Ludwig Friedrich Barthel
Ludwig Friedrich Barthel (born June 12, 1898 in Marktbreit ; † February 14, 1962 in Munich ) was a German narrator and essayist . He was also a member of Bamberg's circle of poets and a Bavarian state archivist.
Ludwig Friedrich Barthel was born on June 12, 1898 as the son of a construction technician in Marktbreit, Main Franconia , and attended grammar school in Würzburg from 1908 to 1917 . In 1917/18 he took part in the First World War as a soldier . Subsequently, he studied from 1918 to 1921 German and French intellectual history at the universities of Würzburg and Munich, as well as historic ancillary science and graduated in 1922 with the promotion of Dr. phil. from. In the following years Barthel completed an apprenticeship as archivist at the Munich Main State Archives. In 1926 he was hired as an assessor at the State Archives in Würzburg. From 1930 he worked as an archivist at the Bavarian State Archives in Munich. In 1941 he was drafted into the Wehrmacht.
Barthel first worked as a writer at the end of the 1920s. In 1924, Barthel was one of the founding members of the artists' association “The Argonauts”, along with Ernst Penzoldt and Eugen Roth, among others . In his works Barthel was connected to the neo-romanticism . He was best known as a natural poet . The themes of his mostly rhyming verses were his childhood and his home in Main Franconia. At the beginning of the 1930s, Barthel was also active as a political poet, who sang about the war and National Socialism in heroic hymns (as in The Inner Fatherland of 1933, with which he professed the idea of the National Socialist national community and from which he also wrote texts for a record intervened, and Tannenberg. Ruf and Requiem from 1934, an unconditional transfiguration of Hindenburg ). This poetry soon became part of the National Socialist literary canon. In the then standard work people Exemplary sealing time of Hellmuth Langenbucher cited this Barthel as a poet who "from the confessional basis of the German [...] the new happenings in the innermost affirmed." In a political assessment of the NSDAP -Gauleitung Munich-Upper Bavaria from 10 February 1938 it could therefore also be determined: “There are no concerns about the political reliability of the above” [Barthel].
Barthel was a member of the Bamberg circle of poets , "a sinister group of writers loyal to Hitler," which existed from 1936 to 1943. The development of the Third Reich , however, ultimately led to a disappointment for Barthel, so that he returned to a predominantly religiously motivated poetry when he gained the opinion that poetry could not counter negative contemporary phenomena. Metaphysical longings in poetry finally gave way to a humorous view of the world.
In 1942 Barthel was awarded the Munich Poet Prize.
In the 1950s he devoted himself to homeland care and nature poetry. Barthel published the letters of his friend Rudolf G. Binding in 1957.
Barthel's estate has been in the Monacensia Literature Archive in Munich since 2007 and was still unprocessed there at the end of 2019. Nevertheless, in 2015 and 2016 a list of the estate was published based on the holdings handed over in 2007, edited by Barthel's daughter Sibylle Wallner and Hans Michael Hensel, who published it after the daughter's death.
Novels, short stories, aphorisms
- The boy rhyme , 1933
- Life is calling , 1935
- The Golden Games , 1936
- Ski novella , 1938
- The girl Phöbe , 1940
- Speech of the Inner Fatherland , 1941
- Between war and peace , 1943
- Comrades , 1944
- Runcula - diary of a rabbit , 1954
- At the window of the world , 1968
- Transfigured Body , 1926
- Poems of the Landscape , 1931
- Poems of Reconciliation , 1932
- The Inner Fatherland , 1933
- Tannenberg. Ruf and Requiem , 1934
- Beach poems , 1936
- Come, oh day! , 1937
- Cathedral of all Germans , 1938
- Nine poems , 1938
- In the middle , 1939
- Come, oh boyhood , 1941
- Only one thing saves, love , 1942
- Dear great companion , 1944
- Flowers , 1951
- No thanks , 1951
- Wine press of peace , 1952
- In the distance , 1957
- The Risen , 1958
- The spring poem , 1960
- Sun, fog, darkness , 1961
- Kneeling in Gardens of Existence , 1963
- Conclusion , 1967
Essays, autobiographical stuff
- Speech of the Inner Fatherland , 1941
- On the property of the soul , 1941
- Old and new ways to homeland culture , 1950
- Sophocles , Antigone , 1926, 1942
- Würzburg a provincial town? or the cultural broadcast of Würzburg. 1927
- The struggle for the empire in twelve centuries of German history. , 1937
- Eduard Mörike: Works. (2 volumes, Insel Verlag 1938, with preface) 1938
- The seer of the fatherland. The world of Hölderlin. A selection from 1944
- That was binding. 1955
- Rudolf G. Binding: The letters. 1957
- Annemarie Barthel: poet and archivist Ludwig Friedrich Barthel (1898-1962) in memory. In: Im Bannkreis des Schwanbergs (1969).
