Saxon State High School Sankt Afra
|Saxon State High School Sankt Afra in Meissen|
|Front view of the school building|
|type of school||Gymnasium with boarding school for students with highly and multi-talented students|
|founding||1543 (founded in 2001)|
|carrier||Free State of Saxony|
(female 129: male 133)
(female 21: male 20)
(headmistress, since August 1, 2008)
(boarding school director, since April 2009)
The Sächsisches Landesgymnasium Sankt Afra zu Meißen is a grammar school for gifted students in the Free State of Saxony based in Meißen . The school body is the Saxon State Ministry for Culture . It bears the name of Saint Afra , patron saint for the city and diocese of Augsburg . Sankt Afra is - together with the Pforta State School in Saxony-Anhalt - one of the few state-sponsored educational institutions of its kind in Germany. Boarding school care, rent and meals are chargeable.
The Saxon State High School Sankt Afra sees itself in the tradition of the “Princely State School St. Afra”, one of the three Princely Schools that were founded in 1543 and 1550 by Duke Moritz von Sachsen after the conversion of monasteries. The three princely schools are the oldest state schools in Germany.
In 2018 the school celebrated its 475th anniversary. The most famous graduates include Christian Fürchtegott Gellert , Ernst Schnabel , Samuel Hahnemann , Friedrich Naumann and Gotthold Ephraim Lessing .
Conception in the present
The state high school Sankt Afra zu Meißen accepts pupils in the new seventh and ninth grades at the beginning of each school year. A two-day selection process takes place for this purpose. For career changers, a change to Sankt Afra is only possible if a place in the respective year has become free and an entrance examination has been passed.
The Landesgymnasium Sankt Afra has a generalist profile and offers specializations in linguistic / intercultural, mathematical / scientific, artistic / aesthetic and musical fields.
From these directions, the students can deepen themselves in the context of various Addita. At least two of these four specializations must be chosen.
Special emphasis is placed on intellect, tolerance and likelihood during the lessons.
Languages offered are Latin , Ancient Greek , French , Russian & Spanish . All students learn at least three foreign languages. From the 9th grade onwards, a fourth foreign language is offered as a specialization; interested students can choose between Spanish and Russian. In addition, Swedish and Italian can be learned in a working group.
Classes are held in double lessons, of which a normal day has three. In contrast to other schools, there are two double lessons on Saturday mornings.
For students who are particularly interested in certain topics, there is the concept of the learning contract in Afra. This enables the students to work on a specific topic parallel to class time.
In the eighth and ninth grades there are term papers in Afra, which are carried out three times a year on varying topics. In the 10th grade there is a larger technical work on a free topic, which is considered as preparation for the special learning achievement in the upper level. In addition to basic lessons (Fundamentum) and advanced lessons (Additum I), there is also the option of competitive advanced training (Additum II) in Sankt Afra. The subject teachers decide on participation in Additum II, but not on participation in competitions.
In the ninth and tenth grades, history lessons take place in English for six months. Depending on the personnel situation, the history lesson, for example biology, is held bilingually for a semester. There is also Addita in English.
In the upper level at the Sankt Afra state high school, a third advanced course is taught in addition to the workload of a regular Saxon high school. In contrast to other Saxon special schools, in Sankt Afra the range of combination options for advanced courses is more extensive. The possible combinations correspond to the specifications of the Saxon Ministry of Culture, for example art, music or sports performance courses cannot be selected, mathematics and German cannot be graded. Nevertheless, the students can also enroll in unusual advanced courses in this context, for example an advanced Greek course was held in Saxony for the first time in 2006, but natural sciences in combination are also possible.
At the decision of the Saxon Ministry of Culture, no English was taught in upper secondary level in Sankt Afra because the increase in knowledge was too low. In some cases, topics that are normally taught in the advanced English course have already been included in the curriculum for the 9th / 10th grade. Built in class. The reform of the upper secondary school in Saxony, which has been in effect since the school year 2008/09, repealed this regulation and since then English has been offered at least as a basic course. In addition, there are opportunities for students to improve their English in Sankt Afra; In addition to an elective basic course in English Literature , working groups are also offered.
The range of special elective basic courses offers students additional options. There is an Italian and English Literature elective basic course, but also an elective basic course in language and theater and astronomy .
In cooperation with the TU Dresden and with the support of the Deutsche Telekom Foundation, the St. Afra State High School offers the possibility of early studies. Students in grades 9 to 12 can take part in everyday academic life at TU Dresden if they perform well in a few selected subjects. If the university's final exams are passed, the respective semester course can be counted towards a later degree.
Special learning achievement
The special learning achievement (BeLL) at the Landesgymnasium Sankt Afra is analogous to the technical work to be done voluntarily in Saxony as part of the Abitur. However, it is not optional for students at the Landesgymnasium. The BeLL is provided during the 11th and 12th grades. The work will then be defended in a colloquium .
All works submitted will be included in the library's holdings.
Students from the state high school in Sankt Afra take the Saxon central high school diploma .
The time at the Landesgymnasium Sankt Afra ends with the receipt of the Abitur certificate and the handover of the "Afra certificate". In this, the career and successes are summarized.
Since the 2011/12 school year, the State High School Sankt Afra has been able to acquire the International Baccalaureate Diploma in addition to the Saxon Abitur .
Internationality and school partnerships
At the Landesgymnasium Sankt Afra a several weeks to max. a trimester ongoing student exchange abroad possible. At certain times there are exchange students, mainly from France and Mexico, who live together with the other students in the boarding school.
The Landesgymnasium Sankt Afra takes part in some international projects and competitions, in which there is also close transnational cooperation with other schools. These include in particular the Comenius program of the European Union , the Brigitte Sauzay program for German-French school exchanges and the cooperation agreement with the foreign language school in Wuhan , China .
The school supports the pupils in obtaining language diplomas , for example by reimbursing travel expenses. Many French learners take the opportunity to receive the DELF , but there are a few students who take other language certificate exams.
As part of the targeted support additum II , the students can take part in various competitions. The successes include first places in the federal foreign languages competition , the federal computer science competition , the federal youth debates competition , the Federal President's history competition, and youth research .
The premises of the St. Afra State High School are often used for regional and national events. The auditorium is one of the venues for the annual piano festival in Meißen. Lectures and demonstrations are also carried out here by outsiders or are open to people from Meißen and the surrounding area, for example concerts.
|date||Charity runner||Donation amount||Donation target|
|July 15, 2006||127||€ 2,290||Meissen library|
|June 16, 2007||136||€ 5,143||Youth theater group Meißen|
|June 14, 2008||?||€ 4,000||Meißner Tafel / KAFF children's and youth center|
|June 12, 2009||85||€ 4,800||Playground in Meißner Käthe-Kollwitz-Park|
|June 12, 2010||81||€ 3,451||Children's Center Elblandklinikum Meißen|
|June 11, 2011||Children's city guide "In the footsteps of the Meissen goose boy"|
|June 29, 2013||
Those affected by the flood in June 2013
(originally planned: renovation of the Afra organ )
|2015||> € 7,000||Buntes Meißen eV|
|May 13, 2017||
Restoration of the monument at the Meissen rock of the gods and
partner school Nghunghunyani High School in Soweto / South Africa
The students of the state high school have been campaigning for projects in Meißen since 2006 through the Meißner donation run initiative , together with the Franziskaneum high school in Meißen. The idea of the charity run came from an aid group for the victims of the 2004 tsunami . Schoolchildren, but also amateur athletes, run in the charity run. For each completed round there are predetermined funds from sponsors. There is growing interest from both sides.
