Máximo Gómez

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Máximo Gómez Báez (born November 18, 1836 in Baní , Dominican Republic , † June 17, 1905 in Havana , Cuba ) was a Cuban general of the Wars of Independence from 1868–1898.


Máximo Gómez

He was one of the most important military leaders of the Cuban independence movement from 1868 to 1898 against the Spanish colonial power. As supreme commander of the Revolutionary Army, he succeeded in the third phase of the War of Independence 1895–1898, which was initiated on the initiative of the Cuban revolutionary and poet José Martí , to put the Spanish colonial troops on the defensive (see also History of Cuba ).

The military success of the United States in the Spanish-American War in 1898 was possible, among other things, because the Spanish colonial power had already been decisively weakened by the long guerrilla war under the leadership of Máximo Gómez and Antonio Maceo .

Despite his high reputation, he always refused to hold political office in the US-dominated Cuban Republic. Unlike some other independence movement leaders, he never tried to capitalize on his prestige and died a poor man. His grave is on the Cementerio Cristóbal Colón in Havana.

His portrait is adorned with the 10 CUP and his memorial with the 10 CUC banknote.

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