|Province :||West Flanders|
|District :||East End|
|Area :||37.7 km²|
|Residents:||71,494 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Population density:||1,896 inhabitants per km²|
|Mayor:||Bart Tommelein ( Open Vld )|
Local government address :
Ostend is at the former eastern end of the former island of Testerep . This is where their name comes from.
Achieved historic importance of the city during as the Eighty Years War known Dutch struggle for independence against the Spaniards than to through this siege of Ostend , which was held by the rebels came. This siege in 1604 was one of the most costly in the early modern period .
In February 1915, the Supreme Army Command in Ostend set up a "Command of Motor Vehicle Guns" under the direction of Lieutenant Günther Rüdel , in which the leaders and teams of the early anti-aircraft guns were trained. In contrast to the Krupp and Rheinmetall company firing ranges in Tangerhütte and Unterlüß , free balloons and often enemy aircraft could be fired on in Ostend by the sea.
In October 1915 this training command was expanded to become a flak school, and in December 1915 the Prussian War Ministry in Ostend created an additional test command for the further development of the then still quite simple anti-aircraft guns - field cannons mounted on horizontally mounted wagon wheels. A year later, this command was converted into the "Flak Testing and Training Department", where the anti-balloon officers received the scientific knowledge for their work.
During the Second World War , Belgium surrendered 18 days after the start of the Wehrmacht's western campaign on May 28th. A day later, German troops marched into Ostend without a fight. In 1944, Western Allied bombers flew numerous air raids against France (before and after the invasion of Normandy ). Ostend was a target because of its port facilities and was largely destroyed.
“The population of Ostend had been evacuated by the end of August on the instructions of the Bruges War Command (04.08.1944). On September 1st, 1944, the Allies set foot on Belgian soil for the first time and quickly advanced on Brussels. Antwerp, about 70 km east of Ostend, fell into the hands of the Allies on September 4th, 1944. This cut off almost all escape routes for the few Germans who remained in the coastal towns. In the night of September 6th to 7th, the Germans hastily burned the food depot that the Navy had left behind in Ostend. Parts of the port were destroyed, but by the time the Allies invaded the city on September 8, 1944, all Germans had already left it. A Canadian regiment of the "Manitoba Dragoons", which the day before had been 10 km to the west in Nieuwpoort, was sufficient for the liberation. In general, the Germans offered hardly any resistance worth mentioning along the coast between De Panne and Zeebrugge. "
The city is a transport hub (car, rail, ship and plane).
The airport Ostend-Bruges is mainly used for freight, but also for Feriencharter- and business travel.
Previously, Ostend important endpoint many well-known long-distance trains (eg Ostende-Wien-Express , Northern Express , Ostende-Cologne Pullman Express , Tauern-Express , through car on the Orient Express ), since the port of Ostend from favorable Anschlussfährverbindungen after England were .
- IC 01: Ostend - Bruges - Ghent - Brussels - Liège - Verviers - Eupen
- IC 02: Ostend - Bruges - Ghent - Sint-Niklaas - Antwerp
- IC 23: Ostend - Bruges - Kortrijk - Zottegem - Brussels - Brussels-Zaventem Airport
The port of Ostend used to be one of the most important ferry ports for traffic to England, but became less important after the opening of the Channel Tunnel and the completion of the motorway link to Calais shortly thereafter. There were then temporary ferry connections with the southern English city of Ramsgate , which (as of 2013) have been discontinued.
- Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskerk , the St.-Petrus-und-Paulus-Kirche, built 1899–1905 in neo-Gothic style; the church, visible from afar, is located in the city center.
- The former royal summer residence.
- In Ostend there is also a spa, a Kursaal , yacht and fishing ports, shipyards and a ferry port for traffic to England.
- Synagogue , built 1910/11
- Old post office building by Gaston Eysselinck , built 1947–1953
- Amandine : trawler , museum ship
- Atlantic Wall Museum
- Domein Raversijde
- Fort Napoleon
- Historical Museum De Plate , Louise d'Orléans , the second wife of King Leopold I , died here , whose death room can be visited in the museum
- James Ensor House : the museum is located in a house where the Belgian painter James Ensor lived from 1917 to 1949
- Mercator : former sailing training ship
- PMMK : Museum of Modern Art
- Seaside resort: Ostend is also known as the queen of seaside resorts , has an entertainment district and around 300 restaurants.
- Beach promenade : The beach promenade extends over the entire sea dike and is lined with street cafes and restaurants.
- Kusttram : The Kusttram is a tram line that connects all places on the Flemish North Sea coast; At 68 km it is the longest tram in the world.
- Casino Kursaal : The casino, opened in 1857, is located directly on the beach and offers roulette , blackjack , poker and slot machines.
