State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony
State Statistical Office
|Upper state authority
|Saxon State Ministry of the Interior
|January 1, 1992
The Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony is as a subordinate authority of the Saxony State Ministry of the Interior assumes and takes over for the Free State of Saxony , the tasks of official statistics , these include data collection, processing and analysis and publication of results.
The State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony was re-established on January 1, 1992. Before that there is a long tradition of the Saxon official statistics. In August 1850 the “Statistical Bureau of the Ministry of the Interior” was set up. This statistical office was the continuation of the "Statistical Association for the Kingdom of Saxony", which was founded in 1831. In previous years, statistical surveys were carried out on a large scale in Saxony, but it was only with the establishment of the Statistical Association that the systematic, numerical observation of the state began. Thus the year 1831 can be seen as the hour of birth of the official statistics in Saxony.
In its history, the Saxon state statistics had to accept two drastic interruptions totaling almost six decades. In the period from 1933 to 1945, the state statistical offices were severely curtailed in their activities. In the GDR they were dissolved when the federal states ceased to exist in 1952. Statistics was largely a central issue in those times.
Chronicle of Statistics in Saxony
- 1474: Government determination of the property in the country and the number of residents.
- 1575: Elector August issues an ordinance “to combat inflation”. Associated with this are a household census, a survey of the cultivation or purchase of grain, storage and an overview of the handicrafts.
- 1768: Survey of livestock for the whole country; it is the oldest data from a cattle count in Saxony.
- 1771: General ordinance for the provision of figures on the size of the presumed production and consumption of field crops, especially grain; this regulation was originally initiated by the high level of grain prices.
- January 6th: Call for the formation of a free association for patriotic political studies in the Leipziger Zeitung.
- April 11th: Mandate of the Saxon King Anton , concerning the statistical association for the Kingdom of Saxony .
- May 12: Establishment of a statistical state center, the so-called statistical association, by Friedrich Ludwig Breuer , Wilhelm Ernst August von Schlieben and Wilhelm Gotthelf Lohrmann, among others . The first chairman of this association was the later finance minister Heinrich Anton von Zeschau , who made a special contribution to Saxony's accession to the Zollverein, which is also important for the development of uniform statistics.
- December: First delivery of the “Statistic Association for the Kingdom of Saxony” was published.
- 1832: On July 3rd, the association was given the task of examining and compiling the results of the census . It is the first official commission of this kind from a royal authority. The association receives 196 thalers for this work.
- For the first time, a cattle count is being carried out on behalf of the Royal Ministry of the Interior. This is a sign of the increasing popularity and recognition of the association.
- A census takes place on December 1st, and for the first time everyone is listed by name.
- 1846: Preparation of the material from the census for the purposes of the Customs Union , which ends at the end of 1848. It is the club's last major task. At the end of 1846, 15 travel agents and unskilled workers were employed in the association's office .
- 1850: On August 1st at 12 noon, by resolution of the Ministry of the Interior, as well as the suggestion of the Association itself, the statistical office of the Royal Ministry of the Interior is founded. The privy councilor Albert Christian Weinlig takes over the management and the entire staff of the statistical association. The business was run full-time by Ernst Engel until 1858 . The first task was to continue the census begun in 1849 combined with an occupation and trade census. This created the first comprehensive and reliable evidence of the professional structure and commercial activity of the Saxon population
- 1853: The yearbook for statistics and state economy of the Kingdom of Saxony is published by Ernst Engel.
- 1855: Ernst Engel founds the statistical office's journal. The census is particularly extensive with 16 questions and meets with resistance from the population. It will then be simplified again in the following years. During this time, censuses are usually held every three years.
- 1858: After the resistance to too detailed statistics, Ernst Engel declares his resignation.
- 1870: The calendar for the Kingdom of Saxony appears for the first time, which later becomes the statistical yearbook.
- 1871: After the establishment of the German Empire, the first all-German census takes place on December 1st. The German Empire has 41 million inhabitants, of which 2.556 million live in Saxony.
- 1872: From parts of the central office of the Zollverein an Imperial Statistical Office is created and enlarged, the result is progressive standardization and centralization of surveys, conferences of the Reich and State statisticians .
