|Radio station ( public service )|
|reception||analog terrestrial , cable , satellite , internet|
Austria Bavaria South Tyrol
|Program director||Monika Eigensperger|
|Start of transmission||January 16, 1995|
|Program type||Youth radio|
|List of radio stations|
The public broadcaster is characterized by a high proportion of words, close cooperation with the Austrian music landscape, a deliberately heterogeneous selection of music away from the chart mainstream of format radio and the multilingual broadcast format (German-English). Program director is Monika Eigensperger , Claudia Czesch is her deputy . Martin Pieper is FM4 editor-in-chief.
FM4 was created in the course of the introduction of private radio in Austria. When the end of the public broadcasting monopoly became apparent in the second half of the 1990s , the ORF began to differentiate its radio programs. Competition arose primarily for Ö3 , where high advertising revenues were at stake due to a feared drop in coverage. The previously heterogeneous Ö3 program was therefore homogenized on an AC format radio. More critical, less mainstream-compliant program content was outsourced to the newly created radio station FM4.
On January 16, 1995, FM4 went on air for the first time at 7 p.m., the first song played was Sabotage by the Beastie Boys . Until the year 2000, FM4 shared the frequency with Blue Danube Radio and initially only broadcasted from 7 to 1 a.m., between 1 and 6 a.m. the program was taken over by Ö3. The broadcast time was later extended to 7 p.m. to 6 a.m. Since February 1st, 2000, FM4 has been broadcasting around the clock after Blue Danube Radio was discontinued. The number 4 in the station name results from the chronological order of the ORF radios (according to Ö1 , Ö2 and Ö3 ). However, in order to stand out from the other national ORF radio programs, the abbreviation FM ( frequency modulation ; English-language term for FM radio ) was chosen instead of the Ö .
The typical pause sign , which is modeled on a "beating heart", was created by Musicbox employee Werner Geier . It can almost never be heard in the daytime program, but the individual formats are separated in the evening and night programs.
The specificity of FM4 as a multi-language radio goes back to its predecessor Blue Danube Radio . This was set up in 1979 by ORF at the same time as the completion of the UNO-City as a local English-language program with the target group “international audience” and later expanded to a fourth frequency chain broadcasting throughout Austria. At the end of the 1990s there were calls for this fourth frequency chain to be used for private radio. By establishing FM4, the ORF was able to fend off these demands, but as a (supposed) commercial stumbling block (intended to help private radio stations) the ORF was instructed by the legislature to use the fourth frequency range with a predominantly English-language program. The previously purely German-speaking FM4 is therefore in English since the start of the 24-hour operation 1:00 to 14:00 moderated , the rest of the time in German. However, the native speaker principle also applies, so that the language is changed within the blocks - sometimes even within individual interviews.
Program and concept
Officially, the majority of the program is in a foreign language. The number of different programs in German, however, is significantly larger.
Broadcasts in English
According to the program mandate, a continuous English-language program will take place from Tuesday to Friday between 1 a.m. and 2 p.m., Mondays from 6 a.m. to 2 p.m. and on the weekend from 6 a.m. to 1 p.m. Programs in pure English are:
- Sleepless (moderated night program, Tue – Fri 1–6 a.m.)
- Update (service-oriented morning program, Mon-Sat 10 a.m.-12 p.m.)
- Reality Check (news magazine, Mo – Fr 12–2 p.m., summer program: Mo – Fr 12–1 p.m.)
- Reality Check Special (Dossier, Sat 12pm - 1pm, not in the summer program)
- World Wide Show (takeover of the BBC program Worldwide with Gilles Peterson , Sun 5-7 p.m.)
- Sunny Side Up (music program, Sundays and public holidays 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. with John Megill)
Broadcasts in German and English
- Morning Show (always with a German sidekick and German-language program content, Mon-Sun 6 am-10pm)
- Unlimited (mix show with a small amount of moderation, Mon-Fri 2 pm-3pm)
All other programs are primarily broadcast in German (with the exception of the guest room interview section , where a comprehensive interview can also only be broadcast in English). Interviews in the Reality Check program are conducted in English, with the interviewee answering in either German or English.
News broadcasts are broadcast in English every hour from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. Monday through Sunday. The news is produced by FM4 itself. Often they also refer to their own correspondent reports, but sometimes also to reports from other English-speaking stations such as the BBC or National Public Radio .
In the mornings and at noon (Monday to Friday only, not on public holidays), the Newsline broadcasts a more comprehensive news program four times a day (7, 8, 12, 17 o'clock). In addition, short messages in German are sent every half hour in prime time between six and ten o'clock. The headlines of the hour as the announcement of the news are always made by the moderator and in his language.