The services at the Landesgymnasium Sankt Afra are various non-profit projects that take place outside the school but are organized centrally. Every pupil in grades 9 and 10 chooses an activity for one year, such as helping in a kindergarten or a nursing home, and gets involved there at least once a week. Some students go beyond this in their commitment and sometimes also participate in their projects in the upper school.
Maintenance of the "Afra vineyard" can also be selected as a service. Since February 2006 the interested schoolchildren have been involved in viticulture and have acquired basic knowledge of winemaking. The "Rosengründchen" vineyard originally leased for this purpose is located in the Elbe Valley on the edge of Meissen. Later there was a change to the south side of the inner-city castle hill , which belongs to the single location "Ratsweinberg". Ratsweinberg and Rosengründchen are locations in the Spaargebirge area in the Meissen wine-growing area .
The Landesgymnasium took part in the Social Day for the first time in 2007 . On July 17, 2007, all students exchanged the “school desk for the workbench”. At the moment, the students of the state high school Sankt Afra take part every two years, alternating with the charity run, in the Saxony-wide campaign “ genialsozial - your work against poverty ”, where they work for one day in regional companies and donate their wages to social projects. In the school year 2018/2019 the project day “ genialsozial - your work against poverty ” took place instead of a sponsored run after the students had voted on it.
Life in boarding school
After the first breakfast, a 20-minute early council will take place in the auditorium of the school building at 7:40 a.m. This is part of the school concept and at the same time a platform for organizational matters. In the news section, a student informs about current events from the press. In the cultural part, a freely chosen scientific or social topic is dealt with or a work of art or music is presented. Organizational information concludes.
At 8:00 a.m., lessons begin for middle school students in double lessons with a half-hour break inserted between each. There is no ringing for a break. After the first double lesson, the second breakfast is served in the cafeteria, after the third lunch is served.
On all weekdays except Wednesday, the study period, which is compulsory up to the ninth grade, begins after a one-hour break, during which the students learn, rework and pursue academic activities. There are various options in the school building: collection, silent (rest) or expert rooms, in which subject teachers or advanced students offer their help on technical topics. Group rooms are available for group work. The competition deepening ( additum 2 ) also takes place during this time.
The Addita take place in the late afternoon . Pupils who have not taken all of the four additional areas (artistic / aesthetic, linguistic / intercultural, mathematical / scientific or musical) can use the time for other purposes. On Wednesdays, instead, the work in a workshop is offered for grades 7/8. The students have the choice between different craft / artistic activities. The students of the 9./10. Class get involved in their services . These activities will end at 5:45 pm for the middle school dinner.
In the internal gymnastics / multi-purpose hall there are performance groups in the team sports of foot, volleyball, hand or basketball, floorball , gymnastics and gymnastics, judo and badminton. There are also dance courses or yoga organized by the students themselves. There is an on-site sports field, table tennis and an outdoor chess field. There are working groups for languages, Model United Nations , Business @ School , stock market simulation game , and there is a school and a gospel choir. Concerts and theater performances by both students and artists take place in the auditorium, concerts and opera visits take place. At home time between 8 p.m. and 10 p.m. during the week, depending on the grade level, all students should be back in their boarding school buildings. The boarding school mentor walks through the rooms in his area and is available as a contact person and supervisor.
Every three to four weeks, the students drive to their families. You usually leave Friday noon and come back on Monday evening. On weekends when the students are in the boarding school, there are instead two lessons on Saturday mornings. Afterwards, the school assembly informs about current international or school trends. Competition awards are presented and organizational information is given. Sometimes excursions are undertaken at the weekend, such as home, skiing or paddling weekends, cultural offers in other cities or other things.
Celebrations and events
Life in the boarding school is determined by many annually recurring festivals and events, each of which is organized by different class levels. These include the autumn festival and the costume ball (Mardi Gras). The summer festival is the festive highlight of the year.
In the run-up to Christmas, the formal dinner takes place, an evening together with food and musical accompaniment in the cafeteria, at which all students and teachers appear in festive clothing. The Colloquium Afranum takes place in a similar way, to which various guests (including Roland Wöller and Werner Patzelt ) are invited, a social lecture is given and the evening finally ends with a buffet and talks.
Boarding school and architecture
The boarding school area is characterized by its landscape concept. The architectural office Friedrich und Partner emerged as the winner from an architecture competition with 350 submissions .
The existing boarding school building was demolished and replaced by smaller building units that are based on the cityscape of Meissen with its stairs and alleys. The natural parking situation on the slope was preserved, and the large gym and cafeteria buildings were built into the slope and partially underground.
Middle and high school are divided into two villages separated by a road . In the Mittelstufendorf there are five two-story and four four-story houses, in the Oberstufendorf all four houses each have three floors. On each floor there are four double rooms, two separate toilets, a shared bathroom with three shower cubicles and four sinks as well as a common room with a kitchenette, telephone and television. There are also two storage rooms and a laundry room on each floor.
The gender-separated school houses are looked after by a boarding school mentor who lives in his own house in the immediate vicinity. The boarding school mentor is also a teacher at the grammar school, but with a lower number of hours. There are two different "house numbers" for the four-story buildings in the middle-tier village, so that each boarding mentor takes care of two floors. In Oberstufendorf, a mentor looks after an entire house with three floors due to the greater personal responsibility of the students.
The Afranian landscape concept is characterized by natural meadows.
A student cafeteria has existed in the space above the cafeteria for several years . It bears the name "Inconceivable" and is open to all Afranians. The cafeteria is a student company . This means that it is completely entertained by students who volunteer there on weekdays and on weekends.
In an election among the students at the beginning of the school year, two student representatives and the members of the school council are determined. The student representative candidates must first answer questions from the student body regarding their requirements and goals for the new year in a student assembly.
Each house in the boarding school also elects a house spokesman ("inspector"), who can have a say in international problems and events in the inspectors' conference. In addition, speakers are elected for the individual floors, who represent an additional contact person for the students on the respective floor.
Some inspectors take part in the school council as well as the elected students. This is the main body of student responsibility . In addition, the headmaster and the deputy headmaster, the student representatives and several teachers as well as guests who are dependent on current issues are invited to the school council. The school council makes decisions through votes. The student representatives have no votes. One member of the school council is appointed as president and one as recorder to present the decisions to the students. The school board also takes on representative functions at events such as the open house.
In the cafeteria, too, students take on various tasks and functions. Every day, two students support the cafeteria staff as canteen staff and set tables or ensure cleanliness. They are supported by the cafeteria organization staff ( MOS ), a group of selected students who monitor compliance with the rules of conduct in the cafeteria.