- Rudolf Ibel: Secret of the Flute. Commemorative speech for Ludwig Friedrich Barthel. Hamburg: Holsten 1963.
- Christa Schmitt: "The healing calls will fall silent and the streets will be without pomp". A memorial sheet commemorating the archivist and poet Ludwig Friedrich Barthel, who was born 100 years ago - on June 12, 1898 - in Marktbreit. In: Literatur in Bayern, München, 53 (1998) pp. 16–24.
- Ludwig Friedrich Barthel (June 12, 1898 - February 14, 1962). - The German script, Großenkneten-Ahlhorn, vol. 70 (2003) No. 2 (eight-page special supplement).
- Ernst Loewy : " Literature under the swastika ", Frankfurt a. M. 1966
- Ulla-Britta Vollhardt: " Ludwig Friedrich Barthel ", entry in Hermann Weiß: " Personal Lexicon 1933 - 1945 ", Vienna 2003
- German Literature Lexicon, founded by Wilhelm Kosch, 1 volume, page 266, KGSaur-Verlag Bern and Munich 2000
- Ernst Klee : "Ludwig Friedrich Barthel" Entry in ders .: The cultural lexicon for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945 . S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-039326-5
- Klaus Rupprecht: Ludwig Friedrich Barthel (1898–1962) and the introduction of the "landscape archive maintenance" in Bavaria . - Peter Fleischmann / Georg Seiderer (eds.): Archives and archivists in Franconia under National Socialism , Neustadt an der Aisch VDS 2019 (Franconia, supplement; 10), ISBN 9783940049254 , 153-184.
- Hans Michael Hensel (ed.), Sibylle Wallner: Ludwig Friedrich Barthel (1898–1962). The estate in the Monacensia Literature Archive with a directory of important works. 2nd improved and supplemented edition. Segnitz: Zenos Verlag 2016. ISBN 978-3-931018-26-9 .
- Hartmut Zippel: Monk of God in existence. Ludwig Friedrich Barthel's inner monologue "God's Dream" as a mirror of his poetic worldview. Segnitz: Zenos Verlag 2020. ISBN 978-3-931018-27-6 .
- Hellmuth Langenbucher: Folk-like poetry of time, Berlin 1937, p. 458.
- Joseph Wulf: Literature in the Third Reich . Vienna 1983, page 215, ISBN 3-548-33029-0 .
- Renate Just in “DIE ZEIT” 20/2007 p. 71  .
- List of literature to be discarded, 1946 , accessed on October 23, 2010.
- List of the literature to be sorted out, 1948 , accessed on October 23, 2010.
- List of literature to be discarded, 1953 , accessed on October 23, 2010.
- Hartmut Zippel: Monk of God in Dasein. Ludwig Friedrich Barthel's inner monologue "God's Dream" as a mirror of his poetic worldview. Segnitz: Zenos Verlag 2020, 141. ISBN 978-3-931018-27-6 .
|SURNAME||Barthel, Ludwig Friedrich|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German narrator and essayist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 12, 1898|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Market wide|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 14, 1962|
|Place of death||Munich|