Up until December 31, 2018, news was also offered in French twice a day. These were discontinued because there is now a wide range of public services online in this regard and this would no longer correspond to the listening habits of the target audience.
The choice of music is very heterogeneous and depends on the respective program. Thus among other alternative , heavy metal (House of Pain) , electronic music (La Boum de Luxe) , House & Funk (High Spirits) and Hip-Hop (Tribe Vibes) offered space. Music from the mainstream charts, on the other hand, is almost completely absent. The SR archive of Austrian pop music ruled in 2013 in retrospect, FM4 had "strengthened the confidence of subgenres and subcultures, and offers Austrian bands, producers and DJs a platform."
In addition to music requests (including in the Homebase and Homebase Parade programs ) , listeners also have the option of designing entire programs or giving a reaction to current articles via comments on the FM4 homepage.
An essential part of the FM4 concept is its own homepage. Here, web hosts (such as Boris Jordan , Johannes Grenzfurthner or Hans Wu ) publish articles on topics such as Austrian or international politics , youth culture and social engagement .
Reality Check (Claim: The soundtrack of reality) is probably the most important relic from the time of Blue Danube Radio . The two-hour news magazine combines the essential features of an offer for the Vienna International Center (coll. "UNO-City") in the form of English-language news (News and Newsline) and high-quality journalism. In summer, the duration of the program is shortened by one hour as part of the FM4 summer schedule. On Saturdays, a reality check special is sent in the form of a one-hour dossier. Reality Check moderators are usually Steve Crilley (superficial), Hal Rock and Riem Higazi .
FM4 Unlimited is a DJ mix show by the DJs Functionist and Beware, which has been a weekly fixture in the FM4 daily program since September 17th, 2005. It should cover all musical genres. Guest DJs are also invited from time to time.
The mixshow concept was first used in the summer of 2005 when the daily mixshow FM4 Summer Breaks was started in the summer special program . From Monday to Friday, genre-free sets were played between 1pm and 2pm. The concept worked and was therefore continued.
Between September 2005 and June 2007, FM4 Unlimited was broadcast every Saturday between 1pm and 3pm. On April 15, 2006, there was a three-hour Easter special. On May 20, 2006, the show contributed to the FM4 Day of the Love Song . In the summer of 2006 there was the FM4 Unlimited Specials, in which one hour of the program was taken over by a guest DJ. At the turn of the year 2006/07 there was another special broadcast. FM4 Unlimited was broadcast daily between 1pm and 2pm for a week. As of June 23, 2006, 97 FM4 Unlimited episodes had been broadcast.
On July 2, 2007, the concept was revived by starting FM4 Summer Breaks . A total of 49 episodes were broadcast between 1 and 2 p.m. on weekdays through September 7th.
After the Summer Breaks ended, FM4 decided to continue the successful concept. It is currently broadcast again on weekdays between 2 p.m. and 3 p.m. under the original name of FM4 Unlimited . On September 12, 2007, the show celebrated its hundredth episode.
The program Jugendzimmer was in the program every week from the station's founding until 2014 (without a summer break) on Friday 7:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. Until 2008, the discussion and caller broadcast was almost exclusively moderated by Elisabeth Scharang , in recent years alternating with Claus Pirschner. The special thing about the concept of the show was that FM4 was a guest at a listener who not only (helped) shape the choice of music, but also gave the show a topic for discussion on which other listeners could call and join in the discussion. With the program change in autumn 2014, the youth room was replaced by FM4 on loud .
Temporarily there was a special edition once a month with the Writing Maniacs , a group of young authors, on the subject of writing and reading .
Since the September 19, 2014 FM4 sends every Friday from 19 to 21 pm, the show Top FM4 with Hannes Duscher and Roland Gratzer . The FM4 Jugendzimmer and Salon Helga were previously broadcast on this slot .
The "live talk with a claim" Auf Laut has been broadcast every Tuesday from 9:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. since September 23, 2014, replacing the content of the FM4 youth room .
The FM4 programs contain a large number of short sections, which are often humorous and devoted to a specific topic.
Digital Underground is a broadcaster that will be broadcast on the FM4 Connected and FM4 Homebase shows. The channel section deals with topics from the fields of IT , computer art and computer games .
Initiatives and priorities
Since October 26, 2001, FM4 has also been operating the online platform FM4 Soundpark, on which young musicians can publish their material for free in a similar way to MP3.com or besonic . A weekly program presents news and musicians.
The broadcaster also regularly releases the FM4 Soundselection compilation , which consists of music from the FM4 repertoire, i.e. current titles from the program as well as pieces from the FM4 Soundpark. In addition, compilations for various FM4 programs appear at irregular intervals.
