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Location of the Transvaal Province

Transvaal ( afr. [ Tɾʌnsˈfɑːl ]) was from 1910 to 1994 one of the four provinces of South Africa . Before that, the area was the independent South African Republic or Transvaal Republic from the mid-19th century to 1902 and the British Transvaal Colony from 1902 to 1910 . The capital was Pretoria .


The Transvaal was in the northeast of the Republic of South Africa, between the Limpopo and Vaal rivers (Transvaal means "Beyond the Vaal"). The province bordered the provinces of Cape Province , Orange Free State , Natal and Swaziland in the south . The northern neighbors were Botswana and Zimbabwe ; to the east lay Mozambique and Swaziland. Their area was 262,500 km² .

Occasionally, the Transvaal has been divided into the following regions, such as judicial districts and sports:

  • Northern Transvaal (Northern Transvaal), comprised the present-day Limpopo province and the area around Pretoria
  • Eastern Transvaal, comprised the present-day Mpumalanga Province
  • West Transvaal (Western Transvaal), comprised the eastern part of today's north-west province
  • Southern Transvaal, comprised the south of today's Gauteng Province


The area is one of the most important industrial areas in South Africa and is rich in mineral resources such as gold , platinum , iron , copper , apatite and coal .


Around 1835 Boers immigrated to the area in the so-called Great Trek and founded the independent South African Republic. In the Sand River Convention in 1852 the independence of the South African Republic was recognized by the British, but slavery had to be abolished according to the treaty . After a first annexation in 1877, the United Kingdom was confronted with a Boer uprising , which after the battle of Majuba Hill led to the Transvaal being granted extensive self-government in the Pretoria Agreement in 1881, albeit under British suzerainty . In 1884 the republic was finally recognized as an independent state by the United Kingdom. After the Second Boer War , the Transvaal was re-annexed by the British in 1900 and incorporated into the South African Union as a province in 1910. At the head of the province was one administrator (administrator).

In the 1960s, as a measure of South African apartheid policy, tribal areas of the black population were separated from provincial territory. The Homelands Bophuthatswana (also in the area of ​​the Cape Province and the Province of Orange Free State ), Lebowa , KwaNdebele , Venda , Gazankulu and KaNgwane were created .

In the course of the provincial reform after the first free and equal elections in 1994 , the Transvaal Province was dissolved and divided into the present-day provinces of Northwest, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and Gauteng. The homelands were also integrated into this. The Northwest Province also received part of the former Cape Province.


Several European places are called Transvaal or have names derived from Transvaal, see also the disambiguation note above.

Web links

Wiktionary: Transvaal  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. List of the administrator , accessed on June 3, 2014