Joseph Schmidt (singer)
Joseph Schmidt (born March 4, 1904 in Dawideny , Austrian crown land Bukowina ; † November 16, 1942 in the Girenbad internment camp above Hinwil , Canton of Zurich , Switzerland ) was an Austrian opera singer ( lyrical tenor ). Around 1930 he was one of the most famous singers in Germany. After he had to flee Germany as a Jew in 1933, he finally came to Switzerland, where he fell ill in a camp and died for lack of help.
Joseph Schmidt, son of German-speaking Orthodox Jews , grew up in Dawideny (located on Sereth, southwest of Chernivtsi ) and in Chernivtsi. His native Bukovina belonged to the Austria-Hungarian Empire and fell after the First World War in Romania ; In 1940 part of it came to the Soviet Union - the aforementioned places are now in Ukraine ; the village of Dawideny is called Davideni in Romanian . Schmidt sang as Chasan in the Israelitisches Tempel Czernowitz as a child .
From 1925 he studied singing at the Royal Music School in Berlin with Hermann Weißenborn . The globally successful Schmidt recorded numerous records and, discovered by Cornelis Bronsgeest , sang in 38 radio operas on Berliner Rundfunk between 1929 and 1933. Not only did his broadcasts add to the popularity of broadcasting, but he also became a celebrated tenor himself. Due to his small height of only 1.54 m, he was denied a career on the opera stage. Nevertheless, he was able to play the role of Rudolf in La Bohème in Brussels from January 1939 , followed by a tour of Liège , Ghent , Antwerp , Bruges , Kortrijk , Ostend and Verviers . Schmidt also gave a guest appearance as Rudolf in Helsinki in 1940 . He played this role 24 times within a year. As a further stage role he was supposed to sing Canio in Bajazzo , but the escalating politics prevented this project. Schmidt's last demonstrable appearance took place at the Avignon Opera on May 14, 1942.
After the seizure of power of the Nazis Schmidt sang on 20 February 1933, the last time in the German Broadcasting ( The Barber of Baghdad ). A week later he was denied access to the broadcasting house. After the premiere of his film A Song Goes Around the World on May 9, 1933, he emigrated to Vienna in December before the Nazis. He made a guest appearance in Palestine in 1934 , made his debut as a tenor in New York's Carnegie Hall on March 7, 1937, and gave individual concerts in Germany with the Jewish Cultural Association until 1937 . In 1938 he fled from Austria, now annexed, to Belgium , and in November 1940 to France . As a German he was interned by the Vichy government in the currently unoccupied zone of France, in La Bourboule .
Schmidt managed to escape to Switzerland in October 1942 after several unsuccessful attempts. He crossed the border alone and on foot. Weakened by the exertions, Schmidt collapsed on the street in Zurich, was recognized and taken to the Girenbad internment camp “to clarify the case” as an illegal refugee - according to a law of 1942, Jews who had fled in Switzerland were not considered political refugees . He applied for a work permit, which he was initially denied. After a short time he fell ill with a sore throat and was admitted to the Zurich Cantonal Hospital . Although the sore throat was treated there, they did not want to follow up on his evidence of severe pain in the heart area and refused a further examination. As officially cured, Schmidt was released from the cantonal hospital on November 14, 1942 and had to return to the Girenbad reception camp.
Two days later, Schmidt died of heart failure in the nearby Waldegg restaurant. One day after his death his work permit was available and he would have been free.
Joseph Schmidt is buried in the Israelite cemetery Unterer Friesenberg in district 3 in Zurich- Wiedikon . His gravestone bears in German the inscription A star falls ... Joseph Schmidt Kammersänger 1904–1942 , as well as the words hameshorer hamfurssam (“the famous singer”) in Hebrew , which also includes Schmidt's cantor activity. A memorial plaque is now attached to the restaurant where he died.
His estate administrator, the Swiss tenor Alfred Fassbind, wrote a comprehensive biography of the singer. It was published in 1992 by the Swiss publishing house under the title Traces of a Legend - A Song Goes Around the World . On the 70th anniversary of his death, a new, heavily revised edition was published by Römerhof Verlag in Zurich.
In 1958 Schmidt's life was filmed with the title A song goes around the world (The Joseph Schmidt Story) . Hans Reiser played the main role .
The music school in Berlin's Adlershof district ( Treptow-Köpenick district ) was named after Joseph Schmidt in 2004 . To mark the singer's 100th birthday, the Federal Ministry of Finance (Die Deutsche Post) issued a stamp worth 55 cents on March 11, 2004 . On July 4, 2007, a memorial plaque for Joseph Schmidt was unveiled at Nürnberger Strasse 68 in Berlin, where he lived until 1933. However, this post-war building has since been demolished and the board has since been presented in the entrance area of the music school.
