High-deck settlement

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The high-deck housing estate is a large housing estate with around 6,000 residents in the Neukölln district of Berlin in the district of the same name . The settlement was built in the 1970s / 1980s as part of social housing . The urban planning concept turned against the structural density of the other large Berlin estates with lined up high-rise buildings such as in the Märkisches Viertel or Gropiusstadt and relied on a structural and functional separation of pedestrians and car traffic. Elevated, green paths (the eponymous “high decks”) connect the predominantly five to six-story buildings, which have around 2,400 apartments. The streets and garages with more than 1000 parking spaces are below the high decks. At the latest 25 years after the construction, the innovative concept of the estate was already considered to have failed.

In the 1970s, the apartments were coveted because of their layout and the epitome of contemporary living on the green edge of West Berlin . The apartments were not far from the Berlin Wall on the border with the East Berlin district of Treptow . After the political change and the fall of the Berlin Wall , the quarter lost its quiet border location, lost its attractiveness and, through segregation, developed into a social hotspot in the 1990s . In 2007 more than half of the population lived on transfer payments . The city ​​of Berlin is trying to counteract this by setting up a district management system and other social and art projects and revaluing the settlement.

High deck on Leo Slezak Street

Location and building site

Location of the high-deck settlement

The 32-  hectare area of ​​the high-deck housing estate is located on both sides of Sonnenallee in the Berlin district of Neukölln in the district of the same name. A bridge house from 1982, the "entrance gate of the settlement", runs over the busy Sonnenallee and connects the two parts of the settlement. Neuköllniche Allee borders the area in the south-west. In a north-westerly direction, Von-der-Schulenburg-Park on Hänselstrasse and Herbert-Krause-Park form the border with the neighboring training center of the Neukölln Nature Conservation and Green Area Office (NGA) (former municipal gardening) on ​​Jupiterstrasse. The Heidekampgraben green corridor , on which the Berlin Wall Trail runs, marks the end to the east and northeast . The Heidekampgraben forms the border between Neukölln and the Baumschulenweg part of the Treptow-Köpenick district . Up until German reunification , the border between West and East Berlin ran along the rift .

The settlement area belonged to the Köllnische Heide , a formerly extensive forest and meadow area in the sandy, swampy Berlin glacial valley . The Königsheide, which is adjacent to the settlement east of the Britz connecting canal, is a relic of these forest areas south of the Spree . In the late Middle Ages , the valley areas of the Spree were settled and large areas of the Köllnische Heide were used as pastureland. With increasing industrialization and urbanization , large areas were cleared for residential and industrial construction. Until the beginning of the 1970s, the area of ​​the later high-deck housing estate belonged to Berlin's largest contiguous allotment garden in the areas of Köllnische Heide, Baumschulenweg and Johannisthal and was surrounded by several industrial and commercial operations. At the start of construction there were around 750 allotment garden parcels that had to give way to the settlement. On the northwestern edge of the area there has been a church hall with a free-standing bell tower and a day-care center for the Tabea parish of the Protestant parish of Rixdorf in the Neukölln parish ( Evangelical Church Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia ) since the 1950s and 1960s . The Senate Department for Urban Development includes the community site in the district management area High-Deck-Siedlung .

Urban planning concept

The division of the city by the construction of the Wall in 1961 had led to a lack of building land in West Berlin, so that several large housing estates were built on the outskirts of the city. After the extensive completion of Gropiusstadt (1962-1975) between the old settlements Britz , Buckow and Rudow and Märkisches Viertel (1963-1974) in Wittenau that: the decision was made in the 1970s for two other new development areas causeway settlement and the White settlement on the Neukölln Aronsstrasse (1972–1974) and the high-deck housing estate.

Background and competition

In 1970 , the West Berlin Senate announced an urban planning competition for the high-deck housing estate . The tender and the choice of the site on the edge of the Köllnische Heide were considered political issues. The prefabricated building in Berlin, some of which is union-owned , was without orders after the Märkisches Quarter was largely completed. In order to avoid layoffs, the Senate created new sales opportunities for the prefabricated construction industry with the tender. The factory of the Berlin prefabricated building was fittingly right next to the allotment garden area, the later location of the settlement. The competition jury also included representatives from the plant, who checked the submitted designs for their possibilities for serial production .

