Gerard Peter Kuiper
Gerard Peter Kuiper , actually Gerrit Pieter Kuiper (born December 7, 1905 in Harenkarspel , † December 24, 1973 in Mexico City ), last name spoken [ ˈkœypə ], was an American astronomer of Dutch origin. The Kuiper belt was named after him.
Kuiper was the oldest of four children. His parents were Gerrit (a trained tailor ) and Antje nee de Vries. From 1924 he studied astronomy at the University of Leiden . In 1927 he successfully completed his bachelor's degree and immediately followed it up with his doctoral studies. Kuiper took part in an eight-month eclipse expedition to Sumatra in 1929 .
After studying at the University of Leiden and receiving a doctorate on double stars with Ejnar Hertzsprung , he went to the USA in 1933 and worked at the Yerkes Observatory at the University of Chicago from 1937 . In 1949 Kuiper initiated the Yerkes – McDonald Asteroid Survey (1950–1952). In 1960 he founded the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory at the University of Arizona .
Mainly he was concerned with the solar system . He detected the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of Mars and discovered the atmosphere of Titan as well as the Uranus moon Miranda and the Neptune moon Nereid . He also worked theoretically on issues relating to the formation of the solar system and predicted the Kuiper belt that would be named after him .
- 1949: Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 1950: Member of the National Academy of Sciences
- 1951: Kuiper received the Jules Janssen Prize from the French Astronomical Society.
- 1959: Kuiper was awarded the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship by the American Astronomical Society .
- 1971: Kuiper received the Kepler Gold Medal from the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Franklin Institute .
- 1974: Kuiper is posthumously named after the Kuiper Scarp , a stepped terrain on Alexander I Island in Antarctica
- One crater on the moon , one on Mars and one on Mercury as well as the asteroid (1776) Kuiper bear his name, see also Kuiper Belt and Kuiper Belt Objects (KBO) .
- The Kuiper Airborne Observatory was named after him
- the American Astronomical Society's Gerard P. Kuiper Prize in Planetary Science was named in his honor.
- GP Kuiper publications in the Astrophysics Data System
- Obituaries for GP Kuiper in the Astrophysics Data System
- Stars and Space, 4/2008
- Dale P. Cruikshank: Gerard Peter Kuiper (1905-1973). A Biographical Memoir. National Academy of Sciences, 1993. ( PDF )
- Kuiper Crater on Mercury nasa.gov; NASA MESSENGER Image of Mercury: Kuiper Crater in Color spaceref.com, accessed December 11, 2015
|SURNAME||Kuiper, Gerard Peter|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Kuiper, Gerrit Pieter|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American astronomer of Dutch descent|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 7, 1905|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Harenkarspel|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 24th 1973|
|Place of death||Mexico city|