The school newspaper afranium appears up to four times a year at the Landesgymnasium . Between 20 and 30 students usually work on an issue. The afranium has already been among the top places at the Saxon Youth Journalist Award in the high school category several times. A first place was achieved in 2004 and 2008. Even the national Mirror school newspaper competition has afranium successfully participated. In 2004 the school newspaper was awarded the Saxon Youth Media Prize.
In 2004, the Altafraner e. V. founded, in which the graduates of the school, called Altafraner, organize. The goals are further contact between the Altafranians and also with the students. Scholarships and honors are given to particularly committed schoolchildren or study information events are held.
Furthermore, the Association of Friends and Supporters of the Saxon State High School St. Afra e. V. This goes back to an initiative of seven founding members of the school and supports in particular charitable purposes and projects in the school and the development of an exchange with other schools.
The much-discussed thesis comes from the important pedagogue Friedrich Paulsen that the three Saxon princely schools had been the most efficient university preparatory institutions in the Protestant-German-speaking area since 1543.
A wide variety of documents relating to the history of the school, its teachers and students since 1543 can be found in the archives of the Fürstenschüler Foundation , which is located in Grimma in the St. Augustin high school and was rebuilt and maintained from 1992 to 2010 by the honorary member of the Altafran, Kurt Schwabe .
To the historical names
When the monasteries emptied in the wake of the Reformation, the question arose of what should be done with the buildings and the considerable property. Duke Moritz von Sachsen decided to set up schools in three of these monasteries. This created schools that were run by the sovereign, i.e. state schools.
This is where the historical names of these schools come from - they were electoral schools, i.e. “ princely schools ”. In addition, they were schools in or for the ruler's sphere of influence, i.e. for the electorate, for the kingdom (from 1806), for the Free State of Saxony (from 1919) - in short for the "Land", from which the name " Landesschulen " resulted .
Reformation and the state school
In connection with the Luther Decade and the anniversary “500 years of the Reformation ” in 2017, Volker Beyrich points out that the three princely schools in Schulpforta , Meißen and Grimma had intended “stabilizing effects” on the Reformation, as the text of the deed of foundation shows: The schools should be founded "so that there is no shortage of church servants over time", that is, enough excellently trained state school leavers should be available in good time to study theology, graduates who will later work as pastors in Evangelical Lutheran congregations or higher could exercise church offices. For example, according to Beyrich's research, 15 of the 25 boys who were admitted to the school in Grimma in the founding year 1550 and for whom the later profession is known, studied theology. Studies of 550 schoolchildren who attended the Grimma State School from 1701 to 1750 showed that more than 40 percent of them later exercised church professions - that is, the relative majority.
The Reformation made the state schools possible in the first place - both in terms of content and material. Conversely, according to Beyrich, the state schools contributed “not insignificantly to the stabilization of the Reformation and the Evangelical Lutheran Church: They also contributed to the strengthening of the Saxon rectory, which over the centuries was not only for the Christian faith and the Evangelical Lutheran Church played a major role, but for the entire cultural development of Saxony. "
The history of the grammar school goes back to the 16th century. In the course of the Reformation introduced in Saxony by Duke Heinrich from 1539 , the monastery of the Augustinian Canons Saint Afra was dissolved.
In 1543, Duke Moritz von Sachsen put an advice from Georg von Carlowitz , which he had given him in 1537, into action: On May 21, 1543, he enacted the "New State Regulations", with which in the Von Dreyen section the permanent basis for new schools the Princely and State Schools Schulpforta (1543) near Naumburg , St. Afra (1543) in Meißen and - after the veto of the Bishop of Merseburg against the establishment of such a school in his city - St. Augustin (1550) in Grimma .
Moritz gave precise instructions about all things concerning St. Afra and the two sister schools, from the location of the school to the clothes of the students. The renovation of the former St. Afra monastery building began in April 1543 under Johann Rossbach.
The humanist and most important school reformer in Saxony at the time, Johann Rivius , the legal scholar Georg von Komerstadt and Baron Ernst von Miltitz auf Batzdorf , builder of Siebeneichen Castle, were key advisors in founding the Princely Schools . The opening of the school is dated July 3, 1543 by the town chronicler and later rector Georg Fabricius . There is no document to prove this. The term “ Princely School ” for the three “Princely State Schools” only emerged in the second half of the 19th century, although the content was incorrect, because talented non-aristocratic students from Albertine Saxony were also educated at the Princely School - if penniless, then at the cost of the country - brought up in the spirit of evangelical faith and humanism . As the proportion of students from middle-class families increased and the graduates mostly worked in the state administration of the prince after completing their university studies, the prince became more independent of the interests of the nobility. In 1546, Georg Fabricius , who was just 30 years old, was appointed rector of the school. During his 25-year term in office, he shaped the teaching at the Princely School and laid the foundation for its tradition.
In 1549 the noble school inspectorate was introduced, which existed until 1831. The school inspectors mediated between the interests of the Rector of the Princely School and the state government, which was replaced from 1606 by the senior consistory as the highest school authority. Furthermore, professors from Leipzig University carried out visits ( visitationes ) every year up to 1700 in order to assess the level of performance of the students. In 1555 the school grounds were expanded to include two former canons and in 1570/71, for the economic consolidation of the Princely School, the confiscated ( secularized ) church property was given to the school. This church property included u. a. the property of the former Benedictine monastery of the Holy Cross near Meißen , which owned many fields, forests and meadows in the Jahnatal , in Gasern and the later municipality of Fischergasse . The economic situation of the Princely School remained difficult for decades. With the enactment of the “Electoral Church and School Regulations” by Elector August in 1580, the ecclesiastical was given a much greater importance in teaching than before. Otherwise, the students in the Princely Schools were mainly taught in Latin and Greek , in the Prima also a little in astronomy .
From 1603 onwards, the Princely School received grants from the Procurate's assets. The proxy assets were formed from the former assets of the Meissen bishopric , which had been confiscated. Only in the second half of the 17th century (1664) did a system of school classes emerge. For the majority of the lessons, the students were divided into "upper" ( superiores ) and "lower" ( inferiores ). In the case of written work, each class was subdivided into two further sub-classes. Five years later - in 1669 - the “old boys' house” was built roughly on the site of today's south wing. It replaced an old canon court. In 1675 the “old sick castle” was built, which was located on the site of today's west wing. It contained both a bathroom and classrooms.
In 1702, after a long effort, the timetable was made more contemporary. The “superiores” now received one hour per week in astronomy / geography , the “inferiores” in mathematics / geography. In the Northern War of 1706, the Swedish soldiers quartered in Saxony for the winter and thus also in the Princely School after they had defeated the Saxon army near Fraustadt and occupied the electorate.
Great reform of 1713
The reform was laid down in the main electoral ordinance of December 5, 1727. This reform of the Princely School was intended to achieve financial consolidation on the one hand and a fundamental renewal of the curriculum on the other . Latin was still taught at the Princely School, which was previously exclusively based on philology, and remained a major. However, the number of lessons in Greek has been greatly reduced and mathematics lessons have been expanded. The first math teacher was hired in 1721. During his time at the Princely School (1729–1778), his successor, Albert Klimm , always endeavored to ensure that he had an equal position in the teaching staff. French was introduced into the curriculum as a modern foreign language as early as 1724 . Another new subject was introduced in 1728 with history lessons. To take account of the changed social conditions under August the Strong , a dance master was even hired in 1719 . In addition, brutal punishments and measures (such as whipping with whips ) have been abolished with the new school regulations .
