Elective courses

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Elective classes or core elective classes (short: WPU respectively PWU ) means that you can choose from specific areas course offerings must, for example from mathematics , computer science , art and music or languages such as French , Spanish , Latin class , Italian , Russian and Greek . As a compulsory elective or compulsory elective (short: WPF or PWF ) or compulsory elective (Austria) subject is therefore a school subject that you have to choose from a group of subjects, but which is then binding.


In North Rhine-Westphalia, pupils in the sixth (comprehensive school), seventh (secondary school) or eighth grade (grammar school) choose between various compulsory elective subjects. At least one subject from the field of natural sciences, social sciences and a third foreign language must be available for selection (grammar school). Normally, there is also the option of IT lessons and an artistic-creative subject.

The course is accordingly referred to in Germany as a compulsory elective or compulsory elective course (WPK or PWK) .


Compulsory elective subjects according to § 8 School Organization Act (SchOG) are subjects of the general education school in Austria , which can be freely chosen by the pupils from the range of subjects of the school type . In most cases, it is about in- depth elective subjects , in which various compulsory subjects are added, or additional elective subjects , such as an additional foreign language . As with an optional subject ( optional subject ), non-binding exercises and remedial lessons, the attendance is binding for all these subjects after registration, as in any other subject in the timetable - in contrast to these, they are alternative compulsory subjects , the grade of which for the positive completion of the Class is used: A compulsory elective subject that has begun must be completed positively. In some compulsory elective subjects, students can also graduate .

Compulsory elective subjects only come about if a certain number of students opts for them. One to three elective subjects can be chosen per year. A compulsory optional subject usually comprises two hours per week, in special cases, such as languages, also three, and is held from the 10th  grade in groups of pupils , the number of which is usually limited to 15 pupils, and which can be conducted across classes. School groups are also limited per school (maximum 16-20 groups).

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. § 39 SchOG curriculum for general secondary schools
  2. § 8 (5) SchOG
  3. § 8a and § 43 SchOG number of class students