- 1873: After Weinlig's death, Julius Ambrosius Hülße , a secret government councilor, succeeded Weinlig and continued management until 1875. The first statistical yearbook of 1873 was published under his leadership.
- 1875: Preparation of the population and trade census, with voluntary meters being used for the first time in Saxony. The population should be interested in the census through lectures and through the local press. For the first time, the statistical office takes on the processing of income tax statistics for the Royal Ministry of Finance. The municipal register prescribed by the Reich is being prepared, statistics on the conditions of workers and the welfare institutions. In order to do justice to these tremendous developments, Viktor Böhmert is appointed director in the main office . He was also given the new professorship for economics and statistics at the Dresden Polytechnic, giving the statistical office greater independence.
- 1877: Order from the Ministry of the Interior to process steam engine and steam boiler statistics in future.
- 1879: In the cadet house in Neustadt (Ritterstraße), after the necessary renovations have been completed, 39 employees can move into new, larger rooms.
- 1890: census.
- 1895: After Böhmert's resignation, the management of the statistical office was transferred to Arthur Geißler , who until then had been deputy director of the statistical office. At that time, adding machines and machines were already being used to calculate ratios. The change from the so-called Strichel process to the laying process was seen as a particular advance in processing technology.
- 1902: After a brief brief management by Oskar Sieber, the secret government councilor Eugen Würzburger (1858–1938) took over the official business in August. Before that he was director of the city's statistical office in Dresden.
- 1904: First housing census takes place in selected cities.
- 1905: The statistical office of the Ministry of the Interior is renamed "Statistisches Landesamt".
- 1910: Punch card machines were used on a larger scale for the first time during the census .
- 1914 to 1918: The First World War causes a shortage of staff and limited job opportunities for the office.
- 1916: A census was carried out to determine the civilian population entitled to support.
- 1917: At the request of the Turkish government, President Eugen Würzburger stays in Turkey until the end of the war to organize Turkish statistics.
- 1919: With the new Reich constitution, the federal character of Germany is basically retained and with it the system of federal statistics. Nevertheless, there are losses for the state statistics. Some institutions and administrative branches with their statistics, which were previously subordinate to the federal states, are now exclusively a matter for the Reich.
- 1920: Felix Burkhardt starts working as a research assistant at the State Statistical Office on January 1st.
- 1921: The official title is changed from Director to President. The State Statistical Office is divided into three departments. The first department under Georg Hoffmann (1886–1972) deals with general administration, the library, the archive and with administrative, judicial and financial statistics as well as agriculture. The second section contains population, educational and cultural statistics, which are headed first by Georg Lommatzsch, and from 1922 by Felix Burkhardt. The third department is headed by Arno Pfütze (1875–1960), where the economic statistics are processed.
- 1923: In September 1923, Würzburger resigned because he had reached the legal age limit. Arno Pfütze is his successor.
- 1925: The population, occupation and company census is the largest census organized by the German Reich to date. The State Statistical Office received a grant from the Reich of almost one million Reichsmarks for processing.
- 1926: Start of publishing monthly statistical reports for the Free State of Saxony. These contain not only the statistical material compiled by the Office, but also data from other authorities and private bodies. With the publication of the monthly reports, the office better meets the needs for up-to-date information on the most important statistical economic data of Saxony.
- 1933: With the seizure of power by the National Socialists , the German Reich statistics are heavily centralized and essential tasks are lost to the State Office.
- 1936: Georg Hoffmann takes over the official business as director.
- 1939: When the Second World War broke out, the statistics were changed over to warfare and self-sufficiency for the economy. Death notices for fallen employees appear in the magazine. On August 1st, Arno Pfütze rejoins the State Statistical Office.
- 1941: On September 30th, Arno Pfütze leaves the company for good.
- 1943: The publication of the journal of the State Statistical Office is temporarily suspended.
- During the bombing raid on Dresden on 13./14. In February, the building of the State Statistical Office in Ritterstraße and with it the library of over 160,000 volumes and the archive are destroyed by flames. Only a few work materials were outsourced by the employees.
