Auxiliary sailors

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The France

An auxiliary sailor ( Latin / German = auxiliary sailor ) is a traditional sailing ship with an additional auxiliary drive for better maneuverability in narrow areas , roads , harbors and for travel in calm conditions . Initially, a steam engine was used as an auxiliary drive , later one or two diesel engines . This combination could be used with almost all types of sailing ships .

Higher flow resistance due to vortex formation on the propeller (on the propellers) reduced the sailing performance of the auxiliary sailors, sometimes considerably. Many seafarers found it difficult to accept auxiliary sailors as real sailing ships and mockingly and actually wrongly called them “ sailing steamers ”. Strictly speaking, that meant a steamship with sailing support such as the Great Eastern .

Famous representatives among the tall ships were the five-masted Maria Rickmers , RC Rickmers , France , København , the four-masted barques Pamir and Passat under the German flag , Kruzenshtern (retrofitted) and Sedov (from the beginning).

Modern variants

Sailing yachts have been equipped with combustion or electric motor auxiliary drives for cruising in calm conditions since 1960. A small outboard motor, commonly known as "lullabies", is only lowered into the water to the side of the rudder when required, which means no water resistance when not in use. A screw permanently attached to the underside of the fuselage can have wings that fold away from the front, which also reduces water resistance when not in use. Auxiliary drives with electric motors can also be fed by solar cells.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Guido Dors: The Sailor Quiz. Aequator GmbH, August 18, 2014, accessed on March 8, 2019 .