Winning design - turning away from "urbanity through density"

In 1970, the competition jury decided in favor of the then innovative design by architects Rainer Oefelein and Bernhard Freund. Although around three quarters of the submitted designs followed the high-rise concept of urbanity through density and a car-friendly city, which had been common in Berlin up to that time, and thus corresponded more to the production requirements of Berlin's prefabricated buildings, the more progressive jury members prevailed. After the high-rise criticism, which was emerging in wide circles, the time was ripe for an urban development trend reversal and a new design of a self-sufficient, family and child-friendly city in the city, according to the presentation of the architectural historian Heiko Haberle . In addition, the winning design appeared inexpensive.

Cross-section based on the design by Oefelein / Freund. The terracing of the apartment blocks was not carried out. Until 2011, the existing trees did not reach the height that would be required for the planned space-effective avenue impression of the high decks.

“The conceptual idea behind the urban design were two apparently contradicting objectives of urban living: urban space, public relations, information density on the one hand and undisturbed green areas, garden reference, open space on the other. The urban planning concept is based on the tension between these different outdoor areas. Elements are the quiet garden area and the urban contact zone. Favored by the topographical location of the Sonnenallee above the building site, an attempt was made for the first time to separate the flowing and stationary car traffic (in the lower level) from the pedestrian traffic (in the upper level) and thus to make the pedestrian area multifunctional "

- Rainer Oefelein : In: Rolf Rave, Hans-Joachim Knöfel, Jan Rave: Building in the 1970s in Berlin. P. 302.

The serial production process used by the Berlin Prefabricated Construction Company originated in the 1950s and, with its relatively small spans and facades that carried the loads downwards, offered only very limited architectural design options, so that significant changes were made to the winning design. The terracing of the apartments as envisaged in the concept could not be carried out and the facades could only be made of exposed aggregate concrete or tile . The construction was carried out without scaffolding and so there was no opportunity to access the facades after installation. As the architects feared that the tiles could soon fall off again, they decided on the exposed aggregate concrete. In addition, the cost pressure of the housing subsidy regulations prevented Oefelein and Freund from fully implementing the ideas of the stair and ramp system above the streets as a communication, relaxation and play area. For example, plant troughs that had already been purchased for the parapets were deleted because their maintenance seemed too expensive. Nevertheless, the concept was praised by the public as a positive example of new housing construction. Although there were models in England for the separation of car and pedestrian traffic, the comprehensive stacking of the two levels of traffic, which was planned and then also implemented, represented a typological innovation in European housing development, according to Haberle .

Construction work

The estate was built between 1975 and 1984, and the first apartments were ready for occupancy in 1976. The client was the Stadt und Land Wohnbauten-Gesellschaft mbH (short: Stadt und Land), a subsidiary of the non-profit settlement and housing association Berlin mbH (GSW) , which was owned by the city at the time . GSW was responsible for the construction, while the execution was largely carried out by Berlin Prefabricated Construction. The total cost was estimated at 400 million marks .

The high decks

Based on the concept by Oefelein and Freund, the Stadt und Land Society created residential units and 414 parking spaces under the decks as well as 309 garage spaces in 2019. The garage spaces are in the basement of the apartments, the streets are at the level of the basement. The high decks are raised in the middle of the street as pedestrian routes and are accessible from the streets and green spaces through ramps and stairs. From the central high decks, 3.33 meters high and ten meters wide, narrow bridges that are one meter higher lead to the main entrances of the apartment blocks.

Greened north deck of Leo Slezak Strasse
Garden courtyard and green area between the apartment blocks on Leo-Slezak-Straße / Heinrich-Schlusnus-Straße; in the foreground Fritzi-Massary-Strasse
Playground in the corner of Heinrich-Schlusnus-Straße / Neuköllniche Allee

A total of ten high decks were laid out, five each south and north of Sonnenallee . Two decks are arranged one behind the other over three streets and three decks one behind the other over one street, which are connected by narrower walkways at the same height. A high deck is isolated. Each deck is around one hundred meters long. In addition, there are some smaller bridges that connect the cover rows in the transverse direction. The overall system consists of around one hundred individual bridges. A residential block is assigned to each deck on both sides, so that 20 elongated blocks characterize the settlement in the central deck area.

Buildings and apartments

The rows of the residential complex are oriented north-south for optimal exposure and tanning. The back of two rows border a calm green area with gardens, courtyards, playgrounds and paths.

