Christian Juncker

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Christianus Junckerus

Christian Juncker (October 16, jul. / 26. October  1668 greg. In Dresden , † 19th June 1714 in Altenburg ) was a Saxon historian , educator , numismatists , librarian and writer .


The son of the Dresden court tailor graduated from the Kreuzschule in 1679 , and fled the plague to Zwickau in 1680 , where he attended the council school there until his return to Dresden in 1681. In 1683 he switched to the state school in Meißen . From 1687 to 1695 he studied at the University of Leipzig . Here he worked on the scientific journal Acta Eruditorum and gained wide recognition with the first publications.

In 1696 he was employed as vice-principal at the Hennebergisches Gymnasium Schleusingen . There he began to work up the history of the Counts of Henneberg . In 1701, for example, he applied to the local superintendent Meis to open the walled-up crypt of the Counts of Henneberg in St. John's Church in Schleusingen in order to record the data on the tin coffins it contained. His request was rejected by Duke Moritz Wilhelm von Sachsen-Zeitz . Juncker continued researching the history of the Henneberg family and wrote the only handwritten work Honor of the Princes of Henneberg . It was never going to go to press because Juncker had received a much better paid position in 1708 as rector of the grammar school in Eisenach . In 1713 he was appointed director of the Altenburg grammar school, where he worked until his death in 1714.

In 1711 he was accepted as a foreign member of the Royal Prussian Society of Sciences .


Juncker's translations of French-language travelogues by Nicolas Sanson on Persia (1695) and by Baltasar de Moncony on Asia (1697), the treatise on the geographical and historical description of the seventeen Dutch provinces (1698), of writings by the missionaries Joachim Bouvet and Charles Le Gobien as well as the French mathematician Louis le Comte about China (1699) and the travelogues of Maximilian Misson about Italy (1701) influenced the geographical knowledge of the time not insignificantly. As a recognized numismatist in the baroque network around Wilhelm Ernst Tentzel , Christian Wermuth and Christian Schlegel, Juncker published a biography of Martin Luther illustrated with coins and medals, among other numismatic works in 1699 and 1706 . His Ad modum Minelli edited writings by Roman historians were considered indispensable reading material in many German schools for decades.


He married the daughter of a high school director in Schleusingen, but she died in the third year of marriage. Juncker later married the daughter of a councilor. From this marriage there were eight children.


Juncker was given the title of Hennberg historian in 1705 and the title of Saxon-Polish historiographer in 1711. In Schleusingen and Eisenach streets were later named after him.


Individual evidence

  1. Berndt, p. 8
  2. ^ Members of the previous academies. Christian Juncker. Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities , accessed on April 10, 2015 .
  3. Juncker, Christian: The gold and silver honorary dedication Martini Lutheri: In which his life, death, family and relics, along with the most distinguished stories of the Protestant Reformation, as well as the Protestant Jubel-Feyern, elaborately described and in a strangely graceful way More than two hundred medals or show coins and portraits of rare curiosity with exquisite notes are explained by Christian Juncker. Frankfurt and Leipzig with Johann Andreä Endters blessed son and heir
  4. = "In the manner of Minell". The Dutch pedagogue Jan Minellius (1625–1683) published school editions of the classic writers in Rotterdam, who were widespread and popular in his time and were therefore often imitated.
  5. Berndt, back cover

Web links

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