In the Weimar Republic and in the post-war years until 1948, the KPD Schleswig-Holstein together with the Hamburg KPD formed the Wasserkante district association of the Communist Party of Germany , but has already held separate state party conferences to draw up the electoral lists for the provincial and state parliament . The KPD faction of the state parliament appointed in September 1946 also elected such a state party conference . In 1948 the district association Wasserkante was dissolved and a separate regional association of the party was established.
In 1919, local KPD organizations were formed in the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein . The night of blood in Wöhrden in 1930 and Christian Heuck, the KPD member of the Reichstag, became well-known across the world .
In the elections for the Schleswig-Holstein Provincial Parliament , the KPD received 5.3% of the vote and three seats in 1921 and 7.3% of the vote and five seats in 1925. In 1929 it was again 7.3% and five seats, in 1933 7.8% and five seats.
After the seizure of power by the National Socialists, the Communist Party was banned.
In February 1946, the Appointed Landtag of Schleswig-Holstein was brought into being by the British occupying forces . Six of the 60 members appointed were members of the KPD parliamentary group. Local elections were held in Schleswig-Holstein on October 13, 1946. The military government now had a representative picture of the strength of the individual parties and used this standard to determine the strength of the factions in the state parliament during the second term of office. This meant that the Communists only had three out of 60 MPs. The correctness of this assessment emerged in the first state election in Schleswig-Holstein in 1947 : with 4.7% of the votes, the KPD received no mandates.
People after 1945
State chairmen were one after the other
- Gertrud Rast (1948), she switched to the post of editor-in-chief of the party newspaper Norddeutsches Echo
- Albin Stobwasser (1949), resigned after criticism by the party leadership , Stobwasser was the state chairman of the KPD in Rhineland-Palatinate from 1951 to 1953
- Klaus Weigle (1950)
- Hein Meyn (1952), removed from the chair after a few months
- And again until Klaus Weigle was banned from the party in 1956, who had meanwhile been delegated by the Central Committee to the vacant state chair in Hesse.
In the first appointed government of Schleswig-Holstein, the Steltzer I cabinet , Emil Matthews represented the KPD as Minister of Health from April 11, 1946 to November 22, 1946. There was no longer a KPD minister in the Steltzer II cabinet .
Member of the appointed state parliament
|Surname||first term of appointment||second term of office|
|Hugo Bishop||(Second Vice President)||member|
|Otto Pressler||Group leader||Group chairman|
|Bertha Schulze||Member since May 6, 1946|
|State election results|
- Jessica von Seggern: Old and New Democrats in Schleswig-Holstein: Democratization and New Formation of a Political Elite at District and State Level, 1945 to 1950, 2005, ISBN 3-515-08801-6 , online
- Schartl, Matthias: Red flags over Flensburg. KPD, radical left milieus and resistance in northern Schleswig-Holstein 1919–1945, Flensburg 1999
- Klaus Weigle : Hein Meyn or A laborious and belated attempt as a result of major political changes to draft a funeral speech appropriate to the deceased and the time. Yearbook Democratic History , Volume 11, Advisory Board for History in the Society for Politics and History Schleswig-Holsteins e. V., pp. 213–280, here p. 250, online version (PDF), accessed on March 1, 2017.
- OVERVIEW OF THE ELECTIONS SINCE 1946 on wahl.tagesschau.de. (Old versions: Landtag elections and Federal Council - stat.tagesschau.de ( Memento from August 5, 2012 in the Internet Archive ))
- Klaus Weigle: From Sturmgrenadier to KPD state chairman. An autobiographical sketch (1946/50) . Yearbook Democratic History , Volume 7, Advisory Board for History in the Society for Politics and History Schleswig-Holsteins e. V. , pp. 213–241, here p. 250. Online version (PDF), accessed on March 2, 2017.
- Klaus Weigle: Hein Meyn or A laborious and belated attempt as a result of major political changes to draft a funeral speech appropriate to the deceased and the time. Yearbook Democratic History , Volume 11, Advisory Board for History in the Society for Politics and History Schleswig-Holsteins e. V., pp. 213–280, here pp. 256 ff., Online version (PDF), accessed on March 2, 2017.
- Results of the state elections in Schleswig-Holstein