Three different types of construction were used:

  • The central, five- to six-story row buildings along the high decks,
  • Rows in the character of garden houses that close the green courtyards to the north at the cross connections of the high-deck network consisting of around 100 bridges and
  • the westernmost residential row with a sloping entrance area, which is conventionally accessed from the street without connection to the decks.

Instead of long corridors, the residential units have their own stairways that lead to two or three apartments on each floor ( two and three-person vehicles) and lifts. The residential units consist of 15% 1½ rooms with 45 m², 20% two rooms with 55 to 65 m² or 2½ rooms with 75 m², 35% three rooms with 85 m² or 3½ rooms with 109 m² and 30% from four or five rooms with up to 116 m². While the small apartments specially designed for senior citizens face the courtyard side, all other apartments are open on two opposite sides. The larger apartments have fitted kitchens with dining areas by the window, living room, bedroom, central hallways and separate bathrooms / toilets, all apartments have a winter garden, roof terrace or one, sometimes two loggias . The comparatively high proportion of window area in all apartments ensures good lighting.

Infrastructure, outdoor facilities and green areas

Distributed on the main axes and nodes of the road network, 20 internal rooms of 40 to 60 m² were set up, which were intended as hobby rooms, table tennis rooms, saunas, laundry rooms or for other uses of the residents' choice. These follow-up facilities met with little response, so that only a few laundry rooms and two saunas are still in operation. Some of them were converted into rented guest apartments, the remaining rooms are used by the district management for its projects. In 1977 the settlement received an all-day school, a day-care center, a sports facility and a shopping center with 24 commercial units, the sun center. Instead of the planned open concept with smaller shops integrated into the residential buildings, the solar center was kept very closed with large-scale shops that were easier to rent. The shopping center includes two supermarkets, a bakery, a hairdressing salon, a beauty parlor, a drugstore, a pharmacy, an optician, a flower shop, a textile shop, a physiotherapy practice, a snack bar and restaurants. The four-storey bridge house or gate to the settlement above Sonnenallee, which was built between 1980 and 1982 and connects the high-deck system across the avenue, leads pedestrian traffic from the northeastern part of the settlement to the shopping center.

Oefelein and Freund wanted to design the high decks with fountains, pergolas , seating areas, play equipment and varied planting as a pedestrian and play area, thus enabling a relaxed atmosphere for neighborly exchange. In this area in particular, GSW made significant cuts, the two architects had little influence on the implementation of their concept. Only the northern part of the high deck of Leo-Slezak-Straße, which leads to the Sonnencenter, is more extensively planted. Oefelein / Freund also failed to come up with the concept of involving the residents in the design of the open space after a period of identification in accordance with the needs that have emerged. The children's playgrounds and adult open spaces with floor chess, skat tables and ping-pong tables for the outdoor facilities were largely sacrificed to the red pen for cost reasons, as was an adventure playground that was said to be too expensive to maintain. Among other things, toddler playgrounds in the garden courtyards and football fields were implemented .

GSW equipped the green areas of the high decks with easy-care thorn bushes; external landscape architects were not involved. Regarding the situation in 2005, Haberle stated: “The desired change from open, quiet garden space and narrow, lively street space is not spatially supported by the current use of similar vegetation within the entire settlement. This calls into question an essential part of the overall concept of the estate. ”The trees on and next to the high decks also only reached the desired height in isolated cases, so that the envisaged space-effective avenue impression did not materialize.

Roads and transport links

Six streets were laid out in the settlement that are connected to Sonnenallee. As far as they run under the high decks, each street is divided by a central parking zone into two two-lane one-way streets with opposite driving directions. All streets were named after opera and operetta stars from the first half of the 20th century:

Bridge house over the Sonnenallee , the entrance gate of the settlement
  • Michael Bohnen , Michael-Bohnen-Ring, in the development plan for streets 590 and 592
  • Fritzi Massary , Fritzi-Massary-Straße, in the development plan streets 597 and 598
  • Heinrich Schlusnus , Heinrich-Schlusnus-Straße, in the development plan for Straße 593
  • Peter Anders , Peter-Anders-Straße, in the development plan for Straße 591
  • Joseph Schmidt , Joseph-Schmidt-Straße, in the development plan for Straße 596
  • Leo Slezak , Leo-Slezak-Straße, in the development plan streets 594 and 595

The residents describe the integration of the settlement in the Berlin road network and its connection to Berlin's public transport network as good. The A 100 / A 113 motorways can be reached at the Neukölln triangle or at the Späthstraße junction in around five to ten minutes by car. The S-Bahn station Köllnische Heide is just under 800 meters northwest on Sonnenallee and two bus lines lead directly to the high-deck settlement.