- Wellington Golf : public 9-hole golf course in the city center. Four holes are in the interior of the Wellington Hippodroom.
- Wellington Hippodroom : Racecourse where trot and gallop races take place every Monday in summer. The buildings of the racetrack, which opened in 1883 and renovated in 2011, have been a listed building since 1998.
- In 1964, the place hosted the three-cushion world championship for the first time , at which the Belgian Raymond Ceulemans became world champion for the second time. In 1976 he was able to repeat this success again in Ostend, but for the 13th time. In 1933 the Belgian Gaston de Doncker won the world championship in the carom discipline Cadre 71/2 in Ostend.
- The football club KV Ostend plays its home games in the Versluys Arena and has been back in the top division of Belgium since the 2013/14 season .
- BC Ostend is the country's most successful basketball club and competes in the Sleuyter Arena . He has played continuously in the first division since 1973 and was Belgian champion 19 times and Belgian cup winner 19 times.
- In 2009 Ostend hosted the European Inline Speed Skating Championships and the 1999 Inline Speed Skating Marathon European Championships . The inline speed skating world championships in 1991 , 2002 and 2013 also took place in Ostend.
- In 2007 the Davis Cup quarter-finals between Belgium and Germany (2: 3) took place in the Sleuyter Arena.
- In 1920 the sailing competitions and the polo competition of the Summer Olympics in Antwerp were held in Ostend.
- The women's team from Hermes Volley Ostend plays in the highest volleyball league in Belgium and has already won the Belgian championship 13 times.
- Monaco , since 1958
sons and daughters of the town
- James Weddell (1787–1834), English navigator and whaler
- Edouard Jean Conrad Hamman (1819–1888), Belgian-French painter, engraver and illustrator
- Auguste Beernaert (1829–1912), head of the Belgian delegation to the Hague Conferences, Nobel Prize for Peace 1909
- Euphrosine Beernaert (1831–1901), landscape painter
- James Ensor (1860–1949), painter and draftsman
- Leon Spilliaert (1881–1946), painter and draftsman
- Gustaaf Sorel (1905–1981), painter and draftsman
- Henri Storck (1907–1999), documentary filmmaker
- Karel Sys (1914–1990), professional boxer
- Paul Valcke (1914–1980), fencer
- Gerd Martienzen (1918–1988), German actor and voice actor
- Raoul Servais (* 1928), filmmaker
- Werner Quintens (1937–2005), Roman Catholic priest
- Wilfried Puis (1943–1981), football player
- Frans Verhaeghe (* 1945), medieval archaeologist
- Jan Vercruysse (1948–2018), sculptor
- Arno (* 1949), singer
- Jean Bourgain (1954–2018), mathematician
- Robert Van de Walle (* 1954), judoka, Olympic champion
- Monica De Coninck (* 1956), politician
- Koenraad Vanhoutte (* 1957), Catholic clergyman, auxiliary bishop in Mechelen-Brussels
- Liza 'N' Eliaz (1958-2001), DJ and producer
- Stefaan Maene (* 1972), swimmer
- Brigitte Becue (* 1972), swimmer
- Steve Vermaut (1975-2004), professional cyclist
- Pieter Ghyllebert (* 1982), racing cyclist
- Oliver Naesen (* 1990), racing cyclist
- Divock Origi (* 1995), soccer player
- Manon Depuydt (* 1997), track and field athlete
People with a relationship to the city
- Auguste Distave (1887–1947), Belgian graphic artist, lived in Ostend for many years
- Prince Karl of Belgium (1903–1983), Prince Regent of Belgium, lived and died in Ostend
- Marvin Gaye (1939–1984), American soul and R&B singer, lived in Ostend for almost two years from 1981 and wrote his last big hit Sexual Healing here
- Henri Wille (1926–2012), Belgian ornithologist, lived and died in Ostend
- Illustration by Frans Hogenberg from 1601: Actual abcontrafactur of the Seestat Oostende, sampt der occupation of the Ertzhertzüge Alberti, Anno 1601 ( digitized )
- Illustration by Frans Hogenberg from 1604: Ostend as it was in the itziger time […] ( digitized version ); Illustration by Frans Hogenberg from 1601: Ostend a war school uberal, has withstood some pale […] ( digitized version )
- Helmut Gruber (Ed.): Ridge walks. Memoirs of Wolfgang Gruber (1886–1971). Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich 2018, p. 182.
- Niklas Napp: The German Air Force in the First World War. Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh, Paderborn 2017, p. 143f.
- Elle Declerq, dissertation at Bruno De Wever, University of Ghent in 2008
- Thalys connections to Paris suspended. In: brf.be. Belgischer Rundfunk (BRF), March 31, 2015, accessed March 15, 2016 .
- FAZ No. 96, April 26, 2010, p. 34.