Hudson Taylor

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Hudson Taylor 1865

James Hudson Taylor (born May 21, 1832 in Barnsley, Yorkshire , England ; † June 3, 1905 in Changsha , Empire of China ) was one of the first Christian missionaries to penetrate the interior of China. He was also called a Pioneer in the Forbidden Land and founded the China Inland Mission . He came from a devout pharmacist family, his spiritual background was awakened Methodism .


James Hudson Taylor and Maria geb. Dyer

Hudson Taylor's parents were James and Amalie Taylor. He grew up protected and strictly raised. When he was 17 he worked in a bank in Barsley.

In June 1849 Hudson Taylor experienced a conversion to faith in Jesus Christ . The Bible study began for him to play a significant role. He was interested in China from a young age and became convinced that he was called through Jesus Christ to go to China as a missionary . His letters, which are still preserved, testify to a great trust in God and the desire to answer God's call, no matter what it may cost him.

Hudson Taylor knew that Dr. Karl Gützlaff , a German missionary, went new ways and z. B. worked in Chinese clothing, as did the missionary Robert Morrison .

In May 1850 he began studying medicine in Hull to prepare for missionary work . During this time, he also survived dangerous blood poisoning , which he contracted while dissecting a corpse.

First trip to China and marriage

In 1853 he traveled to China with an English mission, the Chinese Gospel Society (CEG). There was a life-threatening ride in the two-master Dumfries .

In China, Hudson Taylor was disappointed with the conditions and workings of the missionaries. In 1857 he separated from the Chinese Evangelization Society.

Inspired by Dr. Parker and the Scottish missionary William Chalmers Burns , he began to work in the country from 1858. In the meantime he had come to believe that it was right to work in Chinese clothing. He also had his hair sheared or dyed and wore a Chinese braid .

He also met his wife Maria Dyer, an orphan who lived in China, here. Despite much resistance, he married her on January 20, 1858, because she was the love of his life. With her he began the mission of China. In 1859 he took over the infirmary from Dr. Parker and experienced many internal personal struggles in the early years. He was financially and religiously supported by the orphanage father Georg Müller .

As part of the sanctification movement , pietistic believers in Switzerland, e. B. the Evangelical Society , strengthens this newly created mission. The magazine Brosamen von des Herr Tisch by Franz Eugen Schlachter shows that the support for Taylor's Mission Society also had to do with theological influences in the Basel Mission, which parts of the Evangelical Society did not approve of.

In 1860 Hudson Taylor took his first home leave in England. He separated from the CEG and continued his medical studies.

Own mission

In 1865 he founded the China Inland Mission (CIM) based in England, which continues to this day under the name OMF International . On May 26, 1866, he traveled to China with the first 16 CIM missionaries. One of his missionaries was George Stott .

His son Samuel died in February 1870, his son Noel, who was only 13 days old in July, and his wife Maria a few days later. In 1871 he stayed in England, where he married an employee of the China Inland Mission named Jenny Faulding in London.

In 1875 he went to the nine provinces of China not yet reached. For the next few years the preaching took place in these provinces as well, so that the gospel was spread throughout China. There were frequent trips to Europe and America. Hudson Taylor also had to endure serious illnesses.

When he met Pastor Heinrich Coerper in 1899 , he asked him to found a German branch of the China Inland Mission , which happened that same year in Hamburg. After three years the move to Bad Liebenzell took place, from which the Liebenzeller Mission arose.

In 1900 the Boxer Rebellion began in China, claiming the lives of 58 missionaries and 28 children from his mission society. In 1902 he handed over the leadership of the China Inland Mission to Dr. E. Hoste. In 1904 his second wife Jenny died in Switzerland. On June 3, 1905, James Hudson Taylor died in Changsha while traveling in the Chinese province of Hunan , and he was buried in Zhenjiang .


  • Remembrance day: June 3 in the Evangelical name calendar .
  • Memorial Church: In 1986 the tombstone was rediscovered in a museum and the bones in the Memorial Church next to the “J. Hudson Taylor Memorial Hall ”.


  • Das Hohelied , (Translated by Carl Polnick, orig. The Song of Solomon ), Buchh. the German China Alliance Mission, 1908; Verlagsbuchhandlung Bethel, Hamburg 5th edition 1985, Joel-Media new edition 2011, ISBN 978-3-942629614 English original (PDF; 216 kB) or Project Gutenberg .
  • Light on the way. Volume 1: The exchanged life , VLM, Bad Liebenzell 1924, 14th edition 1986, ISBN 978-3-880020740 (PDF; 489 kB) .
  • The strength of the priest , Verlag Rückbrodt, Leipzig 1925.
  • Light on the way. Vol.2: Remain in Jesus! , VLM, Bad Liebenzell 1930, 11th edition 1984, ISBN 978-3-88002-570-7 .
  • Marie Burmester (Ed.): God never fails! (Sayings and quotations from J. Hudson Taylor, collected by M. Wolterstorff et al.), VLM, Bad Liebenzell 1932, 31st edition 1994. Linea Verlag, Bad Wildbad 2011, ISBN 978-3-939075387 .
  • The meeting in the desert and other considerations , Verlag Rückbrodt, Leipzig 1935.
  • The Holy Spirit: Word Contemplation, etc. Lectures , Verlag Rückbrodt, Leipzig 1935.
  • The transformed life , China Inland Mission, Thun (Bern) 1964 (previously: The exchanged life ), Brunnen-Verlag 1984, ISBN 978-3-765550454 .
  • Abundance from grace: thoughts for every day , VLM, Bad Liebenzell 1985, ISBN 3-88002-255-0 .
  • Retrospect , (Translated and edited by Simone Jaumann-Wang) (orig. A retrospect ), Verlag für Kultur und Wissenschaft, Bonn 1999, ISBN 3-932829-10-7 .
  • Nine generations in trust in God: Hudson Taylor's family , (translated by Karl Lagershausen), SCM Hänssler, Holzgerlingen 2001, ISBN 978-3-775137423 .



  • Ken Anderson: Hudson Taylor - Pioneer in the Forbidden Land , (DVD, 85 min, FSK 0), SCM Hänssler 2010, "Gold Edition" 2014.
  • Phyllis Thompson et al. Ulrike Schild: Hudson Taylor: Der Abenteurer Gottes , (MC radio play), ERF-Verlag , Wetzlar 1988, ISBN 978-3-895620621 Online .

Web links

Commons : Hudson Taylor  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Hudson Taylor: Biography ,, accessed on April 18, 2015.
  2. Dr. & Mrs. Howard Taylor: Dr. & Mrs. Howard Taylor: Hudson Taylor in Early Years-The Growth of a Soul. In: Retrieved October 21, 2016 .
  3. ^ Hudson Taylor: The exchanged life , Verlag der Liebenzeller Mission , Bad Liebenzell 1966.
  4. ^ Christof Bauernfeind: From Hudson Taylor to today. Evangelical news agency idea , Liestal / Wetzlar May 28, 2015, p. 8
  5. ^ Hudson Taylor in the Ecumenical Lexicon of Saints
  6. Hall honored in memory of the China missionary Taylor ,, article from April 28, 2019.
  7. ^ J. Hudson Taylor Memorial Hall: Exhibition space design , iF Industrie Forum Design , Design Award 2019.