Saxon State Ministry for Culture

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Saxon State Ministry for Culture
- SMK -

Coat of arms of the Free State of Saxony
State level country
position Supreme state authority
founding 1990
Headquarters Dresden , Saxony
Authority management Christian Piwarz
Budget volume 3.16 billion euros (2016)
Web presence
View of the building of the two state ministries for finance and culture

The Saxon State Ministry for Culture (SMK) is the Ministry of Culture and is a supreme state authority of the Free State of Saxony with its seat in the state capital Dresden . It has been the highest school authority since the Free State was founded in 1990. Since December 18, 2017, the State Ministry has been headed by Christian Piwarz ( CDU ) as Minister of State for Culture , State Secretary is Herbert Wolff . The Ministry is located in the west wing of the Ministry of Finance building at Carolaplatz  1 in Dresden's government district in the Inner Neustadt .

Responsibilities of the Ministry

At the school level, the Ministry is responsible for general and vocational school systems as well as supraregional issues of educational policy . It prepares school development plans and lays down guidelines for school building and its equipment. Teachers' affairs are also the responsibility of the Ministry. It is responsible for their advanced and advanced training, teaching examinations and for training and examination regulations.

The Ministry works together with the State Education Council, the State Parents' Council and the State School Council . It approves model tests in schools and independent schools. It develops the curricula for the different types of school and is intended to promote the learning of foreign languages ​​as well as the relationships between religious communities and the state. In addition, the Ministry should contribute to the cultural promotion in schools, for example by organizing and supporting school competitions or youth encounters .

Another area of ​​responsibility of the ministry is home care .

Until March 2012, the State Ministry for Culture and Sport was also responsible for Saxon sports policy. It had the task of the latitude and the competitive sports to promote, promote the sports facilities and contribute to the financing of sport. However, Prime Minister Stanislaw Tillich transferred this area of ​​responsibility to the responsibility of the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior .

The ministry is responsible for the school :

organization structure

The Saxon State Ministry for Culture consists of the offices of the State Minister and State Secretary and the press office. Thereafter there are four departments , each of which has departments assigned (e.g. department 11 to department 1). The departments are as follows:

  • Department 1: Central Services
  • Department 2: Teachers and Resources
  • Department 3: Principle, Vocational Schools
  • Department 4: General education schools, day care for children

Subordinate business area

The following authorities are subordinate to the Ministry ( Section 11 SächsVwOrgG).

The Saxon Education Agency (SBA), based in Chemnitz , was mainly responsible for school supervision. In addition, she was responsible for the training of trainee teachers and trainee teachers.

The Saxon Education Agency had five regional offices. The regional office in Bautzen (SBAB) was responsible for the district of Bautzen and the district of Görlitz , the agency in Chemnitz (SBAC) for the independent city of Chemnitz, the Erzgebirgskreis and the district of Central Saxony , the regional office of Dresden (SBAD) was responsible for the independent city of Dresden , the district of Meißen and the district of Saxon Switzerland-Eastern Ore Mountains . The regional office Leipzig (SBAL) was responsible for the independent city of Leipzig, the district of Leipzig and the district of North Saxony , Zwickau (SBAZ) was responsible as the regional authority for the district of Zwickau and the Vogtland district.

The Saxon State Institute for Education and School Development (Comenius Institute) , based in Radebeul , was merged in 2007 with the Saxon Academy for Teacher Training and the Saxon Evaluation Agency to form the Saxon Educational Institute (SBI), which provided various services for the SMK, including the creation of curricula and teacher training. It operated a branch office as a training and conference center at Siebeneichen Castle in Meißen .

The Saxon Education Agency and the Saxon Education Institute were merged into the Saxon State Office for Schools and Education (LaSuB) on January 1, 2018. The President of the State Office is Ralf Berger.

Predecessor authorities

A culture ministry existed from 1831 until the state of Saxony was dissolved in 1952, albeit under different names: since 1831 the ministry of cult and public education , since around the end of the 19th century the ministry of cult and public education , since 1923 the ministry for popular education (up to 1952). Until 1926, the ministry also held key management functions for the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Saxony .

Direct forerunners of the Ministry of Cultus and Public Education before 1831 were the Upper Consistory and the Council of Churches in Dresden.