In 1716 the “new boys' house” was built roughly on the southern part of today's east wing with 30 “cells”. Three to four students were housed in each cell. It was only 94 years later that the old and new boys' houses were connected.
Gottlieb Wilhelm Rabener (from 1728 to 1734) and Christian Fürchtegott Gellert (from 1729 to 1733) attended the Princely School together. The enlightener and writer Gotthold Ephraim Lessing was a prince's pupil from 1741 to 1746. Johann Friedrich Ursinus , son of the gatekeeper and later founder of scientific research on the history of the city of Meissen, was taught at the Princely School from 1747 to 1753. Samuel Hahnemann was her student in the seventies of the century.
The school regulations for Albertine Saxony, enacted on March 17, 1773, meant that the previous extracurricular occupation with German literature now found its way into the curriculum of the Princely School as German lessons . In particular, the Rector Theophil Grabner , who worked from 1735 to 1750, had already made German poetry the subject of attention for students.
From 1779 to 1781 Friedrich Gustav Schilling was also a student at the Princely School. During this time he lived with the then Rector Müller. He recorded his impressions, which also address the grievances of the time, in his childhood memories.
Since 1811 the Princely School has been granted regular financial contributions from the state treasury, the income from property and the grants from the Procurate's assets continued to be sources of finance. A year later, the teaching staff worked with the school inspector, Baron Dietrich von Miltitz , on new school regulations. The class composition should be different for each lesson, a forerunner of the modern course system for high schools. In addition, the first regular holidays were introduced at the Princely School. On the three major church festivals, classes were canceled for one to two weeks, but the students stayed in school because traveling back home was not affordable before the age of the railroad. Furthermore, it was decided to celebrate the foundation festival on July 3rd every year and to begin with a morning devotion on the rock of the gods. In 1818 the school leaving examination was introduced - based on the Prussian model. At the other Saxon schools this did not happen until twelve years later. Some area expansions in 1823 in the west and north made it possible to create gardens in 1831. In 1830 the school ceded part of the monastery corridor to settlers who built the so-called " monastery houses " there. The widening of Nossener Strasse in 1837 required additional parts of the grounds of the Princely School.
From 1829 on, the student body was divided into four self-contained classes (Quarta, Tertia, Secunda, Prima), each comprising three decuria. The decuria were designed for half a year, resulting in the total school time of six years from the beginning of the quarters to the end of the prima. In 1831 the first drawing teacher was employed at the Princely School, four years later (1835) physical education was introduced and the students were allowed regular cold bathing in the Elbe, because there were separate washrooms only from 1846. Before that, the students washed themselves in the hallways or in their rooms.
For the 300th anniversary of the Princely School, former Afran donors donated an artistic iron cross on the rock of the gods above the Triebisch valley, the wooden predecessor was removed. The design came from Georg Friedrich Kersting , the head of painting at the Royal Porcelain Manufactory. After 1945 the cross was removed and replaced around 1958 by a simple cross made of U-shaped steel. The base from 1843 was retained. There are Latin inscriptions on it, which translate as follows: “In memory of the school's founding 300 years ago, the youngest Afrans at the University of Leipzig erected this cross to decorate the place of worship.” (North side); "Piety is the origin of happiness." (East side); “On July 2, 1843.” (south side); "I am enthroned high, I point even higher." (West side). Even today, the Afran people hike to the rock of the gods every year. [Translation from “450 Years of the St. Afra State School; St. Afra High School Meissen "]
In 1850, the Princely School bought the property, which is still known today as the “Professorenhaus”, on Freedom No. 8. Three official apartments for teachers were set up there. The side building was built in 1868 and rebuilt in 1908. In 1853 the old rectorate and the old diaconate were demolished and a park-like garden was created on the site. This so-called “small kennel” fell victim to the new school building of 1877. Today there is the festival meadow with the stone shower. The covered well shaft in the indentation of the surrounding wall on Seelensteig belonged to the old diaconate and is now incorrectly called the "Rector's Well". The property was expanded by 885 hectares in 1854, and the Brambach Forest was acquired. Later acquisitions expanded this property to 1106 hectares. Gas lighting was introduced in the Princely School in 1858 and 1859 - it was only replaced by an electrical system after the First World War . In 1868, under Rector Franke, the division of the student body was redesigned from four classes with three semesters each to six classes with one school year each. In 1875 the "Association of Former Princely Students" was founded, which all high school graduates used to join immediately. The solidarity of the students should therefore be preserved beyond the school days. The “Afraneralbum” by Kreyssig, published by the association, contributed to this, containing biographical data of all the princely students since 1543.
New building of the Princely School
On April 18, 1876, the demolition of the three-wing complex of the Princely School began under the rectorate of Hermann Peters. The demolition was completed in 1878. The foundation stone for the 666,800 Mark expensive new building took place on April 23, 1877, the birthday of King Albert of Saxony, but construction work had already started in autumn 1876. The design came from the state master builder Hartwig and provided for a neoclassical three-wing building. The new building was inaugurated on the foundation day of the 436 year old school - on July 3, 1879. The Saxon King Albert himself appeared at the inauguration ceremony . The building, which still exists today, provided enough space for students and teachers, but stood out from the cityscape. In 1879 the following inscription was added to the central risalit of the east wing: "Christo Patriae Studiis" (in German: The Christ, the fatherland, the zealous striving). It should represent the spirit of the school. The school garden was redesigned in 1891 and 1892 and now covered more than two hectares. The area previously known as the "small school field" had already been connected to the small kennel by a bridge over the "back wall" and converted into a stately garden. It was inaugurated on September 27, 1892.
On April 23, 1894, the statues of the founder of the school - Elector Moritz - and the reigning Saxon King Albert, who had sponsored the renovation, were unveiled on both sides of the entrance to the school yard. They came from the hand of the Dresden sculptor Hermann Hultzsch and had been donated by the Afrans on the 350th anniversary of the school in 1893. In March 1948 the two statues were removed again.
From the founding of the school to the end of the 19th century, the Meißen State and Princely School had attended around 9,100 students.
First World War
In August 1914, the entire senior class at the Princely School passed the emergency maturity examination in order to then join the army with five of the 13 teachers and the rector Johannes Poeschel. A memorial was dedicated on July 3, 1920 for the foundation festival for the 147 Afrans who fell in World War I. It is a quartzite boulder from the Jahnatal near Meissen, which has been provided with an inscription.
Due to the lack of pupils trained in Latin, a reform train was set up in 1924, in which Latin was started in the lower secondary and ancient Greek followed in the lower secondary. Five years later (1925) the Princely School accepted high-performing Quintans from all over Saxony - regardless of their knowledge of Latin - into a fourth class, which served as a preliminary class.