“Joseph Schmidt had one of the most beautiful lyric tenor voices of his time. In itself this voice was only small, but its enormous pitch and its nuanced, expressive presentation still deserve the greatest admiration on his numerous records. "
- O sole mio / La paloma . Joseph Schmidt and the orchestra of the Städtische Oper Berlin . Order no. 1637 (die numbers 15164/15165; see Telefunken A 614 and Ultraphon A 614)
- The old word: I love you! / You shall be the emperor of my soul! Joseph Schmidt with orchestra accompaniment. Order no. 1638 (die numbers W 15901 / W 16857)
- If you are faithless / Española. Joseph Schmidt with orchestral accompaniment, recorded in the Beethoven Hall, Berlin. Order no. EG 1721 (die numbers 60-732 / 60-733)
- Friedrich von Flotow , Martha: Oh, so pious, oh so dear / Giuseppe Verdi , Il Trovatore : Blaze zum Himmel (Di quella pira) . Joseph Schmidt and the orchestra of the Berlin State Opera under the direction of Clemens Schmalstich . Order no. B 8036 (die numbers 60-722 / 60-919)
- Tiritomba / Funiculi, Funicula . Joseph Schmidt with orchestra accompaniment and choir. Order no. O-4665 a / b (die numbers W 85243/85276; see Parlophone R 102)
- O sole mio / La paloma . Joseph Schmidt with the Fritz Brunner Salon Orchestra under the direction of Felix Günther . Order no. O-4717 a / b (die numbers 85234/85235)
- Mattinata / Santa Lucia . Joseph Schmidt with orchestra under the direction of Otto Dobrindt . Order no. O-25981 a / b (die numbers 133715/133716)
- Giacomo Puccini , Tosca : 1st act, aria of Cavaradossi Recondita armonia ("How the pictures look alike ") / 3rd act, aria of Cavaradossi E lucevan le stelle ("And the stars flashed"). Joseph Schmidt with orchestral accompaniment by members of the Städtische Oper Berlin. O-25986 a / b (die numbers 133717/133718; see Parlophone DP 25)
- Don't ask / A song goes around the world . Songs from the Richard Oswald sound film “ A song goes around the world ”, music: Hans May , text: Ernst Neubach , Joseph Schmidt with orchestra under the direction of Otto Dobrindt . Order no. O-25990 a / b (die numbers 133776/133777; see Parlophon B 48812-I / II), 1933
- The postillon of Lonjumeau / Come down, O Madonna Theresa . Joseph Schmidt with choir and orchestra accompaniment. Order no. O-28015 a / b (matrix numbers 85272 3 /85274 3 )
- I am a gypsy child / Viennese sweets . Joseph Schmidt with orchestra accompaniment. Order no. O-28087 a / b (matrix numbers 85273 2 /85277 1 )
- Voga, Voga / L'Ariatella . Joseph Schmidt with orchestra under the direction of Otto Dobrindt. Order no. O-28624 a / b (die numbers 133648 2 -0 / 133649 1 -0)
- Giacomo Puccini , Tosca : Recondita armonia / E lucevan le stelle . Joseph Schmidt with orchestra accompaniment. Order no. DP 25 (die numbers 133717/133718; see Odeon O-25986 a / b)
- Johann Strauss , 1001 Nights: Moody luck / Johann Strauss : Gypsy Baron : Yes, all of that on honor . Joseph Schmidt and members of the Staatskapelle Berlin under the direction of Frieder Weissmann . Order no. B. 48154-I / II (die numbers 133438/133439)
- The Evangelimann / Bajazzo . Joseph Schmidt with orchestra under the direction of Otto Dobrindt. Order no. B. 48811-I / II (die numbers 133755/133767)
- Don't ask / A song goes around the world . Songs from the Richard Oswald sound film “A song goes around the world”, music: Hans May, text: Ernst Neubach. Joseph Schmidt with orchestra under the direction of Otto Dobrindt. Order no. B 48812-I / II (die numbers 133776/133777; cf. Odeon O-25990 a / b), 1933
- Maria, Mari / Funiculi, Funicula . Joseph Schmidt with orchestra accompaniment. Order no. R 102 (die numbers 85275/85276; see Odeon O-4665 a / b)
- Vorrei the! / Mattinata . Joseph Schmidt with orchestra accompaniment. Order no. A 314 (die numbers 10558/10559; see Ultraphon A 314)
- My sun! (O sole mio) / La Paloma (The Dove) . Joseph Schmidt with orchestra. Order no. A 614 (die numbers 15164/15165; see Ultraphon A 614 and Austroton 1637)
- Giuseppe Verdi , Rigoletto : Oh, how deceptively / friendly I look at this and that . Joseph Schmidt and members of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. Order no. A 779 (die numbers 15913-1 / 16223)
- O Lola, your cheeks bloom like roses / Farewell to your mother . Joseph Schmidt and members of the orchestra of the Berlin State Opera under the direction of Selmar Meyrowitz . Order no. E 372 (die numbers 30293/30407; see Ultraphon E 372)
- Vorrei the! / Mattinata . Joseph Schmidt with orchestra accompaniment. Order no. A 314 (die numbers 10558/10559; see Telefunken A 314)
- My sun! (O sole mio) / La Paloma (The Dove) . Joseph Schmidt with orchestra under the direction of Selmar Meyrowitz. Order no. A 614 (die numbers 15164/15165; see Telefunken A 614 and Austroton 1637)
- Giacomo Puccini , Tosca : How the pictures are alike / And the stars flashed . Joseph Schmidt and members of the orchestra of the Städtische Oper Berlin under the direction of Selmar Meyrowitz. Order no. B 119 (die numbers 10069/10070 I )
- O Lola, your cheeks bloom like roses / Farewell to your mother . Joseph Schmidt and members of the orchestra of the Berlin State Opera under the direction of Selmar Meyrowitz. Order no. E 372 (die numbers 30293/30407; see Telefunken E 372)
- Bedřich Smetana : The Bartered Bride : I know someone who has ducats (1st and 2nd part) . Joseph Schmidt, Michael Bohnen and members of the orchestra of the Städtische Oper Berlin under the direction of Selmar Meyrowitz. Order no. F 626 (die numbers 15300/15301)
- 1931: The love express
- 1932: Goethe lives ...!
