Alassane Ouattara

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Alassane Dramane Ouattara [ alaˈsaːn wataˈʀa ], called Ado (born January 1, 1942 in Dimbokro , Ivory Coast ) is an Ivorian politician and economist as well as the President of the Ivory Coast .

Alassane Ouattara

He is chairman of the Rassemblement des Républicains . From February 17, 2012 to March 28, 2014 Ouattara was chairman of the West African Economic Community (ECOWAS / CEDEAO).


Alassane Ouattara comes from a former noble family that formed the ruling dynasty of the Kong Empire (also known as the Ouattara Empire ). On his father's side, he is a direct descendant of Sékou Oumar Ouattara (1665–1745), the founder of the Kong Empire.

After studying at the University of Pennsylvania in the USA, he made a career at the International Monetary Fund from 1968 to 1990 .

In November 1990 he was appointed Prime Minister of the Republic of Ivory Coast by the then President Félix Houphouët-Boigny .

When Félix Houphouët-Boigny died in December 1993, Ouattara was considered a candidate for successor, but was defeated in the power struggle against Henri Konan Bédié . Ouattara, who comes from the north of the country, was prevented from running in the presidential elections in 1995 and 2000 by the Concept d'Ivoirité . The reason was doubts about his mother's Ivorian nationality. She is said to come from Burkina Faso .

From 1994 to 1999 he worked again for the International Monetary Fund, and from 1999 onwards he devoted himself exclusively to the politics of the Republic of Ivory Coast .

During riots in 2002, during an attempted assassination attempt by government forces, his life and that of his wife were saved by Western diplomats on the night of September 19-20. The Ouattara couple initially fled to the residence of the German ambassador and then stayed in the residence of the French embassy. He lived temporarily in exile in Gabon and France .

Ouattara is with Dominique Ouattara , b. Nouvian, married with four children. After Viviane Wade in Senegal, the French woman is the second white “ Première Dame ” in Africa. The wedding took place in Neuilly-sur-Seine , a suburb of Paris. Ouattara is an Islamic faith and a member of the Baoulé people.


Election 2010

In the second round of the 2010 presidential election , he received 54.1% of the vote, according to the Independent Electoral Commission . According to the Constitutional Council , however (Constitutional Council) Laurent Gbagbo had been re-elected with 51.45% of votes as president. According to Gbagbo, the election in the north (still under the control of the rebels) was undemocratic with intimidation of his voters and massive electoral fraud, which led to results being canceled in some cities. As a result, there was a government crisis during which Ouattara stayed at the Hotel du Golf , which was protected by soldiers from the Opération des Nations Unies en Côte d'Ivoire (ONUCI) and besieged by units loyal to Gbagbo. The African Union , the European Union , the United Nations, the US, France, Germany and other countries viewed Ouattara as the rightful winner of the presidential election. On December 4, 2010, like his opponent in the previous election, Laurent Gbagbo , he took the oath of office as President of Ivory Coast. For some time, the country actually had two presidents.

More than four months after the Ivorian presidential elections, Laurent Gbagbo was arrested on April 11, 2011 at his residence in Abidjan. Ouattara was sworn in on May 6, 2011 by the Constitutional Council as President of the Ivory Coast. On May 21, 2011, Ouattara was officially installed in Yamoussoukro . In addition to numerous African heads of state and government, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon also took part in the ceremony.

Archbishop Ambrose Madtha , Pope's ambassador to the West African Ivory Coast, made it possible for him to have a private audience with Pope Benedict XVI in November 2012 .

Election 2015

In the presidential election in October 2015, Ouattara was re-elected for a five-year term with over 83 percent of the vote.

2020 election

In March 2020, he first announced that he would not stand for the upcoming election in October 2020. After the sudden death on July 8, 2020 of Prime Minister Amadou Gon Coulibaly , who was to run as the ruling party's candidate in the election, Ouattara announced that he would run again. Although the Ivorian constitution only allows two terms since 2016, the administrative court allowed Ouattara to run for a third term. This led to protests, some of which were violent. According to the preliminary results of the electoral commission, Ouattara received 94.27 percent of the vote, while his challengers 1.66 percent and 0.99 percent of the vote. The turnout was 53.9 percent. The opposition announced that it would not recognize the result. His political opponents, ex-President Laurent Gbagbo and the former rebel leader Guillaume Soro , were not allowed to run. The election was overshadowed by violence and tension. According to the police, three people were killed on the day of the vote, twelve according to the opposition. In the run-up to the vote, Human Rights Watch said more than 20 people were killed in political or inter-ethnic violence.

See also

Web links

Commons : Alassane Ouattara  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Klaus D. Loetzer, Anja Casper: Two presidents and no way out of the political crisis. In: Konrad Adenauer Foundation . December 22, 2010, accessed April 8, 2011 .
  2. Côte d'Ivoire's new president: The king of Kong: Alassane Ouattara takes charge but can he keep the peace? The Economist , dated Apr 20th 2011.
  3. Ute Schaeffer: An identity that divides instead of connecting. In: ARD . January 9, 2011, archived from the original on January 12, 2011 ; Retrieved April 29, 2011 .
  4. International Commission of Inquiry into Human Rights Violations in Ivory Coast: Final Report . wikisource
  5. ^ Africa Yearbook 2002: Politics, Economy and Society in Africa south of the Sahara . Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, Wiesbaden 2003, ISBN 978-3-663-09224-7 , p. 36 ( full text in Google Book Search).
  6. Thomas Scheen: Countless old accounts. FAZ, December 23, 2010, accessed on March 4, 2015 .
  7. ^ D'Ivoire: 30,000 people fled to the Don Bosco Center
  8. a b Die Zeit: One country, two presidents
  9. Der Spiegel: Gbagbo dismisses West African leaders
  10. cf. Alassane D. Ouattara . In: Internationales Biographisches Archiv 03/2011 from January 18, 2011, supplemented by news from MA-Journal up to week 18/2011, accessed via Munzinger Online .
  11. Ivory Coast: Ouattara takes office as president. In: Spiegel Online . May 21, 2011, accessed May 21, 2011 .
  12. Archbishop Ambrose Madtha Dies in Accident in Ivory Coast , Daijiworld, December 9, 2012 (English)
  13. ^ Ivorian President Ouattara confirmed in office as expected
  14. Ivorians react to Ouattara's exit., March 6, 2020, accessed March 6, 2020
  16. President Ouattara has Justice on his page Deutsche Welle from September 14, 2020, accessed on October 27, 2020
  17. ^ Elections in Ivory Coast: Ouattara remains president. In: Tagesschau. Retrieved November 4, 2020 .
  18. ^ Ivory Coast: President Ouattara wins election. In: DER SPIEGEL. Retrieved November 4, 2020 .