Live and act
Schaub was a son of Julius Schaub and his wife Margarethe, b. Ludwig. He attended elementary school, then a drug school and a private trade school in Munich. He then worked for the trading company of German pharmacists. In 1917, during the First World War , Schaub was drafted as a nurse for military service. In a serious fall, he injured both legs and was subsequently dismissed from active service in 1918.
He joined the NSDAP on October 10, 1920 ( membership number 81 on re-entry in 1925). In 1923 he took part in the Hitler-Ludendorff putsch . Arrested on the border near Salzburg after fleeing to Carinthia, he was first sentenced in May 1924 by the Munich People's Court to one year and three months imprisonment. Later he received the blood medal that Hitler distributed to the "veterans" of the putsch. After 1924 he also became a member of the SS (SS No. 7), in which he rose to SS-Obergruppenführer until 1943 .
Employed privately by Hitler as a personal assistant on January 1, 1925, Schaub was constantly close to him until 1945. From October 18, 1940, Schaub took the place of the previous Chief Adjudant Wilhelm Brückner , who was unexpectedly dismissed because of a dispute with Hitler's house manager Arthur Kannenberg . The good relationship with his boss was demonstrated by Hitler's participation as best man at Schaub's second wedding.
Schaub belonged to the National Socialist Reichstag in the third and fourth electoral terms . On November 9, 1938, Schaub and Hitler's raiding party initiated the persecution of the Jews during the Reichspogromnacht in Munich, when they destroyed Jewish shops, set fire to Ohel Jakob's old synagogue and, according to Goebbels ' notes, “did terrible work”.
On April 23, 1945, after Hitler had finally realized that the war was lost, he ordered Schaub to burn all of his personal documents from the Reich Chancellery and the Führerbunker in the garden of the Reich Chancellery. Then he released Schaub from his surroundings in the Führerbunker and sent him from Berlin to southern Germany, where he was supposed to destroy his other personal documents. For this purpose, Schaub went to Hitler's private apartment on Munich's Prinzregentenplatz and the Berghof on Obersalzberg and burned all tangible documents from Hitler's private vaults. Then he drove to Zell am See and Mallnitz and blew up the special driver train .
At the time of the German surrender , Schaub was arrested by the US Counter Intelligence Corps (36th CIC Det.) On May 8, 1945 in Kitzbühel with forged identity papers, made out to be "Josef Huber", and held in various internment camps until February 17, 1949 . Since neither the American military courts nor the German denazification authorities were aware of Schaub's involvement in crimes from 1933 to 1945 - Schaub's involvement in the crimes of the Reichspogromnacht, for example, only became known after 2000 - he was only approved by the Spruchkammer classified as " followers ". Schaub was rated as a "better valet" without any decision-making power of his own.
In 1953 Schaub was briefly in public again with Hitler's photographer Heinrich Hoffmann . Both testified as witnesses in a court case in Munich. It was about personal items belonging to Adolf Hitler, some of which Hitler's Munich housekeeper Anni Winter had illegally appropriated. Schaub most recently worked as a chemist in Munich.
marriage and family
In his first marriage, Schaub was married to Gertrud Hempel since 1921. Schaub's first marriage was divorced on May 20, 1925 before the II civil chamber of the Munich District Court I because of adultery. The court found that his wife was at fault because she had entered into an extramarital relationship with the master boxer Edmund Schneider - a fellow prisoner of her husband in Landsberg in the summer of 1924 - in 1924. As early as April 1923, the party leadership of the NSDAP had received a letter of denunciation against Schaub's wife, in which she was accused of prostitution.
On May 5, 1931, Schaub married in the Matthäuskirche in Munich's Nussbaumstrasse 1 in their second marriage Wilma, geb. Giersieken [?] (* December 12, 1906 - November 7, 1967). Hitler and the NSDAP Reich Treasurer Franz Xaver Schwarz acted as witnesses . The sons Wolfgang (1932–1937) and Wieland (1947–1951) emerged from the marriage. The family was buried in Munich's Ostfriedhof.
- In Hitler's Shadow: Memories and Notes of the Personal Adjutant and Confidante 1925–1945 , Druffel & Vowinckel, 2005, ISBN 3-80-611164-2
- Angela Hermann: Hitler and his raiding party in the "Reichskristallnacht". In: Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte . 56, 2008, issue 4, pp. 603-619 ( PDF ).
- Hermann Weiß (Ed.): Biographical Lexicon for the Third Reich . S. Fischer-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1998, ISBN 3-10-091052-4 .
- LG Munich II, February 17, 1949 . In: Justice and Nazi crimes . Collection of German convictions for Nazi homicidal crimes 1945–1966. Vol. IV, edited by Adelheid L Rüter-Ehlermann, CF Rüter . University Press, Amsterdam 1970, No. 123, pp. 149–155. Trial against Sch., Julius for accessory to murder. Acquittal.
- Literature by and about Julius Schaub in the catalog of the German National Library
- Julius Schaub in the database of members of the Reichstag
- Schaub's middle names can be found in various official documents (copies and copies of court orders, ID cards, etc.) in Schaub's personal file at the Munich Police Department, which is now kept in the Munich State Archives (PDM 10142). See also the police performance note from April 25, 1924 contained in the Munich State Archives: Police Directorate Munich No. 6713, Bl. 372 (available as an online digital copy ), from which Schaub's first name can also be found. In the literature there is often an erroneous statement that his middle name was "Gregor" (instead of correctly: Georg). The wrong first name Gregor can be found for the first time in 1989 in the work Anton Joachimsthaler: Correction of a Biography: Adolf Hitler, 1908-1920 , 1989, p. 261 and since then it seems to be more widespread as a wandering error.
- Schaub's death is recorded at: Register Office Munich II: Death register for the year 1967, death certificate no. 4492/1967
- Henrik Eberle (Ed.): Letters to Hitler. A people writes to its leader. Unknown documents from Moscow archives - published for the first time. Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 2007, ISBN 978-3-7857-2310-4 , p. 439.
- Goebbels Diaries, entry from November 10, 1938.
- Angela Hermann: Hitler and his raiding party in the "Reichskristallnacht". In: Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte. 56, 2008, issue 4, p. 614.
- Hermann Weiß (Ed.): Biographical Lexicon for the Third Reich . S. Fischer-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1998, ISBN 3-10-091052-4 , Lemma Schaub.
- State Archives Munich: JVA 15161/34: Visitor list for the fortress prisoner Julius Schaub, 1924.
- Lothar Machtan: Hitler's Secret. The double life of a dictator , 2003, p. 203.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Schaub, Julius Gregor (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (NSDAP), MdR, Adolf Hitler's long-time personal chief adjutant|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 20, 1898|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Munich|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 27, 1967|
|Place of death||Munich|