Successor buildings, owner and renovation

Beyond the original conception and as successor buildings, the following were created: by the Erbbauverein Moabit, an angled residential block as a northern end of the settlement; on the eastern edge in 1981 by the architect Volker Theissen, two four-storey rows of living rooms with underground garages and two rows of maisonettes on top of each other , which are connected to the high decks via stair bridges and spindle ramps; by Arwobau a residential complex on the eastern edge and in 1984 a senior citizens' home on the western edge in Heinrich-Schlusnus-Straße, which was built in traditional construction without connection to the high decks (see below project aviary ). In 1991, the settlement was supplemented by another new building on Neuköllnische Allee.

In 2002, 2,278 (92%) residential units were owned by the town and country, 184 owned by the Moabit Erbbauverein (EVM). In 2007, a renovation of the now ailing substance of the old buildings was inevitable. Since the renovation costs exceeded the financial resources of the city and country, the Company sold in 2007 the majority of their property, 1,917 residential units and 24 commercial units, to the private investor Capricornus High-Deck Residential GmbH & Co KG , in turn, the high deck Management GmbH with the administration of his property. In the following years the apartments and outdoor facilities were gradually modernized by all three owners. The complete renovation included the concrete renovation, the facades, the common property and the roof areas. Different colors should give the high decks an individual character within the settlement. During the ownership of Capricornus, the vacancy rate fell from 15 to 2 percent. In May 2013, the Austrian housing company Buwog announced that it had acquired 40 buildings in the high-deck housing estate with 1916 residential units and 126,200 square meters of space from Capricornus.

Criticism of the concept and the settlement

The urban planning concept of the high-deck estate, which was praised as innovative, was considered to have failed 25 years after its construction at the latest. Constructive restrictions and those caused by social housing contributed to the failure, but according to an evaluation by the Senate Department for Urban Development in 2003, the basic approach of creating a lively urban contact zone by separating the pedestrian and street areas was the one implemented here Construction not based on:

Deserted and degraded to pure high streets for pedestrians (Haberle)

“The monotonous and almost completely sealed street levels are dominated by parking spaces and inhibit neighborly contact and communication. [...] The relatively small solar center is the only location of retail and service facilities in the quarter. As a result, the settlement lacks important urban center structures that would extend the catchment area of ​​the quarter across the district. In contrast to the Rollbergsiedlung , another district management area with 1960s / 1980s development in Neukölln, accessibility, proximity to central supply facilities, urban integration and social interdependence of use with adjacent urban areas are inadequate, which gives the area an insular character. In addition, the residential area is divided into a northern and southern area by the heavily frequented Sonnenallee. The barrier effect of the Sonnenallee is additionally reinforced by the lack of pedestrian crossings. "

- Sonnenallee / high deck settlement. In: Evaluation ... p. 122.

According to Heiko Haberle, the high decks are mostly deserted and degraded to pure elevated streets for pedestrians. There could be no question of the desired function as a multifunctional communication zone. Some residents are of the opinion that the high decks can be demolished without losing any of the utility's value. Overall, the settlement gives the impression of a classic dormitory city with the character of a living machine. In no other large housing estate known to him did he have such a strong feeling of moving in a parallel world without time and place.

“The admirably radical and captivatingly simple design of the high deck estate is fascinating, but it does not stir up a lot of emotions. [...] Compared to other visionary large-scale projects (e.g. the motorway overpass on Schlangenbader Straße [...]), which either inspire or repel, the Highdecksiedlung [...] is rather sober and neutral to perplexed. "

- Heiko Haberle : Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel - Two residential concepts from the 1970s, ... p. 206.

Rainer Oefelein, one of the fathers of the concept, said in 1987 in an interview that there would have been worse and overall he considered the solution as for that time satisfactory, but already on his next major project, the Glebe settlement in Berlin-Rudow , have he learned the lessons from the deficits of the high-deck settlement.

Sociographic data and development

After their completion, the apartments were in great demand and at that time were considered the epitome of contemporary, quiet living on the green edge of West Berlin . Waiting lists had to be created for the numerous potential tenants, mostly young working-class families from the old building areas of Kreuzberg and Neukölln.

