National Socialist German Lecturer Association

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The National Socialist German Lecturer Association , also known as the "NS-Dozentbund", NSDDB, NSDB, NSDDozB or NSDoB (for NS-Lecturer Association or NSD Lecturer Association), was a party branch of the NSDAP . It emerged from the National Socialist teachers ' association and was set up in July 1935 on the basis of an order from the Führer deputy Rudolf Hess .

Structure and course

The purpose of the organization was to influence the universities and the political control of the university teaching staff . In particular, there was massive influence on appointments and vacancies. The expulsion of Jewish scientists from the universities was largely driven by the activists of the Lecturer Association.

In 1938 about a quarter of the German university teaching staff belonged to the Lecturer Association. In the humanities faculties in particular , the proportion of members was relatively high. Executives at the Lecturer Association (e.g. as Gaudozentenbundführer) were often members (or graduates) of the medical faculties. Like all National Socialist organizations, the NSDDB was based on the Führer principle . From the establishment of the institution until June 1944, the surgeon Walter “Bubi” Schultze was the “Reichsdozentenführer” . After taking office, he made his planned administration in 1935 clear. First he had all party comrades recorded among the university professors. But the party badge on the lapel alone is not enough for leading positions; one also has to be able to “push the opposition to the wall”. In addition to the partisan attitude, the recognizable will and the ability to educate the youth in the National Socialist spirit, the “race question” in particular should become a decisive factor in higher education. In his inauguration speech for the Reich University of Strasbourg on November 23, 1941, Schultze declared that the aim of the university was to “ eradicate ” everything “un-German” from the “world of thought of our people”. Because of misconduct to the detriment of a party member, he was removed from office in 1944 by the Nazi Party Court and replaced by " Reichsstudentenführer " Gustav Adolf Scheel . Scheel was also a doctor.

In order to anchor the National Socialist ideology among the lecturers, four academic academies of the Nazi lecturers' association were set up. They were at the universities of Giessen, Göttingen, Kiel and Tübingen. But the effectiveness of the Lecturer Association was limited by the chaos of offices typical of National Socialism, the imprecise delimitation of the official districts and competencies. Most of the time, conflicts arose with the Rosenberg Office , which claimed university policy as its sovereign territory. The NSDDB's ally in these conflicts was often the Hess office . In addition, the effect of the NSDDB was limited by the often poor reputation of its leaders in the universities. Many had a reputation for wanting to compensate for a lack of scientific reputation and competence with party-oriented over-zeal.

A special kind of scientific advanced training was the so-called “camp work”, which was supposed to take the place of the old-style congresses and aimed at the mental alignment of the participants.

At the University of Leipzig , whose range of courses was changed in 1933 by the Saxon Ministry of Education in the National Socialist sense as a model through a three-stage concept of political education, the NSD Student Union, on the initiative of training director Helmut Merzdorf , ran an office for political training together with the NSDDB , which was responsible for the Students was the first stage of political indoctrination. Then they went into the supervision of the seminar for political education under the NS-Gau training leader and later senior government councilor Werner Studentkowski , who created a lecture program with many university lecturers, and finally to that of the seminar for politics under the newly appointed and enlarged institute. for political science Hans Freyer , who also became a leader in the NSD lecturers' association. In 1936 the second stage was transferred to the NSD student union as a national political seminar under Wilhelm Matthias , who was directly subordinate to the rector and from 1939 was also a lecturer in folklore at the University for Teacher Education in Leipzig. In 1940 the whole concept was declared a failure and dissolved.

With the Control Council Act No. 2 of October 10, 1945, the NSDB was banned by the Allied Control Council and its property was confiscated.


  • Reich conference of the scientific academies of the NSD lecturers' association. Annual volumes of the scientific academies of the NSD lecturers' association. Ed. Reich lecturer tour. Lehmann . Munich 1939ff.
  • War lectures. Christian Albrechts University . Dedicated to the NSD Lecturer Association, the NSD Student Association and the Schleswig-Holstein University Society. Kiel 1939/1940 ("Kiel University Week")
  • Wolfgang Benz , Hermann Graml and Hermann Weiss (eds.): Encyclopedia of National Socialism . 5th updated and expanded edition, dtv, Munich 2007.
  • Helmut Heiber : University under the swastika . Saur, Munich 1991-1994, part 1: ISBN 3-598-22629-2 ; T. 2, part volumes 1–2: ISBN 3-598-22628-4 .
  • Anne Christine Nagel : "He's the horror of the university in general". The National Socialist German Lecturer Association in the Science Policy of the Third Reich , in: Joachim Scholtyseck, Christoph Studt (Ed.): Universities and Students in the Third Reich , Berlin 2008, pp. 115–132.

Individual evidence

  1. Abbreviations on
  2. ^ Opening of the university week at the University of Würzburg by the rector Prof. Dr. E. Seifert on November 17, 1938 with a speech by the Gaudozentenbundführer Prof. Dr. Cl. Gift In: Würzburg University Speeches. Volume 4, 1938, pp. 13-31.
  3. Dirk Mahsarski: Herbert Jankuhn (1905 to 1990). A German prehistorian between National Socialist ideology and scientific objectivity . Verlag Marie Leidorf, Rahden, Westf. 2011, ISBN 978-3-89646-459-0 (Diss.Göttingen 2009), p. 79.
  4. See Volker Losemann : National Socialism and Antiquity on the antiquity specialist camps . Studies on the development of ancient history 1933–1945 . Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 1977 (series Historische Perspektiven 7), ISBN 3-455-09219-5 , pp. 94-107, 226-229. See also Hans Drexler , who was particularly committed to such camps in 1941 and 1942.
  5. Carsten Heinze : The pedagogy at the University of Leipzig in the time of National Socialism 1933-1945. Klinkhardt, Bad Heilbrunn 2001 partly online
  6. Kiel and Tübingen