Josef Stini (also: Stiny ; * February 20, 1880 in Wappoltenreith , a place in the municipality of Irnfritz-Messern , Lower Austria ; † January 28, 1958 in Vienna ) was an Austrian geologist . With his fundamental geological investigations in connection with dam and tunnel projects, he is one of the founders of civil or " engineering geology ". He also provided work on the selection and assessment of road stones.
Josef Stini studied forestry and torrent control at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences in Vienna , as well as civil engineering and geology in Graz. From 1911 to 1915 and during the First World War, Stini worked in the field of torrent control. In 1919 he began teaching, initially at the Höhere Forstlehranstalt in Bruck an der Mur , and from 1925 onwards Stini taught at the Technical University in Vienna as a full professor of geology, where he played a key role in the development of the institute for two decades. During the Nazi era , he became a member of the NSDAP and the National Socialist Motor Vehicle Corps in 1938 . In 1943, for example, he was granted a technical grant by the Reich Research Council for "carrying out investigations into the sealing of dams and investigations into loose material".
Josef Stini's merits lay in the effort to develop the border area between geology and construction as an independent discipline, engineering geology. His main focus was on exploring the geological conditions through precise observation, mapping of all geological phenomena in the area and incorporating all information into the construction plans, which made him a pioneer in rock mechanics .
In addition to teaching, his role as author and editor should be emphasized. The journal Geologie und Bauwesen he founded was self-published for three years until Springer-Verlag took over the magazine. It was published from 1963 under the title Rock Mechanics and Engineering Geology and is still published by Springer today as Rock Mechanics . After his death, his student Leopold Müller took over the editorship, who placed rock mechanics on a broad, scientific basis. For example, Stine made geological reports on the Kamptal power plants as well as on the Grossglockner High Alpine Road .
The extensive professional estate of Stini was purchased by the state of Lower Austria and, in addition to manuscripts, geological maps and 105 field diaries, consists of more than 700 reports relating to Austria and neighboring countries. Among other things, topics such as the assessment of rocks, building ground issues in road, gallery and tunnel construction, power plant construction, questions about water supply, risk factors such as mudslides and landslides are discussed.
In 1956 the Stinygasse in Vienna- Favoriten was named after him.
- Honorary member of the Austrian Geological Society
- Bearer of the Eduard Sueß commemorative coin of the Austrian Society for Geology
- Honorary doctorate from the Vienna University of Technology
- The mudslides, 1910
- Technical rock science, Waldheim-Eberle, Vienna 1919
- Technical geology, Encke, Stuttgart 1922
- The sources, Springer, Vienna 1933
- The selection and assessment of road stones, Springer, Vienna 1935
- Tunneling geology, Springer, Vienna 1950
- Mineralogy for engineers in civil engineering and civil engineering, Springer, Vienna 1952
- Mountain Geology, 1955
- Article Gebirgsgeologie in Grundbau-Taschenbuch 1955, 1966
- Literature by and about Josef Stini in the catalog of the German National Library
- Lexicon of natural scientists. Berlin 2004.
- Obituary by the Institute for Geotechnical Engineering at TU Wien (PDF file; 3.3 MB)
- Entry on Josef Stini in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Obituary to Prof. Stiny (PDF; 3.3 MB) of the Vienna University of Technology
- Street names in Vienna since 1860 as “Political Places of Remembrance” (PDF; 4.4 MB), p. 292f, final research project report, Vienna, July 2013
- Via geological recordings during the construction of the Kamptal power plants ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 2.5 MB) by Christof Exner from 1953, accessed on December 7, 2011.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Stiny, Josef|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian geologist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 20, 1880|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Wappoltenreith , Lower Austria|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 28, 1958|
|Place of death||Vienna|