Springer Science + Business Media
|Springer Science + Business Media SA|
(public limited company)
|management||Derk Haank , CEO|
|Number of employees||8,467 (2014)|
|sales||959 million euros (2014)|
Springer Science + Business Media SA , headquartered in Luxembourg and with an operational head office in Berlin and Heidelberg, is an international science publisher for books, magazines and online media. After Elsevier Springer is the second-largest publisher worldwide in the field of science , technology and medicine (Engl. Science, technology and medicine; short STM). In addition to medicine, mathematics and computer science , life sciences, humanities, economics, management topics and technology are some of the areas in which the publisher has an important position. Publishing locations are u. a. in Berlin and Heidelberg, Basel (Switzerland), Dordrecht (Netherlands), New York City (USA), Beijing (China), Vienna (Austria), Paris (France), Milan (Italy) and New Delhi (India).
Springer Spektrum has been part of Springer Science + Business Media as an imprint since 2007 . Also Springer VS is part of the publisher. In 2015 Springer Science + Business Media merged with Nature Publishing Group , Palgrave Macmillan and Macmillan Education to form Springer Nature Group.
History of the publisher
Founding a bookstore
In 1842 Julius Springer founded a bookstore in Berlin , from which the Julius Springer publishing house developed within a short time . Springer supported the demands of the Vormärz with political brochures and leaflets, which brought him multiple conflicts with the Prussian censorship . In addition to these writings, he published more and more books for young people, school books, non-fiction and specialist books, fiction, but also scientific works. After selling the bookstore in 1858, Springer devoted himself exclusively to the publishing business. His sons and grandchildren turned increasingly to science and technology and gave the publishing house world renown. In particular, Julius Springer the Younger expanded technology and his cousin Ferdinand Springer junior expanded medicine. The publishing house remained in the family for over 150 years. Konrad Ferdinand Springer, great-grandson of the founder Julius Springer, was the last member of the family to work in the publishing house. The publisher's mark is the figure of the knight from the chess game . Chess literature was part of the publishing program for many years.
Aryanization of the publishing house during National Socialism
Publishing management goes to Tönjes
During the National Socialist era , the publishing house was “ Aryanized ” and Tönjes Lange was appointed as the new boss. For a long time, the Springer family had been appointed as general representative in 1934 and had previously managed the Springers' Hirschwald bookstore. He was loyal to the family. The National Socialists could not simply close the publishing house because the income from exports was significant. The company Lange & Springer built up a library service since 1941, which has since been taken over by EBSCO Information Services . After the end of the war, the grandchildren Ferdinand Springer junior and Julius Springer d. J. take over the publishing house again.
Pre-war Berlin destroyed after World War II
The pre-war Berlin location at Linkstrasse 23-24 between Potsdamer Platz and Reichpietschufer had been largely destroyed. The current Berlin publishing house at Heidelberger Platz 3 was moved into in 1958.
While Julius Springer d. J. took care of the rebuilding of the publishing house in Berlin, Ferdinand Springer junior founded a second seat of the Springer publishing house in Heidelberg in 1946. The first Heidelberg publishing branch was in the Neuenheimer Landstrasse 24 property.
In 1947 the publishing house moved into the former Grand Ducal Palace , directly under Heidelberg Castle on Karlsplatz . Since 1920 the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences has been located in the former Grand Ducal Palace of Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden .
In 1956, Springer changed his company headquarters in Heidelberg and moved into the Neuenheimer Landstrasse 28–30 property, a modern, simple building with reminiscences of the Bauhaus era.
Development of the publishing history after the end of the war
Subject areas were expanded and publishers bought in
In the history of publishing, publishers have been bought over and over again. There are two branches, some of which have their own program, in New York (1964) and Vienna . In 1983 the publishing house first went east to Japan and then to India and the People's Republic of China . The global orientation was shaped by Heinz Götze , who worked as managing director from 1949 and later as co-owner. His successor was his son Dietrich Götze (with Claus Michaletz and Bernhard Lewerich) in 1992.
Since around 1985 the new media have become increasingly important in the publishing program. Initially, individual titles were accompanied by a CD or floppy disk. Databases and online services are now the common forms of publication. In parallel to the print edition, most magazines now appear online on the World Wide Web . With Lehrbuch-Medizin.de and Lehrbuch-Psychologie.de, the only interactive learning portals for students in German-speaking countries have appeared so far. Since the end of the 1990s, articles with the same text and features of some scientific journals were available to subscribers under the name " online first " even before the subsequent print edition on the web. The proportion of online first magazines increased steadily in the following years. In 1997, as a joint venture between Springer and VDI publisher of the Springer-VDI-Verlag founded.
The media company Bertelsmann AG buys Springer Verlag
In 1999 the media company Bertelsmann AG bought Springer-Verlag and founded the BertelsmannSpringer publishing group . In 2003 Bertelsmann sold the publishing group with the Platow Brief to the British private equity companies Cinven and Candover, which had shortly before bought the Dutch academic publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers (KAP). The two publishers were merged and the publishing group was now called Springer Science + Business Media . Derk Haank has been Chairman of the Management Board since then.
