Manfred von Brauchitsch
Manfred Georg Rudolf von Brauchitsch (born August 15, 1905 in Hamburg ; † February 5, 2003 in Schleiz ) was a German automobile racing driver and sports official .
Manfred von Brauchitsch came from the old Silesian noble family of the von Brauchitsch and was the son of the Prussian officer Viktor von Brauchitsch (1864–1925) and Olga, nee. von Bomsdorff (1873–1954). His first marriage was Gisela Hundt (1918–1957) on December 27, 1946 in Starnberg . In his second marriage he married Lieselotte Schneider (1918–2003) on November 22, 1958 after fleeing to the GDR.
Brauchitsch attended a grammar school in Berlin between 1913 and 1923 . In 1923 he joined a volunteer corps in Berlin-Spandau and became a member of the Erhardt Brigade . From 1924 to 1928 he served in the Reichswehr . After attending the Dresden War School , he had a serious motorcycle accident and retired from the Reichswehr because of the injuries he suffered. After his recovery he became a racing driver. From 1933 he was a works driver for Mercedes-Benz . Brauchitsch was nicknamed “Unlucky” because although he was fast as a racing driver, he was repeatedly deprived of victories or good placements due to unfortunate circumstances. He had to put some of the bad luck to himself, however, as he was extremely ruthless with his vehicles.
A good example of this is the XI. German Grand Prix on July 24, 1938 on the Nordschleife of the Nürburgring . During the pit stop he caught fire in his car due to spilled fuel . Brauchitsch was pulled out of the car by racing manager Alfred Neubauer and the burning overall was extinguished. When the fire had died down, Brauchitsch sat back in the car. The steering wheel was put on and he started racing again. On the next bump in the road, the steering wheel came loose at around 190 km / h. In the following accident, Brauchitsch was uninjured, although the car was badly damaged. In view of the low safety standards at the time, this was great luck.
Brauchitsch contested his first races in a private Mercedes-Benz type SSK belonging to his cousin Hans von Zimmermann, Nischwitz. Until 1939 he was part of the manufacturer's factory team. Despite his proverbial pitch he reached some great victories, such as the Monaco Grand Prix in 1937 or 1938 at the French Grand Prix . He holds the track record of the Gabelbach race held between 1913 and 1934 .
From 1940 to 1943, Brauchitsch was the personal assistant to Junkers boss Heinrich Koppenberg and had the rank of storm leader in the National Socialist Motor Corps . From 1944 to 1945 he was a consultant in the Reich Ministry for Armaments and War Production under Albert Speer (tank officer in the technical office). In 1945 Brauchitsch moved to Lake Starnberg . From 1949 to 1950 he lived in Argentina , but could no longer build on his successes there. In March 1950 he returned to Germany. An attempt to return to active motorsport remained a short episode, as only a much inferior, converted BMW from the pre-war period was available to him.
The meanwhile penniless Brauchitsch met several times with Walter Ulbricht , General Secretary of the Central Committee of the SED , and was elected chairman of the "West German Committee for Unity and Freedom in German Sport" in March 1951. After his autobiography had also appeared in an East Berlin publisher and the State Security of the Federal Republic of Germany had investigated the sports committee, he was charged with high treason , secret bundling and endangering the state in September 1953 and was imprisoned for eight months. Shortly before the trial, the Bavarian Supreme Court , he left New Year's Eve 1954 his first wife Gisela and fled to the East , where he was a sports functionary worked.
Brauchitsch was President of the General German Motorsport Association (ADMV) from 1957 to 1960 and President of the Society for the Promotion of the Olympic Idea from 1960 to 1990. In the latter function, he mainly sponsored the GDR Olympic teams.
He was awarded the GDR Patriotic Order of Merit three times , and in 1988 he received the IOC's "Olympic Order" .
Von Brauchitsch died in 2003 at the age of 97 in the Schleiz district of Gräfenwarth .
- Genealogical manual of the nobility , noble houses volume XXII, page 37, volume 103 of the complete series, CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 1992, ISSN 0435-2408 .
- New German Biography , Volume 19, Page 94 in Article Alfred Neubauer
- Dieter Landenberger: Manfred von Brauchitsch. Fight and victory in the Silver Arrow . Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-613-02574-4 and ISBN 978-3-613-02574-5
- Frank O. Hrachowy: Steely romanticism - racing car drivers and National Socialist modernism . Verlag Books on Demand, Norderstedt 2008. Writings on literary studies ISBN 978-3-8370-1249-1 .
- Short biography for: Brauchitsch, Manfred von . In: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 1. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 .
- Olaf Kappelt: Brown Book GDR. Nazis in the GDR . Berlin historica, Berlin 2009, pp. 283-284, ISBN 978-3-939929-12-3 .
- Fight with 500 hp . 2nd Edition. Siegismund, Berlin 1940
- Fight for meters and seconds . 3. Edition. Verlag der Nation, Berlin 1955
- And laurel wreaths the winner . Nation's Publishing House, 1956
- No victory without a fight . 3. Edition. Verlag der Nation, Berlin 1966
- In 1932 he played a racing driver in the film Kampf at the side of actors like Lucie Höflich and Hubert von Meyerinck .
- In 1957 the DEFA film Rivals at the Wheel was made , the script of which is based on his memories.
- 1966 his book was no struggle, no victory of Rudi short filmed for television of the GDR into five parts. Jürgen Frohriep played the leading role .
- Leif Snellman, Felix Muelas: Manfred Georg Rudolf von Brauchitsch (D). www.kolumbus.fi, November 26, 2019, accessed on February 28, 2020 (English).
- Literature by and about Manfred von Brauchitsch in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature list in the online catalog of the Berlin State Library
- Pictures by Manfred von Brauchitsch In: Virtual History
- Manfred von Brauchitsch in the Internet Movie Database (English)
|SURNAME||Brauchitsch, Manfred von|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Brauchitsch, Manfred Georg Rudolf von (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German racing driver|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 15, 1905|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hamburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 5, 2003|
|Place of death||Schleiz|