Population, fluctuation and rent level

Around 4060 people lived in the core buildings of the settlement built by Oefelein and Freund in 1996, and around 5200 people in the expanded settlement in 2005. For 2010, the Senate Department for Urban Development states 6117 residents, while the district management, in contrast to December 31, 2008, only named 4883 residents. The fluctuation is often described as high, but according to an evaluation by the Senate in 2002 it was slightly below the Neukölln and overall Berlin average and is significantly lower than in comparable problem areas such as the Rollbergviertel.

The city ​​and country company set the calculated cost rent at 15 DM / m² upon completion. This resulted in a basic rent of 4.50 DM / m² through public funding. After the cancellation of the occupancy restrictions and incorrect occupancy tax in 1999/2002, the basic rent rose in 2005 to 4.34 euros / m². The operating and ancillary costs, especially the heating costs, are above average, so that in 2005 around 600 euros had to be raised for a 75 m² 2½-room apartment. The modernization measures introduced in 2007 reduced heating costs by up to 60%, but increased the rental price by an average of 68 cents per square meter.

Social structure

In 1996, at 22.9% (Berlin as a whole: 17.9%), an above-average number of residents were under 19 years of age and 15.8% (Berlin as a whole: 13.8%) were over 65 years old. Data on the educational structure are only available for 1987: the proportion of people with a higher education entrance qualification was 17.4% to 37.8% in Berlin as a whole, as was the proportion with a degree = 5.1% to 10.4%. 82.6% (to 62.2%) have a main or intermediate certificate . The proportion of workers was 53% (40%).

While the proportion of foreigners was 5% when the settlement was completed, it rose over 9.5% (1987) and 15.4% (1996) to 24% in 2005. In addition, there is a high number of German citizens with a migration background . In 1999, Turks made up the largest group of foreigners with 15.2% of the total settlement population (61.5% of the group of foreigners compared to 28.9% of all of Berlin). In 2007 the proportion of children with a migration background was around 80% according to information provided by the neighborhood management in the daycare centers and the primary school and there was an increasing trend in the number of new entrants. In the sixth grade of primary school, the proportion of students of non-German origin was 68% and in the third grade it was 96%.

Staircase from Sonnenallee to the deck of the Michael-Bohnen-Ring
South deck of Leo-Slezak-Straße and connecting bridge to the apartment block on Neuköllnische Allee

The neighborhood management continues to report that the social structure in the neighborhood has been characterized by high unemployment and a large proportion of transfer benefit recipients for years . More than half of the population (51% as of December 31, 2007) live on transfer income. In relation to the employable population, the 2002 housing estate had twice as high a proportion of unemployed as Berlin as a whole (22.2%) and the third-highest unemployment rate in Berlin's district management areas. The youth unemployment rate in 2002 was 16% also above average.

The settlement as a social hot spot

In a monitoring of social urban development on behalf of the Senate Administration, the urban sociologist Hartmut Häußermann classified the high-deck settlement in 2008 on a scale from one to four in group 4 = very problematic development .

Causes of the socio-structural change

The changes to the resident structure were mainly made in two phases. In the 1980s, the introduction of the incorrect occupancy tax resulted in the departure of tenants without a residence permit . After the fall of the Berlin Wall, the settlement moved from its quiet peripheral location to the center of Berlin. Many long-established and wealthy tenants migrated to the Berlin area . They were replaced by socially disadvantaged sections of the population who finance the comparatively expensive rents to a large extent from transfer payments. In 2005, around a third of the first-time residents lived in the settlement.

Areas of conflict

Neighborhood, usage, mentality conflicts and noise pollution are the main problem areas in neighborhood coexistence. Different cultural and religious values ​​and beliefs - in addition to Turks, especially large Palestinian families from Lebanon moved into the settlement - contribute to the conflicts. The long-established German tenants are rather reserved about foreign traditions and daily routines such as the late evening reception of numerous guests. The occasional noisy use of the high decks or the poorly soundproofed playgrounds and football fields by children and young people lead to conflicts of use.

Overall, the conflicts tend to be in the area of ​​soft factors and not in the area of ​​criminal offenses; according to Haberle, there can be no talk of a visible ghettoization . Vandalism or graffiti were not visible in 2002 and at least during the day there was no apparent feeling of insecurity among the residents.