Time of the "Third Reich"
In the course of the synchronization of German schools under the government of the NSDAP , the Princely School became a " German Home School " on November 17, 1942 , which was subordinate to the Reich Security Main Office ( main office SS-Obergruppenführer Heissmeyer ) and the SS . This broke the tradition of the Princely School - especially with its humanistic educational ideal. As an external sign, the inscription "Christo Patriae Studiis" had already been removed from the entrance to the inner courtyard during the 1942 summer vacation. On the occasion of the 4th secular celebration on July 3, 1943, some pupils and teachers protested and complained in the speeches, so that the Nazi regime ordered a "personal cleansing".
Change of name of the school
Over the centuries the name of the school has been modified several times:
- 1543–1845: Land school / State school Meißen, in between also electoral state school Meißen (1555–1577)
- 1846–1871: Royal Saxon State School in Meissen (occasionally without "Saxon")
- 1872–1938: Princely and State School St. Afra in Meißen (until 1918 also Royal Saxon State or Princely School)
- 1938–1945: Princely School Meissen, state high school
After the Second World War
On May 6, 1945, the former princely school was occupied by the Red Army and heavily devastated. In the years to come, the purpose of the premises changed significantly. A teacher training institute was set up in 1946, which was converted into a training center for Russian teachers in 1947. In 1950, the facility became the SED's state party school before opening in 1953 as a college for agricultural production cooperatives, which it remained until 1991.
After the Peaceful Revolution in 1989 , the LPG University was closed in the summer of 1991 and the Meißen Evangelical Academy was awarded the building of the Ökonomiehof. The remaining buildings were initially used by the Free State of Saxony as intermediate quarters for the University of Applied Sciences of the Saxon Administration of Meißen , the establishment of which was decided on July 17, 1992 in the Saxon state parliament and announced on August 10 in the "Law on the Technical College of the Saxon Administration of Meißen".
St. Afra High School
Just ten days later - on August 20, 1992 - the "St. Afra-Gymnasium" was opened with a festive event in the maximum auditorium . The school was supported by the district office of Meißen. Hubert Kaiser became the first director. The school was supposed to build on the development of the former Princely School in a tradition-conscious manner as well as expand the European dimensions in the educational system, which was to be done in particular by teaching East and West European languages. In the 1992/93 school year, the grammar school had 805 students in 30 classes, 502 girls and 303 boys. They were taught by 45 teachers. However, only the area on the ground floor was available for this, as the other two floors were still used by the FHSV Meißen as a branch. Therefore, 17 classes from grades 5 to 7 were outsourced to the Neumarktschule. The development of the upper secondary level took place gradually from the school year 1993/94. Dietrich Streckfuß - the chairman of the former princely students 'association at the time - described the high proportion of girls in the 8th and 9th grades as "a remarkable peculiarity from a historical point of view", as this made it necessary to set up a separate girls' class.
Outside of class, the students were offered the study groups choir, technology, art, IT, sport, literature, theater and biology as well as learning Spanish or ancient Greek.
After renovating the building, building a sports hall, a cafeteria and several boarding houses, the “Saxon State High School” started operations in 2001. This was preceded by the development of a contemporary, future-oriented concept for the promotion of gifted children for this unique and traditional Saxon educational institution, with which the spirit of the old princely school was to be tied in, with significant impulses from the then Prime Minister Kurt Biedenkopf . Since then, around 300 highly gifted students in grades 7 to 12 have been taught in Sankt Afra every school year.
At this time, state boarding schools for particularly talented people were founded in other federal states: In 2003 the boarding school Schloss Hansenberg opened in Geisenheim, Hesse (this school, however, in contrast to Sankt Afra, is a purely upper-level high school); In 2004, Baden-Württemberg followed with the state grammar school for the gifted in Schwäbisch Gmünd , whose concept is strongly based on that of Sankt Afra.
In September 2007, the headmasters of the state grammar school and the foreign language school in Wuhan, China, signed an agreement with the province of Hubei as part of the Saxon cooperation agreement, in which various projects and cooperation at the level of pupils and teachers are planned. In the school year 2008/09 a Chinese foreign language assistant worked at the school and in October 2009 musicians from Sankt Afras went to Wuhan to give concerts in the event series Germany and China - Moving Together .
In 2007 , a counseling center for gifted students opened in Siebeneichen Castle in Meißen, the seat of the Saxon Academy for Teacher Training. In addition to the Saxon Ministry of Culture as the sponsor, the Karg Foundation also supports the advice center for the promotion of gifted children. Also in 2007 a school psychologist started her work at the Saxon State High School Sankt Afra.
Werner Maria Esser was the founding director and first headmaster . Ulrike Ostermaier has been running the school since the 2008/09 school year. The basic concept of the school should be retained.
All sorts of current figures and information about the grammar school can be found online in the Saxon school database .
When the library of St. Afra was founded is unknown. It is assumed that part of the book inventory of the Augustinian Canons' Monastery in Meißen, which was dissolved in the course of the Reformation , was taken over by the school. This would explain why the library of the Princely School, which was founded in 1543, already had a stock of 300 books, which was extensive for the time, in 1557. The most valuable book among them was a Bible from 1469. It is certain that Saint Afra had had a library since 1588 at the latest, because the school regulations of Elector Christian I from 1583 to 1591 first mention a separate budget for the library for this time . The rector of Sankt Afra, Andreas Lindemuth (1612–1664), left his extensive private collection to the school library after his death. Another donation was made by the school inspector Hans Adolf von Carlowitz .
In 1945, after the Russian occupation forces left, an LPG technical college was set up in the buildings of Sankt Afra. While the building outlived its eventful history, the holdings of the Bibliotheca Afrana were lost . A school library that was aware of its special importance and had grown over centuries was liquidated . Of the 24,000 volumes in the library before the war, around 13,000 were still preserved after the war.
An order from March 1948 by the Ministry of Public Education of the State Administration of Saxony dealt with the library of the Princely and State School. It stipulates the transfer of the extensive holdings from Meißen to Dresden to the former war archive on the grounds that St. Afra will no longer exist as a school and that the large library will not be sufficiently exploited. Therefore it should be made usable for the state of Saxony. It was agreed with the school chancellery to leave a number of works from the individual fields of knowledge as well as the foundation libraries in Meißen in order to keep them for the facility that would later open in St. Afra. The whereabouts of these books is unclear. When the library was handed over in 1948, around 4400 of the 13,000 remaining books in the school library were left in Meissen according to the takeover protocol. This inventory consisted of objects from the individual fields of knowledge as well as 800 volumes of special Afran literature. There is no information about the whereabouts of these books.
Of these, 8,000 went to the former war archive in Dresden, of which 2,000 were incorporated into the holdings of the State Library (today Saxon State Library - Dresden State and University Library ). The remaining 6,000 went to other Saxon libraries. The Leipzig University Library had already received around 1,000 volumes by interlibrary loan before the war . Another 4,400 books and the foundation libraries were supposedly left in Meißen; their whereabouts are unknown. Only a few manuscripts can be found in the city archive of Meißen.
