The Ambs, who came from a working-class family, learned the building locksmith trade . He was drafted into the Navy as a sailor during the First World War in 1917. During this time he became politicized and took part in the sailors' uprising in Kiel in November 1918. At the beginning of 1919 he joined the USPD and the DMV and in the following years worked as a shipyard worker in Rostock, where he joined forces with the left wing of the USPD with the KPD at the end of 1920 .
Ambs, who belonged to the "left" KPD wing around Ruth Fischer , was elected to the state parliament of the Free State of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1924 , to which he belonged until 1926. After he had joined the opposition to the new party leadership around Ernst Thälmann in 1925 , he was expelled from the KPD in August 1926. In the years from 1928 onwards, Ambs kept in contact with the Leninbund , but was no longer politically active, but continued his education in evening courses and passed his master craftsman's examination in 1930. During the Nazi era, Ambs lived and worked in Berlin until 1942 and was a soldier until the end of the war in the following years.
After the liberation from National Socialism, Ambs moved to Eckernförde , where he rejoined the KPD and helped to build up the local IG Metall . Ambs belonged to the first appointed Landtag of Schleswig-Holstein from February 26 to November 11, 1946 . From May 7 to November 11, 1946, he was deputy chairman of the Committee for People's Welfare, and from March 13 to November 11, 1946, Ambs was Deputy Minister for People's Welfare of Schleswig-Holstein . Furthermore Ambs was 1946-1947 member of the Zonal Advisory Council of the British Zone .
After renewed conflicts with the party leadership, Ambs left the KPD in 1949 and joined the SPD in 1950. In 1953 he became an authorized representative of the IG Metall administration office in Nordenham.
- Hermann Weber , Andreas Herbst : German communists. Biographical Handbook 1918 to 1945 . 2nd, revised and greatly expanded edition. Dietz, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-320-02130-6 ( online ).
- Literature about Hans Ambs in the state bibliography MV
- Hans Ambs in the State Parliament Information System Schleswig-Holstein
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politicians (USPD, KPD, SPD) and trade unionists|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 5, 1898|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||augsburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 8, 1962|
|Place of death||Nordenham|