- 1932: Haunted people
- 1933: A song goes around the world
- 1933: When you are young, the world is yours
- 1934: My Song Goes Round the World
- 1934: A star falls from the sky
- 1936: Today is the best day of my life
- 1936: A Star Fell from Heaven England
- Karl and Gertrud Ney-Nowotny: Joseph Schmidt - the life and death of an unforgettable . European publisher, Vienna 1962
- Alfred A. Fassbind: Joseph Schmidt. A song goes around the world. Traces of a legend. Schweizer Verlagshaus, Zurich 1992, ISBN 3-7263-6664-4 .
- CM Gruber: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 10, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1994, ISBN 3-7001-2186-5 , p. 276 f. (Direct links on , ). In:
- Ralph-Günther Patocka: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 23, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-428-11204-3 , p. 197 f. ( ). In:
- Kay Less : "In life, more is taken from you than is given ..." Lexicon of filmmakers who emigrated from Germany and Austria between 1933 and 1945. A general overview. ACABUS-Verlag, Hamburg 2011, ISBN 978-3-86282-049-8 , p. 444 ff.
- Alfred A. Fassbind: Joseph Schmidt - His song went around the world. Römerhof-Verlag, Zurich 2012, ISBN 978-3-905894-14-1 , plus: 1 supplement CD, St. Gallen: Sonimex, 2012. All titles sung by Joseph Schmidt, tenor. List of titles in the book (4 P 347)
- Elisabeth Stratka (editor), Nikolaus Scholz (sound), Andreas Kloner (design): “Hörbilder Spezial,” I want to sleep here. ORF, Radio Ö1, broadcast March 28, 2016, 10:05 (55min).
- Stefan Sprang: A song in all things - Joseph Schmidt . Novel. Megalomania Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2019, ISBN 978-3-9577123-8-7
Lukas Hartmann : The singer. Novel. Diogenes, Zurich 2019, ISBN 978-3-257-07052-1 .
- Review: Jens-Uwe Sommerschuh: A song no longer goes around the world. The tenor Joseph Schmidt was a star. Until he was driven out by the Nazis. A novel tells his short life. In: Sächsische Zeitung , May 2, 2019, p. 21.
- Joseph Schmidt Archive
- Joseph Schmidt in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Literature by and about Joseph Schmidt in the catalog of the German National Library
- Exile archive
- Lonjumeau's postilion (MP3; 781 kB)
- Pictures by Joseph Schmidt In: Virtual History
- A song goes around the world (The Joseph Schmidt Story) filmportal.de
- A star fur. Award-winning radio documentary by Natalie Kestecher ABC Radio National, Sydney (English)
- ZeitZeichen : 04.03.1904 - birthday of the singer Joseph Schmidt
- History of the tenor: Joseph Schmidt .
- Jürgen Kesting exhibition “Silent Voices” from October 22 to November 30, 2006 in the Hamburg State Opera , Silent Voices
- Stephan Stompor : Jewish music and theater life under the Nazi state. Edited by Andor Izsák, Hanover 2001.
- Susanne Kübler: Little man, big voice. In: Tages-Anzeiger of February 21, 2013.
- Karl-Josef Kutsch , Leo Riemens : Immortal Voices. Small lexicon of singers. Francke, Bern, 2nd ed. 1966, p. 448.
- http://oe1.orf.at/programm/431755 Hörbilder Spezial "I want to sleep here. ORF Ö1, March 28, 2016.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian opera singer (lyric tenor)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 4, 1904|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Dawideny , Austrian crown land Bukovina|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 16, 1942|
|Place of death||Internment camp Girenbad above Hinwil , Canton of Zurich , Switzerland|