After the school was re-established in 2001, a new library was set up, the holdings of which had to be rebuilt. With donations and the return of a number of books from the original collection, e.g. B. from the Saxon State Library - State and University Library Dresden , it was possible to provide the students of Sankt Afra with a library that they can use for research and borrowing.
Two valuable books from the 16th and 18th centuries with the old title “Bibliotheca Afrana” were in the History Library of the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel. Both volumes were returned in January 2007.
The Bibliotheca Afrana has the topic of a library science study from 1992: The diploma thesis illuminates the history of the library up to 1948.
Great Afranians and teachers of Santa Africa
Important Afrans before 2001
|Surname||Year of birth||Year of death||job||in Afra|
|Boerner Heirich Carl||1844||1921||Lawyer and President of the Dresden Higher Regional Court|
|Brause, Johann Friedrich Gottlob from||1763||1820||Lutheran theologian and superintendent of Eckartsberga and Freiberg||1775-1781|
|Chladenius, Carl Gottfried Theodor||1759||1837||Lawyer and Mayor of Großenhain|
|Drechsel, Karl Hans||1904||1946||NSDAP politician||1918-1924|
|Ende, Gotthelf Dietrich von||1726||1798||Minister in Bremen-Verden||until 1745|
|Hieronymus Eschenbach||1764||1797||Mathematician and translator||1776-1782|
|City of women Georg||1885||1968||Rector of the Princely School Grimma (1924–1938)||1899-1905|
|Friedemann, Friedrich Traugott||1793||1853||Nassau archive director and member of the state parliament||1805-1810|
|Gellert, Christian Fürchtegott||1715||1769||Enlightenment poet and moral philosopher||1729-1734|
|Göhre, Paul||1864||1928||Protestant theologian and politician|
|Hager, Ernst||1847||1895||Philologist, Goethe researcher|
|Hahnemann, Samuel||1755||1843||Doctor, medical writer and translator||until 1775|
|Hofmann, Rudolf||1825||1917||Protestant theologian|
|Ilberg, Johannes||1860||1930||Classical philologist and high school teacher||1873, 1874|
|Juncker, Christian||1668||1714||Pedagogue, translator, numismatist, librarian, historian, Luther biographer||1683-1687|
|Killinger, Manfred von||1886||1944||NSDAP politician and diplomat|
|Krause, Johann Friedrich||1770||1820||Evangelical Lutheran theologian||1784-1789|
|Kretzschmar, Ferdinand||1853||1923||Judge at the Dresden Higher Regional Court|
|Kreyssig, August Hermann||1811||1889||Pastor in Beicha, chronicler of the school||1823-1829|
|Kreyssig, Carl Traugott||1786||1837||Jurist, secret councilor in the Ministry of Justice in Dresden||1796-1800|
|Kuhn, Franz||1884||1961||Lawyer, sinologist and literary translator||1897-1903|
|Langbein, August Friedrich||1757||1835||Poet and novelist||1772-1777|
|Lennert, Rudolf||1904||1988||Theologian, teacher, educator and university professor||1919-1923|
|Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim||1729||1781||German Enlightenment poet||1741-1746|
|Naumann, Friedrich||1860||1919||Protestant theologian, liberal politician|
|Nestler, Waldus||1887||1954||Leipzig peace and reform pedagogue|
|Nitzsch, Karl Ludwig||1751||1831||Theologian , general superintendent, representative of rationalist supranaturalism||before 1770|
|Rabener, Gottlieb Wilhelm||1714||1771||German writer and publicist of the Enlightenment|
|Judge, Richard||1839||1901||German educator||from 1852|
|Schickert, Paul||1827||1905||German politician (conservative)|
|Schilling, Gustav Friedrich||1766||1839||Poet and fiction writer||1779-1781|
|Schnabel, Ernst||1913||1986||Writer and pioneer of radio features||until 1930|
|Schönfelder, Heinrich||1902||1944||Lawyer and NSDAP politician||1916-1922|
|Schröder, Max Otto||1858||1926||Politician and Saxon Minister|
|Seydewitz, Paul von||1843||1910||Saxon Minister||1856-1862|
|Seyfahrt, Gustav||1796||1885||Egyptologist||from 1800|
|Sillig, Johann Gottfried||1734||1792||Deacon in Chub||Abitur 1756|
|Stephan, Horst||1873||1954||Protestant theologian and publicist||Abitur in 1893|
|Thierfelder, Andreas||1903||1986||Classical philologist||Abitur in 1921|
|Thierfelder, Theodor||1824||1904||Mediciners||Abitur before 1841|
|Trench, Christian||1605||1677||didactic logician and metaphysician||1619, 1620|
|Unger, Friedrich August||1833||1893||doctor|
|Wendler, Michael||1610||1671||Moral philosopher and theologian||a few months 1622|
|Wonder, Eduard||1800||1869||Rector of the Princely School Grimma (1843–1866)||1816-1818|
|Zachariae von Lingenthal, Karl Eduard||1812||1894||Legal historian|
|Zychlinski, Leo von||1822||1897||Lawyer, portraitist and revolutionary|
- Princely School (1543–1945)
- Hermann Vulpius (1543–1546)
- Georg Fabricius (1546–1571)
- Friedrich Pensold (1571–1574)
- Matthias Dresser (1575–1581)
- Johann Ladislaus (1582–1592)
- Daniel Menius (1593-1609)
- Johann Bechmann (1609–1632)
- Michael Calert (1632-1635)
- Joachim Reichhard (1636–1637)
- unoccupied (1637–1642)
- Andreas Lindemuth (1642–1664)
- Johann Georg Wilke (1664-1691)
- Justus Gottfried Rabener (1691–1699)
- Andreas Kirsten (1699–1705)
- Johann Jacob Stübel (1705–1721)
- Johann Heinrich Martius (1722–1735)
- Theophilus Grabener (1735–1750)
- Johann Uhlisch (1751–1755)
- Johann Gottfried Höre (1755–1771)
- Johann Christoph Gottleber (1771–1785)
- Christian Friedrich Matthäi (1785–1789)
- Johann August Müller (1789–1804)
- Karl Heinrich Tzschucke (1804–1813)
- Christoph Gotthelf König (1813–1827)
- Johann Gottlieb Kreyziger (1827-29); provisionally
- Johann Daniel Schulze (1829-1832)
- Karl Wilhelm Baumgarten-Crusius (1833–1845)
- Ludwig Gottlieb Friedrich Franke (1845–1871)
- Hugo Ilberg (1871–1874)
- Hermann Peter (1874–1905)
- Johannes Poeschel (1905–1921)
- Otto Hartlich (1921–1934)
- Hans Kastner (1934-1943)
- Bernhard Hansen (1943–1945)
- St.-Afra-Gymnasium Meißen (re-established as a district high school 1992-2001)
- Hubert Kaiser (1992-2001)
- Saxon State High School (since 2001)
- Werner Maria Esser (2001-2008)
- Ulrike Ostermaier (since August 1, 2008)
Teacher of the Princely School
- Job Magdeburg (1543–1569)
- Peter Thomäus (1553–1588)
- Zacharias Hestius (1616-1624)
- Carl Wilhelm Ernst Heimbach (1789–1793)
- Christian Gottlieb Kluge the Younger (1775–1821)
- Johann Gottlieb Kreyziger (1814-1854)
- Jonathan August Weichert (1814-1819)
- Karl Heinrich Graf (approx. 1852–1869)
- Theodor Vogel (1866–1871)
- Heinrich Theodor Flathe (1867–1895)
- Otto Eduard Schmidt (1891–1905)
- Georg Fraustadt (1919–1924)
- Georg Heinrich Sappuhn (ius) (pseudonym: Geographus Laurentinus, son of the priest Georg Heinrich Sappuhn 1660–1721 in Lorenzkirch ): Ludi et epulae Afranae, feriis tam statis quam indictivis in illustri ludo Misenensi ad Albim quotannis celebrari solitae, utpote: l quotudiis celebrari solitae, utpote: anser Burcarchinus, encaenia, bacchanalia, purgatorium, vario carminum genere olim descriptae, quas nunc typis vulgatas condiscipulis quondam suis… Meißen 1710. (The collection of poems describes five Afranian festivals: the spring play, the Freßburckhard barrel, the fair: vulgo, the the Wantzenfest .)
