Eduard Dallmann

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Eduard Dallmann, October 1896

Eduard Dallmann (born March 11, 1830 in Flethe , † December 23, 1896 in Blumenthal ) was a German whaler , explorer and polar explorer . With his travels he made a significant contribution to the knowledge of the Antarctic .

Life

Eduard Dallmann's father Eduard Dallmann senior (1786–1877) was an officer in the Hanoverian Uhlans and after he left he bought an estate in Schwanewede . He married Lucia Deetjen (1799-1837) from Vegesack , who came from a seafaring family. He soon sold the property again and moved to the boatman village of Flethe an der Unterweser, where he found work as a credit counselor for the Blumenthal office.

When he was 15, Eduard Dallmann was hired as a cabin boy. On August 10, 1850, Dallmann began his service in Bremerhaven as the second helmsman on the full- rigged ship Otaheite for a four-year whaling voyage. At the age of 36 he was already a captain and was the first European to set foot on Wrangel Island in the Arctic .

When the whale populations in the northern seas declined, Dallmann was commissioned by the Deutsche Polar-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft to examine the Antarctic whale and seal populations with the auxiliary sailor Groenland, built in 1872 by the Wencke shipyard in Geestemünde . The Groenland was the first ship to be equipped with a mechanical auxiliary drive that penetrated until shortly before the polar region (1873/74). The commercial success of the whaling expedition was small and just covered the costs incurred, but the discoveries were significant. In pursuit of some whales of outstanding discovered Navigator among others, the Bismarck Strait (Engl. Bismarck Strait ), the Neumayer Channel and the Kaiser Wilhelm island .

From 1877 to 1884 Eduard Dallmann participated in the extensive efforts to further develop Siberia economically , which were undertaken at that time. So he tried several times to bring goods from Europe to the mouths of the Siberian rivers Ob and Yenisei in order to pick up grain loads and other Siberian products that had previously been transported to these places by barges. Due to the ice conditions in the Kara Sea , only four of Dallmann's seven attempts were successful, so that the financier of the ventures, the Bremen merchant Ludwig Knoop , decided to stop trading trips to Siberia.

Steamer Samoa , built in 1883, drawn by Otto Finsch

In 1884 Dallmann was the nautical leader of the Finsch expedition to the north coast of New Guinea on the steamship Samoa . On November 27, 1884, in the presence of Otto Finsch and Captain Eduard Dallmann, the German flag was hoisted on the so-called “flag peninsula” in Finschhafen . Finsch made five trips with Eduard Dallmann in 1884 and 1885. On the island of New Guinea they discovered the Friedrich-Wilhelmshafen , the Prinz-Heinrich-Hafen as well as the Adolf- and Finschhafen and the Kaiserin-Augusta-Rivers .

From 1887 to 1893, Dallmann explored the northeast coast of New Guinea in the service of the New Guinea Company . Numerous groups of islands and straits were named by him.

The Dallmann Bay in the Palmer Archipelago , the Dallmann Nunatak on the east coast of the Antarctic Peninsula , the Dallmann Deep Sea Mountain in the Southern Ocean and the Dallmann Mountains in Queen Maud Land are named in honor of Dallmann .

family

Gravestone in the cemetery of the Ev.-ref. Parish in Bremen-Blumenthal

Dallmann was married to Metta von Harten, who was also born in Flethe in 1832 and died in Hildesheim in 1882 . His sister Adelheid Juliane Dallmann was married to the captain Louis Wieting (1819-1883) since October 14, 1849 .

His daughter Meta (1859-1936) married Louis Wieting (1850-1915) from Rönnebeck , a nephew of Dallmann, who also became a well-known ship's captain. Dallmann died in his house in Langestrasse (now the house of Kapitän Dallmann , Kapitän-Dallmann-Strasse 84). He was buried in the Evangelical Reformed cemetery in Blumenthal. The grave no longer exists, but the tombstone was preserved. After standing by the old church tower for a few years and remembering the captain there, it was re-erected in 2015 as part of a project on the historic graves of the cemetery at the location where the grave was located. This location is indicated on an information board at the edge of the cemetery. Dallmann's son Eduard Dallmann, born in 1864, emigrated to the USA and is attested in 1896 in New York.

Discoveries

Among others, Dallmann discovered and named the following geographical objects:

Honors

Web links

literature

  • Peter-Michael Pawlik: From Siberia to New Guinea. Captain Dallmann, his ships and voyages 1830–1896. An image of life in self-testimonies and testimonies. Hausschild publishing house, Bremen 1996.

Individual evidence

  1. Reinhard A. Krause, Ursula Rack (ed.): Journal, kept on board the steamship GROENLAND, Captain Ed. Dallmann, on the journey from Hamburg to d. Whale and Seal fishing on the coasts of South Shetland Islds. Coronation Isld. Trinity Land & Palmerland, run by Rud. Küper, Hamburg (PDF; 5.1 MB), Alfred Wegener Institute, Bremerhaven 2006, accessed on January 9, 2012
  2. Archive link ( Memento from August 21, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Dittmar Dahlmann: Merchant shipping on the polar route
  3. Samoa trips. Travels in Kaiser-Wilhelms-Land and English New Guinea in 1884 and 1885 on board the German steamer Samoa. Hirt, Leipzig 1888, p. 6 .
  4. In the footsteps of Captain Dallmann. On: weser-kurier.de of July 8, 2011
  5. ^ John Stewart: Antarctica - An Encyclopedia . Vol. 1, McFarland & Co., Jefferson and London 2011, ISBN 978-0-7864-3590-6 , p. 386