Ministers of the previous authorities were:

Today's school system in Saxony

After the four-year elementary school, there is a division into grammar school and high school . The educational recommendation for the grammar school has been in place since 2010 with a grade point average of 2.0 for the subjects German, mathematics and general science . In 2005, the limit was lowered from 2.0 to 2.5; the black and yellow state government repealed this change in 2010 and, in addition to German and mathematics, introduced non-technical subjects as the average school subject. Since 2017, children can be registered at the grammar school with the educational recommendation for secondary school.

In the grammar school , the fifth and sixth grades have an orienting function; a change to another type of school is possible. From the eighth grade onwards, there are profiles, the tenth grade prepares for the upper school level . In the eleventh and twelfth grades, courses (basic courses / advanced courses, with the option of deselecting subjects) are taught and assessed using the point system. The high school graduated a student after twelve years, it's written are final exams centrally placed. With the Abitur, the graduate acquires the general university entrance qualification.

In the Oberschule ( middle school until 2013 ) there is an orientation level in the fifth and sixth grades, a change to another type of school is possible, but difficult due to the (mostly) lack of instruction in a second foreign language. From the seventh grade onwards, there is a separation into secondary and secondary school students . Depending on how the school is organized, they can still attend a class together, but the main subjects German , mathematics , English , physics , chemistry , and biology are taught separately. There is also a profile subject from the seventh grade onwards . Hauptschule students leave school after the ninth grade, either with or without an examination ( qualifying Hauptschule certificate ). At the end of the tenth grade, secondary school students usually have four written exams and up to two oral exams. These are German (possibly Sorbian in Lusatia ), mathematics, English (consists of a written and an oral part) and a natural science subject (biology, chemistry or physics). After evaluating the written exams, the student is informed of the subject in which they will be examined orally. This is requested by the student and determined by the teachers. After consultations in which the subject matter is repeated, the oral examination follows. The examination committee usually consists of the headmaster and two subject teachers. The final grade consists of 50 percent preliminary grade and 50 percent examination grade.

After high school or high school, there is the option of dual training (company and vocational school ) or vocational school . For high school students there is the possibility to acquire the Abitur (general higher education entrance qualification) at a vocational high school in three years . In addition, there is the possibility as a high school student in two years at a technical college  - with a completed vocational training (subject-related) in one year - to achieve the technical college entrance qualification .

There is also a branch of special schools .

The Saxon State Ministry of Culture operates the Saxon school database, which is available online , together with the Technical University of Dresden and the State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony .

Education policy decisions since 1990

The School Act of July 3, 1993 forms the basis of the school system. Section 1 determines the upbringing and educational mandate through the right of every young person to an upbringing and education corresponding to his or her abilities and inclinations, regardless of origin or economic situation. Following the Christian tradition in the European cultural area, the students should be taught values ​​such as reverence for the living, love of neighbor, peace and preservation of the environment, love of home, moral and political sense of responsibility, justice and respect for the convictions of others, professional ability, social action and a free, democratic attitude is conveyed (para. 2).

Since the German reunification , there have been repeated examinations of teachers after previous work for the Stasi .

After the PISA study in the German educational landscape, a comparison was made between the individual German countries . The state of Baden-Württemberg and the Free States of Bavaria and Saxony achieved the best results. In 2004, as part of the creation of new curricula, the Comenius Institute, commissioned by the SMK, decided to abolish astronomy as an independent subject at high school and high school (tenth grade) and to incorporate it into physics; just be history and geography treated only until the ninth grade and tenth grade either mandatory deepened.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Budget 2015/2016. (PDF; 2.3  MB ) Master plan, budget law, master plans, overviews of budget plans. (No longer available online.) In: Saxon State Ministry of Finance (SMF), p. 19 , archived from the original on February 23, 2016 ; accessed on February 23, 2016 .
  2. Organization chart. (PDF; 0.2  MB ) (No longer available online.) In: State Ministry of Culture, January 8, 2018, archived from the original on January 20, 2018 ; accessed on January 19, 2018 .
  3. ^ Pages of the Saxon Education Agency
  4. ^ VwV Organization SBA / SBI
  5. Jana Schulz: Added value through minorities? Current problems of the Sorbian education system. In: Matthias Theodor Vogt, Jan Sokol, Dieter Bingen, Jürgen Neyer, Albert Löhr (eds.): Minorities as added value. Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2010, pp. 491–532 (here: p. 516 and note 47).
  6. REVOSax state law Saxony - Law for the further development of the school system in Saxony. Retrieved August 15, 2017 .
  7. Communication and Public Relations Department: President - State Office for Schools and Education. Retrieved January 19, 2018 .
  8. Change to secondary school types