- The jubilee of the royal state school St. Afra in Meissen . In: Illustrirte Zeitung . No. 6 . J. J. Weber, Leipzig August 5, 1843, p. 89-92 ( Wikisource ).
- Annual report of the Princely and State School St. Afra in Meissen . Meissen 1872–1936 ( digitized version 1881; 1884–1912; 1915; attachment to 1879).
- August Hermann Kreyssig : Afraner album. List of all students at the Royal State School in Meissen from 1543 to 1875, 8422 in number. Klinkicht, Meissen 1876.
- Theodor Flathe: Sanct Afra - history of the royal Saxon princely school in Meissen. , 1879. ( digitized version ).
- Ernst Schwabe : Contributions to the oldest history of the Princely School St. Afra in Meißen in “New Yearbooks for Classical Antiquity; History and German Literature and for Education ”; Ed. Ilberg / Gerth; Year 1902, Section II, Volume X, Issue 10.
- Georg Fraustadt : The Meissen Princely School . Scientific article on July 3, 1963, the 420th anniversary of the foundation. Published in the magazine "Das Altertum" , published on behalf of the Section for Classical Studies at the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin by Johannes Irmscher , Volume 11, Issue 4, Berlin 1965, pp. 243-256. In the archives of the Fürstenschüler Foundation in Grimma.
- St. Afra High School in Meissen: 450 years of the St. Afra State School; St. Afra High School, Meissen 1992.
- Maren Rethemeier: About Pennalism in the Saxon princely schools from the beginning to the end of the 19th century. Scientific work for the first state examination for the teaching profession for the primary level, Dortmund, August 1994
- Donatus Thürnau (Ed.): Perspectives - Festschrift on the occasion of the re-establishment of the State High School Sankt Afra zu Meißen , 1st edition, October 2001, ISBN 3-9803364-4-1 .
- Gerhard Arnhardt; Gerd-Bodo Reinert: The Princely and State Schools of Meißen, Schulpforte and Grimma - way of life and teaching over centuries. Weinheim 2002, ISBN 3-407-32015-9 .
- Jonas Flöter and Marita Pesenecker: Education for the Elite. The Princely and State Schools of Grimma, Meißen and Schulpforte around 1900 . Publication for the exhibition in the district museum Grimma. Leipzig 2003, ISBN 3-937209-33-6 .
- Jonas Flöter and Günther Wartenberg: The Saxon Princely and State Schools. Interaction between the Lutheran-humanistic ideal of upbringing and education for the elite. Writings on Saxon history and folklore 9, Leipzig 2004, ISBN 3-937209-46-8 .
- Ralf Thomas: The reorganization of the schools and the University of Leipzig (with section: The establishment of the princely schools ). Pp. 115–132 in: Helmar Junghans (Ed.): The Century of the Reformation in Saxony (published on behalf of the Working Group for Saxon Church History on the occasion of its 125th anniversary). 2nd, extended edition, Leipzig 2005. ISBN 978-3-374-02311-0 .
- Jonas Flöter: Education for the elite in Saxony. The educational system and social structure of the Saxon princely schools in Grimma and Meißen from the early days to the end of the Weimar Republic. University of Leipzig (331 sheets), habilitation paper, 2007.
- Jonas Flöter: Elite education in Saxony and Prussia. The Princely and State Schools Grimma, Meißen, Joachimsthal and Pforta (1868–1933) . Contributions to historical educational research 38. Cologne 2009. ISBN 978-3-412-20319-1 .
- Friedrich Gustav Schilling: The little Junker - A youth in old Saxony , Verlag Schilling & Kappelar, 2009, ISBN 978-3-00-029487-7 .
- Linda Wenke Bönisch: Universities and Princely Schools between War and Peace. A matriculation study on the Central German educational landscape in the denominational age (1563–1650) , Verlag epubli GmbH, Berlin 2013 , ISBN 978-3-8442-7505-6 . The universities of Alma mater Lipsiensis in Leipzig, Leucorea in Wittenberg, Salana in Jena, Alma mater Erffordensis in Erfurt and the princely schools of St. Afra in Meißen, St. Marien in Schulpforta and St. Augustin in Grimma are examined.
- Staatshochbauamt Dresden and Thoralf Piwonka: Landesgymnasium St. Afra Meißen - reconstruction and new buildings , Dresden, 2001
- Members of the Afranian College: Meissen and his Princely School - Afranisches Merkbuch , Association of former Princely Students , Dresden, 1929
- Otto Hartlich (Hrsg.): The Princely and State School St. Astra in Meissen in the years 1918–1922 , self-published, Meissen, 1922
- Constantin Theodor Angermann: The three hundred and fifty-year jubilee celebration of the princes and state school St. Afra in Meissen on July 3rd and 4th, 1893 , L. Mosche, Meißen, 1894
Other publications related to Sankt Afra
- Volker Beyrich : 1549: Duke Moritz clears the way for the Princely School in Grimma - Elector of Saxony regulates free education and enables sons of poorer city citizens access . In: Leipziger Volkszeitung , Muldental edition, June 4, 2018, p. 28 ("Topic of the day")
- Matthias Klöppel: The long way to school for a mastermind - some children are more talented than others. You will be able to read and write fluently by a few years. Use expressions you don't trust your peers. 13-year-old Niklas Moewes belongs in this category. That is why he now covers more than 130 kilometers on his way to school in a Saxon school for super brains. In: Leipziger Volkszeitung , Muldental edition, February 13, 2017, page 27 (full-page school portrait as "Topic of the day")
- Winfried Mahr: Sankt Afra - talent factory for Saxony's gifted people. Meißner Landesgymnasium attaches great importance to highly motivated students without airs. In: Leipziger Volkszeitung, April 21, 2015, p. 4 (detailed newspaper article)
- Volker Beyrich : Reformation and state schools - "... so that over time there is no shortage of church servants and other learned people ..." In: Leipziger Volkszeitung, Muldental edition, October 6, 2014, p. 29
- Volker Beyrich: A treasure trove in the St. Augustin archive of the Grimma Princely School houses a considerable collection on regional history. In: Leipziger Volkszeitung, Muldental edition, September 1, 2014, p. 32
- School homepage
- Association of Altafranians
- Archive on the history of the Saxon princely and regional schools St. Augustin zu Grimma and St. Afra zu Meißen "Kurt Schwabe Archive"
- Directory of Afrans, with addresses from 1970
- Exhibition Education for the Elite - The Princely and State Schools of Grimma, Meißen and Schulpforte around 1900. Grimma District Museum, December 15, 2003 - July 31, 2004
- The Saxon Princely and State Schools. Interaction between the Lutheran-humanistic ideal of upbringing and education for the elite. (Conference report 2003 by Jonas Flöter)
- pupil. In: Saxon school database . Retrieved February 20, 2018 .
