Eduard miracle

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Eduard Wunder (born May 4, 1800 in Wittenberg ; † March 24, 1869 in Grimma ) was a German philologist and from 1843 to 1866 Rector of the State and Princely School Grimma - in terms of time he was the 20th Rector and one of the longest serving of this school .


Eduard was the son of the deacon and later archdeacon at the Wittenberg city church Karl Friedrich Wunder (born March 20, 1760 in Plauen, † December 20, 1824 in Wittenberg) and his wife Christiane Friederike Ebert, the daughter of the Wittenberg mathematics professor Johann Jacob Ebert .


After his parents' first lessons, Wunder became a pupil at the Wittenberg Lyceum at the age of twelve and, as a child, experienced the siege and storming of his native town by the Prussians in 1814. On August 12, 1816, he moved to the Saxon state school St. Afra in Meißen , which he attended until August 16, 1818. Subsequently, on September 29, 1818, Wunder moved to the University of Leipzig , where he attended lectures by Gottfried Hermann , Christian Daniel Beck and Friedrich August Wilhelm Spohn in order to devote himself to philological studies. Here he was also a member of Greek society for a long time. On February 7, 1823, he earned his master's degree in philosophy in Leipzig and, at Easter 1823, became an adjunct teacher at the Princely School in Grimma.

In the course of time he rose to higher teaching posts in Grimma and received the title of professor in 1826. In 1828 Wunder became fifth professor, in 1830 fourth professor, in 1831 third professor and in 1842 second professor. In 1843 he became the first professor and, associated with this, the rector of the institution, whose fortunes he led until 1866. He worked at this school for 43 years. During his rectorate, Wunder introduced many progressive innovations in school, boarding school and school life. In his personality he embodied the Christian-humanistic ideal of the Saxon princely schools. Wunder was also valued by the higher authorities in the state capital Dresden. In 1847 he was commissioned with a revision of all academic schools in Saxony and subsequent reporting. Wunder was a knight of the royal Saxon order of merit and received the commander's cross (small cross) of the order when he retired. Wunder earned merit in the criticism of Marcus Tullius Cicero , of whose Oratio per Plancio he published a more extensive critical and exegetical edition (Leipzig 1830). His work on Sophocles was particularly well received at home and abroad. In 1866, because of his poor health, Wunder had to ask for his retirement, which was granted to him with the award of Commander II class of the Saxon Order of Merit . A flu-like illness bothered him. There was no fundamental improvement, so that Eduard Wunder died in Grimma on the night of March 24th to March 25th, 1869.


Wunder had married Antonia Amalia Bär († September 1871 in Grimma), daughter of the mayor of Königstein Friedrich Gotthold Bär (* around 1768; † 8 May 1852 in Königstein), in 1826. The marriage resulted in a son and two daughters. The son Hermann Wunder (born August 9, 1829 in Grimma; † April 24, 1905 there) also became a teacher in Grimma and had been with Emilie Janette von Wagner (born June 6, 1831 in Freiberg; † 18. September 1910 in Grimma). Doris Wunder (born July 9, 1834 in Grimma, † March 30, 1908 in Dresden) is known from the daughters, who met Baron Johannes Andreas von Wagner on June 14, 1864 in Grimma (born September 5, 1833 in Freiberg; † June 25, 1912 in Dresden) married.

Works (selection)