Around 2005 new forms of journal use developed around the term Open Access Journals , the Springer u. a. with an "open choice model" for authors and Springer Open journals.
Partial sale to GMT Communications Partners
In 2007 Springer Science + Business Media sold its B2B construction publications to the private equity group GMT Communications Partners (GMT) in London. The area sold included Bauverlag BV GmbH , Springer BauMedien ibau , Springer BauMedien Heinze , BauDatenbank GmbH and BauNetz Online-Dienst GmbH & Co.KG in Germany, as well as Bau-Data GmbH in Austria, Springer Business Media Croatia doo in Croatia, the Springer Media Czechia sro in the Czech Republic and the Springer Business Media Magyarország Kiadó Kft. in Hungary. At that time, the construction sector ( B2B Construction ) employed 800 people and in 2006 achieved a turnover of almost 80 million euros.
The publisher's historical archive has been in the Central and State Library in Berlin since 2009 .
Complete sale of the Springer Group is ratified
In December 2009, the complete takeover of the Springer Group by EQT and GIC was agreed. The sale of the specialist publishing group Springer Science + Business Media SA (Springer) by Cinven and Candover to the financial investors EQT and GIC was confirmed in February 2010. The European and US competition authorities had approved the change of ownership.
In 2013 the publishing house was taken over by BC Partners for 3.3 billion euros.
The publisher developed several business areas
- Textbooks, mainly in the field of medicine
- Scientific books, manuals, series, atlases
- Scientific journals ( periodicals ), which also each have a specialist audience as a readership, account for around half of the business volume. They are primarily distributed via the online platform SpringerLink (link.springer.com) and cover almost all areas of science. These include many organs of scientific societies from Germany and Europe - official member magazines. The main publication language has been English since around 1970 .
- In addition, there are a small number of guides and non-fiction books that are aimed at a broader public with a general interest in science.
- Since November 2008, a project has offered users of over 20 libraries and research institutes in the US and Canada 11,000 electronic books published since 2005 as soft cover books for $ 25 as print-on-demand .
- The publisher offers over 170,000 electronic books on SpringerLink. The books are available in PDF or HTML format and can be downloaded and printed out. With the copyright year 2005, almost all Springer books appear in parallel, printed and online. In other words , over 5,000 more e-books are added every year .
- Springer Science + Business Media currently has around 8,400 book titles on sale. This is the annual new production (new releases and new editions of older titles).
- Around 2,200 scientific journals, these are generally only accessible in full text for a fee.
Other publishers belonging to Springer Science + Business Media are Springer Gabler , Springer VS , Verlag Heinrich Vogel , Springer Vieweg and Birkhäuser Verlag (until 2012), Springer Spektrum , Urban & Vogel and Springer Gesundheits- und Pharmazieverlag . The main focus within the publishing group is science, medicine, economy, technology and transport. The publishing group consists of around 55 publishers in total.
Affiliated well-known company is the Verlag Fuchsbriefe .
The Springer Science + Business Media publishing group employs almost 8,500 people in 55 publishing houses in around 25 countries worldwide, around 1,700 of whom are in Germany. Around 300 in Berlin, around 600 in Heidelberg. Over the decades there has been a steady upward trend, which has been more or less constant since the 1990s thanks to the new typesetting and printing techniques . The proportion of scientifically trained employees and the proportion of women are both very high.
- Science and book trade - the Julius Springer publishing house and its authors - letters and documents from the years 1880–1946 , edited by Michael Davidis, self-published by the Deutsches Museum, Munich 1985, ISBN 3-924183-04-X
- Heinz Sarkowski : The Springer publishing house. Part I 1842-1945 . Berlin / Heidelberg: Springer Verlag. 446 S. 1992. ISBN 3-540-55221-9 ( full text at SpringerLink )
- Heinz Götze: The Springer publishing house. Part II 1945–1992 . 417 S. 1992. Berlin / Heidelberg: Springer Verlag. ISBN 3-540-55221-9 ( full text at SpringerLink )
- Hans-Dietrich Kaiser, Wilhelm Buchge: The Springer publishing house. Catalog of his magazines 1842–1945 . Berlin / Heidelberg: Springer Verlag. 594 pp. 1992. ISBN 3-540-55222-7
- Ute Schneider : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 24, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-428-11205-0 , pp. 755-757 ( version ).
- Archived copy ( memento of the original from September 15, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Also with an academic antiquarian bookshop in Berlin. Formerly Hirschwaldsche Buchhandlung, acquired in 1921 with the medical specialist publisher August Hirschwald.
- History of the VDI
- The PLATOW letter. Retrieved April 24, 2019 .
- Press release Springer ( Memento of the original from January 16, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Press release EGQ
- 3.3 billion euros for Berliner Fachverlag , Berliner Morgenpost, June 20, 2013, p. 15
- Search Results - Springer. Retrieved November 25, 2018 .
- e3cms.de is coming soon. Retrieved November 25, 2018 (German).