- After the end of the war, the Soviet Military Administration ( SMAD ) took over the entire administration in its zone of occupation. A statistical office of the SMAD is responsible for the creation of new official statistics. A German central administration for statistics is set up in the Soviet zone of occupation. In addition, there will be a new formation of the state statistical offices, which are based on the previous structure. You will encounter resistance from the start. Until 1950, the state offices are organs of the state governments, which means that the central administration had no direct authority.
- 1946: With Johanna Heß, a woman takes over the management of the State Statistical Office for the first time. The 90th and final year of the magazine appears with the results of the censuses of 1945 and 1946.
- 1949: On May 31, Hess resigned to take up the position as deputy head of the Central Statistical Office in Berlin.
- 1950: On February 16, the ordinance to reorganize the statistical service is issued. This creates a centralized statistical organ. The state and district statistical offices are separated from the state and district administrations and directly subordinate to the Central Statistical Office of the GDR.
- 1952: From June 1st, graduate mathematician Haering takes over the management of the office. In the same year, the federal states, (old) districts and state offices are dissolved; these are replaced by the district offices for statistics.
- 1990: With the reunification of Germany , a common statistical office for the new federal states (GeStAL) is formed.
- 1991: In June, a staff is set up to set up a state statistical office under the direction of Ullrich Eichler.
- On January 1st, according to the unification agreement, the GeStAL will be transferred to state institutions (State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony).
- Peter Fischer takes over the office of President on October 26th.
- 1993: Appointment of Peter Fischer as election officer for the Free State of Saxony.
- 1998: On February 1st, Henry Hasenpflug becomes President of the State Statistical Office.
- 2001: From January 1st, Hartmut Biele takes over the office as president.
- 2004: On July 1st, Irene Schneider-Böttcher is appointed President of the State Statistical Office.
- 2011: The 2011 census is also carried out in Saxony. The research data center of the State Statistical Office is permanently established. A pilot project of the research data center of the Federal Employment Agency is being set up in the Dresden branch.
The official statistics of the Federal Republic of Germany work in a network consisting of the Federal Statistical Office and the State Statistical Offices. This association has to collect, collect, process, analyze and publish data on a legal basis. In particular, this includes:
- the implementation of statutorily stipulated statistics and total accounting systems,
- the operation and further development of a publicly accessible information system,
- scientific analyzes, forecasts and reports,
- Research assignments and reports,
- the support of state authorities in statistical questions.
In addition to EU and federal statistics, state statistics are also created on a different basis.
As permanent statistical tasks in Saxony
- 237 EU and federal statistics,
- 16 coordinated country statistics,
- 30 general country statistics,
- 3 special country statistics edited.
According to the information needs of the federal government, states, municipalities, districts and other municipal bodies, society, business, science and research, the State Statistical Office continuously collects data on mass phenomena. The data collected or collected in this way is processed, analyzed and published by the State Statistical Office using scientific knowledge and the appropriate methods and information technology. The protection of privacy, neutrality, objectivity, scientific independence, statistical confidentiality and the earliest possible anonymization are the principles of the work of statistics in Saxony.
The individual data collected for official statistics in the Free State of Saxony are used exclusively for the purposes specified in legal provisions.
Official statistics observe the basic right to informational self-determination and are a prerequisite for a policy based on the welfare state principle of the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany.
Subject areas include:
The results of the official surveys carried out are made available in a wide variety of publications and forms. These can be downloaded largely free of charge from the Internet or ordered from the shop. These include:
- Statistical yearbooks
- Statistical reports
- Statistics in Saxony (journal)
- Viewed statistically
- Leaflets and information material on the topics
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony (Ed.): 10 years State Statistical Office - 1992 to 2001 . Kamenz, 2002.
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony (Hrsg.): Journal of the Saxon State Statistical Office 1855 to 1945 . Kamenz, 2003.
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony (Ed.): 175 years of official statistics in Saxony . Festschrift, Kamenz, 2006 ( PDF; 6.3 MB )
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony (Ed.): 20 years of the State Statistical Office - 1992 to 2011 . Kamenz, 2012.
- Official website
- Topic page of the Saxon statistics at sachsen.de
- Genesis database for the State Statistical Office