Appointed State Parliament (Schleswig-Holstein)

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The Appointed Landtag in Schleswig-Holstein was a body set up by the British military government after the Second World War to monitor the state government. The appointed Landtag existed from September 1946 to April 20, 1947. Similar Appointed Landtag was also set up in other countries of the British zone of occupation . He was the predecessor of the first elected Schleswig-Holstein Landtag in 1947.

First term of appointment

An Allied resolution dissolved the state of Prussia in 1945 and divided its areas into several zones of occupation . Schleswig-Holstein was initially still formally a Prussian province , but without the existence of a superordinate state unit. The occupation authorities put a provincial government at the head of this province, headed by Theodor Steltzer (CDU) as chief president.

As in the other zones of occupation, an appointed Landtag was to be set up in Schleswig-Holstein in 1946. The appointed Landtag only had an advisory role. A provincial advisory council for the province of Schleswig-Holstein was therefore set up by ordinance of February 7, 1946 . The 60 members were appointed by the occupying power and should represent the following groups:

group number
Circles 21st
Churches 3
Unions 4th
Education 3
Women 5
university 1
farmers 3
Liberal professions 5
Party MPs 10

On February 26, 1946, the provincial advisory board met for its first meeting in the provisional city theater at 103 Holtenauer Strasse in Kiel . The meeting opened with speeches from British Commander-in-Chief Evelyn Barker , Governor Henderson and Chief President Steltzer. The advisory board formed committees to draw up rules of procedure and a constitution.

The choice of MPs was not based on party affiliation, but the MPs soon organized themselves into parliamentary groups. At the 5th meeting on June 12, 1946 the following picture emerged:

fraction number
CDU 16 members and 20 guests
SPD 23 members
KPD 6 members
FDP 2 members
Danish ethnic group 1 member

At the third meeting on April 11, 1946, the rules of procedure were adopted and Paul Husfeldt was elected President of the Advisory Board. On June 12, 1946, the Advisory Council approved the provisional constitution.

Since May 1946, the Advisory Board has called itself the Provincial Parliament, based on the former Schleswig-Holstein Provincial Parliament. At the beginning of the 9th session on September 10, 1946, the President informed the Provincial Parliament that with Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government of August 23, 1946, “Concerning the dissolution of the provinces of the former country of Prussia in the British zone and their reorganization as independent states " the province will be converted into the state of Schleswig-Holstein. The provincial parliament thus became the state parliament. This 9th session of the state parliament should also be the last in its previous composition.

Second term of appointment

Local elections were held in Schleswig-Holstein on October 13, 1946. The military government now had a representative picture of the strength of the individual parties and used this standard to determine the strength of the factions in the state parliament during the second term of office. The individual parties thus:

fraction number
SPD 25 members
CDU 23 members
FDP 4 members
SSV 4 members
KPD 3 members
German Conservative Party 1 member

Furthermore, the state parliament only had limited powers, which were laid down in Ordinance No. 47 of the military government. The Regional Commissioner for Schleswig-Holstein, the retired Air Marshal Hugh Vivian Champion de Crespigny , had final decisions to make.

The consultation of the electoral law for the first free state election was of decisive importance. The military government had specified that 60% of the mandates should be determined by majority voting in the constituencies and 40% by proportional representation . The SPD and CDU enforced that only those parties were to be elected via state lists that had at least one constituency representative. This meant that the small parties had no chance in the Schleswig-Holstein state election in 1947 .



  • Erich Maletzke, Klaus Volquartz: The Schleswig-Holstein Landtag, 1983, pages 22-38