Housing satisfaction and identification

Despite the areas of conflict, the poor urban planning and the relatively high rents, satisfaction with living was predominantly high in 2005; under the aspect of if Neukölln, then High-Deck-Siedlung , most of the residents identified themselves permanently with the estate. The reasons for the satisfaction lie in the still comparatively quiet and leafy residential area, especially the outer blocks, the layout of the bright apartments and the quick accessibility of the Berlin city centers. The neighborhood management measures and projects also contributed to the identification.

Measures to upgrade

District management

In March 1999, the city of Berlin set up the quarter management (QM) with the overriding goal of developing the high-deck housing estate into a popular, downtown family area for all generations and different cultures. A total of 2.7 million euros flowed into the work and projects of QM up to December 31, 2008.

The priorities of the measures taken so far concern

  • the improvement of the quality of living space,
  • social infrastructure measures and
  • Measures to promote opportunities in the labor market.

In addition to upgrading the residential area, the individual development goals are the creation of a resident-friendly infrastructure, resident participation and identification, the promotion of neighborhoods and networks, integration and intercultural dialogue, the development of self-help potential and the improvement of language skills Educational levels. Among other things, the following projects were set up: a children's club, the project “ Play in the Kiez”, a play mobile , a funding project Kleine Einsteins, a neighborhood club, a 40plus computer club, a sports club and a model project for district mothers . To activate and involve residents, the QM initiated a district advisory board, action advisory board, tenant advisory board and residents advisory board. In April 2010, the model project High-Deck-2012 opened with a branch office of the JobCenter Neukölln, within the framework of which primarily residents of the district are to find temporary employment in a low-threshold approach and are gradually to be better qualified and better advised.

The measures had already contributed to a noticeable improvement in the social infrastructure and to the development of a neighborhood identity in 2005. However, as of 2009, only around 150 of the total of 6,000 residents were actively involved in the advisory boards and meetings, so that, as Haberle notes, it is questionable to what extent the projects reach all levels of residents or whether mainly those who would be involved anyway are involved.

Aviary education and art project

Several art projects of the district management, in which unemployed young people from the settlement were specifically involved, are visible in the cityscape. In 2002, for example, under the guidance of the painter Carlos Martins, the young people made murals on some street corners showing scenes from operas and operettas in which the stars who gave the streets their names had appeared. In addition to the temporary employment and qualification of the young people, the project objective was to make the otherwise uniform street spaces distinguishable and recognizable.

Aviary , facade
art of the CitéCréation
Apartment block on the green belt Heidekampgraben

Another social art project, the Aviary (bird house) project, was carried out by QM in cooperation with the Stadt und Land Society in 2008/2009. As part of the project, young people from the neighborhood received apprenticeship positions and, together with artists, painted the facades of the residential block Seniorenschlösschen on Heinrich-Schlusnus-Straße, which is not connected to the high decks, almost over the entire surface (around 5000 m²) with more than 150 species of birds as well as plants and trees. The art campaign took place in close cooperation with the facade artists of the CitéCréation from Lyon , who had already upgraded problem areas in the French city and many other European metropolises by painting them. In October 2008, project participants traveled to Lyon under the direction of Neukölln's district mayor Heinz Buschkowsky to get an idea of ​​the work of the artist group on site. Then around 40 residents of the neighborhood gathered in preparatory workshops with the Lyon artist Halim Bensaïd, ideas and motifs for the painting, from which the CitéCréation created a sample facade.

In 2010 a community initiative, in which the Schader Foundation is involved, awarded the Aviary project recognition in the Socially Integrative City competition . In addition to the successful, creative facade design, the foundation emphasized in the laudation that the project had built bridges between young and old as well as between cultures and thus promoted the development of a social city .

Qualification and employment measure Heidekampgraben

Another major qualification and employment measure was carried out by the district management together with Stattbau GmbH and the Senate Department for Urban Development in summer 2001. The measure concerned the redesign of the green corridor on Heidekampgraben in the area of ​​the settlement. The lush ruderal and spontaneous vegetation that had formed on the former border river during the division of Germany was thinned out and the watercourse made visible again. New green areas, quiet areas with benches and a playground were created. Children from the neighboring daycare centers and elementary school designed a bench for the playground with tile mosaics, planted perennials and took part in the design and construction of a nature discovery trail.

In 2005 and 2006, the renovation and redesign of the Treptow grave side, the former strip of the wall, also took place as a substitute for the impairment in nature and landscape through the construction of the federal motorway 113 . At a total cost of around 1.5 million euros, a generous, shared footpath and cycle path was built as part of the Wall Trail, which runs through the green corridor from its starting point at the Britz connecting canal to Kiefholzstrasse over a length of around 2.5 kilometers.

