protestant theologian
- David Runge (also: Rungius; 1564–1604), German Lutheran theologian
- Maximilian Runze (1849–1931), German Protestant pastor, member of parliament and author, worked on the work of Carl Loewes
- Karl Sachs (1829–1909), German Romance philologist and lexicographer
- Christian Friedrich Scherenberg (1798–1881), German poet
- Gerhard Schmidt (1904–1991), German psychiatrist
- Hans Schröder (1868–1938), gynecologist
- Richard Schroeder (1856–1908), Lord Mayor of Stargard
- Karl Silex (1896–1982), journalist, editor-in-chief of the Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung and the Tagesspiegel
- Adolf Stahr (1805–1876), German writer and literary historian
- Wilhelm Studemund (1843–1889), German philologist and university professor
- Konrad Telmann (1854–1897), German poet, writer and lawyer
- Ludwig von Tiedemann (1841–1908), German architect and builder
- Alfred Uckeley (1874–1955), theologian, rector of Albertus University
- Karl Waechter (1840–1913), German building contractor and founder of numerous small and branch lines
- Peter Wasmund (1586–1632), lawyer and university professor
- Martin Wehrmann (1861–1937), German historian and high school teacher
- Christian Winner (1927–2012), German phytomedicist and crop scientist
- Christian Zickermann (1672–1726), pastor at Stettin's Peter and Paul Church and historical researcher
- Ernst Zitelmann (1852–1923), German lawyer and writer
|1579-1592||Konrad Bergius||Rector, rhetoric, theology|
|1589-1592||Salomon Gesner||Rector, Theology|
|1612-1649||Heinrich Kielmann||Vice principal. Greek, poetry|
|1615-1623||Valentin von Winther||Director;|
|1650-1660||Heinrich Schaevius||Greek, poetry||later rector at the Thorner Gymnasium|
|1668-1668||Konrad Tiburtius Rango||theology|
|1668-1676||Johann Georg Ebeling||Music, greek|
|1668-1678||Andreas Gottfried Ammon||Rector|
|1678–?||Johann Ernst von Pfuel||Rector||later court preacher to the Duke of Mecklenburg , church councilor of Mecklenburg-Güstrow|
|1710-1721||Laurentius David Bollhagen||Theology, oriental languages|
|1716-1752||Johann Samuel Hering||Law|
|1716-1757||Michael Friedrich Quade||Rector, philosophy and style|
|1751-1753||Johann Daniel Denso||Eloquence and poetry|
|1752-1773||Johann Carl Conrad Oelrichs||Law|
|1764-1774||Johann Adolph Schinmeier||Rector, Theology and Oriental Studies|
|1774-1797||Johann Jacob Meyen||Physics, math|
|1788-1816||Johann Jakob Sell||Rector, History and Rhetoric|
|1797-1815||Georg Wilhelm Bartholdy||Math, physics|
|1803-1854||Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Hasselbach||Rector (from 1828)|
|1805-1828||Friedrich Koch||Vice-Rector (from 1805), Rector (1816–1828)||initially at the same time, from 1828 full-time school councilor of the provincial government|
|1810-1813||Georg Friedrich Pohl||Natural sciences|
|1816-1866||Ludwig Giesebrecht||German, history, theology|
|1822-1876||Herrmann Herring||History, Latin and German|
|1827-1842||Wilhelm Böhmer||philologist||published on the history of Pomerania|
|1829-1840||Karl Gottfried Scheibert||Religion, languages, math and history|
|1847-1866||Paul Heinrich balm||mathematics||Mathematical historian, later paid city councilor and city school councilor in Stettin|
|1847-1855||Hermann Rassow||later high school councilor in the Grand Duchy of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach|
|1849-1852||Karl Sachs||Languages, math, history||created the Langenscheidt large dictionary French Sachs-Villatte with Césaire Villatte|
|1851-1856||Gustav Wendt||Classical Philology||later high school councilor in the Grand Duchy of Baden|
|1852-1859||Franz Kern||German, languages|
|1852-1877||Hermann Graßmann||Math, languages|
|1866-1910||Karl Adolf Lorenz||music|
|1873-1881||Hugo Lemcke||Senior teacher|
|1884-1912||Martin Wehrmann||Senior teacher|
|1914-1930||Carl Fredrich||Director; German, history|
|1914-1945||Ernst Zahnow||Geography, German and Romance studies|
|1919-1944||Wilhelm Bormes||Academic Council; art|
- Martin Wehrmann : History of the Marienstifts Gymnasium 1544–1894. In: Festschrift for the three hundred and fifty year anniversary of the Royal Marienstift Gymnasium in Stettin on September 24th and 25th, 1894. Herrcke & Lebeling, Stettin 1894.
- Martin Wehrmann: History of Pomerania . Vol. 2, Friedrich Andreas Perthes, Gotha 1919-21. Reprint: Weltbild Verlag 1992, ISBN 3-89350-112-6 , p. 44ff.
- Sylwia Wesołowska: The Princely Pedagogy or High School Carolinum in Stettin. In: Dirk Alvermann, Nils Jörn, Jens Olesen : The University of Greifswald in the educational landscape of the Baltic Sea region. Series: Nordic History. Vol. 5, LIT Verlag Berlin-Hamburg-Münster, ISBN 3-8258-0189-6 , pp. 105ff
- ↑ Andreas Erb: “Was it more harmful than useful to the high school”? - The “Speakers and Poets Society of Stettin” (1751–1753) . In: Baltic Studies . Volume 96 NF, 2010, ISSN 0067-3099 , pp. 67-80.
- ↑ Hans Vogel: Friedrich Schinkel and the Stettiner architecture of classicism. In: Unser Pommerland , Heft 8/1927, p. 351. (also contains a view of the building based on an old lithograph)
- ↑ Page no longer available , search in web archives: On foot through Szczecin