  • Adversaria in Sophoclis Philoctetam. Leipzig 1823 ( online )
  • Sophoclis Antigona. Ad optimorum liborum fidem recensuit. Leipzig 1824, Gotha 1831
  • Sophoclis Antigona Ajax, ad optimorum librorum fidem recensuit. Leipzig 1824, Gotha 1831
  • Sophoclis Antigona Electra, ad optimorum librorum fidem recensuit. Leipzig 1824, Gotha 1831, London 1855 ( online )
  • Sophoclis Antigona Oedipus rex, ad optimorum librorum fidem recensuit. Leipzig 1824, Gotha 1831
  • Conspectus Metrorum, quibus Sophocles in septem quas habemus tragoedias usus est. Leipzig 1825
  • Sophocles Oedipus Coloneus, ad optimorum liborum fidem recensuit. Leipzig 1825
  • Sophocles Oedipus Coloneus Philoctetes, ad optimorum liborum fidem recensuit. Leipzig 1825
  • Variae Lectiones librorum aliquot MT Ciceronis ex Codice Erfurtensi enotatae. Leipzig 1827 ( online )
  • M. Tulli Ciceronis Oratio per Cn. Plancio. Ad optumorum Codicum fidem emendavit et interpretationibus tum aliorum tum auis explanavit. Leipzig 1830
  • About Christ. Aug. Lobeck's new edition of the Sophoclean Aias. A rescension. Leipzig 1837 ( online )
  • De scholiorum in Sophoclis tragoedias auctoritale. Grimma 1838
  • Emendationes in Sophoclis Trachinias. Grimma 1840 ( online )
  • Miscellanea Sophoclea. Grimma 1843 ( online )
  • Two school speeches, held at the foundation festival of the Königl. State school in Grimma. Grimma 1843
  • The Most Difficult Lessons in Greek Syntax. Grimma 1848 ( online )
  • The princely schools next to the grammar schools. 1850
  • The peculiarity of the princely schools. Certificates of the importance of the princely schools for the training and education of the youth. Print version of the lecture from 1850. Published by the Association of Former Princely Students , Dresden 1889
  • De Aeschyli Eumenidibus. Grimma 1854
  • Exercises to translate from German into Latin and into Greek and Latin: along with material on free Latin works in unrestricted and bound speech. 1855
  • Christ. Aenotheo Lorenzio Doct. Phil.Professori Ill.apud Grimam Moldani Secundo ... munus Praeceptoris abhinc XXV. annis ... rite susceptum d. XVIII. m. Febr. 1856 pie congratulations Suo et collegarum nomine Eduard. Miracle, (Insunt) Schedae crit. de locis nonnullis Sophoclis tragoediarum & MT Ciceronis orationis Murenianae. Grimma 1856 ( online )


  • Friedrich KoldeweyMiracles, Eduard . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 44, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1898, pp. 565-567.
  • Georg Christoph Hamberger , Johann Georg Meusel , Johann Wilhelm Sigismund Lindner: The learned Teutschland or lexicon of the now living German writers. Verlag Meyersche Hof-Buchhandlung, Lemgo, 1827, vol. 21, p. 720
  • General German real encyclopedia for the educated classes. FA Brockhaus, Leipzig, 1855, 10th edition, vol. 15, 2nd section, p. 367, ( online )
  • Wigand's Conversations-Lexikon, for all stands. Verlag Otto Wigand, Leipzig, 1852, 15th vol., P. 351 ( online )
  • Pierer's Universal Lexicon of the Past and Present, or Latest Encyclopedic Dictionary of Sciences, Arts and Crafts. Publishing house Pierer Hofbuchdruckerei, Altenburg, 1872, 5th edition, 19th volume, p. 384 ( online )
  • Franz Kössler: Personal encyclopedia of 19th century teachers: professional biographies from school annual reports and school programs 1825 - 1918 with lists of publications. Giessen University Library, Giessen Electronic Library, preprint, 2008, ( online )

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Gymnasium St. Augustin zu Grimma (ed.): From the electoral state school to the Gymnasium St. Augustin zu Grimma 1550 - 2000. Beucha 2000, ISBN 3-930076-99-3 , p. 39
  2. Veronika Albrecht-Birkner : Pastor book of the church province of Saxony. Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, Leipzig, 2009, Vol. 9, p. 462, ISBN 9783374021413
  3. August Hermann Kreyssig: Afraner album. List of all pupils at the royal state school in Meissen from 1543 to 1875, 8422 in number. CE Klinkicht & Sohn, Meissen, 1876, p. 434 (main volume; online )
  4. August Weichert: Illustris Moldani, Dedicati ante hos CCLXXXV. Annos, Memoriam Anniversariam, D. XIV Septembris, Pie celebrandam. Reimar, Grimma, 1835, p. VIII, ( online )
  5. ^ Alfred Fleckeisen: New Year Books for Classical Philology. Verlag BG Teubner, Leipzig, 1869, vol. 15, p. 855, ( online )
  6. ^ August room: Ramming's church-statistical manual for the Kingdom of Saxony. Verlag Ramming, Dresden, 1859, 6th edition, p. 12 ( online )
  7. ^ Friedrich Zarncke : Literarisches Centralblatt for Germany. Eduard Avenarius Verlag, Leipzig, 1866, Sp. 662, ( online )
  8. ^ Hans Friedrich von Ehrenkrook: Genealogical manual of the nobility. Verlag CA Starke, Limburg an der Lahn, 1970, Vol. 48, p. 413