After the redesign, the green corridor has significantly improved its quality of stay and is used in a variety of ways by the residents of the high-deck housing estate. The Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning ruled in 2008 that the various measures and redesigns that the district management and other project sponsors had carried out since 1999 had noticeably improved living conditions in the settlement.


  • Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning (Ed.): Berlin-Neukölln, High-Deck-Siedlung. The Heidekampgraben - from wallflower to green oasis Renewal of the green axis with an employment and qualification measure. In: Integrated urban development - on-site practice. Good examples of networking and bundling in the Socially Integrative City program. Special publication, Bonn 2008, ISBN 978-3-87994-009-7 , p. 86 f (on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Transport, Building and Urban Development; PDF, accessed on April 16, 2013. ).
  • Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel - two residential concepts from the 1970s . ( Memento from June 26th, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) In: Matthias Seidel, Thorsten Dame (Ed.): Weiterbauen 70. [ sic ] University of the Arts Berlin, Faculty of Design, degree course in architecture, specialization in history, theory and criticism of architecture, seminar documentation of the academic year 2005–2006, therein pp. 191–217, section Die High-Deck-Siedlung. P. 191–208 - the page numbers under individual references refer to this entire text. Retrieved April 16, 2013 (Internet archive).
  • Rolf Rave, Hans-Joachim Knöfel, Jan Rave: Building in the 1970s in Berlin. Kiepert, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-920597-40-0 , p. 302 f (see: Project 305).
  • Sonnenallee / high-deck development. In: Evaluation of the Berlin neighborhood management in the pilot phase 1999–2002. Empirica Wirtschaftsforschung und Beratung GmbH, Berlin 2003, pp. 121–124 ( Results for the areas. Volume 2, on behalf of the Senate Department for Urban Development, Berlin; Departments I and IV. Coordination: Heidrun Nagel; Editing: Stefan Geiss, Marie-Therese Krings-Heckemeier, Ulrich Pfeiffer, Darja Reuschke, Annamaria Schwedt; project number: 20090; PDF, accessed on April 16, 2013. ).
  • Brigitte Jacob, Harald Ramm (Eds.): Ute Birk in conversation with Rainer Oefelein, the architect of the high deck and parish settlement. In: From the Ilsenhof to the high deck. Models of social living in Neukölln. Transit Buchverlag , Berlin 1987, ISBN 3-88747-039-7 , pp. 122-131 (book accompanying an exhibition by the Neuköllner Kulturverein eV in collaboration with the Neukölln Art Office, October 2 - November 29, 1987).