- Employees. Sächsisches Landesgymnasium Sankt Afra zu Meißen, accessed on June 11, 2017 .
- Volker Beyrich : 1549: Duke Moritz clears the way for the Princely School in Grimma - Elector of Saxony regulates free education and enables sons of poorer city citizens access . In: Leipziger Volkszeitung , Muldental edition, June 4, 2018, p. 28 ("Topic of the day")
- Birgit Holthaus: Learning for studying abroad. In: Saxon newspaper . April 2, 2011, accessed June 11, 2017 .
- IB Diploma results are out. Sächsisches Landesgymnasium Sankt Afra zu Meißen, July 26, 2013, accessed on June 11, 2017 (English).
- schools: Sankt Afra. In: Spiegel Online . November 24, 2009. Retrieved June 11, 2017 .
- Meißner donation run 2011: Schoolchildren run for schoolchildren. (PDF; 1.2 MB) In: Meißner Official Journal 2/2011. February 25, 2011, p. 4 , accessed June 11, 2017 .
- 7th Meißner charity run: this time runners sprint for those affected by floods. City of Meissen, June 27, 2013, accessed on June 11, 2017 .
- The charity run. Sächsisches Landesgymnasium Sankt Afra zu Meißen, accessed on June 11, 2017 .
- Sprinting for a good cause - Afraners start the Meißner charity run on Saturday. City of Meissen, May 10, 2017, accessed on June 11, 2017 .
- Meißen school vineyard. Saxon State Foundation for Nature and Environment , accessed on June 11, 2017 .
- Meißen / Burgberg. Saxon State Foundation for Nature and Environment, accessed on June 11, 2017 .
- Weinberg am Rosengründchen. Saxon State Foundation for Nature and Environment, accessed on June 11, 2017 .
- 10th Youth Days & School Newspaper Oscar: Review 2004 ( Memento from July 29, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )
- Saxon State Ministry of Culture on July 5, 2008: Best young journalists and school newspapers in Saxony honored in Leipzig ( Memento from September 9, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ), accessed on May 6, 2009
- DER SPIEGEL honors Germany's best school newspaper: “Tailwind” from the Adalbert-Stifter-Gymnasium in Passau. 812 titles took part in Germany's largest school newspaper competition with 1701 entries. ( Memento from February 12, 2013 in the web archive archive.today )
- Quote from the book presentation on the publisher's website ( Memento of the original from February 20, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on May 16, 2014
- Kurt Schwabe: Tabular curriculum vitae. (No longer available online.) Association of Altafraner eV, archived from the original on May 6, 2016 ; accessed on June 11, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Volker Beyrich : 1549: Duke Moritz clears the way for the Princely School in Grimma - Elector of Saxony regulates free education and enables sons of poorer city citizens access . In: Leipziger Volkszeitung , Muldental edition, June 4, 2018, p. 28 ("Topic of the day")
- Volker Beyrich: Reformation and state schools. "... so that over time there is no shortage of church servants and other learned people ..." p. 29 in: Leipziger Volkszeitung, Muldental edition, October 6, 2014
- Die Landesschule ( Memento from August 2, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ) - By 1945, these institutions in St. Afra and St. Augustin each produced more than 8,000 very well-trained school graduates (for Pforta, which from 1815 became Prussian, it should have been a similar number), who after their university studies were optimally prepared for their tasks in administration, church, science, military and government (this can also be seen in the long lists of famous former students of these schools in the respective Wikipedia entries). This “Saxon state and princely school model” proved to be so successful that it soon found imitators elsewhere: Following the example of these three schools, the Schwerin Princely School , founded in 1553 by Duke Johann Albrecht I , and the Heilsbronn Princely School in 1582, emerged founded by Margrave Georg Friedrich on the site of a monastery closed in 1578, the Joachimsthalsche Gymnasium , founded in 1607 in Joachimsthal in Brandenburg under Elector Joachim Friedrich and the Fürstenschule Neustadt (Hochfürstlich Brandenburgisch-Culmbachische Teutsche and Latin City School).
- Notarisation of the school's founding in 1543 ( memento from July 24, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- See "New Nekrolog der Deutschen", year 1839 (XVII. Volume, 2nd part)
- see under literature
- Jonas Flöter and Marita Pesenecker: Education for the Elite. The Princely and State Schools of Grimma, Meißen and Schulpforte around 1900 . Publication for the exhibition in the district museum Grimma. Leipzig 2003, p. 95, ISBN 3-937209-33-6
- Lothar Herberger: St. Afra 1943 and earlier - memories of the last years of a traditional school. S. 233 in: Donatus Thürnau (Ed.): Perspectives - Festschrift on the occasion of the re-establishment of the state high school Sankt Afra zu Meißen , Meißen 2001, ISBN 3-9803364-4-1
- Saxon State Ministry for Culture on September 11, 2007: Page no longer available , search in web archives: State High School St. Afra enters into partnership with school in China .
- Composition for gong and string quartet ( Memento from July 28, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ), Deutschland-und-China.com
- Beate Brück: On the history of the St. Afra library (short version of her diploma thesis "The history of the library of the Prince and State School St. Afra in Meißen from its beginnings to its dissolution in 1948". Meißen 1992). Pp. 844-854 in: Sapere aude No. 44, Meißen 1997
- Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel on January 30, 2007: Valuable book find. Volumes “stranded” at Kiel University are on their way home to Meißen , accessed on October 28, 2008.
- Beate Brück: The history of the library of the Princely and State School St. Afra in Meißen from its beginnings to its dissolution in 1948 . Meißen / Leipzig, October 1992 - Copy in the archives of the Fürstenschüler Foundation
Hermann Vulpius also Fuchs (* Bayreuth; †?)
- Magister, 1539 rector of the city school in Meißen, 1543 rector of the electoral state school in Meißen, February 18, 1549-13. June 1553 Rector Council School in Regensburg (on Melanchthon's recommendation)
- Sources: Carl Theodor Gemeine: History of the Church Reformation in Regensburg: Described from the original acts negotiated at that time. Johann Georg Zeitler, Regensburg, 1792, p. 241, ( online ); Johann August Müller: Attempt of a complete history of the Chursächsische Fürsten- und Landesschule zu Meissen, from documents and credible news. Siegfried Lebrecht Crusius, Leipzig, 1789, p. 1, ( online )