Liliane Henriette Charlotte Bettencourt (* October 21, 1922 in Paris as Liliane Henriette Charlotte Schueller ; † September 21, 2017 in Neuilly-sur-Seine ) was the main shareholder in the cosmetics group L'Oréal . With assets of 36 billion US dollars she stood in 2016 at number 11 in the Forbes list of the richest people in the world and thus was the wealthiest woman in the world.
The only daughter of Eugène Schueller , the founder of L'Oréal, married the French politician André Bettencourt (1919–2007) in 1950 . Her daughter, Françoise Bettencourt-Meyers , is married to Jean-Pierre Meyers and is a member of the L'Oréal Supervisory Board .
Liliane Bettencourt inherited her fortune in 1957 after the death of her father. It owned 27.5% of the company, the Nestlé Group owns 26.4%. The rest is traded on the open stock market. Various agreements have been made over the years to keep this ownership constant. Until 2004 this was done indirectly via an investment company called Gesparal .
The Bettencourt family lives in Neuilly-sur-Seine and is considered to be public shy. In part, this is attributed to the political controversy stemming from her father's political entanglement with a far-right group Cagoule and with the Vichy regime in the 1930s and 1940s.
In December 2008, it was announced that Liliane Bettencourt had given away almost a billion euros in the form of paintings, real estate, checks and life insurance to the French photographer François-Marie Banier between 2001 and 2007 . She had originally made Banier inheritance. As it became known in September 2010, it had meanwhile lifted its heir status. On December 1, 2009, her daughter applied for her mother to be placed under guardianship .
In the summer of 2010, Bettencourt hit the headlines when accusations of illegal party donations to President Nicolas Sarkozy and Labor Minister Éric Woerth surfaced. This led to the Bettencourt affair .
In December 2010 it was announced that Liliane Bettencourt had reconciled with her daughter Françoise Bettencourt-Meyers. Françoise will withdraw all legal proceedings she has initiated, in particular the charges against François-Marie Banier. Liliane Bettencourt gave Jean-Pierre Meyer's son-in-law and grandchildren more power in the family holding company, which manages almost a third of L'Oréal shares. In return, their asset manager de Maistre and the artist Banier were "removed" from their environment. In the summer of 2011, however, there were again legal disputes between Liliane Bettencourt and her daughter Françoise.
On October 17, 2011, the Guardianship Court in Courbevoie in Paris placed Liliane Bettencourt under the guardianship of her eldest grandson, Jean-Victor Meyers. Her assets were to be managed by her daughter Françoise Bettencourt-Meyers and her two grandchildren. In June 2011, doctors had stated in a report that Liliane Bettencourt suffered from impaired memory and consciousness . The court decision was confirmed by another instance in January 2012.
Bettencourt died on September 21, 2017 at the age of 94 in the Paris suburb of Neuilly-sur-Seine.
- Liliane Bettencourt, une fortune française. In: lefigaro.fr of September 21, 2017.
- Forbes List of the Richest People , accessed August 1, 2014
- Because it is worth it to her . Spiegel Online , December 15, 2008
- Raid on the billionaire in Süddeutsche Zeitung on September 2, 2010
- Pascale Robert-Diard: La fille de M me Bettencourt demande le placement sous tutelle de sa mère , Le Monde , December 6, 2009, p. 13
- family quarrel of L'Oréal heirs surprisingly ended in: Tages-Anzeiger of December 6, 2010
- Stefan Ulrich: Because we are worth it - A deal should end the feud in the L'Oréal clan Bettencourt, in the Süddeutsche Zeitung of December 8, 2010
- Michael Kläsgen: The old lady's war. In Süddeutsche Zeitung from October 6, 2011
- bbc.co.uk: L'Oreal heiress Bettencourt sells Seychelles island
- Liliane Bettencourt: The richest woman in the world is dead . In: welt.de . September 21, 2017.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Schueller, Liliane Henriette Charlotte (maiden name); Bettencourt, Liliane Henriette Charlotte (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||French entrepreneur and billionaire|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 21, 1922|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Paris|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 21, 2017|
|Place of death||Neuilly-sur-Seine|