Web links

Commons : high-deck settlement  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Martin Wörner, Doris Mollenschott, Karl-Heinz Hüter, Paul Sigel: Architectural Guide Berlin. Third, revised edition expanded to include the eastern boroughs. Verlag Georg Reimer , Berlin 1991, ISBN 3-496-01211-0 , p. 177 (with an introduction by Wolfgang Schächen ).
  2. ^ A b Neighborhood management area - Neukölln, Sonnenallee, high-deck settlement . Senate Department for Urban Development. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  3. a b Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 193.
  4. Parish Rixdorf: Evangelical Die Tabeagemeinde. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  5. a b c Sonnenallee / High-Deck-Siedlung. In: Evaluation ... p. 123.
  6. ^ District management area - Neukölln, Dammwegsiedlung / White settlement . Senate Department for Urban Development. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  7. Ute Birk in conversation with Rainer Oefelein, the architect of the Highdeck and Pfarrland settlement. In: ... p. 124.
  8. Ute Birk in conversation with Rainer Oefelein, the architect of the Highdeck and Pfarrland settlement. In: ... p. 123.
  9. a b Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 193 f.
  10. Ute Birk in conversation with Rainer Oefelein, the architect of the Highdeck and Pfarrland settlement. In: ... p. 122 ff, 127.
  11. Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 198.
  12. Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 200.
  13. The technical term tanning is part of the building code . Section 136, (3), no. 1, a) defines healthy living and working conditions, among other things through the exposure to [and] tanning [...] of the apartments and workplaces . A living room is considered to be sunny if the rays of the sun can enter the room at a height of at least 6 °. Gosol: tanning and shading reports . ( Memento of July 2, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  14. Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... pp. 198, 200.
  15. Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 201 f.
  16. Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 202
  17. Ute Birk in conversation with Rainer Oefelein, the architect of the Highdeck and Pfarrland settlement. In: ... p. 126.
  18. ^ Rolf Rave, Hans-Joachim Knöfel, Jan Rave: Building in the 1970s in Berlin. P. 303.
  19. Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 200 ff, quotation p. 203.
  20. Street signs - images of people - series of events in the neighborhood meeting place . District management high-deck housing estate. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  21. Michael Bean Ring. In: Street name lexicon of the Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein (near  Kaupert ). Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  22. ^ Fritzi-Massary-Strasse near Luise. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  23. ^ Heinrich-Schlusnus-Strasse near Luise. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  24. Peter-Anders-Straße near Luise. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  25. ^ Joseph-Schmidt-Strasse near Luise. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  26. ^ Leo-Slezak-Strasse near Luise. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  27. Heiko Haberle: High cover settlement and Rollberg quarter ... S. 207th
  28. Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 195, 198 ff.
  29. a b c d e High-Deck-Siedlung-Sonnenallee. Data sheet. (PDF; 20 kB) District Management Berlin. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  30. a b c d Sonnenallee / High-Deck-Siedlung. In: Evaluation ... p. 122.
  31. a b high-deck settlement. Refurbishment now on the way . Berlin tenants' association. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  32. Housing companies pull together . District management high-deck housing estate. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  33. ^ High Deck Management GmbH, property management. ( Memento of February 24, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  34. Immobilien Zeitung of May 2, 2013: Buwog buys high-deck development . Accessed July 21, 2017.
  35. a b Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 205 f.
  36. Ute Birk in conversation with Rainer Oefelein, the architect of the Highdeck and Pfarrland settlement. In: ... p. 126, 129.
  37. ^ High Deck Management GmbH. ( Memento of October 17, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  38. a b Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 199.
  39. a b Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 204.
  40. cpm architects, renovation of high-deck housing estate. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  41. a b Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 206.
  42. Sonnenallee / high-deck settlement. In: Evaluation… p. 122 f.
  43. a b c d Sonnenallee - high-deck settlement . District management Berlin. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  44. Hartmut Häußermann , Nele Kampffmeyer, Daniel Förste (processing): Monitoring Social Urban Development Berlin. Representation of small-scale changes between 2002 and 2007 in the network diagram (spider diagram). (PDF, accessed April 16, 2013 .; 3.1 MB). On behalf of the Senate Department for Urban Development Berlin Section I A, Urban Development Planning, June 2009, pp. 14, 15
  45. a b c Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 206 f.
  46. Berlin-Neukölln, High-Deck-Siedlung. The Heidekampgraben  ... p. 86.
  47. a b Sonnenallee / High-Deck-Siedlung. In: Evaluation ... p. 124.
  48. Model project "High Deck 2012" . District management high-deck housing estate. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  49. Heiko Haberle: Highdecksiedlung and Rollbergviertel ... p. 208.
  50. Facade art. Streets get a face . District management high-deck housing estate. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  51. The Murals in Lyon by the artist group Cité de la Création on Commons
  52. Claudia Keller: Now it's getting colorful. Wall painting is supposed to transform the dreary high-deck housing estate in Neukölln. A project in Lyon is a model for this . In: Der Tagesspiegel , October 26, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  53. ^ Resident workshop aviary . District management high-deck housing estate. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  54. The recognition given is not identical to the prize itself. As part of the Socially Integrative City competition , ten projects in three different categories are awarded prizes. Eleven other projects receive recognition. See overview 2010 of the Schader Foundation ( memento from September 12, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ). Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  55. Voliére receives recognition in the Socially Integrative City competition . Quartiermanagement High-Deck-Siedlung, January 19, 2011. Accessed April 16, 2013.
  56. Social City Prize 2010. Documentation. ( Memento of March 13, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 2.5 MB) Schader Foundation; GdW Federal Association of German Housing and Real Estate Companies V., Berlin 2010, p. 34. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  57. a b Berlin-Neukölln, high-deck housing estate. The Heidekampgraben ...
  58. Heidekampgraben. From the backyard to the green oasis . District management high-deck housing estate. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
  59. Heidekampgraben green corridor should invite you to stroll and linger . Senate Department for Urban Development, press box, January 28, 2005. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
This article was added to the list of excellent articles on April 26, 2013 in this version .

Coordinates: 52 ° 27 ′ 49 ″  N , 13 ° 28 ′ 29 ″  E