FM4 Outside is the station's trend and fun sports area. Beyond the mainstream sports reporting , the FM4 outdoor editors endeavor to present sports that are otherwise less well represented in the media and often adorn themselves with the title of marginal sport . Sport is understood as a subcultural code at FM4. The claim of FM4 Outside is “Everything except football” in summer and “Everything except cross-country skiing” in winter. It is broadcast every Thursday and in between in FM4 Connected . FM4 Outside reports live on so-called major events such as the Air & Style Snowboard Contest in its own broadcast.
FM4 is the ORF radio station with the weakest reach. According to an Austrian media analysis 2002, an average daily reach of 3.8% is achieved (around 254,000 listeners). In Vienna, the strongest FM4 country, a rate of 5.8% was achieved.
It is not known whether FM4 can finance its production costs through advertising revenue alone, as ORF does not provide the balance sheets for the individual programs. For many years FM4, like Ö1 , was completely free of advertising. For some years now, some spots have been running at least every hour during the day; even before that, there were occasional advertisements, albeit to a lesser extent. However, since you belong to the public service offer of the ORF due to the English-language part of the word and the special promotion of Austrian music, purely commercial financing is not necessary. Like its sister broadcaster Ö1, FM4 benefits from the income of the “ Cash Cow ” Ö3 , which generates around 26% of total ORF advertising income.
An English-language jingle that is sometimes broadcast after the commercials seems to be an indication of one's own critical and humorous engagement with advertising :
“This was a test of the advertisement broadcasting system. In case of a real commercial you would have been advised to buy something. "
“That was a test of the advertising broadcast system. In the case of a real advertisement, you would have been asked to buy something. "
The FM4 charts have existed since 2000 and are broadcast every Saturday between 5 and 7 p.m. The charts are editorial charts and are made up of the music played on the station. They represent the most important alternative music charts in the country. In addition, the FM4 charts are also broadcast on the private music television station gotv .
The charts consist of 25 songs and are created weekly by FM4's 50-strong specialist editorial team. A characteristic of the program is the description of the background to each song.
At the end of the year, the FM4 annual charts, each consisting of 100 titles (up to 2012 only 50 titles), will be announced.
The broadcast without a name on the youth channel Thursday night of ORF television from October 2002 to April 2007 was co-produced and spoken by FM4 presenter Fred Schreiber . She dealt with many topics and bands that are played on the station.
In 1997 there was also the nitebox program on ORF 2 every Friday night , which was based heavily on FM4 in terms of both the on-air presentation and the broadcast content. On the one hand, comedy programs such as The Sick Sisters or reruns of the trash comedy program Monte Video could be seen . Some FM4 programs such as the now discontinued Radio Blume or Bonustrack have also been adapted for television. The nitebox fell victim to an ORF program reform in 1997 and was discontinued.
Every year on a Saturday towards the end of January, the “FM4 Birthday Party” takes place in Vienna . Despite the season, it is partly designed as an open-air festival . In addition, similar festivals organized by FM4 regularly take place throughout Austria and also in Munich throughout the year. Furthermore, the company cooperates with many Austrian events and broadcasts live entries, live reporting and recordings. Examples are the FM4- Frequency Festival, the Nova Rock Festival, the Aerodrome Festival, the Vienna Popfest and much more. FM4 has been (co) operator of one of the stages at the annual Danube Island Festival in Vienna since the early 2000s .
The "FM4 surprise concerts" have been taking place since April 2006. FM4 likes to invite bands from the station to concerts in relatively small locations. You can register via email or mobile phone. A message about the upcoming concert will only be sent to the registered people one day before the concert. According to the principle of “first come, first served”, the first people to reply to the message will get two places on the concert's guest list. The events are always held with free admission.
FMqueer parties are held at irregular intervals, which originated from the dissatisfaction of three lesbian-gay employees from FM4, Claudia Czesch, Ute Hölzl and Martin Pieper, with the range of events in the scene. At midnight there is a live performance by an artist, followed by a DJ line from the genres of electro, pop and indie.
Events not only take place in the core broadcasting area of Austria, but also in the south of Bavaria, where there are many FM4 listeners, especially in the Munich area, thanks to the good FM coverage. Examples of this are the FM4-Fest or the FM4-Club .
Since 2001 FM4 has been awarding the FM4 Alternative Act of the Year award at the Amadeus Austrian Music Awards .
FM4 can be received terrestrially within Austria and in neighboring areas. Alternatively, a satellite is available for large parts of Europe and the Internet is available worldwide as a reception option.
