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Namibia Botswana Simbabwe Mosambik Swasiland Lesotho Limpopo (Provinz) Gauteng Mpumalanga Nordwest (Südafrika) KwaZulu-Natal Freistaat (Provinz) Ostkap Nordkap (Provinz) Westkaplocation
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Basic data
Country South Africa
Capital Johannesburg
surface 18,178 km²
Residents 12,272,263 (2011)
density 675 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 ZA-GP
Website (English)
prime minister David Malemolla Makhura
Political party ANC

Coordinates: 26 ° 12 ′  S , 28 ° 0 ′  E

Gauteng is one of the nine provinces in South Africa . Its capital is Johannesburg . Gauteng was formed from part of the Transvaal Province after the first elections with the inclusion of the black majority on April 27, 1994 . The new province was originally named Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging (PWV). In December 1994 the name was informally changed to Gauteng . However, the new name only became official and therefore binding with the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Amendment Act No. 20 of 1995 from July 1995 into force.

With an index value of 0.703 in 2015, Gauteng has the second highest human development index among all provinces in the country.


The word Gauteng comes from the Sesotho and means "place of gold", whereby the word part gauta itself is derived from the Dutch word goud , gold. The name refers to the former importance of the area in gold mining .


Gauteng has an area of ​​18,178 km². This corresponds to about 1.5% of the land area of ​​South Africa. This makes Gauteng the smallest province in South Africa in terms of area. However, the province is densely populated. In 2011 around 12.3 million people lived there, almost a quarter of the entire population of South Africa. Gauteng is the province with the highest population growth. Between 1996 and 2001 alone, the number of residents increased by more than 20%. Due to sustained population growth, Gauteng has replaced the province of KwaZulu-Natal as the most populous province.

Despite its small area, Gauteng is the economic center of South Africa; 34% of the South African and 10% of the gross domestic product of the whole of Africa are generated here.

Districts with the parishes

The territorial structure of the Gauteng Province consists of 2 districts with 6 local parishes and three metropolitan parishes (as of July 2020):

Gauteng with its districts and metropolitan communities (2016)
District / Metropolitan Municipality Local parishes
1. Sedibeng Emfuleni , Lesedi and Midvaal
2. West edge Merafong City , Mogale City and Rand West City
3. City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality Metropolitan municipality
4th City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality Metropolitan municipality
5. City of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality Metropolitan municipality

Population and languages

Distribution of languages ​​in Gauteng (2001 census):
  • no dominant language
  • According to the results of the 2011 census, 74.1% of the population were black, 19.1% were white, 3.5% were colored and 2.6% were Indians and Asians.

    17.8% of the population reported isiZulu as their mother tongue, English 14.3%, Afrikaans 13.8%, Sesotho 11.6%, North Sotho 10.6%.

    Population development

    Gauteng's population development is the most dynamic in all of South Africa. The following overview shows the population by area since the 1996 census.

            year         population
    1996 (census) 7,834,125
    2001 (census) 9,388,854
    2011 (census) 12,272,263
    2018 (estimate) 14,717,000


    Distribution of seats in the provincial parliament of Gauteng:
  • ANC (37)
  • DA (20)
  • EFF (11)
  • VF + (3)
  • IFP (1)
  • ACDP (1)
  • In the 2019 elections to the Provincial Legislature , the ANC in Gauteng remained the strongest party despite losses. The mandates are distributed as follows.

    Political party Seats +/-
    African National Congress (ANC) 37 −3
    Democratic Alliance (DA) 20th −3
    Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) 11 +3
    Vryheidsfront Plus (VF +) 3 +2
    Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) 1 ± 0
    African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) 1 +1
    total 73

    Sights (selection)

    Nature reserves

    • Abe Bailey Nature Reserve
    • Alice Glockner Nature Reserve
    • Aloe Ridge Game Reserve
    • Andros Private Nature Reserve
    • Austin Roberts Bird Sanctuary
    • Avalon Private Nature Reserve
    • Beaulieu Bird Sanctuary
    • Cheetah Park Private Nature Reserve
    • Daisy Private Nature Reserve
    • Diepsloot Nature Reserve
    • Faerie Glen Nature Reserve
    • Gelderland Private Nature Reserve
    • Groenkloof Nature Reserve
    • Hartbeesthoek Radio Astronomy Conservation Area
    • Hartebeeshoek Municipal Nature Reserve
    • Johanna Jacobs Private Nature Reserve
    • John Ness Private Nature Reserve
    • Kloofendal Nature Reserve
    • Klipriviersberg Municipal Nature Reserve
    • Kromdraai Conservancy
    • Krugersdorp nature reserve
    • Leeuwfontein Nature Reserve
    • Marievale Bird Sanctuary
    • Magaliesberg Biosphere Reserve
    • Montsetse Nature Reserve
    • Moreletaspruit Nature Reserve
    • Olifantsvlei Nature Reserve
    • Onderstepoort Nature Reserve
    • Rietfontein Nature Reserve
    • Rietvlei Nature Reserve
    • Roodeplaat Dam Nature Reserve
    • Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve
    • Sterkwater Private Nature Reserve
    • Tweefontein Private Nature Reserve
    • Waldr Nature Reserve
    • Wonderboom Nature Reserve

    Web links

    Commons : Gauteng  - collection of images, videos and audio files

    Individual evidence

    1. Statistics South Africa : Census 2011, Census in brief . online at (English, PDF file; 2.8 MB), PDF document p. 23, doc. p. 18.
    2. ^ SAIRR : South Africa Survey 1995/96 . Johannesburg 1996, p. 440.
    3. Republic of South Africa: No. 20 of 1995: Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Amendment Act, 1995 online at (PDF), In: Government Gazette , July 3, 1995, Vol. 361, No. 16522, pp. 5.
    4. ^ Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab. Accessed August 5, 2018 . .
    5. Statistics South Africa : Stats in brief, 2009 . online at (English, PDF file; 4.1 MB), accessed on July 13, 2020.
    6. ^ Local Government Handbook. South Africa: Gauteng Municipalities . at (English).
    7. Statistics South Africa (Ed.): Census 2011: Census in brief . Pretoria 2012, ISBN 978-0-621-41388-5 ( [PDF]).
    8. City Population: South Africa: Provinces and Major Settlements - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather, and Web Information. Retrieved January 7, 2019 . (English).