Internet: FM4 can be received worldwide as Internet radio via various live streams . Since December 9, 2015, FM4 can stream via its own FM4 player. Among other things, you can listen to the stream for the last 7 days and search for author or title. The FM4 Player is also available as an iOS and Android application in the respective stores.
Satellite: In Europe, FM4 can be received digitally via the ASTRA satellite network:
- Satellite: Astra 1H
- Transponder: 115
- Downlink frequency: 12.66275 GHz
- Symbol rate (MS / s): 22
- Error protection (FEC): 5/6
- Polarization: horizontal
- Program Clock Reference Packet Identifier (PCR PID): 434
- In Austria and Switzerland, FM4 can also be received in analogue via cable
- FM4 can be received via Kabel Deutschland on the frequency 97.8 MHz in the Munich area
- Via Kabel BW, FM4 can be received digitally throughout Baden-Württemberg and on the frequency 93.6 MHz (Konstanz region, Ravensburg)
- In Regensburg you can hear FM4 on the frequency 100.45 MHz (from time to time there are also FM4 events)
- FM4 will also be broadcast in Primacom's digital program bouquet .
FM4 can be received in Austria - not all over the country - via the following FM stations:
|Burgenland||Rechnitz - Hirschenstein : 97.4 MHz|
|Carinthia||Klagenfurt - Dobratsch : 102.9 MHz; Wolfsberg - Koralpe : 102.3 MHz; Spittal an der Drau - Goldeck : 103.6 MHz|
|Lower Austria||St. Pölten - Jauerling : 98.8 MHz; Semmering - Sonnwendstein : 92.4 MHz; Weitra-Wachberg : 101.4 MHz|
|Upper Austria||Linz 1 - Lichtenberg : 104.0 MHz; Windischgarsten - Kleinerberg: 102.1 MHz; Bad Ischl - Katrin : 105.1 MHz|
|Salzburg||Salzburg - Gaisberg : 104.6 MHz; Lend - Luxkogel: 97.7 MHz; Zell am See 1 - Lechnereck: 101.9 MHz|
|Styria||Graz - Schöckl : 101.7 MHz; Schladming - Hauser Kaibling : 103.3 MHz; Bruck an der Mur - Mugel: 102.1 MHz|
|Tyrol||Innsbruck 1 - Patscherkofel : 101.4 MHz; Innsbruck 2 - Seegrube : 102.5 MHz; Landeck- Krahberg : 98.4 MHz; Lienz - Rauchkofel : 101.0 MHz; Kufstein - Kitzbüheler Horn : 99.9 MHz; Ehrwald in Tirol - Zugspitze : 100.7 MHz|
|Vorarlberg||Bregenz - Pfänder : 102.1 MHz; Feldkirch - Vorderälple: 102.8 MHz|
|Vienna||Vienna 1 - Kahlenberg : 103.8 MHz; Vienna 1 - Himmelhof : 91.0 MHz|
In the areas of Vienna and Innsbruck, FM4 could also be received via DAB until 2008 .
The Salzburg transmitter on 104.6 MHz covers almost all of Upper Bavaria and can also be received well in the Munich area . A transmitter on the Zugspitze covers large parts of southern Bavaria and Bavarian Swabia on frequency 100.7. The frequency 102.1 MHz from the Pfänder can be received practically in all of Eastern Switzerland to the northern districts of Zurich as well as in southern Germany and the Lake Constance area, from Lindau via Upper Swabia to Ulm and Hegau , as well as the southern Black Forest and the Waldshut district. The Klagenfurt transmitter on the frequency 102.9 MHz can be received in the north of Slovenia to the northern urban areas of Ljubljana .
- Gerhard Stöger: Whoever wants to hear has to feel. In: Falter 04/09 from January 21, 2009.
- Stefan Niederwieser, Thomas Weber: SRA Skug Research Archive is 20 years old - history with history. (No longer available online.) In: www.thegap.at. November 28, 2013, archived from the original on February 22, 2016 ; accessed on February 22, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The new Friday evening on FM4 . fm4.ORF.at. September 19, 2014. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
- Top FM4
- A life in a drawer . fm4.ORF.at. September 22, 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
- FM4 on loud
- Who we are and what we want . fmqueer.at. Archived from the original on January 12, 2014. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
- Our new FM4 player is here! - fm4.ORF.at. Retrieved October 19, 2017 .
- FM4 now also as an app! - fm4.ORF.at radio . In: fm4.ORF.at . April 20, 2017 ( orf.at [accessed October 19, 2017]).
- heise online: DVB-H also failed in Austria. In: heise online . Retrieved August 1, 2016 .
- DerStandard: One starts with mobile phone TV , May 27, 2008